office Heydar Aliyev International Airport AZ1044 Baku, Azerbaijan." Official Web Site: www.airport.az Economy The major industries in Dagestan include oil production, engineering, chemicals (chemical industry), machine building, textile manufacturing, food processing, and the timber (timber industry). Oil deposits are located in the narrow coastal region. The Dagestani oil is of high quality, and is delivered to other regions. Dagestan's natural gas production goes mostly to satisfy local needs. Agriculture is varied and includes grain-farming, viticulture and wine-making, sheep-farming, and dairying. The engineering and metalworking industries own 20% of the republic's industrial production assets and employ 25% of all industrial workers. Dagestan's hydroelectric power industry is developing rapidly. There are five power plants on the Sulak River providing hydroelectric power. It has been estimated that Dagestan's total potential hydroelectric power resources are 4.4 billion kW. Dagestan has a well-developed transportation system. Railways connect the capital Makhachkala to Moscow, Astrakhan, and the Azerbaijani capital, Baku. The Moscow-Baku highway also passes through Dagestan, and there are air links with major cities. Dagestan Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia 2008. Archived 2009-10-31. Dagestan Republic Kommersant 2004-03-10 birth_date Commons:Category:Baku
of cities like Baku, but also cities further north like Derbent in southern Russia. The Shah lost much of his claim to western Afghanistan following the Anglo-Iranian war of 1856-1857. Only in 1970 did a UN sponsored consultation end Iranian claims to suzerainty over the Persian Gulf island nation of Bahrain. In centuries past, Iranian rule once stretched westward into modern Iraq and beyond. When the western world complains of Iranian interference beyond its borders
1920history international comintern baku ch01.htm#zinoviev Stenographic Report of Congress of the Peoples of the East - Session 1 and gave his famous four hour speech in German at the Halle (Halle, Saxony-Anhalt) congress of the Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany in October 1920. Lewis Lih, ''Zinoviev and Martov: Head to Head in Halle'', (2011) November Publications, London, pg117-158 Georgia is developing
"Iranica" As the Soviet Union moved towards disintegration in 1991, the huge Soviet military played a surprisingly feeble and ineffective role in propping up the dying Soviet system. The military got involved in trying to suppress conflicts and unrest in the Caucasus and central Asia, but it often proved incapable of restoring peace and order. On April 9, 1989, the army, together with MVD units, killed 20 demonstrators in Tbilisi in Georgia. The next major crisis
. His government slowly reduced the size of the army. By 1989 Soviet troops had completely left their Warsaw Pact neighbors to fend for themselves. That same year Soviet forces left Afghanistan. By the end of 1990, the entire Eastern Bloc had collapsed in the wake of democratic revolutions. As a result, Soviet citizens quickly began to turn against the Communist government as well. As the Soviet Union moved towards disintegration, the military played a surprisingly feeble and ineffective role
and Lankaran participates in Earth Hour movement. Commons:Category:Baku
: www.independent.co.uk sport football international euro-2020-england-might-have-to-play-games-at-hampden-park-9745363.html Since 2002, Baku has hosted 36 major sporting events and selected to host the 2015 European Games. Baku is also to host the 2017 Islamic
Necati Şaşmaz confirmed that some of events in Nagorno-Karabakh War and Khojaly
during the Stalinist purges (Great Purge). File:Stamps of Azerbaijan, 2007-813.jpg Kerim Kerimov, one of the founders of the Soviet space program. File:Rustam_Ibragimbekov_foto.jpg Rustam Ibragimbekov, Academy Award ("Oscar") winning screenwriter and producer. File:Vagit Alekperov2011.jpg Vagit Alekperov, President of the leading Russian oil company LUKOIL. File:Stamps of Azerbaijan, 2012-1047.jpg Muslim Magomayev (Muslim Magomayev (musician)), one of the most famous singers of USSR. File:RIAN archive 438589 Mstislav Rostropovich.jpg Mstislav Rostropovich, Grammy Award (Grammy Award for Best Chamber Music Performance) winning cellist. International relations Commons:Category:Baku
", built on solid rock foundation, demonstrates right on the coast line, a fusion of Arabic, Persian and Ottoman influences. It was constructed alongside a natural oil well. It is a cylindrical eight story structure that rises to a height of 29.5 m with a base diameter of 16.5 m. The internal space available in the tower is said to be adequate to accommodate 200 people. A long solid projection to the main tower faces east, which is oriented towards sunrise pointing to the equinoxes, which has led to the conclusion that it was built as an astronomical tower; while the buttress faces east, the door access to the tower faces southeast. Each floor of the tower has a shallow vaulted roof, "a stone cupola" that has a central opening. The thickness of the walls varies from 5 m at the base tapering cylindrically