Beloeil, Quebec

What is Beloeil, Quebec known for?


quot beautiful

-Baptiste Hertel. As a result, Lambert argues for "beautiful view" as the probable origin of the name. Geography 240px left thumb Part of southwestern Quebec, seen from the International Space Station (Image:Monteregian Hills from space.jpg). Beloeil and its neighboring towns are visible to the upper left, near the white mass of Mont Saint-Hilaire. Beloeil lies in the central Saint Lawrence Lowlands, a plains


theory

'' Name 240px left thumb The view from atop Mont Saint-Hilaire, which is probably the origin of the name, Belœil. (Image:St-hilaire.jpg) The origins of the name Belœil have been a matter of debate between two competing theories. One theory argues that the city derives its name from the view from atop the Mont Saint-Hilaire. According to this theory, in 1693, shortly before receiving the seigneurie from Frontenac, Joseph Hertel and his brother

Jean-Baptiste climbed atop the Mont Saint-Hilaire, where, upon seeing the view, Jean-Baptiste Hertel exclaimed "Quel bel œil!", which, in seventeenth century French, meant "What a beautiful view!". According to this theory, when he was later granted his seigneurie, Joseph Hertel, remembering the exclamation, chose to name it Belœil (beautiful view). The alternate theory states that the name derives from the like-named town (Belœil) in Belgium, with a wide variety

of possible links between the two towns. While city government of Beloeil refuses to take a position in the debate on the origin of the name, local historian Pierre Lambert has demonstrated that the various proposed links between the Belgian and Quebec cities are very tenuous at best, whereas the "Bel Œil" theory was first put forward by the Campbell family, who (having purchased the seigneurie of Rouville in the nineteenth century) had access to the archives of Jean


beautiful view

, Ville de Beloeil , retrieved 2008-12-14 Belœil was created as a village in 1903 and became a ville (city) in 1914, but can trace its history through the parish of Saint-Mathieu-de-Belœil, established in 1772, and the '''seigneurie (Seigneurial system of New France) de Belœil''', founded in 1694. Its name probably derives from the old French (French language) expression "Quel (wikt:Quel) bel (wikt:bel) œil (wikt:oeil)!", meaning "What a beautiful view!"

Jean-Baptiste climbed atop the Mont Saint-Hilaire, where, upon seeing the view, Jean-Baptiste Hertel exclaimed "Quel bel œil!", which, in seventeenth century French, meant "What a beautiful view!". According to this theory, when he was later granted his seigneurie, Joseph Hertel, remembering the exclamation, chose to name it Belœil (beautiful view). The alternate theory states that the name derives from the like-named town (Belœil) in Belgium, with a wide variety

-Baptiste Hertel. As a result, Lambert argues for "beautiful view" as the probable origin of the name. Geography 240px left thumb Part of southwestern Quebec, seen from the International Space Station (Image:Monteregian Hills from space.jpg). Beloeil and its neighboring towns are visible to the upper left, near the white mass of Mont Saint-Hilaire. Beloeil lies in the central Saint Lawrence Lowlands, a plains region on both sides of the Saint Lawrence river. The elevation above sea level near the city on the western shore of the Richelieu is lower than 30 metres (98 ft), with the Saint-Mathieu-de-Beloeil Aerodrome, at the western edge of town, lying 14 metres (47 ft) above mean sea level. Just across the Richelieu river, however, the isolated Mont Saint-Hilaire, which was known as Mount Belœil for most of the nineteenth century dominates the regional landscape with its 414 metres (1358 ft). Filion, Fortin et al.;''Histoire du Richelieu-Yamaska-Rive-Sud, La Montérégie''; Quebec City, Presses de l'Université Laval, 2001 COPA Places to Fly Retrieved 2008-12-13 Generally, the region surrounding Beloeil remains agricultural. The Census Consolidated Subdivision of Saint-Mathieu-de-Beloeil (Saint-Mathieu-de-Beloeil, Quebec), which includes Beloeil as well as McMasterville, has Born in Quebec City, he received a Bachelor of Science degree from Université Laval in 1931 and a doctorate from McGill University in 1934. He started working in the laboratory of CIL (Canadian Industries Limited) in Beloeil, Quebec and then went to work at the California Institute of Technology with Linus Pauling. thumb left upright Immigrant train runs through an open swing bridge near Beloeil, Quebec (File:Beloeil bridge train accident, 1864.jpg) in 1864 * June 29, 1864 – Beloeil (Beloeil, Quebec), Canada East: 99 killed when an immigrant train failed to stop at an open swing bridge and fell into the Richelieu River. May also be called '''St-Hilaire train disaster'''. Still (2010) stands as the rail accident with the largest death toll in Canada. * July 15, 1864 – The '''Shohola train wreck''' kills over 60 people in a head-on collision between a coal train and a train carrying Confederate prisoners-of-war.


