Benin City

What is Benin City known for?


arts culture

. The most prominent of these artifacts was the famous Queen Idia mask used as a mascot during the Second Festival of Arts Culture (World Festival of Black Arts) (FESTAC '77) held in Nigeria in 1977 now known as "Festac Mask". The capture of Benin paved the way for British military occupation and the merging of later regional British conquests into the Niger Coast Protectorate, the Protectorate of Southern Nigeria and finally, into the Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria. The British


black studies

, Benin City fell to the British. In the "Punitive Expedition (Benin Expedition of 1897)", a 1,200-strong British force, under the command of Admiral Sir Harry Rawson, conquered and razed the city after all but two men from a previous British expeditionary force led by Acting Consul General Philips were killed. "The Annexation of Benin" by T. U. Obinyan in ''Journal of Black Studies'', Vol. 19, No. 1 (September


written record

a written record to complement the oral tradition, and determined to document his culture as thoroughly as possible. Egharevba set about interviewing older men who had survived from the 19th century in order to record the oldest form of the tales and traditions as possible. In 1944, he was made the first curator of the Benin Museum in Benin City, Nigeria. In the fifteenth century, Ughoton began to function as a port city for nearby Benin City, first hosting the Portugal


period production

sculptures, which reached their peak of artistic expression between 1200 and 1400 A.D. After this period, production declined as political and economic power shifted to the nearby kingdom of Benin (Benin City) which, like the Yoruba kingdom of Oyo, developed into a major empire. * in Ghana, with the rulers of the Asanteman Confederation (established in 1701), since it became in 1896 a British protectorate; on 23 June 1900 the Confederation was dissolved by UK protectorate authority, on 26 September 1901 turned into Ashanti Colony, so since 1902 his place was taken by a Chief Commissioner ?at Kumasi * in various parts of the Northern Nigeria Protectorate, Southern Nigeria Protectorate and after their joining Nigeria protectorate, notably in Edo state at Benin City (first to the British-installed ruling council of chiefs, later ?to the restored Oba), with the Emir of and in Bauchi (Bauchi Emirate), to the jointly ruling bale and balogun of Ibadan (a vassal state in Yoruba (Yoruba people)land), with the Emir of Illorin, with the Emir of and in Muri (Nigeria), with the Emir of Nupe (Nupe Kingdom) The A3 (A3 highway (Nigeria)), or the Enugu-Port Harcourt highway, was opened in the 1970s and links the two cities together by passing through Aba (Aba, Abia), a major urban settlement.


rich culture

on leaving the place, and his son Ajaka ultimately became the first Alafin of Oyo of the present line, while Oranmiyan himself was reigning as Oni of Ife. Therefore, Oranmiyan of Ife, the father of Eweka I, the Oba of Benin, was also the father of Ajaka, the first Alafin of Oyo. Oni of Ife and Alafe of Oyo is a Bini spoken language all the Kings title in Southerner are Edo Language. In Nigeria Edo has the greatest and rich culture and most influence in West Africa and powerful King in Nigeria


quot portrait

that although "there is little doubt that human sacrifices were an integral part of the Benin state religion from very early days," firsthand accounts regarding such acts often varied significantly, with some reporting them and others making no mention of them. Graham, James D. The "Benin Bronzes", portrait figures, busts and groups created in iron, carved ivory, and especially in brass


known for

; ''Benin, City, Nigeria,'' The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2005 Columbia University Press. Retrieved 18 February 2007 History The original people and founders of the Benin Empire, the Edo people, were initially ruled by the Ogiso (Kings of the Sky) dynasty who called their land Igodomigodo. The rulers or kings were commonly known as Ogiso. Igodo, the first Ogiso, wielded much influence and gained popularity as a good ruler

Ekaladerhan, who was not known in Yoruba land, somehow earned the title of Oni Ile-fe Izoduwa which is now corrupt to yoruba language as Ooni (Oghene) of Ile-Ife Oduduwa and refused to return, then sent his son Oranmiyan to become king. Prince Oranmiyan took up his abode in the palace built for him at Usama by the elders (now a coronation shrine). Soon after his arrival he married a beautiful lady, Erinmwinde, daughter of Osa-nego, was the ninth Enogie (Duke) of Ego, by whom he had a son. After

some years residence here he called a meeting of the people and renounced his office, remarking that the country was a land of vexation, Ile-Ibinu (by which name the country was afterward known) and that only a child born, trained and educated in the arts and mysteries of the land could reign over the people. He caused his son born to him by Erinmwinde to be made King in his place, and returned to Yoruba land Ile-Ife. After some years in Ife, he left for Oyo, where he also left a son behind


