and received the title of "Liaison Officer, Correspondent to Cairo" (i.e. to the Arab Bureau where she had been assigned). She was Harry St. John Philby's field controller, and taught him the finer arts of behind-the-scenes political manoeuvering. Rashidun Caliphate (632-661) was the first state to use Islamic Architecture, sought the first use of Islamic Forts, Administration systems (Dar al-Imara) and the first foundation of Islamic cities (Basra, Kufa
including the Battle of Istabulat. After spending a few months in Egypt, it was dispatched to Palestine in March 1918 and took over trenches north of Jaffa. In May 1918, it returned to India. The following year, Nesbitt co-starred with Liam Neeson in the fact-based television film ''Five Minutes of Heaven'' (Oliver Hirschbiegel, 2009). The first part of the film dramatises the real-life murder of Jim Griffin by Alistair Little in 1970s
the leading astrologer of the late 8th century. David Pingree: "Māshā'allāh", Dictionary of Scientific Biography 9 (1974), 159–162. The Arabic phrase ''ma sha`a allah (Masha'Allah)'' indicates acceptance of what God has ordained in terms of good or ill fortune that may befall a believer. His real name was probably ''Manasseh'' or ''Jethro'' , and Latin translators named him Messahala (with many variants, as ''Messahalla
*Ismail I, founded the Safavid Shia state in Azerbaijan in 1502, and had incorporated all of Iran by 1509. *Shah ‘Abbas I (Abbas I of Persia), defeated the Uzbeks after 10 years of constant warfare at the battle of Herat in 1597. In 1603 he took Baghdad and in 1605 Basra from the Ottomans and by 1611 Shirvan and Kurdistan as well. In 1602, he expelled the Portuguese (Portuguese people) from Bahrain. In 1615, he killed more than 60,000 Georgians and deported a further 100,000 in Tblisi after a rebellion. A united army of the Turks (Turkish people) and Tatars was completely defeated near Sultanieh in 1618. In 1622 he took the island of Hormuz (Hormuz Island) from the Portuguese (Portuguese people): much of the trade was diverted to the town of Bandar 'Abbas. The Persian Gulf was now a Persian Domain. *Nadir Shah Afshar (Nader Shah), rose to power during a period of anarchy in Persia after a rebellion by Afghans (Pashtun people) and both the Ottomans and the Russians had seized Persian territory for themselves. Nader reunited the Persian realm and removed the invaders. He became so powerful that he decided to depose the last members of the Safavid dynasty, which had ruled Persia for over 200 years, and become shah himself in 1736. His campaigns created a great Iranian Empire. In 1738 conquered Kandahar. Invaded the Mughal Empire and He defeated the Mughal army at the Battle of Karnal in February 1739, he was assassinated in 1747. The British proposed a treaty with the Ottoman Empire in 1913 to establish Kuwait as an autonomous kaza. It was a district of the vilayet of Basra. The treaty was never ratified due to the outbreak of World War I. In 1990 Iraq made claims upon Kuwaiti territory, and insisted that the borders had never been properly delimited by the British in 1951. see Richard Schofield, Kuwait and Iraq: Historical Claims and Territorial. Disputes, London: Royal Institute of International Affairs 1991, ISBN 0-905031-35-0 and The Kuwait Crisis: Basic Documents, By E. Lauterpacht, C. J. Greenwood, Marc Weller, Published by Cambridge University Press, 1991, ISBN 0-521-46308-4 Following the death of Husayn, Ibn al-Zubayr, although remaining in Mecca, was associated with two opposition movements, one centered in Medina and the other around Kharijites in Basra and Arabia. In 683, Yazid dispatched an army to subdue both. This army suppressed the Medinese opposition at the Battle of al-Harra, and continued on to lay siege to Mecca. At some point during the siege, the Kaaba was badly damaged in a fire. The destruction of the Kaaba became a major cause for censure of the Umayyads
, Sgt Stuart Pearson , 3 PARA and many others. General Officer Commanding (Malaya) In April 1941 Percival was given promotion to acting lieutenant-general (Lieutenant-General (United Kingdom)), and was appointed General Officer Commanding (GOC) Malaya. This was a significant promotion for him as he had never commanded an army Corps. He left Britain
on theology ''Manhaj ul-Yaqin fi Usul il-Din'', demonstrates. He was also deeply influenced by Nasir al-Din al-Tusi, and wrote a commentary on the latter's famous ''Tajrid ul-I'tiqad''. This commentary is one of al-Hilli's most widely read works, being the first commentary written on the ''Tajrid'' and thus forming the basis of later commentators understanding of Tusi's work. Also due to his work in ''Tajrid ul-I'tiqad'', Al-Hilli has been noted as one of the first Shia Imamiyyah scholars to use the term, ''ijtihad'' (i’tiqad) in the sense of "putting in of the utmost effort in acquiring the knowledge of the laws of the Shariah (Sharia)". Mutahhari, Martyr Murtada . "The Role of Ijtihad in Legislation." Al-Tawhid: A Quarterly Journal of Islamic Thought & Culture 4.2 (0): n. pag. http: www.al-islam.org al-tawhid . Web. 10 Apr. 2010. From this point Shia accepted this term. Causes of the conflict Kuwait was a close ally of Iraq during the Iraq-Iran war and functioned as the country’s major port once Basra was shut down by the fighting. WikiPedia:Basra Dmoz:Regional Middle_East Iraq Localities Basra
