Ankara

What is Ankara known for?


open military

in the Nagorno-Karabakh Crisis by Abdollah Ramezanzadeh Russia Plans Leaner, More Open Military. The Washington Post. May 23, 1992 Background Paper on the Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict. Council of Europe. The Armenians claimed that the attack was in response to cross-border shelling


selling book

, scientist, and artist. Born in Ankara, Turkey in 1940, Atalay is the author of the best selling book, ''Math and the Mona Lisa: the Art and Science of Leonardo da Vinci'', initially published in English by Smithsonian Books in 2004, and subsequently in eleven foreign languages. His new book, ''Leonardo’s Universe: the Renaissance World of Leonardo da Vinci'', coauthored with Keith Wamsley, was released by National


radical political

-wing entities as a part of the political chaos in Turkey at the time. In 1979, as a propaganda of the deed, the group attempted to assassinate Kurdish tribal leader Mehmet Celal Bucak who they claimed exploited the peasants, and collaborated with Turkey. This marked a period of intense urban warfare (History of the Kurdistan Workers Party#Urban War (1978-1980)) between other radical political elements. The 1980 Turkish coup d'état pushed the organization to another stage (History of the Kurdistan Workers Party#Syria (1980-1984)) with the members doing jail time, being subject to capital punishment, or fleeing to Syria. On November 10, 1980, the Turkish Consulate in Strasbourg, France was bombed in a joint operation with the Armenian (Armenians) radical group ASALA, which they claimed as the beginning of a "fruitful collaboration." Commons:Ankara Wikipedia:Ankara Dmoz:Regional Middle East Turkey Provinces Ankara


popular social

was born in Berlin, his father was the popular social democratic politician and mayor (mayor of Berlin) of Berlin from 1948 to 1953, Ernst Reuter. His mother Hanna Reuter née Kleinert was a secretary at the party newspaper Vorwärts. After the Machtergreifung of the NSDAP, the family was forced to flee Germany and they found exile in Ankara, Turkey. So Reuter spent much of his childhood in Turkey. In 1946, Edzard joined the Social Democratic Party


