2005 r)"Вспоминая геноцид Армян. Польские армяне"(на польском) noble (Nobility) family of landowners University of Southern California: Polish Music Center Stanisław Moniuszko in 1819 on eastern fringe of Vilna Governorate of the Russian Empire, he displayed an early ability in music, and began private piano lessons with August Freyer ref name "
the interwar period the nations of Western Europe implemented a '''border states policy''' which aimed at uniting these nations in defense against the Soviet Union and communist (communism) expansionism. The border states were Finland, Estonia
on the principles Lithuanian folk textile arts At the Great Seimas
the Russian Revolution (Russian Revolution of 1917); his father was born in the US, but lived in Germany, Poland and Russia. thumb 250px Principality of Polatsk (File:Kievan-rus-1015-1113-(en).png) within Kievan Rus in the 11th century The history of Belarus, or, more correctly of the Belarusian ethnicity (Belarusians), begins with the migration and expansion of the Slavic peoples throughout Eastern Europe between the 6th and 8th centuries
. East Slavs (Early East Slavs) settled on the territory present-day Belarus, Russia and Ukraine, assimilating local Baltic (Balts) — (Yotvingians, Dniepr Balts), Ugro-Finnic (Finnic peoples) (Russia) and steppe nomads (Ukraine) already living there, their early ethnic integrations contributed to the gradual differentiation of the three East Slavic nations. These East Slavs were pagan (paganism), animistic (animism), agrarian people whose economy included trade
isotope record shows the warming identified with the Allerød to be after about 14,100 BP and before about 12,900 BP. C-14 dates from an excavation on the shore of Lake Neuchatel, Switzerland, furnish a date of 14,000 BP, calibrated, for the start of the Allerød. Pollen cores from Berezina plain, Belarus, give 11,800-10,900 BP uncal. Various researchers have similar ranges: 12,000-11,000, 11,700-11,000, etc. They all seem to roughly concur. The interstadial ended abruptly with a cold
December 2009 '''Republic''' (''Respublika'') is a parliamentary group in Belarus which opposes the administration of President Alexander Lukashenko. In legislative elections (elections in Belarus) held between October 13–17, 2004, the group did not secure any seats. The organization was created in order to unite politically and socially active young people of different views. The political specter of the organization is conservative, with a clear orientation toward national values. Activity for the period October 2008–2010: Conducting of a series of street actions and pickets dedicated to victims of political repressions in Belarus, in Minsk (action in memory of the missing ex-Minister on Internal Affairs Jury Zakharanka, action in memory of deceased human rights activist Jana Palyakova) and in different cities of the country (Solidarity Days), art-performance on the anniversary of adopting of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, action against violent military drafts, pickets in protest against the results of the referendum of the year 1996, hanging of the national white-red-white flags on the roofs of buildings in the central streets of Minsk and the regions, participation in mass street actions and demonstrations organized by Belarusian opposition structures (Day of Freedom -2009, Charnobylsky Shlyakh-2009), conducting of voluntary street actions aimed at cleaning up the territory of the city; action-performance “Throw at me if you don’t like the regime!” on December 2, 2009. Commons:Category:Belarus Wikipedia:Belarus Dmoz:Regional Europe Belarus
hitch-hiking community, created by traveller & writer Anton Krotov. *'''UFOCom (Ufocom)''' ('''Ufo'''logical '''Com'''mitie of Belarus republic) - Belarusian group, working in the field of ufological (ufology) and paranormal research. *'''STALKER (Stalker(school))''' multi-profile school - created together with SOYUZ club. Provides young members of Kosmopoisk with necessary knowledge and practice. Situated in Moscow. Remote learning('''St@lker''' project) system is planned for future. thumb left 205px Sap dripping from a tapped birch tree (Image:Sap-drip-LL.jpg) Total production of birch syrup in Alaska is approximately 3,800 liters (1,000 U.S. gallons) per year, with smaller quantities made in other U.S. states and Canada (also from Paper Birch), Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, and Scandinavia (from other species of birch). Because of the higher sap-to-syrup ratio and difficulties in production, birch syrup is more expensive than maple syrup, up to five times the price. The '''Russian avant-garde''' is an umbrella term used to define the large, influential wave of modern art that flourished in Russia (or more accurately, the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union) approximately 1890 to 1930 - although some place its beginning as early as 1850 and its end as late as 1960. The term covers many separate, but inextricably related, art movements that occurred at the time; namely Neo-primitivism, suprematism, constructivism (Constructivism (art)), and futurism (Futurism (art)). Given that many of these avant-garde artists were born or grew up in what is present day Belarus and Ukraine (including Kazimir Malevich, Aleksandra Ekster, Vladimir Tatlin, Wassily Kandinsky, David Burliuk, Alexander Archipenko), some sources also talk about Ukrainian avant-garde. Life and works Born in Vitsebsk, then part of Imperial Russia, culturally considered at that time part of Lithuania, now in Belarus, he wrote in Russian (Russian language) before he emigrated to the United States in 1892; only in America did he discover that there was such a thing as Yiddish (Yiddish language) literature and theater. In the U.S. he first worked menial jobs in Philadelphia and in rural Pennsylvania, before settling in New