Ardabil

What is Ardabil known for?


science quot

; to an Iranian Azeri father from Ardabil, Rahim Aleskerzade, who was a journalist on assignment from Iran, and a Russian Jewish mother, "Jews in Computer & Information Science" on the JINFO.org website Fanya Koriman, who was a pediatrician. Gale, Thomson. Lotfi Asker Zadeh Biography ''World of Computer Science'' The Soviet government at this time courted foreign correspondents, and the family lived well while in Baku. McNeil & Freiberger, p.18 Zadeh attended elementary school for three years there, which he has said "had a significant and long-lasting influence on my thinking and my way of looking at things." Blair, Betty. Interview with Lotfi Zadeh (December 1999) in "Famous People: Then and Now Lotfi Zadeh, Creator of Fuzzy Logic (1921- )" ''Azerbaijan International'' (7.4) (Winter 1999) - ADU OITL Ardabil Airport Ardabil, Iran Etymology Old Persian: ''Arta + Farnah''(endowed with the Glory of Righteousness wikipedia:Ardabil


numerous historical

This Persian bazaar was built during Safavid period and in addition to main bazaar hall with open vaults has a hammam (Turkish bath) and a small yet mystifying mosque. - Ardabil bridges Ardabil host numerous historical bridges namely ''Pol-e Gilandeh'', ''Pol-e Nayer'', ''Pol-e Haft Cheshmeh'', ''Pol-e Panj Cheshmeh'' and ''Pol-e She Cheshmeh'' and Qarah Soo Bridge, most were built during Safavid era. - Ardabil bridges Ardabil host numerous historical bridges namely ''Pol-e Gilandeh

is called "Allah-Allah" has an octagonal interior. *'''Masjid Jameh''' Ruins of once magnificent and unique Mosque. *'''Mirza Ali Akbar mosque and school''' This comlex dates back to Qajar period *'''Ardabil Bazaar''' This beautiful Persian bazaar was built during Safavid period and in addition to main bazaar hall with open vaults has a hammam and a small yet mystifying mosque. *'''Ardabil bridges''' Ardabil host numerous historical bridges namely Pol-e Gilandeh, Pol-e Nayer, Pol-e


century quot

from the Ottomans. Anthony Bryer, ''open citation'', p. 136 ) Ismail grew up bilingual, speaking Persian (Persian language) and Azeri (Azerbaijani language). Roger M. Savory. „Safavids“ in Peter Burke, Irfan Habib, Halil Inalci:»History of Humanity-Scientific and Cultural Development: From the Sixteenth to the Eighteenth Century", Taylor & Francis. 1999. Excerpt from pg 259:"Доказательства, имеющиеся в настоящее время

ancestry as it is sometimes claimed. It is probable that the family originated in Persian Kurdistan, and later moved to Azerbaijan, where it became assimilated to Turkic-speaking Azeris and eventually settled in the small town of Ardabil sometime during the eleventh century. ". Вопрос о языке, на котором говорил шах Исмаил, не идентичен вопросу о его «расе» или «национальности». Его происхождение было смешанным: одна из его бабушек была


achievements

of the eighth Twelver Shi'a Imam, Ali al-Ridha at Mashhad, and restored the dynastic shrine at Ardabil. Both shrines received jewelry, fine manuscripts and Chinese porcelains. Abbas moved the capital to Isfahan (Isfahan (city)), revived old ports, and established thriving trade with Europeans. Amongst Abbas's most visible cultural achievements was the construction of ''Naqsh-e Jahan Square'' ("Design of the World"). The plaza, located near a Friday mosque, covered

Ismā‘il succeeded in conquering Persia. Noted for achievements in state building, architecture, and the sciences

world and double Olympic (Olympic Games) champion in Olympic weightlifting. He is also a world record holder in the clean and jerk and considered as one of the greatest weightlifters of all time. In 2006 the Rezazadeh Stadium (Reza Zadeh Stadium) was built in Rezazadeh's hometown of Ardabil. It was built to honour the achievements of Rezazadeh and is one of the most modern and innovative indoor arenas in Iran today. File:Hossein Rezazadeh by Mardetanha 4014.JPG thumb left


