Arkhangelsk

What is Arkhangelsk known for?


including red

route (which is mostly single-track outside the innermost parts of the city; except the stretch between Breidablikk and Nordre Hoem stations) which runs from the city centre, through the Byåsen district, and up to Lian, in the large recreation area Bymarka. Trondheim boasts the world's only bicycle lift, ''Trampe (Trampe bicycle lift)''. * August 22 – John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland, a supporter of Lady Jane Grey, is executed. * August – English (English people) explorer Richard Chancellor enters the White Sea and reaches Arkhangelsk, going on to the court of Ivan IV of Russia, opening up trade between England and Russia. * September – Protestant (Protestantism) bishops in England are arrested and Roman Catholic (Catholic Church) bishops are restored. Siege of Leningrad On 30 August 1941 German forces cut the Leningrad-Moscow railroad and severed other connections to Leningrad. Stalin told his staff at the meeting with military commanders "Leningrad may be lost. Situation is hopelessly bad there." Zhukov was present at the meeting, and was then summoned by Stalin for a private discussion that soon made impact on the course of WWII. Zhukov and Stalin agreed that Leningrad and surrounding territories are crucial for winning the war, thus everything related to defense of Leningrad becomes first priority, including Red Army and Navy operations in Karelia and Northern Russia, partisan guerrilla resistance in Novgorod and Leningrad area, control over the Lake Ladoga and Svir River, defending seaports of Murmansk and Arkhangelsk receiving British, Canadian, and American help through Arctic convoys, and most importantly - evacuation of civilians, millions of whom were trapped in the encircled city and suburbs. Carell, Paul (1966), Verbrannte Erde: Schlacht zwischen Wolga und Weichsel (Scorched Earth: The Russian-German War 1943-1944), Verlag Ullstein GmbH, (Schiffer Publishing), Werth, Alexander, Russia at War 1941-1945 (1964) Salisbury, Harrison The 900 Days; the Siege of Leningrad (1969) Zhukov, Georgiy. The Memoirs of Marshal Zhukov. 20 years of victory Jubilee edition, Moscow, 1965. Stalin ordered Zhukov to save Leningrad by any means, because if the city failed, 11% of national economy and invaluable wealth of the Hermitage (Hermitage Museum) museum and palaces of the Russian Tzars would be in the enemy hands, then the German forces united with Finnish forces, could quickly take Northern Russia and attack Moscow


