Bishopric of Dorpat

What is Bishopric of Dorpat known for?


money

and spoke to the burghers (Burgess (title)) of Reval (Tallinn) city. He offered them goods to submit to him as well as threatening them. By June 6, 1561 they submitted to him contrary to the persuasions of Kettler to the burghers. The King's brother Johan married the Polish princess Catherine Jagiellon (Catherine Jagellon of Poland). Wanting to obtain his own land in Livonia, he loaned Poland money and then claimed the castles they had pawned as his own instead of using

the Polish princess Catherine Jagiellon. Wanting to obtain his own land in Livonia, he loaned Poland money and then claimed the castles they had pawned as his own instead of using them to pressure Poland. After Johan returned to Finland, Erik XIV forbade him to deal with any foreign countries without his consent. Shortly after that Erik XIV started acting quickly lost any allies he was about to obtain, either from Magnus or the Archbishop of Riga. Magnus was upset he had been

them goods to submit to him as well as threatening them. By June 6, 1561 they submitted to him contrary to the persuasions of Kettler to the burghers. The King's brother Johan married the Polish princess Catherine Jagiellon. Wanting to obtain his own land in Livonia, he loaned Poland money and then claimed the castles they had pawned as his own instead of using them to pressure Poland. After Johan returned to Finland, Erik XIV forbade him to deal with any foreign countries without his


quick+actions

of Estonia ). Then along with Archbishop Wilhelm von Brandenburg of The Archbishopric of Riga and his Coadjutor (Coadjutor bishop) Christoph von Mecklenburg (Christopher, Duke of Mecklenburg-Gadebusch), Kettler gave to Magnus the portions of The Kingdom of Livonia, which he had taken possession of, but they refused to give him any more land. Once Eric XIV of Sweden became king he took quick actions to get involved in the war. He negotiated a continued peace with Muscovy

, which he had taken possession of, but they refused to give him any more land. Once Eric XIV of Sweden became king he took quick actions to get involved in the war. He negotiated a continued peace with Muscovy and spoke to the burghers (Burgess (title)) of Reval city. He offered them goods to submit to him as well as threatening them. By June 6, 1561 they submitted to him contrary to the persuasions of Kettler to the burghers. The King's brother Johan married

Brandenburg of The Archbishopric of Riga and his coadjutor Christoph von Mecklenburg (Christopher, Duke of Mecklenburg-Gadebusch), Kettler gave to Magnus the portions of The Kingdom of Livonia, which he had taken possession of, but they refused to give him any more land. Once Eric XIV of Sweden became king he took quick actions to get involved in the war. He negotiated a continued peace with Muscovy and spoke to the burgher (bourgeoisie)s of Reval city. He offered


modern national

: ''Igaunija'' (''Ugaunija'' is the Latvian name for the Ugaunia county) is still the modern national name for Estonia. Igaunija (:lv:Igaunija) at lv.wikipedia The name ''Ugandi'' is derived by associating "Ugaunia" with the name of ''Uandimägi'' Hill near Otepää. An alternate theory proposes that the name "Ugaunia" could have been derived from the Slavic (Slavic languages) language word "Ug", meaning "South" (cf. Yugoslavia). The power center of Ugandi is believed to have been in the fortified stronghold of Odenpeh (Otepää) (Ugaunian (Ugaunian language) for "bear's head"; ) in present-day Linnamägi Hill in the town of Otepää. The hill is indeed shaped like a head of a bear, thought to have been a holy animal for Ugaunians. Another important Ugaunian stronghold was Tarbatu by the river Emajõgi (literally, "Mother River"). It was erected around 600 AD on the east side of Toome Hill (Toomemägi) in what is today Tartu. Due to its location, Ugandi always bore the brunt of East Slavs' attacks against Chudes, as they called Finnic peoples around their North-Eastern boundaries.


important ancient

to exist. Beside Dorpat (Tartu) there were five more stone castles in the Bishopric: * Odenpäh (Otepää) ( ) as the ancient centre of Ugandi and the first stone stronghold of bishopric; * Kirrumpäh (Kirumpää) (''Kirumpää'') and Neuhausen (Vastseliina) (''Vastseliina'') by the important ancient Dorpat–Pleskau (Tartu–Pihkva) road; * Oldentorn (Vana-Kastre) and Warbeke or Caster (Uue-Kastre) by the Emajõgi river which is joining the Dorpat Tartu and the Lake Peipus


success

Mecklenburg and Victual Brothers (notorious pirates of the Baltic Sea). He even asked King Richard II of England to take Dorpat under his protection. The Order invaded the bishopric in 1379 with no success. After settling the conflict the Livonian Order lost its right to demand vassals of bishoprics take part in military campaigns. During its last years, the Bishopric of Dorpat had a dispute with Russia which became later the main pretext of the Livonian War. Tsar Ivan

