Benghazi

What is Benghazi known for?


strong defensive

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a high percentage of green space per resident, there are a few public parks and green recreational areas in the city. Perhaps the most famous is the zoological garden and theme park in Al-Fuwayhat; the park is referred to locally as ''al-Bosco'', a colloquial Italian name for zoo forest. The park is a combination of a zoo full of trees built during Italian rule (which contains wild cats, primates, elephants, birds and other animals) and a small theme park of electric rides, added later in the 1980s as part of a redevelopment of the entire site. It is one of the most popular parks in Benghazi, and is very busy on public holidays, as well as amongst school children and scouts (Public Scout and Girl Guide Movement) on outings. On Gamal Abdel Nasser Street is 23 July Park, another large green space which faces the Tibesti Hotel and borders the waterfront. The park is popular amongst teenagers, and families on Thursday nights (as Friday is a day off work throughout Libya). Another large and popular park is al-Buduzira in North Benghazi on the al-'Uruba Road in al-Kwayfiya. The park surrounds a natural lake, and is more rugged in nature than the city parks. A section of al-Buduzira is also a water park with large slides, whilst the southern part of the park has picnic areas which are popular in the summers. Economy thumb The cubic tower block Al Da'waa al-Islamiya is an important office building in Benghazi; many small and large companies in the city are based in the tower. (File:Jeliana Bridge Benghazi.JPG) Benghazi, as the principal city of eastern Libya, is one of Libya's major economic centres. The city has an important port which is vital to the economy, as Libya imports many foodstuffs and manufactured products. Benghazi is also an industrial and commercial centre in Libya. Major manufactured goods include processed food, textiles, tanning, processed salt and construction materials (construction), particularly cement; a large cement factory is located in al-Hawari. Food processing is based on local fish, imported goods, and the produce of irrigated coastal lowlands and the nearby Jabal al-Akdhar Mountains, including cereal, dates, olives, wool and meat. Marshall Cavendish Corporation, "World and Its Peoples, North Africa". 2006. p. 1,227. Finance is also important to the city's economy, with the Libyan Bank of Commerce and Development maintaining branches in Benghazi; the Bank's headquarters is a high office tower on Gamal Abdel Nasser Street in el-Berka. Other large banks include the Central Bank of Libya office in the city centre. The oil industry drives the city's commerce. Large national companies such as the Al-Brega Oil Marketing Company and the Arabian Gulf Oil Company are important to the city's economy and employ many people. An increase in consumer prices has been coupled with an increase in the importance of the retail sector to the city's economy. commons:بنغازي


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), which was built in the 1920s and has two large distinct domes. McLaren, Brian L. (2006). ''Architecture and Tourism in Italian Colonial Libya – An Ambivalent Modernism''. University of Washington Press (Seattle, Washington (Washington (state))). p. 158. ISBN 978-0-295-98542-8. Benghazi was heavily bombed during World War II, and so the majority of buildings in the city are examples of modern or contemporary architecture. The central business district