title Radical changes in Islamic glass technology: evidence for conservatism and experimentation with new glass recipes from early and middle Islamic Raqqa, Syria journal Archaeometry volume 46 issue 3 pages 439–68 doi 10.1111 j.1475-4754.2004.00167.x Other centers for innovative pottery in the Islamic world included Fustat (from 975 to 1075), Damascus (from 1100 to around 1600) and Tabriz (from 1470 to 1550). Mason (1995), p. 7 Lusterwares with iridescent colours may have continued pre-Islamic Roman and Byzantine techniques, but were either invented or considerably developed on pottery and glass in Persia and Syria from the 9th century onwards. Arts, 206-207 ''' WikiPedia:Basra Dmoz:Regional Middle_East Iraq Localities Basra
and Nesbitt: the real-life bravery behind our new Troubles drama ". ''Belfast Telegraph'' (Independent News & Media Northern Ireland). URL retrieved on 27 December 2009. He also starred as Colour Sgt. Mike Swift in Peter Bowker's three-part BBC Kudos television serial ''Occupation (Occupation (TV serial))''. In ''Occupation'', set over six years, Nesbitt's character is one of three British soldiers who return to Basra, Iraq after their tours have concluded. He
Island is located in the center of Shatt Al-Arab, near the Miinaalmakl, and extends above the bridge Khaled and is a tourist landmark. * Sayab's House Ruins is the site of the most famous home of the poet Badr Shakir al-Sayyab. There is also a statue of Sayab, one of the statues in Basra done by the artist and sculptor nada' Kadhum, located on al-Basrah Corniche; it was unveiled in 1972. * Basra Sports City is the largest sport city in the Middle East, located on the Shatt al-Basra. * Palm tree forests are largely located on the shores of shatt-al Arab waterway, especially in the nearby village of Abu Al-Khasib (Abu Al-Khaseeb). * Corniche al-Basra is a street which runs on the shore of the Shatt al-Arab; it goes from the Lion of Babylon Square to the Four Palaces. * Basra International Hotel (formally known as Basra Sheraton Hotel) is located on the Corniche street. The only five star hotel in the city, it is notable for its Shanasheel style exterior design. The hotel was heavily looted during the Iraq War, and it has been renovated recently. * Sayyed Ali al-Musawi Mosque, also known as the Mosque of the Children of Amer, is located in the city center, on Al-Gazear Street, and it was built for Shia Imami's leader Sayyed Ali al-Moussawi, whose followers lived in Iraq and neighboring countries. * The Fun City of Basrah, which is now called Basra Land, is one of the oldest theme-park entertainment cities in the south of the country, and the largest involving a large number of games giants. It was damaged during the war, and has been rebuilt. * Akhora Park is one of the city's older parks. It is located on al-Basra Street. * There are four formal presidential palaces in Basrah. * The Latin Church is located on the 14th of July Street. * Indian Market (Amogaiz) is one of the main bazaars in the city. It is called the Indian Market, since it had Indian vendors working there at the beginning of the last century. * Hanna-Sheikh Bazaar is an old market; it was established by the powerful and famous Hanna-Sheikh family. Economy thumb right Al Basrah Oil Terminal (File:Al Basrah Oil Terminal (ABOT).jpg). The city is located along the Shatt al-Arab waterway, WikiPedia:Basra Dmoz:Regional Middle_East Iraq Localities Basra
, Arghun (1284–91), hated the Muslims and was friendly to Jews and Christians; his chief counselor was a Jew, Sa'ad al-Daulah, a physician of Baghdad. After the death of the great khan and the murder of his Jewish favorite, the Muslims fell upon the Jews, and Baghdad witnessed a regular battle between them. Gaykhatu also had a Jewish minister of finance, Reshid al-Daulah. The khan Ghazan also became a Muslim, and made the Jews second class citizens. The Egyptian sultan Naṣr, who
'''Basra''', also written '''Basrah''' ( Basra is also Iraq's main port, although it does not have deep water access, which is handled at the port of Umm Qasr.
The city is part of the historic location of Sumer, the home of Sinbad the Sailor, and a proposed location of the Garden of Eden. It played an important role in early Islamic history and was built in 636 AD or 14 AH (Anno Hegirae). It is Iraq's second largest and most populous city after Baghdad. .