in professional video game tournaments, which have been held in the U.S. (United States), Europe, Latin America, Australia and Asia. The CPL's tournaments are open to all registrants, but due to the ESRB (Entertainment Software Rating Board) content rating of some video games, CPL competitions are restricted to participants age 17 or older. The CPL has distributed more than US$ (United States dollar)3,000,000 in cash prizes. In January 1925, ''Richmond
allegedly calling his South African opponent, Raven Klaasen, a "kaffir." He was also a member of George Parr's team that visited North America - the first British cricket tour overseas, organised by Fred Lillywhite
(the largest including material from the Falkland Islands, the coast of Chile and Peru, the southern and western Pacific, Australia, New Zealand and New Guinea); Justin Goudot who had explored South America from 1822 (and continued to until 1842); a Louis Pilate who was based in Georgia (Georgia (U.S. state)) and Louisiana U.S.A. but lived for five years in Mérida, Yucatán; Auguste Sallé, a young collector later to become a Paris insect
Australian defensive concentrations in 1942 from General MacArthur's official report. The 'Brisbane line' is shown as a short black line to the north of Brisbane The '''"Brisbane Line"''' was a controversial defence proposal allegedly formulated during World War II to concede the northern portion of the Australian continent in the event of an invasion by the Japanese. Although a plan to prioritise defence in the vital industrial regions between Brisbane and Melbourne in the event of invasion had been proposed in February 1942, it was rejected by Labor (Australian Labor Party) Prime Minister John Curtin and the Australian War Cabinet. An incomplete understanding of this proposal and other planned responses to invasion led Labor minister Eddie Ward to publicly allege that the previous government (a United Australia Party-Country Party (National Party of Australia) coalition under Robert Menzies and Arthur Fadden) had planned to abandon most of northern Australia to the Japanese. Discovery Comet White–Ortiz–Bolelli was first spotted on May 18 by Graeme White, an Australian amateur astronomer in Wollongong, New South Wales. He sighted the comet in binoculars shortly after sunset, and described it as having a star-like head at apparent magnitude 1-2, and a short tail about 1 degree (degree (angle)) long. He spotted it again on May 20 by naked eye as well as binoculars, and by this time the tail had grown to 10° in length. The pair performed at clubs and parties in Australia, Japan, Brazil, Mexico, Serbia, and all across Europe and the United States. '''Mount Pleasant''' is a suburb in the city of Wollongong (Wollongong, New South Wales), New South Wales, Australia. It is situated on the northern flank of Mount Keira extending across to the Illawarra escarpment. It is home to the Rhododendron Park, found on Parrish Avenue. developer Commons:Category:Australia Wikipedia:Australia Dmoz:Regional Oceania Australia
Australian television series, currently hosted by Bert Newton that counts down an undefined "top 20" of elements or events of popular culture, such as films, songs, sporting scandals. Previously the show was hosted by Charles "Bud" Tingwell (Charles Tingwell) and narrated by David Reyne. The format mixes archival footage of the listed events with comments from various Australian celebrities. It was signed by the South Pacific nations of Australia, Cook
that created money", said ''GQ (GQ (magazine))'' Magazine, "they then invented a machine for destroying it." Shaw, W., "Special K", ''GQ (GQ (magazine))'' Magazine, April 1995 (link) Quite what the Foundation, this money-destroying machine, would do with the million pounds plus was still undecided. The vast majority of geared locomotives in the world were built to one of three distinct
designs, whether licensed and official, or clones built after the expiration of key patents. Of the types, the ''Shay locomotive'' was the most numerous and best known. The overwhelming majority operated on the North American continent, but with a number in use in various parts of South America and a fair number in Australia and New Zealand, including home-developed types. Image:Bar-tailed Godwit migration.jpg thumb 300px The routes of satellite tagged Bar-tailed Godwits
Commons:Category:Australia Wikipedia:Australia Dmoz:Regional Oceania Australia
page 150 volume 62 issue 7 Most were perfectly aware of their chance of finding significant amounts of gold were slim to none, and went for the adventure. As many as half of those who reached Dawson City kept right on going without doing any prospecting at all. Thus, by bringing large numbers of entrepreneurial adventurers to the region, the Gold Rush significantly contributed to the economic development of Western Canada, Alaska and the Pacific Northwest. Pierre Berton – ''Klondike: The Last Great Gold Rush, 1896–1899'' Espn 0-385-65844-3 and other editions. New cities were created as a result of the Gold Rush, including among others Dawson City, Fairbanks, Alaska and Anchorage, Alaska. The heyday of the individual prospector and the rush towards the north ended by 1899. Exploitation of the area by "big mining companies with their mechanical dredges" would last well into the 20th century. HistoryNet.com:Klondike Gold Rush. * 1894: Cripple Creek miners' strike (Cripple Creek miners' strike of 1894), a five-month strike by the Western Federation of Miners (WFM) in Cripple Creek (Cripple Creek, Colorado), Colorado, United States. In January 1894, Cripple Creek mine owners J. J. Hagerman, David Moffat and Eben Smith, who together employed one-third of the area's miners, announced a lengthening of the work-day to ten hours (from eight), with no change to the daily wage of $3.00 per day. When workers protested, the owners agreed to employ the miners for eight hours a day – but at a wage of only $2.50. Holbrook, Stewart. The Rocky Mountain Revolution. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1956. p.73–74 Philpott, William. The Lessons of Leadville, Or, Why the Western Federation of Miners Turned Left, p. 73. Monograph 10. Denver: Colorado Historical Society, 1994. ISSN 1046-3100 Suggs, Jr., George G. Colorado's War on Militant Unionism: James H. Peabody and the Western Federation of Miners, p. 17. 2nd ed. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1991. ISBN 978-0-8061-2396-7 Not long before this dispute, miners at Cripple Creek had formed the Free Coinage Union. Once the new changes went into effect, they affiliated with the Western Federation of Miners, and became Local 19. The union was based in Altman (Altman, Colorado), and had chapters in Anaconda (Anaconda, Montana), Cripple Creek and Victor (Victor, Colorado). On February 1, 1894, the mine owners began implementing the 10-hour day. Union president John Calderwood issued a notice a week later demanding that the mine owners reinstate the eight-hour day at the $3.00 wage. When the owners did not respond, the nascent union struck on February 7. Portland, Pikes Peak, Gold Dollar and a few smaller mines immediately agreed to the eight-hour day and remained open, but larger mines held out. * August 18 ** Vietnam War: Australia and New Zealand decide to withdraw their troops from Vietnam. ** British troops are engaged in a firefight with the IRA (Irish Republican Army) in Derry, Northern Ireland. * February 2 – The American Basketball Association (American Basketball Association (1967–1976)) is formed. * February 3 – Ronald Ryan becomes the last man hanged in Australia, for murdering a guard while escaping from prison in December 1965. * February 4 – The Soviet Union protests the demonstrations before its embassy in Peking. * July 16 – A prison riot in Jay, Florida leaves 37 dead. * July 18 – The United Kingdom announces the closing of its military bases in Malaysia and Singapore. Australia and the U.S. disapprove. * July 19 – A race riot breaks out in the North Side of Minneapolis on Plymouth Street during the Minneapolis Aquatennial Parade and business are vandalized and fires break out in the area, although the disturbance is quelled within hours. However, the next day a shooting sets off another incident in the same area that leads to 18 fires, 36 arrests, 3 shootings, 2 dozen people injured, and damages totaling 4.2 million. There will be two more such incidents in the following two weeks. * December 15 – The Silver Bridge over the Ohio River in Point Pleasant, West Virginia, collapses, killing 46 people. It has been linked to the so-called ''Mothman'' mystery. * December 17 – Harold Holt, Australian prime minister, disappears when swimming at a beach 60 km from Melbourne. * December 19 – Professor John Archibald Wheeler uses the term ''Black Hole'' for the first time. ** Vietnam War: Prime Minister of Australia Robert Menzies announces that the country will substantially increase its number of troops in South Vietnam, supposedly at the request of the Saigon government (it is later revealed that Menzies had asked the leadership in Saigon to send the request at the behest of the Americans). * April 29 – Australia announces that it is sending an infantry battalion to support the South Vietnam government. ** A coal mine (Coal mining) explosion in Fukuoka (Fukuoka, Fukuoka), Japan kills 237. * June 2 – Vietnam War: The first contingent of Australian combat troops arrives in South Vietnam. * June 3 – ''Gemini 4'': Astronaut Edward Higgins White makes the first U.S. space walk. * July 20 ** France resumes nuclear bomb tests in Mururoa Atoll, over the protests of Australia and New Zealand. ** Bruce Lee dies. ** Bangladesh freedom fighter Shiraj Shikder was killed by country's president Sheikh Mujibur Rahman * January 5 – The Tasman Bridge in Tasmania, Australia, is struck (Tasman Bridge disaster) by the bulk ore carrier ''Lake Illawarra'', killing twelve people. * January 6 * October 11 – NBC airs the first episode of ''Saturday Night Live'' (George Carlin is the first host; Billy Preston and Janis Ian the first musical guests). * October 16 – Five (Balibo Five) Australian-based journalists are killed at Balibo by Indonesian forces, during their incursion into Portuguese Timor. * October 21 – 1975 World Series: The Cincinnati Reds are defeated by the Boston Red Sox in Game Six off Carlton Fisk's 12th-inning home run to cap off what many consider to be the best World Series game ever played. ** Yemen Arab Republic President Ahmad al-Ghashmi is killed. ** The Gay & Lesbian Solidarity March is held in Sydney, Australia to mark 10th Anniversary of the Stonewall Riots (which later becomes the