Bardia

What is Bardia known for?


attacks including

"Wav3268" Wavell in Many missions followed, on 22–23 August (Alexandria), 26 August (against ships never found), and 27 August (Buscaglia against a cruiser). The special unit became known as the 278th ''Squadriglia'', and from September 1940 carried out many shipping attacks, including on 4 September (when Buscaglia had his aircraft damaged by fighters) and 10 September, when Robone


life books

. During World War II, it was the site of a major Italian (Kingdom of Italy (1861–1946)) fortification, invested by the XXIII Corps (XXIII Corps (Italy)) under the command of General Annibale Bergonzoli. Collier, Richard (1977) ''The War in the Desert'' Time-Life Books, Alexandria, Virginia, p. 29, ISBN 0-7835-5721-3 and Time-Life Books (1990) ''Afrikakorps'' Time-Life Books, Alexandria, Virginia, p. 15, ISBN 0-8094-6983-9 On 21 June 1940


title battle

there. On 2 January 1942, Bardia was re-taken by the South African 2nd Infantry Division, led by 1st Battalion, Royal Durban Light Infantry (Durban Light Infantry), supported by the New Zealand Divisional Cavalry. The South Africans, many of them


support local

; Lieutenant-General Barker (Michael Barker (British Army officer)) was ordered to estimate the minimum requirements for the internal security of the British mandate of Palestine, not to consider an attack on Palestine from the north a serious threat, and be prepared to reinforce the Iraqi Army. The commanding officers in Kenya and the Sudan were given the task of reviewing operations for the purpose of destroying and dispersing Italian forces and support local risings all in support


defense military

The squadron began flying operational missions on 1 July 1941. As an army cooperation unit its main duties were photographic and tactical reconnaissance and artillery spotting (Artillery observer). From 13 September No. 451 Squadron maintained a detachment of two pilots and two aircraft in the besieged Libyan town of Tobruk to support the Allied garrison; this detachment remained until the siege (Siege of Tobruk) was lifted in December and several Hurricanes were shot down by Axis fighters. Eather (1995), p. 105 The remainder of No. 451 Squadron was attached to XIII Corps (XIII Corps (United Kingdom)) and participated in Operation Crusader during November and December 1941. The squadron frequently operated from airstrips near the front line, and some of its personnel were captured on 26 and 27 November when German forces attacked the airstrip at Sidi Azeiz. RAAF Historical Section (1995), pp. 112–113 All but three of these men were liberated when Bardia fell to the South African 2nd Infantry Division (2nd Infantry Division (South Africa)) on 2 January 1942. Herington (1954), p. 210 Following the conclusion of Operation Crusader No. 451 Squadron was withdrawn from operations on 24 January 1942 and was refitted at Heliopolis (Heliopolis (Cairo suburb)). RAAF Historical Section (1995), p. 113 thumb left No. 451 Squadron Hurricane fighters at Rayak, Syria during 1942 (File:451 Sqn RAAF Hurricanes Syria 1942.jpg) Greece and the Middle East The battalion embarked for overseas service on 10 January 1940 and arrived in Egypt on 13 February. The battalion then moved to Palestine were it concentrated with the rest of the 16th Brigade at Julis near Gaza. The entire brigade remained in Palestine until the end of August, when it moved to Egypt to carry out preparations for active service with the 6th Division. The battalions first campaign of World War II was the advance from Egypt into eastern Libya in January and February 1941. The battalion was involved in the attacks to capture Bardia and Tobruk, and was left to garrison Tobruk as the advance continued. It left Tobruk on 7 March, ultimately bound for Greece with the rest of the 6th Division. North Africa 1941 They arrived in Egypt on 18 May 1940 and undertook a further period of training there and in Palestine before taking part in the fighting against the Italians in Libya in January–February 1941, during which time they were involved in attacks on Bardia and Tobruk.


time life

. During World War II, it was the site of a major Italian (Kingdom of Italy (1861–1946)) fortification, invested by the XXIII Corps (XXIII Corps (Italy)) under the command of General Annibale Bergonzoli. Collier, Richard (1977) ''The War in the Desert'' Time-Life Books, Alexandria, Virginia, p. 29, ISBN 0-7835-5721-3 and Time-Life Books (1990) ''Afrikakorps'' Time-Life Books, Alexandria, Virginia, p. 15, ISBN 0-8094-6983-9 On 21 June 1940


292

; Stevens (1996), ''The Royal Australian Navy in World War II'', pp. 70–75. Gill (1957), ''Royal Australian Navy, 1939–1942'', p. 292. Shortly afterwards, he handed over command of the Inshore Squadron and transferred back aboard ''Stuart''. On 17 August, the destroyer performed shore bombardments


372

Rifles captured Fort Capuzzo and Fort Maddalena and another 220 prisoners were taken. On 16 June, a deep raid into Italian territory resulted in the destruction of 12 Italian tanks. In addition, a convoy was intercepted on the Tobruk-Bardia highway, part of the ''Via Balbia'', and an Italian general was captured. Churchill, ''Their Finest Hour'', p. 372 North Africa The division was transported to Libya in April 1941


evacuation

it participated in an unsuccessful attempt to recapture Bardia, on the Libyan coast. Hastings, pp. 421–22 In May the force was required to assist in the evacuation of Crete; Waugh was shocked by the disorder, loss of discipline and, as he saw it, cowardice of the departing troops. Sykes, pp. 215–16 On the roundabout journey home in July by troopship Waugh wrote ''Put Out More Flags'', a novel of the early months of the war written in his

the evacuation of colonists from between Tobruk and Derna (Derna, Libya). On 23 December, Graziani replaced Berti with General Giuseppe Tellera as commander of the 10th Army. Stockings (2009), p. 84 The '''Via della Vittoria''' was a military road between Bardia in Italian Libya and Sidi Barrani in western Egypt. thumb right A Matilda advancing through Egypt (Image:Matilda Compass.jpg) as part

, and was forced to dock for repairs. Cassells, ''The Destroyers'', p. 196 In April, ''Waterhen'' became involved in Allied evacuations from Greece (Operation Demon) and Crete (Battle of Crete#Evacuation to Egypt, 28–31 May). After this, she was assigned to the Tobruk Ferry Service; supply runs to the Allied force besieged at Tobruk (Siege of Tobruk). ''Legion'' continued to escort


successful defensive

, joining ''General'' Erwin Rommel's ''Deutsches Afrikakorps'' (DAK) with the 21st Panzer (German 21st Panzer Division) and the 90th Light Division (90th Light Infantry Division (Wehrmacht))s. By June 15 it was deployed in reserve to the south of Bardia and took part in a successful defensive operation during Operation ''Battleaxe'' (Operation Battleaxe) at Halfaya Pass. On November 18 British (United Kingdom) forces began Operation Crusader Operation ''Crusader

Bardia

'''Bardia''', , United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency)

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