modern military

wears a Republic era modern military uniform, with the rank Field Marshal) which was crafted in 1927 by the renowned Italian sculptor Pietro Canonica. Museum of Anatolian Civilizations The Museum of Anatolian Civilizations (''Anadolu Medeniyetleri Müzesi'') is situated at the entrance of the Ankara Castle. It is an old bedesten (covered bazaar) that has been beautifully restored and now houses a unique collection of Paleolithic, Neolithic, Hatti (Hittite empire), Hittite (Hittites), Phrygian, Urartian (Urartu), and Roman (Roman Empire) works as well as a major section dedicated to Lydian treasures. State Art and Sculpture Museum The State Art and Sculpture Museum (''Resim-Heykel Müzesi'') is close to the Ethnography Museum and houses a rich collection of Turkish art from the late 19th century to the present day. There are also galleries which host guest exhibitions. Cer Modern Cer Modern is the modern-arts museum of Ankara, inaugurated on 1 April 2010. It is situated in the renovated building of the historic TCDD (Turkish State Railways) Cer Atölyeleri, formerly a workshop of the Turkish State Railways. The museum incorporates the largest exhibition hall in Turkey. The museum holds periodic exhibitions of modern and contemporary art as well as hosting other contemporary arts events. War of Independence Museum The War of Independence Museum (''Kurtuluş Savaşı Müzesi'') is located on Ulus Square. It was originally the first Parliament building (TBMM) of the Republic of Turkey. The War of Independence was planned and directed here as recorded in various photographs and items presently on exhibition. In another display, wax figure (wax sculpture)s of former presidents of the Republic of Turkey are on exhibit. Mehmet Akif Literature Museum Library thumb METU Science and Technology Museum (File:ODTÜ Bilim ve Teknoloji Müzesi.jpg) in Ankara. The Mehmet Akif Literature Museum Library is a literary museum and archive opened in 2011 and dedicated to Mehmet Akif Ersoy (1873–1936), the poet of the Turkish National Anthem. TCDD Open Air Steam Locomotive Museum The TCDD Open Air Steam Locomotive Museum is an open-air museum which traces the history of steam locomotives. Ankara Aviation Museum Ankara Aviation Museum (''Hava Kuvvetleri Müzesi Komutanlığı'') is located near the Istanbul Road in Etimesgut. It is home to various missiles, avionics, aviation materials and aircraft that have served in the Turkish Air Force (e.g. combat aircraft such as the F-86 Sabre, F-100 Super Sabre, F-102 Delta Dagger, F-104 Starfighter, F-5 Freedom Fighter (Northrop F-5), F-4 Phantom (F-4 Phantom II); and cargo planes such as the Transall C-160.) Also a Hungarian MiG-21 (Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21), a Pakistani MiG-19 (Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-19), and a Bulgarian MiG-17 (Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-17) are on display at the museum. METU Science and Technology Museum The METU Science and Technology Museum (''ODTÜ Bilim ve Teknoloji Müzesi'') is located inside the Middle East Technical University (METU) campus. Parks thumb left Göksu Park (File:Ankara by night 2013.jpg) thumb Dikmen Valley Park (File:Dikmen Vadisi, Ankara 3.jpg) Ankara has many parks and open spaces mainly established in the early years of the Republic and well maintained and expanded thereafter. The most important of these parks are: Gençlik Parkı (houses an amusement park with a large pond for rowing), the Botanical garden, Seğmenler Park, Anayasa Park, Kuğulu Park (famous for the swans received as a gift from the Chinese (PRC) government), Abdi İpekçi Park, Güven Park (see above for the monument), Kurtuluş Park (has an ice-skating rink), Altınpark (also a prominent exposition fair area), Harikalar Diyarı (claimed to be Biggest Park of Europe inside city borders) and Göksu Park. Gençlik Park was depicted on the reverse (Obverse and reverse) of the Turkish 100 lira (Turkish lira) banknotes of 1952–1976. Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey. Banknote Museum: 5. Emission Group – One Hundred Turkish Lira – I. Series, II. Series, III. Series, IV. Series, V. Series & VI. Series. – Retrieved on 20 April 2009. Atatürk Forest Farm and Zoo (''Atatürk Orman Çiftliği'') is an expansive recreational farming area which houses a zoo, several small agricultural farms, greenhouses, restaurants, a dairy farm (dairy farming) and a brewery. It is a pleasant place to spend a day with family, be it for having picnics, hiking, biking or simply enjoying good food and nature. There is also an exact replica of the house where Atatürk was born in 1881, in Thessaloniki, Greece. Visitors to the "Çiftlik" (farm) as it is affectionately called by Ankarans, can sample such famous products of the farm such as old-fashioned beer and ice cream, fresh dairy products and meat rolls kebaps made on charcoal, at a traditional restaurant (''Merkez Lokantası'', Central Restaurant), cafés and other establishments scattered around the farm. Shopping thumb left Atakule Tower (File:Ankara Atakule.JPG) (1989) thumb Sheraton Ankara (File:A view of Sheraton Ankara from Karum Shopping Mall.JPG) rising behind Karum shopping mall (List of shopping malls in Turkey#Ankara) in the Kavaklıdere (Kavaklıdere, Ankara) quarter of the Çankaya (Çankaya, Ankara) business and leisure district. Foreign visitors to Ankara usually like to visit the old shops in ''Çıkrıkçılar Yokuşu'' (Weavers' Road) near Ulus, where myriad things ranging from traditional fabrics, hand-woven carpets and leather products can be found at bargain prices. ''Bakırcılar Çarşısı'' (Bazaar of Coppersmiths) is particularly popular, and many interesting items, not just of copper, can be found here like jewelry, carpets, costumes, antiques and embroidery. Up the hill to the castle gate, there are many shops selling a huge and fresh collection of spices, dried fruits, nuts, and other produce. Modern shopping areas are mostly found in Kızılay (Kızılay, Ankara), or on Tunalı Hilmi Avenue, including the modern mall of Karum (List of shopping malls in Turkey#Ankara) (named after the ancient Assyrian merchant colonies called ''Kârum'' (Kültepe#Kârum Kaneš) that were established in central (Central Anatolia Region) Anatolia at the beginning of the 2nd millennium BC) which is located towards the end of the Avenue; and in Çankaya (Çankaya, Ankara), the quarter with the highest elevation in the city. Atakule Tower (Atakule) next to Atrium Mall (Atakule#Atrium shopping mall) in Çankaya commands a magnificent view over Ankara and also has a revolving restaurant at the top, where the city's panorama can be enjoyed in a leisurely fashion. The symbol of the Armada Shopping Mall (List of shopping malls in Turkey#Ankara) is an anchor, and there's a large anchor monument at its entrance, as a reference to the ancient Greek name of the city, Ἄγκυρα (Ánkyra), which means anchor. Likewise, the anchor monument is also related with the Spanish name of the mall, Armada, which means naval fleet. As Ankara started expanding westward in the 1970s, several modern, suburbia-style developments and mini-cities began to rise along the western highway, also known as the Eskişehir Road. The ''Armada'' and ''CEPA'' malls on the highway, the ''Galleria'' in Ümitköy, and a huge mall, ''Real'' in Bilkent Center, offer North American and European style shopping opportunities (these places can be reached through the Eskişehir Highway.) There is also the newly expanded ''ANKAmall'' at the outskirts, on the Istanbul Highway, which houses most of the well-known international brands. This mall is the largest throughout the Ankara region. Archeological sites Ankara Citadel right thumb Ankara Castle Ankara citadel walls (File:Ankara Castle walls.JPG) thumb In the ''Temple of Augustus and Rome'' (commonly known as the Monumentum Ancyranum (File:MonumentumAncyranum28Nov2004.jpg)) in Ulus, the primary intact copy of Res Gestae (Res Gestae Divi Augusti) written by the first Roman emperor Augustus survives. The foundations of the Ankara castle and citadel (Ankara Castle) were laid by the Galatians on a prominent lava outcrop ( Commons:Ankara Wikipedia:Ankara Dmoz:Regional Middle East Turkey Provinces Ankara