solo recording

''Arkhangelsk'', released in early 2007. Harcourt also performed live with Truffaz's group to promote the album. They also did a Take-Away Show (List of Take-Away Shows) video session shot by Vincent Moon. In October 2007, Harcourt released the compilation album ''Until Tomorrow Then: The Best of Ed Harcourt'', collecting material from the first seven years of his solo recording career. *A Mark V is at the Kubinka Tank Museum, Russia. *A Mark V serves as memorial in Arkhangelsk. This was originally used by British forces during the Allied Intervention in the Russian Civil War. *Two preserved Mark Vs, a Male and a Female, form part of an outdoor memorial (:commons:Category:Lugansk Tank WWI) at Luhansk in Ukraine; two more are in storage. Image:MarkVMale.JPG Mark V Male tank at the London Imperial War Museum. Image:Mark in Arkhangelsk RU.JPG Mark V tank in Arkhangelsk, captured by the Red Army during the British intervention in Russia. The 1st Ox & Bucks arrived in Archangel (Arkhangelsk), Northern Russia in May 1919 as part of the Allied force that intervened in the Russian Civil War to assist the 'White Russians (White Movement)' in their fight against the Bolsheviks. The Battalion left later in the year, being based in Limerick, Ireland in 1920 to assist in operations against Sinn Féin and the IRA (Irish Republican Army). It moved to Shorncliffe (Shorncliffe, Kent), England two years later. In 1925 the Battalion joined the British Army of Occupation (Army of Occupation (Germany)) in Germany, remaining there for two-years before heading for Parkhurst, England. The 1st Ox & Bucks remained in England until the outbreak of war in 1939. In this engagement, fortune favored the Russians from the outset. On September 29, the Russians went ashore at the winter village. Lisyansky dubbed the site "Novo-Arkhangel'skaya (Arkhangelsk) Mikhailovskaya" (or "New Archangel Saint Michael"), a reference to the largest city in the region where Governor Baranov (List of Governors of Alaska#Governors of Russian America (1790–1867)) was born. Nordlander, p. 8 Baranov immediately sent forth envoys to the Tlingit settlement with offers of negotiation for the ''Noow Tlein'' site, all of which were rebuffed. The Tlingit merely hoped to stall the Russians long enough to allow the natives to abandon their winter village and occupy the "sapling fort" without the enemy fleet taking notice. *Domestic scheduled destinations: Anapa, Arkhangelsk, Irkutsk, Kazan, Krasnodar, Krasnoyarsk, Mineralnye Vody, Moscow, Nadym, Nizhnevartovsk, Novosibirsk, Novy Urengoy, Noyabrsk, Samara (Samara, Russia), Sochi, Saint Petersburg and Ufa. During the World War II for three years it was an arena of a positional war between Germans and Soviets. The peninsula covered the access to Murmansk and Arkhangelsk, which were the main gates for the Lend-Lease. The front split the peninsula in two parts, both sides having heavily fortified positions. The Allies had been shipping supplies to Russia since the beginning of the war in 1914 through the ports of Arkhangelsk, Murmansk, and Vladivostok. In 1917, the United States entered the war on the Allied side. U.S. President (President of the United States) Woodrow Wilson dropped his reservations about joining the war with a monarch as an ally, and the U.S. began providing economic and technical support to Kerensky's government. The Allies became concerned at the collapse of the Eastern front and their Russian ally, and there was also the question of the large amounts of supplies and equipment in Russian ports, which the Allies feared might be commandeered by the Germans or the Bolsheviks. Also worrisome to the Allies was the April 1918 landing of a division of German troops in Finland, increasing speculation they might attempt to capture the Murmansk-Petrograd railroad (Murmansk railroad), and subsequently the strategic port of Murmansk and possibly Arkhangelsk. Other concerns regarded the potential destruction of the Czechoslovak Legions and the threat of Bolshevism, the nature of which worried many Allied governments. Meanwhile, Allied matériel in transit quickly accumulated in the warehouses in Arkhangelsk and Murmansk. Estonia had established (Estonian War of Independence) a national army with the support of Finnish (heimosodat) volunteers and were defending against the 7th Red Army's attack. Jaan Maide (1933) Ülevaade Eesti vabadussõjast. Estonian Defence League, Tallinn In 1691, Lefort was put in charge of a regiment and issued a training ground on the left bank of the Yauza River. Peter ordered construction of a sloboda for this purpose, which would later be called Lefortovskaya sloboda (the Lefort quarter, present-day Lefortovo). In 1693-1694, Lefort accompanied Peter on his trip to Arkhangelsk. In 1694, he participated in Peter's "funny" Kozhukhov campaign (a military game in a village of Kozhukhovo, between Moscow and Kolomenskoye). Biography He was born in Kielce. His studies of Polish literature at Warsaw University were interrupted by the outbreak of the Second World War (German invasion of Poland). During the Fall of 1939 he co-founded an underground resistance organization "Polska Ludowa Akcja Niepodległościowa, PLAN". As the organization's courier he traveled to then Soviet occupied (Territories of Poland annexed by the Soviet Union) Lwów (Lviv), but was arrested in March 1940 by the NKVD and sentenced on espionage charges. Imprisoned in Vitsebsk and a gulag in Arkhangelsk region for 2 years, he was released in 1942 under the Sikorski-Mayski Agreement. He joined Gen. Władysław Anders' Army (Polish II Corps) and later fought in North Africa and in Italy, taking part in the battle of Monte Cassino. For his valor in combat he was decorated with the ''Virtuti Militari'', Poland's highest military decoration. The Soviet Union desperately needed supplies for its war against Germany. Supplies were being sent round the North Cape (North Cape, Norway) convoy route to Murmansk and Archangel (Arkhangelsk), but the capacity of that route was limited and subject to enemy action. Supplies were also sent from America to Vladivostok in Soviet-flagged ships. However, yet more capacity was needed, the obvious answer was to go through Iran. The Shah of Iran was deemed as pro-German and he would not allow this free access. Consequently British and Soviet forces invaded and in August 1941 occupied Iran in Operation Countenance. The Shah was deposed and his son put on the throne. The Iranian oil fields were secured and the line of supply to Russia established. On September 21, 2007 in Arkhangelsk, the Norwegian GC Rieber Skinn AS proposed a joint Russian–Norwegian seal hunting project. The campaign was carried out from one hunt boat supplied by GS Rieber Skinn AS in 2007, lasted two weeks, and brought in 40 000 roubles per Russian hunter. GS Rieber skinn AS declared a plan to order 20 boats and donate them to the Pomor. WikiPedia:Arkhangelsk commons:Архангельск