leadership development

when Bendel was split into Delta and Edo states in 1991. Education Benin City is home to some of Nigeria's institutions of higher learning, namely, the University of Benin (University of Benin (Nigeria)) located at Ugbowo, the College of Education Ekiadolor, Igbinedion University, the Benson Idahosa University and wellspring university - renowned for its advancement in information technology, entrepreneurship and leadership development. Benin City also has some of the best


large complex

African coastal region produced architecture which drew on indigenous traditions, utilizing wood. The famed Benin City, destroyed by the Punitive Expedition, was a large complex of homes in coursed mud, with hipped roofs of shingles (Shake (roof)) or palm leaves. The Palace had a sequence of ceremonial rooms, and was decorated with brass plaques (Benin Bronzes). The Walls of Benin City are collectively the world's largest man-made structure. Wesler,Kit W.(1998

region produced architecture which drew on indigenous traditions, utilizing wood. The famed Benin City, destroyed by the Punitive Expedition, was a large complex of homes in coursed mud, with hipped roofs of shingles (Roof shingle) or palm leaves. The Palace had a sequence of ceremonial rooms, and was decorated with brass plaques (Benin Bronzes). - Igodomigodo (Benin City) Kingdom of Benin Nigeria c. 400 BC City of Benin, one of the oldest


metal works

Group of schools, Nosakhare Model Education Centre and Igbinedion Educational Center, Federal Government Girls College, Benin City Paragon Comprehensive College, Itohan Girls Grammar School. Some of the vocational schools in Benin City include Micro International Training Center, Computer Technology and Training Center, etc. Culture Attractions in the city include the National Museum Benin city, the Oba Palace, Igun Street (-famous for bronze casting and other metal works for centuries

Benin City

official_name Benin City other_name nickname settlement_type Major city motto image_skyline RingRoad-BeninCity.jpg imagesize image_caption Statue on King's Square (Ring Road) in Benin City image_flag flag_size image_seal seal_size image_shield shield_size image_blank_emblem blank_emblem_type blank_emblem_size image_map mapsize map_caption image_map1 mapsize1 map_caption1 image_dot_map dot_mapsize dot_map_caption dot_x dot_y pushpin_map Nigeria pushpin_label_position bottom pushpin_map_caption Location in Nigeria coordinates_region NG subdivision_type Country subdivision_name 25px (Image:Flag of Nigeria.svg) Nigeria subdivision_type1 State (States of Nigeria) subdivision_name1 Edo State subdivision_type2 subdivision_name2 subdivision_type3 subdivision_name3 subdivision_type4 subdivision_name4 government_footnotes government_type leader_title leader_name leader_title1 leader_name1 leader_title2 leader_name2 leader_title3 leader_name3 leader_title4 leader_name4 established_title established_date established_title2 established_date2 established_title3 established_date3 area_magnitude unit_pref Imperial area_footnotes area_total_km2 area_land_km2 area_water_km2 area_total_sq_mi area_land_sq_mi area_water_sq_mi area_water_percent area_urban_km2 area_urban_sq_mi area_metro_km2 area_metro_sq_mi area_blank1_title area_blank1_km2 area_blank1_sq_mi population_as_of 2006 population_footnotes population_note population_total 1147188 population_density_km2 population_density_sq_mi population_metro population_density_metro_km2 population_density_metro_sq_mi population_urban population_density_urban_km2 population_density_urban_sq_mi population_blank1_title Ethnicities population_blank1 population_blank2_title Religions population_blank2 population_density_blank1_km2 population_density_blank1_sq_mi timezone utc_offset timezone_DST utc_offset_DST latd 6 latm 20 lats 00 latNS N longd 5 longm 37 longs 20 longEW E coordinates_display inline,title elevation_footnotes tags-- elevation_m elevation_ft postal_code_type postal_code area_code blank_name blank_info blank1_name blank1_info website footnotes

'''Benin City''' is a city (2006 est. pop. 1,147,188) and the capital of Edo State (Edo State, Nigeria) in southern Nigeria. It is a city approximately 25 miles north of the Benin River. It is situated 200 miles by road east of Lagos. Benin is the centre of Nigeria's rubber industry, but processing palm nuts (oil palm) for oil (Palm oil) is also an important traditional industry. ''Benin, City, Nigeria,'' The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2005 Columbia University Press. Retrieved 18 February 2007

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