basketball teams Challenger and SOE (''Équipe du Stade olympique de l'Emyrne'') are based in Antananarivo and play in the ''Palais des Sports'' at Mahamasina. Government File:Hotel de Ville town hall of Antananarivo Madagascar.JPG thumbnail The new ''Hôtel
content A conservation park established by and French-Japanese charity which hosts wild and rescued lemurs. Over 6000 trees have been planted in this 5 hectare park preserving a lot of important flora and fauna of Madagascar. The parks gives an opportunity to see at close range a variety of lemurs living in the wild which would normally not be possible as lemurs are very shy animals. The park also gives valuable employment to graduates from the local university as guides and free tours
. This uncontrolled development poses sanitation and safety risks to residents in these areas. WikiPedia:Antananarivo Commons:Category:Antananarivo
cathedral. Antananarivo is the see city of Madagascar's Roman Catholic Archdiocese (Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Antananarivo). The city has repeatedly been the site of large demonstrations and violent political clashes, including the 1972 ''rotaka'' that brought down president Philibert Tsiranana and the 2009 Malagasy political crisis, which resulted in Andry Rajoelina replacing Marc Ravalomanana as head of state.
, Ravalomanana abolished these areas, liberalizing freedom of assembly. annually, while annual revenues average around $12 million. In good years, the CUA is able to reserve $1–2 million to spend on city improvement projects. By 2008, the city's treasury had accumulated 8.2 billion
accessdate 8 December 2013 Antananarivo has two dedicated cinemas (Cinema of Madagascar), the Rex and the Ritz, both of which were built in the colonial era. These venues do not show international releases but occasionally screen Malagasy films or are used for private events and religious services. WikiPedia:Antananarivo Commons:Category:Antananarivo
; WikiPedia:Antananarivo Commons:Category:Antananarivo
, expansion of the city continued to reflect these divisions. Today, the calm and quiet ''haute ville'' is mainly residential and viewed as a prestigious area in which to live; many of the city's wealthiest and most influential Malagasy families live there. It includes the royal palace, Andafiavaratra Palace
; it regularly hosts concerts, dance and other arts performances, expositions and novelty events like monster truck rallies. The city lacks a dedicated classical music performance space, and concerts by international artists are infrequent. Performances of classical, jazz and other foreign musical genres, modern and contemporary dance, theater and other arts occur at cultural arts centers funded by foreign governments or private entities. Among the best-known of these are the ''Centre Culturel Albert
of Antananarivo is extensive and highly significant to regional and national populations. The city has numerous monuments, historic buildings, sites of significance and traditions related to the customs and history of the central highlands people. The city skyline is dominated by the Rova of Antananarivo, which was destroyed in a 1995 fire but are undergoing reconstruction. The nearby Andafiavaratra Palace was the home of 19th century Prime Minister Rainilaiarivony and currently
'''Antananarivo''' ( above the sea level in the center of the island, and has been the island's largest population center since at least the 18th century. Antananarivo was historically the capital of the Merina people, who continue to form the majority of the city's estimated 2.1 million (2013) inhabitants. All 18 Malagasy ethnic groups (Malagasy people), as well as residents of Chinese (Chinese people in Madagascar), Indian (Indians in Madagascar), European (French people in Madagascar) and other origins, are well represented in the city. Antananarivo is the political, economic, educational and cultural heart of Madagascar. The Presidency (President of Madagascar), National Assembly (National Assembly of Madagascar), Senate (Senate of Madagascar) and Supreme Court (Supreme Court of Madagascar) are located here, as are 21 diplomatic missions (List of diplomatic missions in Madagascar) and the headquarters of many national and international businesses and NGOs. Antananarivo also hosts the largest number of universities, nightclubs, art venues, medical services and other social service institutions of any city on the island. Several national and local sports teams, including the championship-winning national rugby (Rugby union in Madagascar) team, the Makis, and several basketball and football teams, are based in Antananarivo.
Antananarivo was founded from about 1610 to 1625, when the Merina king Andrianjaka (1612–1630) expelled the Vazimba inhabitants of the village of Analamanga (Twelve sacred hills of Imerina#Hill of Analamanga) at the highest meeting point of two forested ridges rising above the surrounding highland plains. Declaring it the site of his capital, Andrianjaka built a ''rova (Rova (Madagascar))'' (fortified royal dwelling) that expanded to become the royal palaces (Rova of Antananarivo) of the Kingdom of Imerina. According to oral history, he deployed a garrison of 1,000 soldiers to capture and guard the site; the hill and its city retained the name Analamanga until the reign of King Andriamasinavalona (1675–1710), who renamed it Antananarivo ("City of the Thousand") in honor of Andrianjaka's soldiers. The city served as the capital of the Kingdom of Imerina from its founding until 1710, when Imerina split into four warring quadrants. Antananarivo was declared the capital of the southern quadrant; it remained thus until King Andrianampoinimerina of Ambohimanga captured the province and restored its role as capital of a united Kingdom of Imerina in 1794. His diplomatic and military successes extended Imerina far beyond its traditional borders, bringing the lands of neighboring ethnic groups under Merina control. These conquests were continued under his son, Radama I, whose control ultimately extended over two thirds of the island, leading him to be considered the King of Madagascar by European diplomats, with Antananarivo as the island's capital. Antananarivo remained the island's capital after Madagascar was colonized by the French (French Madagascar) in 1897 and remained thus after independence in 1960.
Antananarivo has expanded gradually from the royal palaces at its center, which dominate every view from their location at the peak of a curving ridge above the surrounding Betsimitatatra plains. In the 17th century, the plains were transformed into paddy fields to meet the population's need for rice; they were covered with housing developments as the city's population grew rapidly in the 20th century. Around the palaces, which were destroyed in a 1995 fire but have since been partially reconstructed, lies the historic district that was formerly populated by members of the ''andriana'' (noble class); many of their homes are preserved. The Analakely valley at the base of the ridge was the site of a Friday market established in the 18th century that, until being discontinued in 1997 due to traffic congestion, was considered the largest open air market in the world. This neighborhood was further developed under French rule and continues to serve as the capital's economic heart. The city is managed by the ''Commune Urbaine d'Antananarivo'' (CUA) under the direction of its President of the Special Delegation (Special delegation (France)), Ny Havana Andriamanjato, appointed in March 2014. Limited funds and mismanagement have hampered consecutive CUA efforts to manage overcrowding and traffic, waste management, pollution, security, public water and electricity, and other challenges linked to explosive population growth. Major historic landmarks and attractions in the city include the reconstructed royal palaces and the Andafiavaratra Palace, the tomb of Rainiharo, Tsimbazaza Zoo, Mahamasina Stadium, Lake Anosy, four 19th-century martyr cathedrals (Christianity in Madagascar), and the Museum of Art and Archaeology (University of Madagascar's Museum of Art and Archaeology).