730

acre m2 . Hostilities broke out again with the Caliphate in the 710s, with raids back and forth across the Caucasus but few decisive battles. The Khazars, led by a prince named Barjik, invaded northwestern Iran and defeated the Umayyad forces at Ardabil in December 730, killing the Arab warlord al-Djarrah al-Hakami and briefly occupying the town. They were defeated the next year at Mosul, where Barjik

and killed, and his army practically annihilated in a battle outside the city (Battle of Marj Ardabil) on 9 December 730. Blankinship (1994), pp. 149–150 Faced with this crisis, the Caliph appointed Maslamah as the new governor of Armenia and Azerbaijan, but in the meantime, the veteran general Sa'id ibn Amr al-Harashi managed to recover the situation and defeat the Khazar army. Maslamah, allegedly out of jealousy for Sa'id's successes, had Sa'id imprisoned until Hisham

ordered his release. Throughout 730 and 731 Maslamah, with a large army at his disposal, cleared the provinces south of the Caucasus of the Khazars, and then advanced beyond the mountains, sacking a couple of settlements and defeating the ''khagan'' in pitched battle. He also recovered the strategic fortress of Bab al-Awbab from the Khazars who had occupied it by poisoning its water supply, and reorganized it as a military colony (''misr''), resettling it with 24,000 soldiers. His tenure however


medical attention

, Ardabil and Rasht. During the Tabriz uprising Kuchak Khan tried to join Sattar Khan&Haj Baba Khan-e- Ardabili's forces, but was unable to actively participate due to an illness. He was injured in the Constitutionalist war, and had to travel to Baku and Tbilisi for medical attention. ) was an Iranian politician born in Ardabil. He was the Minister of Roads and Transportation


beautiful wooden

'', ''Pol-e Nayer'', ''Pol-e Haft Cheshmeh'', ''Pol-e Panj Cheshmeh'' and ''Pol-e She Cheshmeh'' and Qarah Soo Bridge, most were built during Safavid era. - Imamzadeh Saleh mausoleum The mausoleum of Imamzadeh Saleh who is a descendant of a Shia Imam was built 250 years ago. - Saint Mary church This Armenian orthodox (orthodox church) church has a beautiful wooden main door and painted dome built in 1876. - mausoleum of Sheikh Jebra'il located 2 km north of Ardabil - old

Haft Cheshmeh, Pol-e Panj Cheshmeh and Pol-e She Cheshmeh and Qarah Soo Bridge, most were built during Safavid era. *'''Imamzadeh Saleh mausoleum''' The mausoleum of Imamzadeh Saleh who is a descendant of a Shia Imam was built 250 years ago. *'''Saint Mary church''' This Armenian orthodox church has a beautiful wooden main door and painted dome built in 1876. *'''Mausoleum of Sheikh Jebra'il''' *'''Babadavood anbaran'''- friday mosque Do Buy Eat lots of good food Drink Sleep Connect Go next wikipedia:Ardabil


