Bandung

What is Bandung known for?


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reference to the city dates back to 1488, there were numerous archaeological finds of "Java Man" that lived on the banks of Cikapundung river and the shores of Bandung's Great Lake. In the 17th-18th century, the Dutch East Indies Company (VOC) created small plantations in Bandung, with a road to Batavia (today's Jakarta) completed in 1786. In 1809, Louis Bonaparte, the ruler of the Netherlands and its colonies, ordered the Dutch Indies Governor H.W. Daendels to improve Java's defenses against the threat of the English, who occupied the nearby Malay peninsula. Daendels responded by building the Great Post Road (''De Groote Postweg'') that stretched about 1000 km between the west and the east coasts of Java. Because north coast was in the form of impassable swamps and marshes at the time, the road was diverted through Bandung along what is now Jalan Asia-Afrika. Daendels liked Bandung's strategic location so much that he ordered the capital to be moved there. Military barracks were built and Bupati Wiranatakusumah II, the chief administrator of that area, built his ''dalem'' (palace), Masjid Agung (The Grand Mosque) and ''pendopo'' (meeting place) in the classical Javan ''alun-alun'' (city square) near a pair of holy city wells (Sumur Bandung) and facing the mystical mountain of Tangkuban Perahu. Powered by its cinchona (for malaria drug quinine), tea, and coffee plantations, Bandung prospered and developed into an exclusive European style resort with hotels, cafes, and shops. Many of Bandung landmarks, including the Preanger and Savoy Homann hotels, as well as the shopping street of Jalan Braga, are still available today. The Concordia Society building, now Gedung Merdeka, was built with a large ball room as a club for rich Europeans to spend their weekends. thumb 250px Pasopati bridge flyover, a new landmark of Bandung. (File:Bandung pasopati.jpg) In 1880, the first major railroad between Jakarta to Bandung opened, boosting small industries and bringing in Chinese workers. The first of Bandung universities, the ''Technische Hogeschool'' (TH) was established on July 3, 1920. One of the its alumni members is President Soekarno himself. That university is now known as the ''Institut Teknologi Bandung'' (ITB) In 1942, after Japanese soldiers landed in coastal areas of Java, the Dutch retreated from Jakarta to Bandung, but were driven out from there as well and surrendered soon after. After the end of the war, first the British and later the Dutch came back trying to reestablish the pre-war colonial situation, but on March 24, 1946, during the struggle for Indonesian independence, the city of Bandung was burned down by retreating forces of the TRI, because they would not comply with the order given by the British forces to move out of Bandung to the south (Bandung Sea of Fire ''Bandung Lautan Api''). For the TRI this act was a sign of refusal to surrender. Over 200,000 people fled the city during the incident. In 1955, the '''Asia Africa Conference''' (''Konferensi Asia Afrika'') was held in Bandung, paving the way for the creation of the Non-Aligned Movement in 1961. The Indonesian parliament was located in Bandung from 1955 to 1966, but was moved back to Jakarta in 1966. Orientation Today's Bandung is a sprawling city of 2.7 million people and suffers from many of the same problems as other Indonesian cities. Traffic is congested, old buildings have been torn down, and once idyllic residences have turned into business premises, fortunately the facades are still same. There are main roads that roughly split the city into three parts, the north, the central, and the south. The '''Pasupati overpass''' splits the north and the central. '''Dago or H Juanda''' and '''Merdeka''' are the main roads from north to south. The '''Jenderal Sudirman''', '''Asia Afrika''', '''Kosambi''' and '''Jenderal Ahmad Yani''' cuts the central and the south. If you enter using the toll road, you will start from the outskirts first and then make your way into the city center. Road in bahasa Indonesia is translated into Jalan and abbreviated into Jl.; this applies to all kind of road from small road to major road. You will see a lot of Jl. in front of the road name in this guide. Very small road that cannot by passed by car is called Gang and abbreviated into Gg. Tourist information office * Commons:Category:Bandung Wikipedia:Bandung


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) and renovated the Savoy Homann Hotel (1939). C.P.W. Schoemaker (Wolff Schoemaker) was one of architects who strongly added native elements in his artworks, including the Villa Isola (1932), Hotel Preanger (1929), the regional military headquarter (1918), Gedung Merdeka (1921) and ITB Rectorate Building (1925). Culture Bandung is considered a major & significant cultural hub in Indonesia. Most people in the surrounding province of West Java


year development

and the broad outlines of an eight-year Development Plan, which was set to start in 1961. The headquarters of the state railway system, since Dutch colonial days, had been located in Bandung, West Java. Private railway companies were headquartered elsewhere, in Semarang, Tegal (Tegal, Central Java), Surabaya and Medan. * Rebuilding of the Aceh railway, with assistance from the French railway company (SNCF) * By 2012, PT Kereta Api will built new track between Cibungur


popular television

if the artist has less to offer compared to their own artists. Siti was also said to be the first Malaysian singer to hold a live concert on Indosiar, a popular television station in Indonesia and it was televised nationwide. Siti has became one of the most influential artists in Indonesia and she held a series of big scale concerts in Jakarta, Bandung, Yogyakarta and many more cities over the next few years. Commons:Category:Bandung Wikipedia:Bandung