; thumb Europe (Image:Europe 1550.jpg), 1550. Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor once again asked for help of Gustav I of Sweden, and The Kingdom of Poland (1385–1569) also began direct negotiations with Gustavus, but nothing resulted because on September 29, 1560, Gustavus I Vasa died. The chances for success of Magnus (Magnus von Lyffland) and his supporters looked particularly good

of Sweden , and The Kingdom of Poland (1385–1569) also began direct negotiations with Gustav, but nothing resulted because on September 29, 1560, Gustav I Vasa died. The chances for success of Magnus (Magnus von Lyffland) and his supporters looked particularly good in 1560 (and 1570). In the former case, he had been recognised (Recognition (international law)) as their sovereign by The Bishopric of Ösel-Wiek and The Bishopric of Courland, and as their prospective ruler


famous battle

Republic Novgorod 's prince Alexander Nevsky in famous Battle on Lake Peipus. During 1268, Fredrik, the then Bishop of Dorpat, is known to have called himself also as the "Bishop of Karelia", the background of the short-lived title remaining open. . In Latin


short history

-xvwdjE4C&dq The Latvians: A Short History By Andrejs Plakans ISBN 0817993029; p. 19 thumb 250px left Citizens and commoners in medieval Livonia 16th century (File:LivoniaCitznsCmmnrs.png) The county was first mentioned in print by Henry of Livonia The Chronicle of Henry of Livonia; ISBN 0-231-12889-4 After the Northern crusades it became Bishopric of Dorpat. In Latvian language Latvian


short term

the Terrible demanded that the bishopric pay huge tribute of 40,000 talers. Ivan insisted that the Dorpat was the ancient Russian fortress of ''Yuryev'' (referring to short term Ruthenian rule of the area after conquest by prince Yaroslav I the Wise, 1030–61(?)). The rulers of Dorpat tried to negotiate a smaller amount in the interest of extending the truce, but Ivan dismissed the diplomats and started the war. In 1558 Tartu was conquered by Russian troops and the Bishopric of Dorpat ceased


friendship

to the throne of Sweden and due to his friendship with Poland he began a policy against Muscovy. He would try to obtain more land in Livonia and exercise strength over Denmark. After all parties had been financially drained, Frederick II let his ally, King Sigismund II Augustus of Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, know that he was ready for peace. On December 15, 1570, the Treaty of Stettin (Treaty of Stettin (1570)) was concluded. It is, however, more difficult to estimate the scope

broke out. While only losing land and trade, Frederick II and Magnus were not faring well. But in 1568 Erik XIV became insane and his brother Johan III took his place. Johan III ascended to the throne of Sweden and due to his friendship with Poland he began a policy against Muscovy. He would try to obtain more land in Livonia and exercise strength over Denmark. After all parties had been financially drained, Frederick II let his ally, King Sigismund II Augustus of Polish–Lithuanian

brother obtain more land and stall further Swedish advance. Erik XIV did not like this and The Northern Seven Years' War between The Free City of Lübeck, Denmark, Poland, and Sweden broke out. While only losing land and trade, Frederick II and Magnus were not faring well. But in 1568 Erik XIV became insane and his brother Johan III took his place. Johan III ascended to the throne of Sweden and due to his friendship with Poland he began a policy against Muscovy. He would try to obtain


analysis

as their saviour until 1571. The analysis indicates that during the Livonian War a pro-independence wing emerged among the Livonian gentry and townspeople, forming the so-called "Peace Party ". Dismissing hostilities, these forces perceived an agreement with Muscovy as a chance to escape the atrocities of war and avoid the division of Livonia. That is why Magnus, who represented Denmark and later struck a deal with Ivan the Terrible, proved a suitable figurehead

about any strong pro-Swedish sentiments among the residents of Reval. The citizens who had fled to The Bishopric of Dorpat or had been deported to Muscovy hailed Magnus as their saviour until 1571. The analysis indicates that during the Livonian War a pro-independence wing emerged among the Livonian gentry and townspeople, forming the so-called "Peace Party ". Dismissing hostilities, these forces perceived an agreement with Muscovy as a chance to escape

council, and hence probably the majority of citizens, demonstrated a much more reserved attitude towards Denmark and King Magnus of Livonia. Nevertheless, there is no reason to speak about any strong pro-Swedish sentiments among the residents of Reval. The citizens who had fled to The Bishopric of Dorpat or had been deported to Muscovy hailed Magnus as their saviour until 1571. The analysis indicates that during the Livonian War a pro-independence wing emerged among the Livonian gentry

Bishopric of Dorpat

The '''Bishopric of Dorpat (Tartu)''' ( ) was a medieval principality and a catholic diocese which existed from 1224 to 1558, generally encompassing what are now Tartu (Tartu County), Põlva (Põlva County), Võru (Võru County) and Jõgeva (Jõgeva County) counties in Estonia. The Bishopric was part of Livonian Confederation.

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