science high

of the Republic of Turkey (Turkey). It is located in Ankara and was designed by architects Professor Emin Onat (Emin Halid Onat) and Assistant Professor Ahmet Orhan Arda, whose proposal beat 48 other entries from several countries in a competition held by the Turkish Government in 1941 for a "monumental mausoleum" for Atatürk. After graduating from the Ankara Science High School (Ankara Fen Lisesi), he started his university education at the Middle East Technical

and excursion spot for both Turkish and foreign travellers thanks to the natural beauty of its surroundings, which are covered with dense forests, and easy access by car (it is served by a 21 km road leaving from the İstanbul-Ankara E 80 highway at the level of Mount Bolu, three hours' drive from these two largest cities of Turkey). Lake Abant is a natural park. '''Science High School''' ( ; after the founding

of other science high schools in Turkey also referred as '''Ankara Science High School''' Ankara Fen Lisesi - AFL ) is a public boarding high school in Ankara, Turkey with a curriculum concentrated on natural sciences and mathematics. It was established in 1964 as the first science high school in Turkey with a funding from the Ford Foundation. The school is modeled after the American counterparts like the Bronx High School of Science. Due to the considerable success of its alumni in all aspects of professional life and academia, science high school concept is spread around the country and now there are public and private science high schools in all major cities. Its alumni includes many scientists (like Tekin Dereli), top managers (like Süreyya Ciliv and Onat Menzilcioglu) engineers and doctors (like İzge Günal) as well as famed musicians (like Derya Köroğlu and Ahmet Kanneci). As Didim is so well-situated in the 1980s people from large cities around Turkey, especially Ankara, began to buy holiday homes, apartments, and villas in the area. Most of these were built as cooperative housing projects with private beaches. The attraction of the area is proved by the number of Ankara families that have now been going to Didim for two or more generations, and even today you will see many cars with Ankara (06) numberplates in Didim in summertime. Property values are now rising dramatically and the building boom continues as foreign buyers, especially the families of Turks living and working in Europe, follow their lead. The growth of Didim in the 1980s was enhanced with the building of hotels to accommodate visitors, originally from Britain but now from Turkey itself, on cheap package holidays. Since about 2001 British people have begun to buy holiday homes in Didim, establishing themselves as a visible community of many thousands, to the extent that utility bills in the district are now printed in English as well as Turkish. Elsewhere Weekend Guardian Unlimited You will see the Union Jack and other British flags all around Didim, especially in the bars. A Greek reconnaissance force under General Anastasios Papoulas began to move from their base in Bursa in the direction of Eskişehir in early January 1921. The battle began with a Greek assault on the positions of Miralay (Colonel) İsmet Bey (İsmet İnönü)'s troops near the railway station of İnönü on January 9, 1921 and fighting continued until dark. On January 10, Greek Islands division began moving along the Kovalca-Akpınar line, and İzmir division was moving on Yeniköy-Teke-Hayriye direction and additional forces were moving on Söğüt-Gündüzbey line. Additionally Çerkes Ethem turned against the new central government (Grand National Assembly of Turkey#History) in Ankara, refusing to join his forces with the regular army established under the command of İsmet İnönü. Newly reconstituted Turkish army had to put down his rebellion while also fighting the Greek (Greeks)s. ''History of the Ottoman Empire and modern Turkey'', Stanford J. Shaw & Ezel Kural Shaw, Cambridge University Press, 1977, Volume II, ISBN 9780521291668, page 358 Ali Rıza Bey, the mayor of Ağcakışla to which Sivrialan was then affiliated, liked this tale of Veysel very much, and wanted to send the poem to Ankara. Veysel said he himself would like to go and visit the nation's leader Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, and set out for Ankara on foot with his faithful friend İbrahim. These two pure hearts who started their travel on bare foot under tough winter conditions, arrived in Ankara after having trampled down the roads for three months. Veysel was hosted by his hospitable friends for forty five days in Ankara. Although his aim in traveling to Ankara was to present the letter to Atatürk, it was not possible for him to do so. His mother Gülizar says "He felt bitter regret for two things in life: first not having been able to visit the great