to 3.2–4.2 m at the top floors. All floors are connected by staircase which abuts the circular wall and are lighted by narrow windows or niches which flare inward. The structure built in stone masonry exhibits varying finished surfaces, which is inlaid with local grey limestone. The alternate courses of stone laid in gypsum plaster gives a black and white banded effect. The northwestern part of the tower retains the original surface finish. There is also a beak-like projection, a buttress, curved in shape, made in masonry. The earliest stonework has square corners. - A detailed examination of the construction features of the tower by archaeologists suggests that the stone masonry, both on its interior and exterior surfaces, is diamond shaped and is seen at the top as well as at the bottom of the tower wall. The diamond shaped cut seen as a decorative feature, particularly on the outer face of the west side wall, is ornate at the top and plain at the bottom of the wall; a subtle feature noted throughout the tower suggests that it was built as one monolith unit at one period. However, the recent renovations are stated to be crude. - '''Water Well''': Another notable structure seen in the tower is a water well of 0.7 m diameter, which is 21 m deep (its depth is up to the aquifer) that has been discovered at the second floor of the tower. It has an entrance also at the ground level which was discovered by Archaeologist Abbas Islamov during a recent study of the tower. This well has been interpreted as rainwater harvesting structure and the water is said to be clean and fresh (though close to the sea). The ceramic pipe (30 cm in diameter) plumbing seen running down from the niches of the tower into the well was meant as a supply source. Since the ancient plumbing system is said to be in its original form, it needs to be cleaned and its layout ascertained by further studies to describe the drainage network that was originally built as part of the tower. The ceramics of the plumbing system and the silt deposited in them could also help to fix the age of the tower by using thermo-luminescence technique. - Also seen in the tower, between the 2nd floor and the 7th floor, is a gutter of semicircular shape at every floor. It is made of ceramic pipes fitted one above another and joined by lime mortar. The pipes are presumably produced with the potter's wheel technique. They are 20–25 cm in diameter with 2.2 cm thick walls and each segment is 40–45 cm long. Similar gutters are seen from the ground floor up to the foundation level but with the four cornered ceramic pipes of 22 cm× 18 cm size, which run outside through the wall. * Commons:Category:Baku
'''Baku''' ( below sea level, which makes it the lowest lying national capital in the world and also the largest city in the world located below sea level. It is located on the southern shore of the Absheron Peninsula, which projects into the Caspian Sea. The city consists of two principal parts: the downtown area and the old Inner City (Old City (Baku)) (21.5 ha (hectare)). At the beginning of 2009, Baku's urban population was estimated at just over two million people. url http: www.azstat.org statinfo demoqraphic en 2_2.shtml title Population by economic and administrative regions, urban settlements at the beginning of the 2009 accessdate 21 November 2009 archiveurl web.archive.org web 20091114093435 http: www.azstat.org statinfo demoqraphic en 2_2.shtml archivedate 14 November 2009 deadurl no Officially, about 25 percent of all inhabitants of the country live in Baku's metropolitan area.
Baku is divided into eleven administrative districts (Baku#Governance) (raions) and 48 townships. Among these are the townships on islands in the Baku Bay (Bay of Baku) and the town of Oil Rocks built on stilts in the Caspian Sea, away from Baku. The Inner City of Baku along with the Shirvanshah's Palace (Palace of the Shirvanshahs) and Maiden Tower (Maiden Tower (Baku)) were inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2000. According to the Lonely Planet's ranking, Baku is also among the world's top ten destinations for urban nightlife. url http: www.reuters.com article lifestyleMolt idUSTRE5AC0NE20091113?pageNumber 2&virtualBrandChannel 11617 title Travel Picks: Top 10 cities to party the night away publisher Reuters accessdate 21 November 2009 date 13 November 2009 archiveurl web.archive.org web 20091123104005 http: www.reuters.com article lifestyleMolt idUSTRE5AC0NE20091113?pageNumber 2&virtualBrandChannel 11617 archivedate 23 November 2009 deadurl no
The city is the scientific, cultural and industrial center of Azerbaijan. Many sizeable Azerbaijani institutions have their headquarters there, including SOCAR (State Oil Company of Azerbaijan Republic), one of the world's top 100 companies and others (List of companies of Azerbaijan). In recent years Baku has become an important venue for international events. It hosted the 57th Eurovision Song Contest (Eurovision Song Contest 2012) in 2012 and will host the 2015 European Games, 2016 European Grand Prix and Euro 2020.
The city is renowned for its harsh winds. This is reflected in the city's nickname, the "City of Winds".