York City. He became a journalist, then a writer of short stories, and finally gained fame as a playwright. Salkinsohn was born as a Jew in the town of Shkloŭ, in Belarus, in 1820. His father was a scholar, well known throughout the area, even though he was not a rabbi. When Salkinsohn was still a small child, his mother died and his father remarried. Salkinsohn, who was the youngest of his mother’s children, suffered greatly under his new stepmother, but was very close with his father. At the age of 17, he left his father and decided to run away to Mahilyow. After news of an impending army conscription (Forced conscription) he moved to a nearby village, in the house of the barkeeper. In the village he became friendly with the hazzan and helped him deal with religious issues. While there, an interest in secular studies and general enlightenment was kindled in Salkinsohn. Meanwhile, the barkeeper planned to marry his granddaughter to Salkinsohn. When Salkinsohn learned of this, he revealed it to the hazzan, who helped him sneak away and get to Vilnius, then called Vilna. Early life He was born in Mahiliou, then part of Imperial Russia, now in Belarus, and was raised in nearby Vitsebsk. At 19 he left home, originally intending to study medicine in Vienna, Austria, but a visit to I.L. Peretz in Warsaw (then also under Russian control, now the capital of Poland) convinced him to pursue a literary career instead. He briefly began studies in Vienna (where he also wrote his first significant short story, "Der Groisser Menshenfreint" ("The Great Philanthropist"), but soon returned to Warsaw, where he established a strong reputation as a writer and as an advocate of Labor Zionism, before moving to Berlin, Germany in 1896 and to New York City in 1899. '''Season 2003-2004''' For the 2003-2004 season, in the Swiss black-and-white team, arrives a legendary Finnish hockey player, Ville Peltonen, and the great Sandro Bertaggia (who closes his career after six titles in Lugano) is substituted by Steve Hirschi. In January, the team conquers a new bronze medal in the Continental Cup's Superfinal in Gomel, Belarus. On February 22, 2004, the Resega lives an afternoon of intense emotions. In a mood of great collective participation, Alfio Molina's jersey nr. 1, Sandro Bertaggia's jersey nr. 2 and Pat Schafhauser's jersey nr. 4 are officially collected. The last-named is connected "live" by satellite from Minneapolis. Lugano's season has an apical moment in the play-offs semi-final against the ZSC Lions team disallowing three matchballs on the part of the Zurich team: Lugano team eliminates the Lions and is in the final. But the black-and-white team loses the "best of five" final in the extra-time of the fifth games with a goal by Marc Weber. The Styr River begins near Brody, in the Ukrainian Oblast of Lviv (Lviv Oblast), then flows into the Rivne Oblast, Volyn Oblast, then into the Belarusian voblast of Brest (Brest Voblast) where it finally flows into the Pripyat. '''Football Club Dinamo Minsk''' ( Commons:Category:Belarus Wikipedia:Belarus Dmoz:Regional Europe Belarus
international relationship was established in 1975 with the city of Eugene, Oregon, United States (US). This activity has been further enhanced by establishing formal relationships with 8 other cities namely, the Motsumoto City (Matsumoto, Nagano) of Japan, Rochester in addition to Eugene, Yangon (earlier Rangoon) of Myanmar, Xi'an of the People’s Republic of China, Minsk of Belarus and Pyongyang of the Democratic Republic of Korea. KMC's constant
salesman. The area from which Victor Kosow came from is today in Belarus. Her parents divorced by 1915 and she was adopted
; ref However, several local popular newspapers kept the old name of the country in Russian in their names, for example ''Komsomolskaya Pravda v Byelorussii (Komsomolskaya Pravda)'', which is the localized publication of a popular Russian newspaper. Also, those who wish for Belarus to be reunited with Russia continue to use ''Belorussia''. Officially, the full name of the country
Until the 20th century, the lands of modern-day Belarus belonged to several countries, including the Principality of Polotsk, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, and the Russian Empire. In the aftermath of the Russian Revolution (Russian Revolution (1917)), Belarus declared independence as the Belarusian People's Republic, succeeded by the Socialist Soviet Republic of Byelorussia, which became a founding constituent republic of the Soviet Union (Republics of the Soviet Union) and was renamed as the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic (BSSR). Belarus lost almost half of its territory to Poland after the Polish-Soviet war. Much of the borders of Belarus took their modern shape in 1939 when some lands of the Second Polish Republic were reintegrated into it after the Soviet invasion of Poland and were finalized after World War II. The republic was redeveloped in the post-war years. In 1945, Belarus became a founding member of the United Nations, along with the Soviet Union and the Ukrainian SSR.
The parliament of the republic declared the sovereignty of Belarus on
Over 70% of Belarus's population of 9.49 million resides in urban areas. More than 80% of the population is ethnic Belarusian, with sizable minorities of Russians, Poles and Ukrainians. Since a referendum in 1995, the country has had two official languages: Belarusian (Belarusian language) and Russian (Russian language). The Constitution of Belarus does not declare any official religion, although the primary religion in the country is Eastern Orthodox Christianity (Belarusian Orthodox Church). The second most popular, Roman Catholicism (Roman Catholicism in Belarus), has a much smaller following, although both Orthodox and Catholic versions of Christmas and Easter are celebrated as national holidays (Public holidays in Belarus).