annual Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras; later incorporating a festival). * June 25 – Argentina (Argentina national football team) defeats the Netherlands (Netherlands national football team) 3–1 after extra time to win the 1978 FIFA World Cup. * October 7 – ''Wranslide'' in New South Wales: the Wran (Neville Wran) government is re-elected with an increased majority. * October 8 – Australia's Ken Warby sets the current world water speed record of 317.6 mph (511.13 km h at Blowering Dam, Australia. * October 10 * July 21 – The lowest temperature on earth is recorded in Vostok Station, Antarctica with −89.2 °C (−128.6 °F). * July 22 – Australian Dick Smith (Dick Smith (entrepreneur)) completes his solo circumnavigation in a helicopter. * July 23 * September 26 – The ''Soyuz T-10a (Soyuz T-10-1)'' mission ends in a successful pad abort at the Baikonur Cosmodrome, when a pad fire occurs at the base of the Soyuz U rocket during the launch countdown. the escape tower system, attached to the top of the capsule containing the crew and Soyuz spacecraft fired immediately pulling the crew safe from the vehicle, a few seconds before the rocket explodes, destroying the launch complex. ** The Australian yacht ''Australia II'' wins the America's Cup (1983 America's Cup), the first successful challenge to the New York Yacht Club's 132-year defence of the sailing trophy. * September 27 – The GNU Project is announced publicly on the net.unix-wizards and net.usoft newsgroups. * November 1 ** Queensland, Australia: Joh Bjelke-Petersen wins his final election as Premier of Queensland with 38.6% of the vote. He resigns on December 1, 1987 following revelations of his involvement with corruption released in the Fitzgerald Inquiry. ** Trinidad and Tobago recognizes the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR). ** Stardust fire: A fire at the Stardust nightclub in Artane, Dublin, Ireland (Republic of Ireland) in the early hours kills 48 and injures 214. ** Australia withdraws recognition of the Pol Pot regime in Cambodia. * February 23 – Antonio Tejero, with members of the Guardia Civil (Guardia Civil (Spain)), enters the Spanish Congress of Deputies (Congress of Deputies (Spain)) and stops the session where Leopoldo Calvo Sotelo is about to be named president of the government. The coup d'état (23-F) fails thanks to King Juan Carlos (Juan Carlos of Spain). * July 10 – Mahathir bin Mohamad becomes the 4th Prime Minister of Malaysia. * July 16-July 21 – England become the first team this century to win a test match after following on when they beat Australia by 18 runs at Headingley cricket ground, Leeds, England. * July 17 thumb 170px right January 21 (File:OpelLutzmann.jpg): Opel car. * January 22 – The leaders of six Australian colonies meet in Melbourne to discuss the confederation of Australia as a whole. * February 2 – The Australian Premiers' Conference held in Melbourne agrees that Australia's capital (Canberra) should be located between Sydney and Melbourne. * January 22 – The leaders of six Australian colonies meet in Melbourne to discuss the confederation of Australia as a whole. * February 2 – The Australian Premiers' Conference held in Melbourne agrees that Australia's capital (Canberra) should be located between Sydney and Melbourne. * February 4 – The Philippine-American War begins as hostilities break out in Manila. Australia * 1824 – The name ''Australia'', recommended by Matthew Flinders in 1804, is finally adopted as the official name of the country once known as ''New Holland (New Holland (Australia))''. * September 13, 1824 – With his crew and 29 convicts aboard the ''Amity'', John Oxley arrives at and founds the Moreton Bay (Moreton Bay, Queensland) Penal Settlement at what is now Redcliffe (Redcliffe City, Queensland) in Queensland, Australia, after leaving Sydney. * 1824 – The name ''Australia'', recommended by Matthew Flinders in 1804, is finally adopted as the official name of the country once known as ''New Holland (New Holland (Australia))''. * September 13, 1824 – With his crew and 29 convicts aboard the ''Amity'', John Oxley arrives at and founds the Moreton Bay (Moreton Bay, Queensland) Penal Settlement at what is now Redcliffe (Redcliffe City, Queensland) in Queensland, Australia, after leaving Sydney. * December 25, 1826 – Major Edmund Lockyer arrives at King George Sound to take possession of the western part of Australia, establishing a settlement near Albany (Albany, Western Australia). February * February 5 – Australia cancels its involvement in U.S.-led MX missile tests. * February 9 – U.S. drug agent Enrique Camarena (Enrique Camarena Salazar) is kidnapped and murdered in Mexico (his body is discovered March 5). * April 23 – Coca-Cola changes its formula and releases New Coke. (The response is overwhelmingly negative, and the original formula is back on the market in less than 3 months.) * April 28 – The Australian Nuclear Disarmament Party (NDP) splits. Date unknown * The Australian state of Victoria (Victoria (Australia)) celebrates its 150th anniversary. * Harold Kroto, Robert Curl and Richard Smalley discover C 60 , soon followed by their discovery of fullerenes. ** Hungary removes border restrictions with Austria. ** All of Australia's 1,645 domestic airline pilots resign over an airline's move to sack and sue them over a dispute (1989 