competing theories

'' Name 240px left thumb The view from atop Mont Saint-Hilaire, which is probably the origin of the name, Belœil. (Image:St-hilaire.jpg) The origins of the name Belœil have been a matter of debate between two competing theories. One theory argues that the city derives its name from the view from atop the Mont Saint-Hilaire. According to this theory, in 1693, shortly before receiving the seigneurie from Frontenac, Joseph Hertel and his brother


view quot

Jean-Baptiste climbed atop the Mont Saint-Hilaire, where, upon seeing the view, Jean-Baptiste Hertel exclaimed "Quel bel œil!", which, in seventeenth century French, meant "What a beautiful view!". According to this theory, when he was later granted his seigneurie, Joseph Hertel, remembering the exclamation, chose to name it Belœil (beautiful view). The alternate theory states that the name derives from the like-named town (Belœil) in Belgium, with a wide variety of possible links between the two towns. While city government of Beloeil refuses to take a position in the debate on the origin of the name, local historian Pierre Lambert has demonstrated that the various proposed links between the Belgian and Quebec cities are very tenuous at best, whereas the "Bel Œil" theory was first put forward by the Campbell family, who (having purchased the seigneurie of Rouville in the nineteenth century) had access to the archives of Jean-Baptiste Hertel. As a result, Lambert argues for "beautiful view" as the probable origin of the name. Geography 240px left thumb Part of southwestern Quebec, seen from the International Space Station (Image:Monteregian Hills from space.jpg). Beloeil and its neighboring towns are visible to the upper left, near the white mass of Mont Saint-Hilaire. Beloeil lies in the central Saint Lawrence Lowlands, a plains region on both sides of the Saint Lawrence river. The elevation above sea level near the city on the western shore of the Richelieu is lower than 30 metres (98 ft), with the Saint-Mathieu-de-Beloeil Aerodrome, at the western edge of town, lying 14 metres (47 ft) above mean sea level. Just across the Richelieu river, however, the isolated Mont Saint-Hilaire, which was known as Mount Belœil for most of the nineteenth century dominates the regional landscape with its 414 metres (1358 ft). Filion, Fortin et al.;''Histoire du Richelieu-Yamaska-Rive-Sud, La Montérégie''; Quebec City, Presses de l'Université Laval, 2001 COPA Places to Fly Retrieved 2008-12-13 Generally, the region surrounding Beloeil remains agricultural. The Census Consolidated Subdivision of Saint-Mathieu-de-Beloeil (Saint-Mathieu-de-Beloeil, Quebec), which includes Beloeil as well as McMasterville, has Born in Quebec City, he received a Bachelor of Science degree from Université Laval in 1931 and a doctorate from McGill University in 1934. He started working in the laboratory of CIL (Canadian Industries Limited) in Beloeil, Quebec and then went to work at the California Institute of Technology with Linus Pauling. thumb left upright Immigrant train runs through an open swing bridge near Beloeil, Quebec (File:Beloeil bridge train accident, 1864.jpg) in 1864 * June 29, 1864 – Beloeil (Beloeil, Quebec), Canada East: 99 killed when an immigrant train failed to stop at an open swing bridge and fell into the Richelieu River. May also be called '''St-Hilaire train disaster'''. Still (2010) stands as the rail accident with the largest death toll in Canada. * July 15, 1864 – The '''Shohola train wreck''' kills over 60 people in a head-on collision between a coal train and a train carrying Confederate prisoners-of-war.

