Baku

What is Baku known for?


biography+world

& Information Science" on the JINFO.org website Fanya Koriman, who was a pediatrician. Gale, Thomson. Lotfi Asker Zadeh Biography ''World of Computer Science'' The Soviet government at this time courted foreign correspondents, and the family lived well while in Baku. McNeil & Freiberger, p.18 Zadeh attended elementary school for three years


world incorporating

km abbr on away from the Azeri capital Baku, and , the '''Oil Rocks''', also '''Neftyanyye Kamni''' or '''Neftekamni''' in Russian (Russian language)) is an industrial settlement in Baku

, Azerbaijan. The settlement forms part of the municipality of Çilov-Neft Daşları in Əzizbəyov raion. from the nearest shore in the Caspian Sea. A full town on the sea, it was the first oil platform in Azerbaijan, and the first operating offshore oil platform in the world, incorporating numerous drilling platforms. *'''BSWW tour


writing books

was an editor at the publisher Politizdat, where he began writing books (one of his first was ''Burzhuaznoe gosudartsvo v epokhu imperializma'' (''The Bourgeois State in an Age of Imperialism''), 1955). Reichskommissariat Kaukasus theoretically included all of Transcaucasia and Ciscaucasia (the North Caucasus), as well as parts of Southern Russia (Southern Federal District) as far as the Volga river. Major cities to be included were among others Rostov, Krasnodar and Maykop in the west, Stavropol, Astrakhan, Elista, Makhachkala in the east, and Grozny, Nalchik, Vladikavkaz, Yerevan and Baku in the south. Civil administration of the territory was to be in Tiflis, Georgia (Georgia (country)). The German courting of the Soviet Muslims was part of Hitler's schemes for bringing Turkey onto his side and to advance control of the oil fields in the Middle East and Baku. The most numerous of the Soviet Muslims that served the Germans were the Turkestanis. The first Turkestani volunteers were integrated as one battalion of the 444th Sicherungs Division in November 1941, and became an auxiliary force to help the Germans fight the local partisans. Major Andreas Meyer-Mader was appointed as commander of the 444th Battalion. Meyer-Mader, an Austrian, had served on the staff of Chiang Kai-Shek’s Chinese Nationalist Army before WWII. The Devil's Shadow. Stuart Pearson” birth_date Commons:Category:Baku


professional music

professional music of the palace conditions. In this period a dastgah form starts to develop in the structure and forms of mugam. New colors and shades as well as tasnifs developed in mugam performance. The masters of mugam of Azerbaijan sang gazals written in aruz genre by Fizuli, Habibi and Khatai (Ismail I). The music events were held in most regions of Azerbaijan in the 19th century and mugam was performed at these events. In the 19th century famous French scientist Alexandre Dumas (Alexandre Dumas, père) who attended the ceremony in Shamakhy, wrote in his works about his trip saying he was greatly impressed by mugam that sounded there. History of mugam and stages of development Such events held in Azerbaijan were attended by khanendes from Karabakh, Baku and Tabriz which in turn caused the blending of singing traditions of different regions. The Ottoman Army of Islam began to attack Hill 905 on July 31 to the northwest of Baku, but failed to get the hill and halted their attack on August 2. Major General L.C. Dunsterville coordinated future combined operations with the Cossack forces commended by Colonel Lazar Bicherakhov, and sent about 300 British soldiers to Baku and they arrived there on August 5. The Army of Islam launched second attack to Hill 905 on August 5. This attack failed again and they lost 547 officers and soldiers. The main body of "Dunsterforce" debarked in Baku on August 20 . Nevertheless, middle-class Armenians prospered under Russian rule and they were the first to seize the new opportunities and transform themselves into a prosperous bourgeoisie when capitalism and industrialisation came to Transcaucasia in the later half of the 19th century. The Armenians were much more skilled at adapting to the new economic circumstances than their neighbours in Transcaucasia, the Georgians and the Azeris (Azerbaijan). They became the most powerful element in the municipal life of Tbilisi, the city regarded by Georgians as their capital, and in the late 19th century they began to buy up the lands of the Georgian nobility, who had gone into decline after the emancipation of their serfs. Armenian entrepreneurs were quick to exploit the oil boom which began in Transcaucasia in the 1870s, having large investments in the oil-fields in Baku in Azerbaijan and the refineries of Batumi on the Black Sea coast. All this meant that the tensions between Armenians, Georgians and Azeris in Russian Transcaucasia were not simply ethnic or religious in nature but were due to social and economic factors too. Nevertheless, in spite of the popular image of the typical Armenian as a successful businessman, at the end of the 19th century 80 per cent of Russian Armenians were still peasants working the land. See Suny Chapter 2 "Images of Armenians in the Russian Empire" in ''Looking Toward Ararat: Armenia in Modern History''. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1993 ISBN 0-2532-0773-8 foundation 1992 location Baku, Azerbaijan key_people Rovnag Abdullayev (President) The district in Greater Baku, Azerbaijan Medical University (Azerbaijan Medical University named after Nariman Narimanov) and metro station (Baku Metro) in Baku are named after him. In the Lankaran region (Lankaran (rayon)) there is a town named ''Narimanabad'' in his honour. There are cities named after him also in Russia and Belarus. * Commons:Category:Baku