Australian pilots' strike). * August 23 – Yusef Hawkins is shot in the Bensonhurst section of Brooklyn, New York, sparking racial tensions between African Americans and Italian Americans. * January 5 – Construction of the Golden Gate Bridge begins in San Francisco Bay. * January 11 – Sir Charles Kingsford Smith makes the first commercial flight between Australia and New Zealand. * January 15 – Political violence causes almost 100 deaths in Spain. * The British Interplanetary Society is founded. * The first dated ISCF group was started in Australia at North Sydney Boys High School, with the group still running today. ** Patent and Trademark Office (United States Patent and Trademark Office) transferred to the Department of Commerce. * April 3 – United Kingdom, South Africa and Australia return to the (bullion) gold standard. * April 10 – F. Scott Fitzgerald publishes ''The Great Gatsby''. Date unknown * The Australian state of Queensland introduces a 44-hour working week. * New York City becomes the largest city in the world, taking the lead from London. Commons:Category:Australia Wikipedia:Australia Dmoz:Regional Oceania Australia
.' Krummnow is described by Theodore Hebart in his book ''The United Evangelical Lutheran Church in Australia (U.E.L.C.A.): its history, activities and characteristics, 1838-1938'' in the following manner: The '''Australian War Memorial''' is Australia's national memorial (War Memorial) to the members of all its armed forces and supporting organizations who have died in the wars of the Commonwealth of Australia. The Memorial is located in Australia's capital, Canberra
into popular culture, both in the folk world (the common morris-dance (Morris Dance) tune "The Lollipop Man" has lewd lyrics in one tradition), and in the pop world (see the song by the band Sweet (Sweet (band))). '''Thomas Waddell''' (1 January 1854 – 25 October 1940), an Australian politician, was a member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly from 1887 to 1917, was briefly the Premier of New South Wales during 1904, and was a member of the New South
locomotive designed in Australia during the Second World War (World War II), which was used on narrow gauge railway systems in Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania. "'''Block Buster!'''" (also sometimes spelt as "Blockbuster") is a popular song by The Sweet (Sweet (band)). Written by Nicky Chinn and Mike Chapman (Mike Chapman (record producer)), and produced by Phil Wainman, "Block Buster!" was the band's sole
'''Australia''' is an Oceanian country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent (Australia (continent)), the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands (list of islands of Australia). It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area (List of countries and dependencies by area). Neighbouring countries include Indonesia, East Timor and Papua New Guinea to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east.
For at least 40,000 years who spoke languages grouped into roughly 250 language groups (Australian Aboriginal languages). Walsh, Michael (1991) "Overview of indigenous languages of Australia" in Suzane Romaine (ed.) ''Language in Australia'', Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-33983-9. After the European discovery of the continent by Dutch (Dutch Republic) explorers in 1606, Australia's eastern half was claimed by Great Britain (Kingdom of Great Britain) in 1770 and initially settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales from 26 January 1788. The population grew steadily in subsequent decades; the continent was explored and an additional five self-governing crown colonies were established.
On 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated (Federation of Australia), forming the Commonwealth of Australia. Since Federation, Australia has maintained a stable liberal democratic (liberal democracy) political system that functions as a federal (Federalism) parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy comprising six states and several territories (States and territories of Australia). The population of 23.6 million is highly urbanised (Urbanization) and heavily concentrated in the eastern states (Eastern states of Australia) and on the coast.
Australia is a developed country and one of the wealthiest in the world, with the world's 12th-largest economy (List of countries by GDP (nominal)). In 2012 Australia had the world's fifth-highest per capita income (List of countries by GDP (nominal) per capita). Data refer mostly to the year 2012. World Economic Outlook Database-October 2013, International Monetary Fund. Accessed on 8 October 2013. Australia's military expenditure is the world's 13th-largest (List of countries by military expenditures). With the second-highest human development index globally (List of countries by Human Development Index), Australia ranks highly (International rankings of Australia) in many international comparisons of national performance, such as quality of life, health, education, economic freedom, and the protection of civil liberties and political rights. Australia is a member of the United Nations, G20 (G-20 major economies), Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organization, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, and the Pacific Islands Forum.