; Claussen, 50. The chronicler Edward Hall described the spectacle as showing "the whole Earth, environed with the sea, like a very map or cart". North, 21. * Queenstown (Queenstown, New Zealand), (Otago) New Zealand Georg Simon Ohm was born in Erlangen, Bavaria, son
Libraries: The Transfer of Knowledge. Hops-''Humulus lupulus''. They are used primarily as a flavoring and stability agent in beer, to which they impart a bitter, tangy flavor, though hops are also used for various purposes in other beverages and herbal medicine (Herbalism). Hops were cultivated continuously around the 8th or 9th century AD in Bohemian gardens in the Hallertau district of Bavaria and other parts of Europe.
about 1875, attracted great attention, and many pupils flocked to him in Germany and Italy, where he made long visits. Henry James called him ''"the unsuspected genius"'' and at the age of 27 he was a celebrated artist. In 1878, Duveneck opened a school in Munich, and in the village of Polling in Bavaria. His students, known as the "Duveneck Boys", included Twachtman, Otto Bacher, Julius Rolshoven, and Herman Wessel.
of Bavaria Christian Social Union winning absolute majorities (absolute majority) among the Bavarian electorate in many elections at the communal, state, and federal levels. Bavaria's second city Nuremberg is also one of the very few Bavarian cities governed by a SPD-led coalition. death_date Commons:Category:Bayern WikiPedia:Bavaria Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany States Bavaria
magazine, April 20, 2001, on Lukeisback.com, retrieved 2007-05-08. She modeled as a teenager, including a cover of ''Teen'' magazine (Teen (magazine)). "Briana Banks: From Teen Magazine Cover Girl to Vivid Porn Queen", Mike Ramone, ''AVN Insider (Adult Video News)'', 2002-05-17. Retrieved April 28, 2007. She held various other jobs before entering the Sex
seasonings. An optional amount of onions, garlic, horseradish, cloves, ground cumin or caraway seeds may be used and some cream as well. The cheeses and spices are mixed together into a smooth mass. It is usually eaten spread on bread or pretzels. ''Obatzda'' is a classic example of Bavarian ''biergarten (Beer garden)'' food. Early life Lee was born in Augsburg, Bavaria, West Germany, the daughter of an artist mother and architect father. ref>
him financially comfortable with no need to work. He wrote two more books: a second novel, ''Paradise City'' (1931) about the disastrous effects of American capitalism, and a non-fiction work, ''The Ludwigs of Bavaria'' (1933). The latter, a study of the last generations of the ruling Wittelsbach (House of Wittelsbach) dynasty of Bavarian kings, received excellent notices, and was in print twenty years later. Some critical reservations reflected
of the Alps, in the municipality of Steingaden in the Weilheim-Schongau district, Bavaria, Germany. Small numbers of captured M1 carbines were used by German forces in World War II, particularly after D-Day. Donald M. Goldstein, Katherine V. Dillon and J. Michael Wenger, ''Nuts! The Battle of the Bulge'', Brassey's, 1994, ISBN-0-02-881069-4. Page 75, photo 4-69, captured German film shows German officer armed with a M1 carbine in the Battle of the Bulge, Dec 1944
and peculiarities of the people in the Austrian and Bavarian Alps, and the mediterranean regions of the former Austro-Hungarian Empire (mainly Croatia and Bosnia (Bosnia and Herzegovina)). He showed himself unable to accept the academic (Academic art) guidelines imposed by the Bavarian and Romanian schools. Drăguţ ''et al.'', p.173 The following year, he left for Paris, where he studied at the Académie Julian, and, although taught by the academic
was moved to Metten Abbey. August Schmidthuber was born in Augsburg, Bavaria, the son of a minor government official. After finishing basic military training in the Reichswehr in Ulm in 1919, he signed up for 12 years military service on 5 May. He was initially assigned to the ''Schützen Regiment'' (rifle regiment) Number 42. From 16 June 1919 until the beginning of October, Schmidthuber served with the 9th Company of his regiment and then spent nearly a year in 3 company. After leaving the army Schmidthuber worked as a brewer and became active in politics in Bavaria, joining the ''Bayerische Volkspartei'' (Bavarian People's Party). During the presidential elections, he stood for the district of Lindau but did not win. He then joined the NSDAP and on 16 July 1933 entered into the SA (Sturmabteilung). In the SA (Sturmabteilung) he was part of the ''SA Gruppe Hochland'' and served first as the deputy director of SA schools in the region, and then later also as a director. '''Gröbenzell''' is a municipality (Municipalities of Germany) near Munich in the district Fürstenfeldbruck (Fürstenfeldbruck (district)), in Bavaria, Germany. It was founded in 1952, and has a population of 19,202. Gröbenzell is often called a garden city, which is also illustrated by the two flowers in the coat of arms. caption birth_place Regensburg, Bavaria, Germany death_place St. Ulrich im Schwarzwald (St. Ulrich's Priory in the Black Forest), in Bollschweil, Germany Life Ulrich was born at Regensburg in Bavaria (formerly also known as