architecture style

office of West Java provincial government and West Java's house of representative. The modern and native architectural blending was followed by several Dutch architects that have shaped the city landmarks. In the 1930s, Bandung was known also as the city of architecture laboratory because of the many Dutch architects who experimented with new architectural designs. Albert Aalbers added the expressionist architecture style to the Art Deco by designing the DENIS bank (1936) and renovated the Savoy Homann Hotel (1939). C.P.W. Schoemaker (Wolff Schoemaker) was one of architects who strongly added native elements in his artworks, including the Villa Isola (1932), Hotel Preanger (1929), the regional military headquarter (1918), Gedung Merdeka (1921) and ITB Rectorate Building (1925). Culture Bandung is considered a major & significant cultural hub in Indonesia. Most people in the surrounding province of West Java are Sundanese (Sundanese people). Sundanese language is spoken as the first language and is commonly used as informal language for communication in streets, school, campus, work and markets, while Indonesian (Indonesian language)—Indonesia's national language and a lingua franca among its many ethnic units—is used as a second language and the language of government, businesses, and instruction at schools. Tourism thumb upright Denim (File:Denim store, Cihampelas Street, Bandung.jpg) store, Cihampelas Street Bandung is a popular weekend destination of residents of Jakarta. The cooler climate of the highland plantation area, the varieties of food, the cheaper fashion shops located in factory outlets and distros, golf courses, and the zoo (Bandung Zoo), are some of the attractions of the city. Java Experience http: travel.ciao.co.uk Java_Experience_5297272_5 Bandung is also a popular shopping destination for the good value of its textile and fashion products among Malaysians (Malaysian people) and Singaporeans (Singaporean people). Malaysians flock to Bandung to shop In the 1990s, local designers opened denim clothing stores along Cihampelas Street which transformed into a "jeans street". The city attracts people from other big cities to buy local fashion wares, as they are cheaper than branded items. Asia Travel http: www.asiatravel.com bandinfo.html Beside at Cihampelas Street, many factory outlets also opened at Riau Street, Setiabudi Street, and Djuanda Street (known as Dago (Dago, Indonesia)). Textile factories on the outskirts of Bandung have opened factory outlets on site selling what is marketed as ''sisa export'' (rejected or over-produced export quality items). The Lively Pulse of Bandung http: www.thingsasian.com goto_article article.2543.html Bandung Supermal, Bandung Indah Plaza, Ciwalk Commons:Category:Bandung Wikipedia:Bandung


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Construction Technology for the Future: Construction Technology for Highrises & Intelligence Buildings location Jakarta url http: www.wiratman.co.id ximages architecture.pdf format PDF accessdate 18 January 2007 In 1920, Pont planned and designed buildings for the first technical university in the Dutch East Indies, ''Technische Hogeschool te Bandung'' (the present-day Institut Teknologi Bandung), after which he was named as a professor in architecture


scenic volcanic

become major tourist destinations. Several tourists have died on the slopes of Mount Rinjani, Indonesia's second highest volcano and a popular destination for climbers visiting Lombok in eastern Indonesia. Popular active volcanoes are the high Mount Bromo in the East Java province with its scenic volcanic desert around the crater, the upturned boat shaped Tangkuban Perahu and the volcanic crater Kawah Putih, north and south of Bandung


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to transport commercial produces such as coffee from plantations in the interior of the island to the harbour on the coast spurred the construction of railway networks in Java. Today the industry, business and trade, also services flourished in major cities of Java, such as Jakarta, Surabaya, Semarang, and Bandung; while some traditional Sultanate cities such as Yogyakarta, Surakarta, and Cirebon preserved its royal legacy and become the centre of art, culture and tourism

in the interior of the island to the harbour on the coast spurred the construction of railway networks in Java. Today the industry, business and trade, also services flourished in major cities of Java, such as Jakarta, Surabaya, Semarang, and Bandung; while some traditional Sultanate cities such as Yogyakarta, Surakarta, and Cirebon preserved its royal legacy and become the centre of art, culture and tourism in Java. Industrial estates also growing in towns on northern coast


intelligence buildings

Construction Technology for the Future: Construction Technology for Highrises & Intelligence Buildings location Jakarta url http: www.wiratman.co.id ximages architecture.pdf format PDF accessdate 18 January 2007 In 1920, Pont planned and designed buildings for the first technical university in the Dutch East Indies, ''Technische Hogeschool te Bandung'' (the present-day Institut Teknologi Bandung), after which he was named as a professor in architecture


big event

Commons:Category:Bandung Wikipedia:Bandung

Bandung

'''Bandung''' ( south east of Jakarta, Bandung has cooler temperatures year-round than most other Indonesian cities (List of cities in Indonesia). The city lies on a river basin surrounded by volcanic (volcano) mountains. This topography provides a good natural defense system, which was the primary reason for the Dutch East Indies government's plan to move the colony capital from Batavia to Bandung.

The Dutch colonials first established tea plantations around the mountains in the eighteenth century, and a road was constructed to connect the plantation area to the capital ( ).

Since Indonesia achieved independence (Indonesian Declaration of Independence) in 1945, the city has experienced rapid development and urbanisation, transforming Bandung from idyllic town into a dense 16,500 people km 2 metropolitan area, a living space for over 2.5 million people. Natural resources have been exploited excessively, particularly by conversion of protected upland area into highland villas and real estate. Although the city has encountered many problems (ranging from waste disposal, floods to complicated traffic system, etc.), Bandung still attracts immigrants and weekend travelers.

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Last modified: Tue Oct 10 05:56:30 EDT 2017