, Ville de Beloeil , retrieved 2008-12-14 Belœil was created as a village in 1903 and became a ville (city) in 1914, but can trace its history through the parish of Saint-Mathieu-de-Belœil, established in 1772, and the '''seigneurie (Seigneurial system of New France) de Belœil''', founded in 1694. Its name probably derives from the old French (French language) expression "Quel (wikt:Quel) bel (wikt:bel) œil (wikt:oeil)!", meaning "What a beautiful view

!", generally attributed to Jean-Baptiste Hertel, brother of the first seigneur (lord) of Belœil, Joseph-François Hertel de la Fresnière. Lambert, Pierre; ''Le nom de Belœil a 300 ans!''; Société d'histoire de Belœil-Mont-Saint-Hilaire, retrieved on 2012-03-11 ''La Petite histoire de


military activities

a seigneurie along the shores of the Richelieu River, which Hertel called the '''Seigneurie de Belœil'''. Hertel, unwilling to abandon his military activities, such as the 1704 Raid on Deerfield, never developed the seigneurie, Lambert, Pierre; ''Le premier seigneur de Belœil, Joseph Hertel''; Société d'histoire de Belœil-Mont-Saint-Hilaire, retrieved 2008-12-13 and sold it in 1711 to Charles le Moyne de Longueuil, Baron de Longueuil, whose seigneurie of Longueuil neighboured that of Belœil. Finally, after failed attempts in 1711 and 1723, permanent settlement began in 1725, with dwellers coming mostly from the island of Montreal or from seigneuries along the Saint Lawrence River near Montreal. The low level of development forced local inhabitants to rely on the mission at Fort Chambly, several hours to the south, for their religious needs, and the first mill (gristmill) did not open until the early 1760s. Lambert, Pierre; ''Guide Patrimonial de Beloeil et de Saint-Mathieu-de-Beloeil''; Mont-Saint-Hilaire, Société d'histoire de Belœil-Mont-Saint-Hilaire, 1994 Cardinal, Armand, ''Les Fondateurs de Saint-Hilaire'', Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Éditions Mille Roches, 1983 thumb left On 29 June 1864, the St-Hilaire train disaster worst train disaster in the history of Canada (File:Beloeil bridge train accident, 1864.jpg) killed 99 on the bridge between Mont-Saint-Hilaire and Belœil-Station By 1768, however, local population had grown to the point where a request to the Bishop of Quebec (Jean-Olivier Briand) for the establishment of a mission was successful. In 1772, a presbytery (Presbytery (architecture))-chapel was completed, and the registry of the parish of Saint-Mathieu-de-Belœil (Saint-Mathieu-de-Beloeil, Quebec), was opened. Desnoyers, Isidore; ''La Petite Histoire — Paroisse Saint-Mathieu-de-Beloeil'', Beloeil, Comité des fête du deuxième centennaire de la paroisse, 1875 1972. The parish received its first resident priest the next year, then, in 1775, François Noiseux became local priest and, under his guidance and with his financing, the parish would build its first church from 1784 to 1787. The parish was canonically erected in 1832 and, after the first half of the nineteenth century saw the growth of a small hamlet around the church, became a parish municipality (parish municipality (Quebec)) in 1855. The Saint-Mathieu church burned and was rebuilt twice (in 1817 and 1895); the third one still stands today. Lambert, Pierre; ''François Noiseux, un curé hors de l'ordinaire'', Société d'histoire de Belœil-Mont-Saint-Hilaire, retrieved 2008-12-13 Lambert, Pierre; ''La naissance du vieux village de Belœil'', Société d'histoire de Belœil-Mont-Saint-Hilaire retrieved 2012-03-11 Meanwhile, on 28 December 1848, the portion of the St. Lawrence and Atlantic Railroad linking Montreal to Saint-Hyacinthe (Saint-Hyacinthe, Quebec) opened, passing about two kilometres (1.25 mi) south of the Church. A station was built, and a second hamlet, '''Belœil-Station''' soon grew around it. This second hamlet soon attracted upper-class vacationers from Montreal, who built summer homes along the Richelieu river with views of the mountain. The railway bridge between Belœil-Station and Mont-Saint-Hilaire was, in 1864, the site Timeline of Mont-Saint-Hilaire, the virtual museum of Canada, retrieved 2012-03-11 of the worst train disaster in the history of Canada (St-Hilaire train disaster) Disasters, The Canadian Encyclopedia, retrieved 2012-03-11 when a passenger train plunged off the open bridge into the Richelieu river, killing 99. Saint-Jacques, Roger; Il y a 150 ans, tragédie du pont de Belœil; Société d'histoire de Belœil-Mont-Saint-Hilaire, retrieved 2012-03-11 In 1878, industrialization began in Belœil when the Hamilton Powder Company (Canadian Industries Limited) established an explosives factory a little to the south of Belœil-Station, in what would eventually become McMasterville. Côté, Alain; ''Enfin ! Le train arrive à Belœil - Saint-Hilaire'', Société d'histoire de