political football

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in the city; two of Libya's most successful football clubs are based in Benghazi. Architecture There are a variety of architectural styles in Benghazi, which reflect the number of times the city has changed hands throughout its history. Arab, Ottoman and Italian rule have influenced the different streetscapes, buildings and quarters in Benghazi. Ancient architectural remains of the Greek and later Roman settlement of Berenice can be found by the Italian lighthouse. There is a trace of the 3rd century BC wall built by the Greeks, four Roman peristyle houses, six wine vats. A Byzantine church also exists on the site, with a mosaic still intact. These ruins formed the northern part of the ancient city, which extended south and east but now lies buried beneath the modern city. The next oldest section of the city is the medina, which began to grow sometime under Medieval Arab rule, and is still intact today. This quarter stretches out from the Northern shores of the harbour, and covers an area roughly bounded by Ahmed Rafiq al-Mahdawi Street to the North-west, al-Jezayir Street to the South-east and 23 July Street to the South-west. The heart of the medina is Maydan al-Hurriya (Freedom Square); to the northeast of this is the covered Souq al-Jareed. Ham. p. 125. thumb left Al-Berka Palace in Benghazi was built in two parts. The front facade was built by the Ottomans in the late 19th century, the two side sections were later added during Italian rule. (File:Ottoman Fort Benghazi.JPG) The largest Ottoman architectural monument in Benghazi is the late 19th-century Ottoman palace in El-Berka; built during the rule of Rashid Pasha II. The front elevation was completed in 1895, whilst the side sections were added later during Italian rule. The white and green structure houses 360 rooms; and is on a tract of land where Gamal Abdel Nasser Street meets al-Saqzali Street; south of the 28 March football stadium (March 28 Stadium). The house of Omar Pasha Mansour El Kikhia, an Ottoman Pasha from a prominent Benghazi family, represents a good example of Ottoman residential architecture with several balconies, stone archways, and an open courtyard containing a fountain. The home was recently restored, remodeled and converted into the Bait-al Medina al-Thaqafi museum. thumb Italian lighthouse in Benghazi, built in 1922 during the Italian colonial rule. (File:Italian Lighthouse - Benghazi.jpg) Benghazi came under Italian rule in the early part of the 20th century. Some examples of Italianate, as well as modernist colonial architecture from this period remain today. Under the governorships of Generals Ernesto Mombelli and Attilio Teruzzi in the 1920s, the buildings commissioned in Benghazi had an eclectic architectural language that embodied a Western conception of Eastern architecture. An example of this is the Municipal palace (Benghazi Municipal Hall) built in 1924, which stands in Maydan al-Hurriya (Freedom Square). The building combines Moorish (Moorish Revival) arches with Italianate motifs on the facade. Italians even did the first architectural plan of Benghazi. "Italian Urban Plan of Benghazi". in the 1930s, with a new railway station (Italian Libya Railways) and promenade. The largest colonial building from this Italian period is the Benghazi Cathedral in Maydan El Catedraeya (Cathedral Square), which was built in the 1920s and has two large distinct domes. McLaren, Brian L. (2006). ''Architecture and Tourism in Italian Colonial Libya – An Ambivalent Modernism''. University of Washington Press (Seattle, Washington (Washington (state))). p. 158. ISBN 978-0-295-98542-8. Benghazi was heavily bombed during World War II, and so the majority of buildings in the city are examples of modern or contemporary architecture. The central business district was built mostly in the 1960s and 1970s with Libya's new found oil wealth. The highest building in Benghazi is the Tibesti Hotel on Gamal Abdel Nasser Street built in 1989. Another prominent example of modern architecture in Benghazi is the Da'wah al-Islamiyah Building, which has a series of distinctive cubes piled in the shape of a pyramid. Important colonial buildings designed during Italian rule include the Berenice Cinema (currently under renovation) which was designed Marcello Piacentini and Luigi Piccinato in 1928. commons:بنغازي


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. It is the story of a former American Marine serving life imprisonment on an island inhabited by savage and cannibalistic prisoners for killing his commanding officer, the commandant of a Benghazi (Libya) military base, in 2011. Zerzura the white city According to the historical writings from the scribes of an emir in Benghazi, Libya in 1481, a camel driver named Hamid Keila came to Benghazi in bad shape and recounted to the emir that he had been to the city of Zerzura. Apparently Hamid Keila and a caravan had been heading out from the Nile River to the oases of Dakhla(Darkhla Dakhilah) and Kharga(Kharijah) and were caught in a vicious sandstorm that killed everyone except Keila who apparently survived under the shelter of his dead camel. After the storm passed, the man had emerged from the camel to find himself confused by the lay of the land because the storm changed all the familiar landmarks. It was when Keila was becoming delirious from having no water that a group of strange men found him. The men were said to be tall with fair hair and blue eyes, carrying straight swords instead of Arab scimitars, who then took the camel driver back to a city called Zerzura to tend to him. Zerzura was indeed described as a white city that was approachable through a wadi(valley) that ran between two mountains, and from the wadi was a road that lead to the gates of the city which had a carving of a strange bird above them. Within the city were white houses of inner luxury, palms, springs, and pools that were used by fair-skinned women and children for washing and bathing. Hamid Keila recounted that the Zerzurans, or "El Suri", treated him with kindness and spoke a strange form of Arabic that was difficult for him to understand but was carefully explained to him by the Suri, who apparently weren't Muslim because the women wore no veils and no mosques could be found in the city, nor did Hamid Keila hear any calls to prayer by a muezzin. thumb left (Left to right) Wing Commander Kent talking to Wing Commander Zimmerman, 1942 (File:JA Kent.jpg) In June 1942, Kent was Station Commander of RAF Church Stanton (RAF Culmhead) where he remained until October of that year when he was posted to Fighter Command HQ as a Wing Commander of Training. Two months later, Kent was posted to the Middle East and took command of 17 Sector in Benghazi, Libya where on 25 January 1943, he damaged a Ju 88 during an engagement near the airfield at Benina. After a posting to Air HQ as a Command Training Inspector at Air Defences East Mediterranean, he returned to the UK during March 1944 for an instructor’s course at the Central Flying School, Upavon (RAF Upavon). Johannessonn, Brian J. "Famous Pilot: Wing-Commander John Alexander Kent." ''Rare Aviation Photos,''(originally published in the Icelandic-language newspaper 'Logberg', Winnipeg, Manitoba, October November 1940). Retrieved: 19 May 2011. *'''Libya **Benghazi – Benina International Airport **Misrata – Misrata Airport - style "background-color: #FFFF80" Benghazi begins 3 June commons:بنغازي