recording career

''Arkhangelsk'', released in early 2007. Harcourt also performed live with Truffaz's group to promote the album. They also did a Take-Away Show (List of Take-Away Shows) video session shot by Vincent Moon. In October 2007, Harcourt released the compilation album ''Until Tomorrow Then: The Best of Ed Harcourt'', collecting material from the first seven years of his solo recording career. *A Mark V is at the Kubinka Tank Museum, Russia. *A Mark V serves as memorial in Arkhangelsk


made history

was undergoing a refit. She underwent her own refit later in 1915 and once completed, was transferred to the Suez Canal Patrol. She returned to England late 1916, and spent the remainder of the war based at Devonport (Devonport, Devon). She was scrapped in 1920. On 5 February 1915, ''Jupiter'' was detached from her guard ship duty to serve temporarily as an icebreaker at Arkhangelsk, Russia, while the regular icebreaker there was under refit. In this duty, ''Jupiter'' made history


long summer

;nbsp;99, she commenced operations with the British Home Fleet. Based at Scapa Flow into August, she alternated patrols from Scotland and Iceland to protect the southern legs of the PQ QP convoy lanes between those two countries and the north Russian ports of Murmansk and Archangel (Arkhangelsk). With the long summer days, however, the U-boats and Norwegian based Luftwaffe units continued to exact a heavy toll. In early July, they destroyed Convoy PQ-17


great size

in 2008. During winter, temporary roads (''zimnik (winter road)s'') are built in snow; in summer, the air transport is the only means for passenger connections to Arkhangelsk and the rest of the world. Chancellor was luckier. He penetrated the White Sea, where the local fishermen were amazed by the great size of his Western-built ship. He reached the harbour of Nikolo-Korelsky Monastery on the Northern Dvina river, near the present-day Arkhangelsk which would be eventually


impressive wooden

64.453755 long 40.932637 directions phone tollfree fax hours Tue-Sun 10AM-5PM price Admission: 250 rubles content An open-air museum of Russian North's wooden architecture. The museum area is situated on the high bank of a small picturesque river and is filled with impressive wooden houses, churches etc. Malye Korely is claimed to be the European-largest open-air architectural museum. Located in a village just outside the city, it's an easy target for a day or a half-day


silver work

over the years and the wealth which business produced for the town helped ensure its prosperous future. In fact, in the 17th century a number of early industrial concerns were set up in the city, including a number of leather-working shops, in which around 700 people eventually came to work. Other trades for which Yaroslavl became a center over the years were in the production of textiles, cosmetics (fragrances) and silver work. ''GoldenEye 007


good resistance

. It was the penultimate of the large Oscar-II class submarines to be designed and approved in the Soviet era. At 154m long and four stories high it was the largest attack submarine ever built. The outer hull, made of high-nickel, high-chrome (Chromium) content stainless steel gap


wooden building'

August 15, 2009 On December 26, 2008, the tower was pulled down, WikiPedia:Arkhangelsk commons:Архангельск

Arkhangelsk

'''Arkhangelsk''' (

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