Belœil-Mont-Saint-Hilaire, retrieved 2012-03-11 In 1903, the two hamlets (around the Church and Belœil-Station), dissatisfied with the aqueduct service in the parish municipality of Saint-Mathieu-de-Belœil, requested and were granted permission to become the village of Belœil, whose population reached nearly 700 inhabitants in 1911. By 1914, the village had grown further, sufficiently so to become the ville (city) of Belœil. Over these early years, the city developed its aqueduct and electricity networks. The city remained largely isolated from Montreal, except by train, owing to poorly organized road connections. The opening, in 1940, of the then-Route 9, today Quebec route 116, provided a first direct link to Montreal and, by the 1950s, the population had grown to nearly 6,000 inhabitants, and the two hamlets had grown into a single town. The construction, in 1964, of the Quebec Autoroute 20 freeway linking Montreal to Quebec and passing just north of Beloeil, the population of Beloeil tripled over the next three decades as it became part of the Montreal suburbs. 1911 Census of Canada indexing project Quelques événements historique ayant marqué la région, Ville de Beloeil Cloutier, J-Roger; ''Le voyage de Belœil à Montréal en 1927'' Name 240px left thumb The view from atop Mont Saint-Hilaire, which is probably the origin of the name, Belœil. (Image:St-hilaire.jpg) The origins of the name Belœil have been a matter of debate between two competing theories. One theory argues that the city derives its name from the view from atop the Mont Saint-Hilaire. According to this theory, in 1693, shortly before receiving the seigneurie from Frontenac, Joseph Hertel and his brother Jean-Baptiste climbed atop the Mont Saint-Hilaire, where, upon seeing the view, Jean-Baptiste Hertel exclaimed "Quel bel œil!", which, in seventeenth century French, meant "What a beautiful view!". According to this theory, when he was later granted his seigneurie, Joseph Hertel, remembering the exclamation, chose to name it Belœil (beautiful view). The alternate theory states that the name derives from the like-named town (Belœil) in Belgium, with a wide variety of possible links between the two towns. While city government of Beloeil refuses to take a position in the debate on the origin of the name, local historian Pierre Lambert has demonstrated that the various proposed links between the Belgian and Quebec cities are very tenuous at best, whereas the "Bel Œil" theory was first put forward by the Campbell family, who (having purchased the seigneurie of Rouville in the nineteenth century) had access to the archives of Jean-Baptiste Hertel. As a result, Lambert argues for "beautiful view" as the probable origin of the name. Geography 240px left thumb Part of southwestern Quebec, seen from the International Space Station (Image:Monteregian Hills from space.jpg). Beloeil and its neighboring towns are visible to the upper left, near the white mass of Mont Saint-Hilaire. Beloeil lies in the central Saint Lawrence Lowlands, a plains region on both sides of the Saint Lawrence river. The elevation above sea level near the city on the western shore of the Richelieu is lower than 30 metres (98 ft), with the Saint-Mathieu-de-Beloeil Aerodrome, at the western edge of town, lying 14 metres (47 ft) above mean sea level. Just across the Richelieu river, however, the isolated Mont Saint-Hilaire, which was known as Mount Belœil for most of the nineteenth century dominates the regional landscape with its 414 metres (1358 ft). Filion, Fortin et al.;''Histoire du Richelieu-Yamaska-Rive-Sud, La Montérégie''; Quebec City, Presses de l'Université Laval, 2001 COPA Places to Fly Retrieved 2008-12-13 Generally, the region surrounding Beloeil remains agricultural. The Census Consolidated Subdivision of Saint-Mathieu-de-Beloeil (Saint-Mathieu-de-Beloeil, Quebec), which includes Beloeil as well as McMasterville, has Born in Quebec City, he received a Bachelor of Science degree from Université Laval in 1931 and a doctorate from McGill University in 1934. He started working in the laboratory of CIL (Canadian Industries Limited) in Beloeil, Quebec and then went to work at the California Institute of Technology with Linus Pauling. thumb left upright Immigrant train runs through an open swing bridge near Beloeil, Quebec (File:Beloeil bridge train accident, 1864.jpg) in 1864 * June 29, 1864 – Beloeil (Beloeil, Quebec), Canada East: 99 killed when an immigrant train failed to stop at an open swing bridge and fell into the Richelieu River. May also be called '''St-Hilaire train disaster'''. Still (2010) stands as the rail accident with the largest death toll in Canada. * July 15, 1864 – The '''Shohola train wreck''' kills over 60 people in a head-on collision between a coal train and a train carrying Confederate prisoners-of-war.