Ratisbon) in early 1029. His parents, pious and rich, were Bernhold and Bucca, niece of Bishop Gebhard II of Regensburg (Regensburg). Ulrich was probably educated at the school of St. Emmeram's Abbey, along with William of Hirsau, with whom he remained friends throughout his life, but in 1043 he was called to the court of his godfather, Henry III, King of the Germans (Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor) where he acted as page to Queen Agnes (Agnes de Poitou), who was of the ducal house of Aquitaine, patrons of the reforming Abbey of Cluny. Ordained deacon by his uncle Nidger, Bishop of Freising, he was made archdeacon of the cathedral there, but was deeply moved by the spirit of reform that was sweeping from Cluny through the 11th century church. On his return from a journey to Rome he distributed his possessions to the poor, made a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, and, after another short visit to Rome, returned to Regensburg, where he founded a religious community, and then entered the Abbey of Cluny in 1061, during the abbacy of Saint Hugh (Hugh of Cluny). DATE OF BIRTH 1029 PLACE OF BIRTH Regensburg, Bavaria, Germany DATE OF DEATH 10 July 1093 '''John Carl Doemling''' (1894-1955), artist, the son of Würzburg college professor Leonard Doemling and Johanna Herrmann, was born in Sulzfeld, Rhön-Grabfeld, Bavaria, Germany. Known throughout his life as “Carl”, he spent his early years in a seminary preparing to become a priest; however, by age twelve he had opted to pursue an art career instead. He studied art in Würzburg, left home in his teens and supported himself by restoring paintings in churches and monasteries in Italy, Switzerland and France. '''Neustadt an der Donau''' is a town in Lower Bavaria on the Danube in Bavaria, Germany. Lying on the western border of Landkreis Kelheim (Kelheim (district)), Neustadt is primarily known for the thermal spa Bad Gögging. Neustadt had a population of 12,753 as of December 31, 2003. Set in Bad Tölz, Bavaria, the series is about the activities of the local ''Kriminalpolizei'' as personified by Benno Berghammer (Ottfried Fischer), the eponymous ''Bulle'' (literally "bull", a slang word and the equivalent of "cop" but at the same time an allusion to his bulky appearance), and Sabrina Lorenz (Katerina Jacob), two ''Kommissare'' who invariably, at the beginning of each episode, are faced with murder in the seemingly idyllic small town of Bad Tölz or its rural surroundings. The zero issue of ''graswurzelrevolution'' (GWR) Grass Roots Revolution was published in the summer of 1972 in Augsburg, Bavaria. The "monthly magazine for a non-violent, anarchist society" was inspired by "Peace News" (published since 1936 by War Resisters International (WRI) in London), the German-speaking "Direkte Aktion" ("newspaper for anarchism and non-violence"; published from 1965 to 1966 by Wolfgang Zucht and other non-violent activists in Hanover) and the French-speaking "Anarchisme et Nonviolence" (published in Switzerland and France from 1964 to 1973). On the history of GWR and other libertarian periodicals in Germany cf. Bernd Drücke: ''Zwischen Schreibtisch und Straßenschlacht? Anarchismus und libertäre Presse in Ost- und Westdeutschland'', doctoral thesis, Verlag Klemm & Oelschläger, Ulm 1998, p. 165 ff. ISBN 3-932577-05-1 DATE OF DEATH September 6, 1972 PLACE OF DEATH Fürstenfeldbruck Air Base, Fürstenfeldbruck, Bavaria, Germany thumb right Oleksander Ohloblyn (Image:Ogloblin.jpg) Ohloblyn traced his ancestry to the Novhorod-Siversky region of Left-bank Ukraine, which had formed an important part of the autonomous Ukrainian "Hetmanate" in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, and throughout his professional career as a historian retained a lively interest in this area and wrote frequently about it. Educated at the universities in Kiev, Odessa, and Moscow, from 1921 to 1933 he taught history at the Kiev Institute of People's Education (as Kiev University was known after the revolution), but during Joseph Stalin's purges, was dismissed from his posts, forced to recant his allegedly "bourgeois nationalist" views, and suffered repression including several months of imprisonment. In the late 1930s he returned to teaching at Kiev and Odessa universities. When the Germans occupied Kiev in the fall of 1941, Ohloblyn was elected head of the Kiev Municipal Council, a post which he held from September 21 to October 25, and was a member of the Ukrainian National Council which tried to organize Ukrainian life under the difficult conditions of the occupation. he desperately tried to save from execution some of Jews he knew but the German commandant of Kiev informed him that "''the Jewish issue (Final solution) belongs to exclusive jurisdiction of Germans and they will solve it at their own discretion''" (in Russian). Politics under the Nazis was not to his taste and he quickly retired from his public positions and returned to his scholarly work. In 1942 he worked as a director of Kiev Museum-Archive of Transitional Period , whose exhibition compared life under Bolsheviks and under Germans. In 1943 he moved to Lviv in western Ukraine and in 1944 to Prague. Upon the approach