centuries massive

Шехер": быть или не быть Retrieved on 25 June 2006 thumb Relics from the sunken Sabayil Castle (File:Sabayil relics.jpg). The Shirvan era greatly influenced Baku and the remainder of Azerbaijan. Between the 12th and 14th centuries, massive fortifications were undertaken in Baku and the surrounding towns. The Maiden Tower (Maiden Tower (Baku)), the Ramana Tower, the Nardaran Fortress, the Shagan Castle, the Quadrangular castle (Mardakan) Mardakan Castle


famous+fast

, a planetarium, a bowling alley and many cozy cafes. There are many famous fast food chains located there, such as KFC and Sbarro. Absheron Peninsula Outside the city, on the ''Absheron Peninsula'', there are several interesting sites that are easy to reach via taxi or public transportation. Moreover, the scenery along your route is itself a fascinatingly ugly sight to be seen, a desert wasteland with white salt flats and natural oil pools seeping up to the surface. *


year winning

to play the Caro-Kann Defence and the Tartakower System of the Queen's Gambit Declined. Commons:Category:Baku


founding political

) was an Azerbaijani (Azerbaijani people) statesman, scholar, public figure and one of the founding political leaders of Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan (Azerbaijan Democratic Republic) (1918–1920). His expression ''"Bir kərə yüksələn bayraq, bir daha enməz!"'' ("The flag once raised will never fall!") has become the motto of the independence movement in Azerbaijan in the 20th century. Early life Mammad Amin Rasulzade received his education at the Russian-Muslim Secondary School and then at the Technical College (Baku Polytechnicum) in Baku. In his years of study he created ''"Muslim Youth Organisation Musavat",'' Commons:Category:Baku


major energy

northeast of the capital Baku. The airport is the home of Azerbaijan Airlines, the national flag carrier. The airport has been renamed after former President of Azerbaijan, Heydar Aliyev, on March 10, 2004 and its IATA code has been changed (the former IATA code was BAK). The airport has two terminals (Airport terminal) (northern and southern) and the Baku cargo terminal (Baku Cargo Terminal). A truck parking and a hotel are nearby. The airline Silk Way Airlines has its head office on the airport property. "Contact." Silk Way Airlines. Retrieved on 25 August 2011. "Head office Heydar Aliyev International Airport AZ1044 Baku, Azerbaijan." Official Web Site: www.airport.az Economy The major industries in Dagestan include oil production, engineering, chemical industry


term great

;ref Antheil.org, The ''Ballet Mécanique''. thumb left An Aeroflot Douglas DC-3 PS-84 (File:Ps-84-nowarra135.jpg) (a licence-built DC-3) at Moscow City Airport in 1940. The Lisunov Li-2, a derivative of the DC-3 would become the backbone of the fleet after the Great Patriotic War (Great Patriotic War (term)). Under the third Five-Year Plan, which

Baku

'''Baku''' ( below sea level, which makes it the lowest lying national capital in the world and also the largest city in the world located below sea level. It is located on the southern shore of the Absheron Peninsula, which projects into the Caspian Sea. The city consists of two principal parts: the downtown area and the old Inner City (Old City (Baku)) (21.5 ha (hectare)). At the beginning of 2009, Baku's urban population was estimated at just over two million people. url http: www.azstat.org statinfo demoqraphic en 2_2.shtml title Population by economic and administrative regions, urban settlements at the beginning of the 2009 accessdate 21 November 2009 archiveurl web.archive.org web 20091114093435 http: www.azstat.org statinfo demoqraphic en 2_2.shtml archivedate 14 November 2009 deadurl no Officially, about 25 percent of all inhabitants of the country live in Baku's metropolitan area.

Baku is divided into eleven administrative districts (Baku#Governance) (raions) and 48 townships. Among these are the townships on islands in the Baku Bay (Bay of Baku) and the town of Oil Rocks built on stilts in the Caspian Sea, away from Baku. The Inner City of Baku along with the Shirvanshah's Palace (Palace of the Shirvanshahs) and Maiden Tower (Maiden Tower (Baku)) were inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2000. According to the Lonely Planet's ranking, Baku is also among the world's top ten destinations for urban nightlife. url http: www.reuters.com article lifestyleMolt idUSTRE5AC0NE20091113?pageNumber 2&virtualBrandChannel 11617 title Travel Picks: Top 10 cities to party the night away publisher Reuters accessdate 21 November 2009 date 13 November 2009 archiveurl web.archive.org web 20091123104005 http: www.reuters.com article lifestyleMolt idUSTRE5AC0NE20091113?pageNumber 2&virtualBrandChannel 11617 archivedate 23 November 2009 deadurl no

The city is the scientific, cultural and industrial center of Azerbaijan. Many sizeable Azerbaijani institutions have their headquarters there, including SOCAR (State Oil Company of Azerbaijan Republic), one of the world's top 100 companies and others (List of companies of Azerbaijan). In recent years Baku has become an important venue for international events. It hosted the 57th Eurovision Song Contest (Eurovision Song Contest 2012) in 2012 and will host the 2015 European Games, 2016 European Grand Prix and Euro 2020.

The city is renowned for its harsh winds. This is reflected in the city's nickname, the "City of Winds".

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