Balkh

What is Balkh known for?


related people

(Uttarakurus) which tribes were all located in around Oxus in Central Asia in remote antiquity, it can be thought that the Kurus, the Kambojas and the Parśus (Persian people) were a related people''). Sircar observes: 'Rajatrangini Rajatrangini 4.165-166. places the Kambojas along with the Tukharas in the upper Oxus valley including the Balkh and Badakshan'. Purana, Vol V, No 2, July 1963, The Land of Kamboja, p 252, D. C. Sircar


past previous

years after its founding—by Muslim Arabs. In what is today southern Iran, the Persians emerged to challenge Median supremacy on the Iranian plateau. By 550 BC, the Persians had replaced Median rule with their own dominion and even began to expand past previous Median imperial borders. Both Gandhara and Kamboja (Kamboja Kingdom) Mahajanapadas of the Buddhist texts soon fell a prey to the Achaemenian Dynasty during the reign of Achaemenid, Cyrus the Great (558–530 BC


school program'

;ref name "NPS" Naval Postgraduate School, Program for Culture and Conflict Studies, Afghanistan, Sar-e Pol Province '''Supervisory Council of the North''' (SCN): In 1984, top resistance commanders operating the northern provinces of Takhar, Badakhshan, Balkh and Kunduz formed a council under the leadership of Ahmad Shah Massoud. The Supervisory Council of the North became an integrated

throughout the Northern provinces. Naval Postgraduate School, Program for Culture and Conflict Studies, Afghanistan, Sar-e Pol Province '''Persian literature''' ( ) spans two-and-a-half millennia, though much of the pre-Islamic material has been lost. Its sources have been within historical Persia (greater Iran) including present-day Iran as well


title events

between Khorasan and Hindustan.

;

Afghanistan. The country of Kandahar, Ghazni and Kabul formed the frontier region between Khorasan and Hindustan. The land inhabited by the Afghan tribes (Afghan (name)) (i.e. ancestors


major+life

of Persianate cultures. Major life events in chronological order Khusrow was born in Badaun near Etah in what is today the state of Uttar Pradesh in northern India. His father Amir Saifuddin came from Balkh in modern day Afghanistan and his mother hailed from Delhi. #1260 After the death of his father, Khusrow went to Delhi with his mother. The most famous and celebrated of all the nizamiyyah schools was Al-Nizamiyya of Baghdad (established 1065


ancient past

India, the ancient past: a history of the Indian sub-continent from c. 7000 BC to AD 1200. Of course, Kashmir was not considered a part of India, nor did Kashmiris ever refer to themselves as Indian. By Burjor Avari Edition: illustrated Published by Taylor & Francis. ISBN 0-415-35616-4, ISBN 978-0-415-35616-9 Page 220 Arab Invasion File:Silver Dirham.png thumb upright A silver dirham of the Umayyad Caliphate, minted at Balkh al-Baida in AH 111 ( 729 30 CE


classical history

;Library of Congress Country Studies on Afghanistan, Achaemenid Rule, ca. 550-331 B.C. ''The history of Afghanistan'', Ghandara.com website. ''Afghanistan: Achaemenid dynasty rule'', Ancient Classical History, about.com. Ancient Iranian languages Eastern


defense treatment

Khitans in 1165, by Ghurids in 1198 and again by Khwarezmshahs in 1206. Muhammad al-Idrisi, in the 12th century, speaks of its possessing a variety of educational establishments, and carrying on an active trade. There were several important commercial routes from the city, stretching as far east as India and China. In 1220 Genghis Khan sacked Balkh, butchered its inhabitants and levelled all the buildings capable of defensetreatment to which it was again subjected


life events

of Persianate cultures. Major life events in chronological order Khusrow was born in Badaun near Etah in what is today the state of Uttar Pradesh in northern India. His father Amir Saifuddin came from Balkh in modern day Afghanistan and his mother hailed from Delhi. #1260 After the death of his father, Khusrow went to Delhi with his mother. The most famous and celebrated of all the nizamiyyah schools was Al-Nizamiyya of Baghdad (established 1065


extraordinary intelligence

independent thought was served by an extraordinary intelligence and memory, which allowed him to overtake his teachers at the age of fourteen. As he said in his autobiography, there was nothing that he had not learned when he reached eighteen. In Iran, he is considered a national icon, and is often regarded as one of the greatest Persians to have ever lived. Many portraits and statues remain in Iran today. An impressive monument to the life and works of the man who is known as the 'doctor

Balkh

'''Balkh''' (

The ancient city of Balkh was under the Greeks renamed ''Bactra'', giving its name to Bactria. It was mostly known as the centre and capital of Bactria or Tokharistan. Balkh is now for the most part a mass of ruins, situated some 12 km from the right bank of the seasonally flowing Balkh River, at an elevation of about 365 m (1,200 ft).

Outside the town was a large Buddhist monastery later known as Naubahar (Nava Vihara) (or Nava Vihāra in Sanskrit).

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Last modified: Tue Oct 10 05:56:30 EDT 2017