local population

-Hilaire train disaster worst train disaster in the history of Canada killed 99 on the bridge between Mont-Saint-Hilaire and Belœil-Station By 1768, however, local population had grown to the point where a request to the Bishop of Quebec (Jean-Olivier Briand) for the establishment of a mission was successful. In 1772, a presbytery (Presbytery (architecture))-chapel was completed, and the registry of the parish of Saint-Mathieu-de-Belœil (Saint-Mathieu-de-Beloeil, Quebec), was opened.<

Montréal-Saint-Hilaire, Agence Métropolitaine de Transport , retrieved 2008-12-14 Liste des Circuits, CITVR, retrieved 2008-12-14 However, the vast majority of the population of Beloeil prefer to use the road to commute to work. In 2006, among the local population that worked outside their home, 81% reported driving to work, and 5% reported going in someone else's car, whereas only 7.5% reported using


Industries

, retrieved 2012-03-11 In 1878, industrialization began in Belœil when the Hamilton Powder Company (Canadian Industries Limited) established an explosives factory a little to the south of Belœil-Station, in what would eventually become McMasterville. Côté, Alain; ''Enfin ! Le train arrive à Belœil&nbsp;- Saint-Hilaire'', Société d'histoire de Belœil-Mont-Saint-Hilaire, retrieved 2012-03-11 ref name Richelieu

inhabitants reported being employed, of whom 5565 worked outside the Beloeil region, or 54.7%. Beloeil today is primarily a commuter town for people working in Montreal. The primary industries in terms of employment were the services industry, which employed 51.9% of the population, divided between business services (18.2%), education services and health care services (9.1% of the population each), and other services accounting for the balance

Southeast ''Richelieu River'' Otterburn Park (Otterburn Park, Quebec) Category:Cities and towns in Quebec Category:Incorporated places in Montérégie Est Category:Greater Montreal World War I Canadian Explosives Limited (Canadian Industries Limited) was formed in 1910 to produce rifle cordite, at its Beloeil (Beloeil, Quebec) factory


quot theory

of possible links between the two towns. While city government of Beloeil refuses to take a position in the debate on the origin of the name, local historian Pierre Lambert has demonstrated that the various proposed links between the Belgian and Quebec cities are very tenuous at best, whereas the "Bel Œil&quot; theory was first put forward by the Campbell family, who (having purchased the seigneurie of Rouville in the nineteenth century) had access to the archives of Jean


liberal member

Saint-Lazare (Saint-Lazare, Quebec) Born in Beloeil, Quebec, he was first elected to the Canadian House of Commons in the 1891 election (Canadian federal election, 1891) as Liberal (Liberal Party of Canada) Member of Parliament

Beloeil, Quebec

'''Beloeil''' ( east of Montreal. According to the official Commission de toponymie du Québec, the name is written '''Belœil''' with an oe-ligature (Œ), however other sources avoid the ligature, including the Ministry of Municipal Affairs (Ministry of Municipal Affairs, Regions and Land Occupancy (Quebec)) and the town's own official website. Official website

The population as of the Canada 2011 Census was 20,783. which is part of Greater Montreal. Beloeil in the Canadian Encyclopedia Attraits Touristiques, Ville de Beloeil, retrieved 2008-12-14

Belœil was created as a village in 1903 and became a ville (city) in 1914, but can trace its history through the parish of Saint-Mathieu-de-Belœil, established in 1772, and the '''seigneurie (Seigneurial system of New France) de Belœil''', founded in 1694. Its name probably derives from the old French (French language) expression "Quel (wikt:Quel) bel (wikt:bel) œil (wikt:oeil)!", meaning "What a beautiful view!", generally attributed to Jean-Baptiste Hertel, brother of the first seigneur (lord) of Belœil, Joseph-François Hertel de la Fresnière. Lambert, Pierre; ''Le nom de Belœil a 300 ans!''; Société d'histoire de Belœil-Mont-Saint-Hilaire, retrieved on 2012-03-11 ''La Petite histoire de la ville de Beloeil'', Ville de Beloeil, retrieved 2012-03-11

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