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Cyrene, can reach commons:بنغازي


carrying images

Demonstrators to Colonel Gaddafi were also seen carrying images of King Idris I. Benghazi and the Cyrenaica have been traditional strongholds of the royal Senussi dynasty. As of 21 February, the city


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; There are an estimated 40,000 Roman Catholics in Libya who are served by two Bishops, one in Tripoli (serving the Italian (Italian people) community) and one in Benghazi (serving the Maltese (Maltese people) community). There is also a small Anglican community, made up mostly of African immigrant workers in Tripoli; it is part of the Anglican Diocese of Egypt. In Cyrenaica there are fewer coastal oases, and the Marj Plain – the lowland area corresponding to the Jifarah Plain

Benghazi

official_name Benghazi other_name Bangazi native_name nickname settlement_type motto image_skyline Old town sight.JPG imagesize image_caption Downtown '''Benghazi''' image_alt image_flag flag_size image_seal seal_size image_shield shield_size image_blank_emblem blank_emblem_type blank_emblem_size image_map Benghazi dusk.jpg mapsize 250px map_caption '''Benghazi''' at dusk image_map1 mapsize1 map_caption1 image_dot_map dot_mapsize dot_map_caption dot_x dot_y pushpin_map Libya pushpin_label_position bottom pushpin_map_caption Location in Libya coordinates_region LY subdivision_type Country subdivision_name Libya subdivision_type1 Region subdivision_name1 Cyrenaica subdivision_type2 District (Districts of Libya) subdivision_name2 Benghazi subdivision_type3 subdivision_name3 subdivision_type4 subdivision_name4 government_footnotes government_type leader_title leader_name leader_title1 leader_name1 leader_title2 leader_name2 leader_title3 leader_name3 leader_title4 leader_name4 established_title Settled established_date as '''''Euesperides''''' (''circa'' 525 BC) established_title2 Renamed established_date2 established_title3 established_date3 area_magnitude area_footnotes area_total_km2 314 area_land_km2 area_water_km2 area_total_sq_mi area_land_sq_mi area_water_sq_mi area_water_percent area_urban_km2 area_urban_sq_mi area_metro_km2 area_metro_sq_mi area_blank1_title area_blank1_km2 area_blank1_sq_mi population_as_of 2011 population_footnotes '' Der Spiegel ''. 23 August 2011 population_note population_total 631555 population_density_km2 auto population_density_sq_mi population_metro 1110000 population_density_metro_km2 population_density_metro_sq_mi population_urban population_density_urban_km2 population_density_urban_sq_mi population_blank1_title Ethnicities population_blank1 population_blank2_title Religions population_blank2 population_density_blank1_km2 population_density_blank1_sq_mi population_demonym Benghazian timezone UTC+2 utc_offset timezone_DST utc_offset_DST latd 32 latm 07 lats latNS N longd 20 longm 04 longs longEW E elevation_footnotes Wolfram Alpha elevation_m 2 elevation_ft postal_code_type postal_code area_code (+218) 61 blank_name blank_info blank1_name blank1_info website footnotes

'''Benghazi''' convened in Tobruk as of Summer 2014 because of poor security in Benghazi. Benghazi's wider metropolitan area (which includes the southern towns of Gimeenis and Suluq) is also a district (Districts of Libya) of Libya. The port city is located on the Mediterranean Sea.

During the Kingdom era of Libya's history, Benghazi enjoyed a joint-capital status (alongside Tripoli), possibly because the King (Idris I of Libya) used to reside in the nearby city of Bayda (Bayda, Libya) and the Senussis (royal family) in general were associated with Cyrenaica rather than Tripolitania. The city was also provisional capital of the National Transitional Council. Benghazi continues to hold institutions and organizations normally associated with a national capital city, such as the country's parliament, national library (National Library of Libya), and the headquarters of Libyan Airlines, the national airline, and of the National Oil Corporation. This creates a constant atmosphere of rivalry and sensitivities between Benghazi and Tripoli, and by extension between the two regions (Cyrenaica and Tripolitania). The population of the entire district was 500,120 in the 1995 census and had increased to 670,797 in the 2006 census.

On 15 February 2011, In mid-October, the Libyan National Army launched an offensive to seize the city and reportedly managed to take control of 90% of Benghazi. Libyan army controls 90% of Benghazi

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