written work

the Safavids (not Reza Shah, as is popularly assumed) revived a national state officially known as Iran, bureaucratic usage in the Ottoman empire and even Iran itself could still refer to it by other descriptive and traditional appellations". The Safavid Kings themselves claimed to be Seyyeds, In the pre-Safavid written work Safvat as-Safa (oldest manuscripts from 1485 and 1491), the origin of the Safavids is tracted to Piruz Shah Zarin Kolah who is called a Kurd from Sanjan, while in the post-Safavid manuscripts, this portion has been excised and Piruz Shah Zarin Kollah is made a descendant of the Imams. R Savory, "Ebn Bazzaz" in ''Encyclopædia Iranica''). In the Silsilat an-nasab-i Safawiya (composed during the reign of Shah Suleiman, 1667–94), by Hussayn ibn Abdal Zahedi, the ancestry of the Safavid was purported to be tracing back to Hijaz and the first Shi'i Imam as follows: Shaykh Safi al-din Abul Fatah Eshaq ibn (son of) Shaykh Amin al-Din Jabrail ibn Qutb al-din ibn Salih ibn Muhammad al-Hafez ibn Awad ibn Firuz Shah Zarin Kulah ibn Majd ibn Sharafshah ibn Muhammad ibn Hasan ibn Seyyed Muhammad ibn Ibrahim ibn Seyyed Ja'afar ibn Seyyed Muhammad ibn Seyyed Isma'il ibn Seyyed Muhammad ibn Seyyed Ahmad 'Arabi ibn Seyyed Qasim ibn Seyyed Abul Qasim Hamzah ibn Musa al-Kazim ibn Ja'far As-Sadiq ibn Muhammad al-Baqir ibn Imam Zayn ul-'Abedin ibn Hussein ibn Ali ibn Abi Taleb Alayha as-Salam. There are differences between this and the oldest manuscript of Safwat as-Safa. Seyyeds have been added from Piruz Shah Zarin Kulah up to the first Shi'i Imam and the nisba "Al-Kurdi" has been excised. The title name "Abu Bakr" (also the name of the first Caliph and highly regarded by Sunnis) is deleted from Qutb ad-Din's name. ُSource: Husayn ibn Abdāl Zāhedī, 17th cent. Silsilat al-nasab-i Safavīyah, nasabnāmah-'i pādishāhān bā ʻuzmat-i Safavī, ta'līf-i Shaykh Husayn pisar-i Shaykh Abdāl Pīrzādah Zāhedī dar 'ahd-i Shāh-i Sulaymnān-i Safavī. Berlīn, Chāpkhānah-'i Īrānshahr, 1343 (1924), 116 pp. Original Persian: شیخ صفی الدین ابو الفتح اسحق ابن شیخ امین الدین جبرائیل بن قطب الدین ابن صالح ابن محمد الحافظ ابن عوض ابن فیروزشاه زرین کلاه ابن محمد ابن شرفشاه ابن محمد ابن حسن ابن سید محمد ابن ابراهیم ابن سید جعفر بن سید محمد ابن سید اسمعیل بن سید محمد بن سید احمد اعرابی بن سید قاسم بن سید ابو القاسم حمزه بن موسی الکاظم ابن جعفر الصادق ابن محمد الباقر ابن امام زین العابدین بن حسین ابن علی ابن ابی طالب علیه السلام. family descendants of the prophet Muhammad, although many scholars have cast doubt on this claim. R.M. Savory, "Safavid Persia" in: Ann Katherine Swynford Lambton, Peter Malcolm Holt, Bernard Lewis, ''The Cambridge History of Islam'', Cambridge University Press, 1977. p. 394: "They (Safavids after the establishment of the Safavid state) fabricated evidence to prove that the Safavids were Sayyids." There seems now to be a consensus among scholars that the Safavid family hailed from Persian Kurdistan, and later moved to Azerbaijan, finally settling in the 5th 11th century at Ardabil. Traditional pre-1501 Safavid manuscripts trace the lineage of the Safavids to Firuz Shah Zarin-Kulah. F. Daftary, "Intellectual Traditions in Islam", I.B.Tauris, 2001. pg 147: "But the origins of the family of Shaykh Safi al-Din go back not to Hijaz but to Kurdistan, from where, seven generations before him, Firuz Shah Zarin-kulah had migrated to Adharbayjan" When Shaykh Junayd, the son of Ibrāhim, assumed the leadership of the Safaviyya in 1447, the history of the Safavid movement was radically changed. According to R.M. Savory, "'Sheikh Junayd was not content with spiritual authority and he sought material power'". At that time, the most powerful dynasty in Persia was that of the Kara Koyunlu, the "Black Sheep", whose ruler Jahan Shah ordered Junāyd to leave Ardabil or else he would bring destruction and ruin upon the city. Junayd sought refuge with the rival of Kara Koyunlu Jahan Shah, the Aq Qoyunlu (White Sheep Turkomans) (Aq Qoyunlu) Khan (Khan (title)) Uzun Hassan, and cemented his relationship by marrying Uzun Hassan's sister, Khadija Begum. Junayd was killed during an incursion into the territories of the Shirvanshah and was succeeded by his son Haydar Safavi. Haydar married Martha 'Alamshah Begom, Uzun Hassan's daughter, who gave birth to Ismail I, founder of the Safavid dynasty. Martha's mother Theodora – better known as Despina Khatun Peter Charanis. "Review of Emile Janssens' ''Trébizonde en Colchide''", ''Speculum'', Vol. 45, No. 3 (July 1970), p. 476. – was a Pontic Greek princess, the daughter of the Grand Komnenos John IV of Trebizond. She had been married to Uzun Hassan Anthony Bryer, ''open citation'', p. 136. in exchange for protection of the Grand Komnenos from the Ottomans. Khan was the title of the rulers of various break-away states later reintegrated in Iran, e.g. 1747–1808 Khanate of Ardabil (in northwestern Iran east of Sarab and west of the southwest corner of the Caspian Sea), 1747–1813 Khanate of Khoy (northwestern Iran, north of Lake Urmia, between Tabriz and Lake Van), 1747–1829 Khanate of Maku (Maku, Iran) (in extreme northwestern Iran, northwest of Khoy, and 60 miles south of Yerevan, Armenia), 1747–1790s Khanate of Sarab (northwestern Iran east of Tabriz), 1747 – c.1800 Khanate of Tabriz (capital of Iranian Azerbeidjan). The following list reflects only one of several perspectives on the dialectology of Azerbaijani. Some dialects may be varieties of others. *Ardabil dialect (Ardabil and western Gilan, Iran) *Ayrum dialect (northwestern Azerbaijan; northeastern Armenia) birth_date wikipedia:Ardabil