of the Red Army, he fled west to Bavaria. From 1946 to 1951, he taught at the Ukrainian Free University in Munich. In 1951, he moved to the United States where he was active in various Ukrainian emigre scholarly institutions such as the Ukrainian Academy of Arts and Sciences in the US and the Ukrainian Historical Association. From 1968 to 1970, he was a Visiting Professor of History at Harvard University. The rule of St. Columbanus, which was originally followed in most of these monasteries, was soon superseded by that of St. Benedict (Rule of Saint Benedict). Later Gaelic (Gaels) missionaries, founded Honau in Baden (about 721), Murbach in Upper Alsace (about 727), Altomünster in Upper Bavaria (about 749), while other Gaelic monks restored St. Michel in Thiérache (940), Walsort near Namur (Namur (city)) (945), and, at Cologne, the Monasteries of St. Clement (about 953), St. Martin (about 980), St. Symphorian (about 990), and St. Pantaléon (1042). Egbert II's death marked the end of the Brunonen line. Egbert II's sister, Gertrude of Brunswick, had a daughter with her second husband, Henry the Fat, Margrave of Frisia (Henry the Fat of Friesland) of Northeim. This daughter, Richenza (Richenza of Northeim) (d. 1141) married Lothar of Süpplingenburg (Lothair III, Holy Roman Emperor), who was Duke of Saxony and later became Holy Roman Emperor. Their daughter Gertrude (Gertrude of Süpplingenburg) (d. 1143) married Duke Henry the Proud of Saxony and Bavaria, a member of the House of House of Welf. In this way, the Welf dynasty gained the Brunonen properties around Brunswick, which they would hold until the 20th century. The situation worsened at the beginning of the 18th century, when the Trentino and the Tyrol were invaded by French (French First Republic) and Bavarian armies, and Trento itself was bombed for six days in September 1703. But the most dangerous menace to the principality status were the claims of emperor Charles VI of Habsburg (Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor) to reunite under the Habsburg crown all the hereditary territories of his house. The bishops continued their struggle for independence against the growing Austrian prominence, until Napoleon's invasion of 1796. Following the 1801 Treaty of Lunéville, the prince-bishopric in 1803 was definitively secularized (German Mediatisation) as a part of Tyrol, a crown land of the Austrian Empire from 1804. With Tyrol it was annexed by the Kingdom of Bavaria according to the 1805 Peace of Pressburg, passed to the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy (Kingdom of Italy (Napoleonic)) in 1810 and in 1814 was again incorporated into the Austrian crown land of Tyrol. thumb 200px The former County of Tyrol divided into the Austrian state of Tyrol (state) Tyrol (File:Tirol-Suedtirol-Trentino.png) (red) and the Italian provinces of South Tyrol (orange) and Trentino shown in blue The '''Battle of Landshut''' took place on April 21, 1809, between the French (France), Württembergers (VIII Corps) and Bavarians (VII Corps) under Napoleon (Napoleon Bonaparte) which numbered about 77,000 strong, and 36,000 Austrians under the General Johann von Hiller. The Austrians, though outnumbered, fought hard until Napoleon (Napoléon I of France) arrived, when the battle subsequently became a clear French victory. Life and career Polonska-Vasylenko studied history under Mitrofan Dovnar-Zapol'skiy at Kiev University and from 1912 was a member of the Kiev-based Historical Society of Nestor the Chronicler. From 1916, she was a lecturer at Kiev University and Director of its archeological museum. During the 1920s, the most liberal years of Soviet rule, she was a professor at the Kiev Institutes of Geography, Archeology, and Art, and a Research Associate at the All-Ukrainian Academy of Sciences (VUAN). She witnessed, but survived the Joseph Stalin purges of the 1930s and was a member of the reorganized and Sovietized academy from 1937 to 1941. In 1940, she received her doctorate and became a professor at Kiev University. During the German occupation, she directed the Kiev Central Archive of Old Documents and worked in Kiev City Administration, was responsible for renaming of streets and consulted Kiev Archive Museum of Transitional Period (dedicated to achievements of German occupation and crimes of Communists). As the tide of the war turned against the Germans, she fled west, first to Lviv, then to Prague, and finally to Bavaria. She was a Professor at the Ukrainian Free University in Prague (1944–45), and moved together with this institution to Munich where she continued to teach until her death in 1973. In the 1960s, she took an active part in the establishment of the American-Based Ukrainian Historical Association and was its Vice-president from 1965. Commons:Category:Bayern WikiPedia:Bavaria Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany States Bavaria
thumb Bavarian church with Alps in the background (File:Germany bavaria alps-church.jpg) Some features of the Bavarian culture and mentality are remarkably distinct from the rest of Germany. Noteworthy differences (especially in rural areas, less significant in the major cities) can be found with respect to: