Belgorod

What is Belgorod known for?


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Donets River just Wikipedia:Belgorod commons:Белгород


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to Sviatoslav had not yet been constructed, but would show "respect towards representatives of all nationalities and religions." "The Federation of Jewish Communities protests against the presence of a Star of David in a new sculpture in Belgorod", ''Interfax'', November 21, 2005; Kozhevnikova, Galina, "Radical nationalism and efforts to oppose it in Russia in 2005"; "FJC Russia Appeal Clarifies Situation Over Potentially Anti-Semitic Monument" (Federation of Jewish Communities of the CIS Press Release), November 23, 2005; Dahan, David, "Jews protest trampled Star of David statue", ''European Jewish Press'', November 22, 2005 When the statue was unveiled, the shield bore a twelve-pointed star. * Wikipedia:Belgorod commons:Белгород


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he participated in negotiations and the conclusion of the "Eternal Peace of 1686" with Poland and the allied treaty with Austria. From the end of 1687 he commanded the armies in Belgorod defending Russia's southern border, and participated in the Crimean campaigns. After the victory at Kursk, Konev's armies retook Belgorod, Odessa, Kharkiv and Kiev. The subsequent Korsun–Shevchenkovsky Offensive led to the Korsun–Shevchenkovsky

flank during the failed Operation Citadel (Battle for Kursk). The operation was immediately successful, pushing back the German defenders and liberating Belgorod and Kharkov (Kharkiv). By 12:00 in the morning of August 23, 1943 the Soviet divisions of the Voronezh and Steppe Fronts had successfully liberated the city from German forces, annihilating most of the defending forces. It was the last time that Kharkov changed hands during the Eastern Front (World War II) Soviet-German War

;pinch off" the Red Army's offensive thrust at the base of the penetration between Borisovka (Borisovka, Belgorod Oblast) and Grayvoron south of Vorskla river (Vorskla River), the rapid tempo of the Steppe (Steppe Front) and Voronezh Fronts offensive meant that by the time the counter-attacks were executed the city had been evacuated on 6 August, and German forces were now defending Kharkov. The Wehrmacht's Mobile Forces were heading into an encounter with the main thrust


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at the Yenice Train Station near Adana on 30 January 1943, with the intent of pulling Turkey into the war, on the side of the Allies. A few days before the start of Operation Zitadelle, the Turkish government sent a military delegation under General Cemil Cahit Toydemir to Belgorod and observed the exercises of the 503rd Heavy Panzer Battalion (503rd heavy tank battalion (Germany)) and its equipment. Johannes Glasneck, Inge Kircheisen, ''Türkei und Afghanistan'', Dt. V. d

Kharkov on 14 March, after bloody street fighting in what is known as the Third Battle of Kharkov. In recognition for this accomplishment, von Manstein received the Oak Leaves for the Knight's Cross. The 2nd SS Panzer Corps then captured Belgorod on 21 March. When the offensive finally came to a halt, the Wehrmacht had dealt heavy damage to the Soviet troops and blunted their offensives. The successful counterattack at Kharkov allowed the Wehrmacht to prepare for one last strategic

of the Ukraine and southern Russia with insufficient numbers, and given this, that he needed to withdrew either to the Dnieper river or be provided with massive reinforcements to hold the line on the Donets river, should he be faced with a major Soviet offensive. Murray, Williamson & Millet, Allan Reed ''War To Be Won'', Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2000 page 390. On the night of August 3, 1943 a Soviet offensive struck and placed Manstein's Army Group South under heavy


attacks

: Harvard University Press, 2000 page 391. As such, Manstein waged a series of desperate counter-attacks with his reinforcements committed in a piecemeal way against the advancing Soviet forces. Murray, Williamson & Millet, Allan Reed ''War To Be Won'', Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2000 page 391. Between August 13-17, 1943 a series of armored battles took place between the Soviet tank forces and the two SS panzer divisions outside of Bohodukhiv, which

;pinch off" the Red Army's offensive thrust at the base of the penetration between Borisovka (Borisovka, Belgorod Oblast) and Grayvoron south of Vorskla river (Vorskla River), the rapid tempo of the Steppe (Steppe Front) and Voronezh Fronts offensive meant that by the time the counter-attacks were executed the city had been evacuated on 6 August, and German forces were now defending Kharkov. The Wehrmacht's Mobile Forces were heading into an encounter with the main thrust

of the Soviet Front tank armies. The German counter-attacks were carried out by the III Panzercorps (III Panzer Corps (Germany)) of the Armeeabteilung "Kempf" (German Army Detachment Kempf) in the Olshany area, and the XLVIII Panzercorps (XLVIII Panzer Corps (Germany)) of the 4th Panzerarmee (4th Panzer Army) in the two-pincer manoeuvre of the Krasnokutsk and Akhtyrka areas. Nipe, Fedorowicz pp. 259-330 In the fighting that took place on both


world artistic

was able to continue competing and winning medals for more than a decade, participating in three Olympics and three changes to the ''Code of Points (Code of Points (artistic gymnastics))''. She won her final World Championships all-around title at the age of 24 in 2003 which tied her with Věra Čáslavská as the second oldest female World Champion, second to Larisa Latynina who won her second World All Around title in 1962 (1962 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships) at the age of 27


defensive fighting

1st Tank Army (1st Guards Tank Army) thrusts south of the Merchik were repeatedly cut off & destroyed by III Panzercorps (III Panzer Corps (Germany)). The attempts by Rotmistrov's 5th Guards Tank Army Army to penetrate to the rail line from east of Bogodukhov were frustrated by 3rd Panzer Division & 'Wiking' (5th SS Panzer Division), with key defensive fighting by elements of 'Das Reich' (2nd SS Division Das Reich). 'Totenkopf' (3rd SS Panzer Division) executed

with bloody losses in men and tremendous loss in tanks. Katukov's 1st Tank Army (1st Guards Tank Army) thrusts south of the Merchik were repeatedly cut off & destroyed by III Panzercorps (III Panzer Corps (Germany)). The attempts by Rotmistrov's 5th Guards Tank Army Army to penetrate to the rail line from east of Bogodukhov were frustrated by 3rd Panzer Division & 'Wiking' (5th SS Panzer Division), with key defensive fighting by elements of 2nd SS Division Das Reich

' , with key defensive fighting by elements of 'Das Reich' (2nd SS Division Das Reich). 'Totenkopf' (3rd SS Panzer Division) executed a masterful attack that cut off elements of infantry and armour from the 27th Army & 6th Guards Army south of Krasnokutsk and then rolled down the line of supply toward Kolomak, south of Konstantinovka. Subsequent attacks encircled disorganized elements of several Russian Divisions and destroyed major portions of them after brief fighting. Subsequently


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, ''Großdeutschland'' was engaged in the fighting withdrawal from the eastern Ukraine, taking part in battles around Kharkov, Belgorod, and finally on the Dnieper, ending the year fighting strong enemy forces near Michurin-Rog, east of Krivoi-Rog. It was during this period that the division earned the nickname ''"die Feuerwehr"'' (The Fire Brigade). In the following months the Soviets launched several follow-up offensives, summing up as the Voronezh-Kharkov Strategic Offensive

, and resumed its role as mobile reserve. GD saw heavy fighting around Karachev before being transferred back to XLVIII Panzerkorps in late August. For the rest of 1943, ''Großdeutschland'' was engaged in the fighting withdrawal from the eastern Ukraine, taking part in battles around Kharkov, Belgorod, and finally on the Dnieper, ending the year fighting strong enemy forces near Michurin-Rog, east of Kryvyi Rih. It was during this period that the division earned the nickname


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through the salient around Belgorod where the boundary between the 4th Panzerarmee (4th Panzer Army) & Armeeabteilung Kempf (German Army Detachment Kempf) was situated and thereby dislocate the entire defensive line. In this they succeeded completely. Their heavy barrage hit the 167th Infantry Division (167th Infantry Division (German)), which had taken up positions in a former soviet antitank ditch, located a few kilometres in front of the fortified line. Within a short time massed Red

kilometres in front of the fortified line. Within a short time massed Red Army tanks had crossed this ditch; by noon they passed the corps command post and poured into the depth of German positions, all the while firing on our fleeing trains. On the following morning (6 August), after a night time forced march, Russian spearheads had reached the surprised headquarters of the 4th Panzerarmee (4th Panzer Army) at Bogodukhov. Since Colonel General Hermann Hoth's (Hermann Hoth) army had

up positions in a former soviet antitank ditch, located a few kilometres in front of the fortified line. Within a short time massed Red Army tanks had crossed this ditch; by noon they passed the corps command post and poured into the depth of German positions, all the while firing on our fleeing trains. On the following morning (6 August), after a night time forced march, Russian spearheads had reached the surprised headquarters of the 4th Panzerarmee (4th Panzer Army) at Bogodukhov. Since


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in the rear by enemy tank forces situated thirty kilometres in the depth of our positions. These tank forces exerted crushing pressure on our unprotected left flank. At this critical moment, XI Armeecorps (XI Army Corps (Germany)) had not only been left to its own devices but also had been handicapped by a direct fuehrer order, which had arrived at the last minute & insisted that Belgorod was to be held under all circumstances. The Corps front now formed a deep salient into enemy territory

, XI Armeecorps (XI Army Corps (Germany)) had been attacked in the rear by enemy tank forces situated thirty kilometres in the depth of our positions. These tank forces exerted crushing pressure on our unprotected left flank. At this critical moment, XI Armeecorps (XI Army Corps (Germany)) had not only been left to its own devices but also had been handicapped by a direct fuehrer order, which had arrived at the last minute & insisted that Belgorod was to be held under all

with its front to the east.On the very first day of the offensive, XI Armeecorps (XI Army Corps (Germany)) had been attacked in the rear by enemy tank forces situated thirty kilometres in the depth of our positions. These tank forces exerted crushing pressure on our unprotected left flank. At this critical moment, XI Armeecorps (XI Army Corps (Germany)) had not only been left to its own devices but also had been handicapped by a direct fuehrer order, which had arrived at the last minute

Belgorod

'''Belgorod''' (

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