cultural achievements

of the eighth Twelver Shi'a Imam, Ali al-Ridha at Mashhad, and restored the dynastic shrine at Ardabil. Both shrines received jewelry, fine manuscripts and Chinese porcelains. Abbas moved the capital to Isfahan (Isfahan (city)), revived old ports, and established thriving trade with Europeans. Amongst Abbas's most visible cultural achievements was the construction of ''Naqsh-e Jahan Square'' ("Design of the World"). The plaza, located near a Friday mosque, covered wikipedia:Ardabil


Mirza

of lamps), Shahid khaneh (the house of martyrs) and Chelleh Khaneh (the place where devotees shut themselves up during the forty days of Lent). The mausoleum of Sheikh Safi, the dome of which is called "Allah-Allah" has an octagonal interior.(Virtual tour) - Masjid Jameh Ruins of once magnificent and unique mosque - Mirza Ali Akbar mosque and school This complex dates back to Qajar (Qajar dynasty) period - Ardabil Bazaar

. In a reply the Ottoman Sultan answered in Persian to indicate his contempt. thumb left 200 px Ismail I's Statue in Ardabil (File:Shah esmaeil01.jpg), Iran. ** Prince Sultan Rustam Mirza (born 13 September 1517) ** Prince ‘Abul Naser Sultan Sam Mirza (28 August 1518 - December 1567) Governor-General of Khorasan 1521-1529 and 1532–1534, and of Ardabil 1549-1571. He rebelled against his brother Tahmasp, captured and imprisoned at the Fortress of Qahqahan. He had issue, two

sons and one daughter. His daughter, married Prince Jésé (d. 1583) Governor of Sakki the third son of Levan (Levan of Kakheti) King of Kakheti in Georgia (Georgia (country)). ** Prince ‘Abu'l Fat'h Sultan Moez od-din Bahram Mirza (7 September 1518 - 16 September 1550) Governor of Khorasan 1529-1532, Gilan 1536-1537 and Hamadan 1546-1549. m. Zainab Sultan Khanum. She had issue, four sons and one daughter: Sultan Hassan Mirza died in his youth, Sultan Husain

Ardabil

'''Ardabil''' Notable for its silk and carpet trade tradition, the ancient Ardabil Carpets are considered some of the best of the classical Persian carpet creations. Ardabil is also known as the seat of a World Heritage Site: the sanctuary and tomb of Shaikh Safî ad-Dîn (Safi-ad-din Ardabili), eponym of the Safavid Dynasty.

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