leader, and second, not being able to join the army...". However, his tale was printed in a printing house named ''Hakimiyeti Milliye'' in Ulus (Ulus, Ankara), and was published in the newspaper for three days. Then, he started to travel around the country and to play and sing everywhere he went to. He was loved, he was respected. '''Musa Kâzım Karabekir''' (1882, Koca Mustafapaşa, Istanbul Elaine Diana Smith, ''Turkey: origins of the Kemalist movement and the government of the Grand National Assembly, 1919–1923'', American University, 1959, p. 171. Stanford Jay Shaw, ''The Ottoman Empire in World War I: Prelude to war'', Turkish Historical Society, 2006, ISBN 9789751618818, p. 119. (Constantinople ''The Encyclopædia Britannica'', Vol.7, Edited by Hugh Chisholm, (1911), 3; ''Constantinople, the capital of the Turkish Empire...'' Britannica, Istanbul:''When the Republic of Turkey was founded in 1923, the capital was moved to Ankara, and Constantinople was officially renamed Istanbul in 1930.'' ) – January 26, 1948, Ankara) was a Turkish general and politician. He was commander of the Eastern Army in the Ottoman Empire at the end of World War I and served as Speaker (List of Speakers of the Parliament of Turkey) of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey before his death. He was designated by the newly formed parliament (Grand National Assembly of Turkey) in Ankara to sign also the friendship agreement Treaty of Kars with the Soviet Union on October 23, 1921. After the defeat of Greek forces in Western Anatolia, the Türkiye Cumhuriyeti (Republic of Turkey) was proclaimed. Kâzım Karabekir Pasha moved to Ankara in October 1922, and continued to serve in the parliament as Deputy of Edirne. He was still the acting commander of the Eastern Army as he was elected Deputy of Istanbul on June 29, 1923. Six months later, he was appointed Inspector of First Army. The parliament awarded him the highest Turkish "Order of Independence" for his meritorious and distinguished service in military and politics during the War of Independence (Turkish War of Independence). He retired from his final military service on October 26, 1924. thumb upright İstiklal Avenue (Image:Istiklal Avenue in Istanbul on 3 June 2007.jpg) in the Beyoğlu district of Istanbul * Ankara: Tunali Hilmi Street, 7th Street (7th Street (Ankara, Turkey)) * Istanbul: Abdi İpekçi Avenue, Bağdat Avenue, İstiklal Avenue The period from the Treaty of Neuilly to the Treaty of Craiova (1919–1940) saw a number of radical changes. Southern Dobruja, home to two-thirds of Bulgaria’s Tatar population, was annexed to Romania. The Tatars found themselves in a state with large Tatar populations around Medgidia, Mangalia and Köstence (Constanţa). On the other hand, the start of this period coincided with a short-lived Tatar nation-state in the Crimea and the constitution of the Turkish secular state. Modern Tatar nationalism embraced Pan-Turkism arid turned to Ankara for support as a result of Kemalist propaganda. This period saw large-scale Tatar emigration to Turkey and the establishment of a circle around the magazine "Emel (Emel (Turkish magazine))" (1929-1930 in Dobrich), which used Pan-Turkic slogans as a cover for the promulgation of Turkish policies. Arguably, this was the beginning of the political Turkification of Tatars (Antonov, 1995). In 2005 the band made an appearance on the main stage of the ‘Rock Istanbul Festival’. In addition, Direc-t performed in many bars in Istanbul such as Line, Kemancı, Life Bar, Bronx, Gitar Bar, Vox, Yeni Melek Gösteri Merkezi (Yeni Melek Show Center), Stüdyo Live and also in other cities such as Ooze Bar (İzmir), Saklıkent (Ankara),Bar Fly (Ankara) and Doors (Eskişehir). The band also appeared as musical guest at various University and High School Festivals (German High School, Ereğli Anatolian High School) all over Turkey. He was born on the 8 February 1980 in Adana. He started his music career in the early days of his youth when he bought his first guitar during high school. He continued his music life by participating at the Milliyet’s Music contest and from where he won the first prize in Turkey for songwriting on 3 songs. Later on he moved to Ankara to continue his studies at the University of Ankara at the department of Spanish language. As he realised that music is the most important thing in his life, he quit the university and moved to Istanbul to become a professional musician. Bilge managed to get a lot of attention with his different music and singing style. During his stay in Istanbul he met with Özgür Peştimalci and they formed the band "Direc-t". "Anything I've done", one of his songs sung with Gülce Duru, has been selected as 2005 a VH1-song of the year December finalist.He has sung on Doga icin cal project a Turkish version of Playing for a change.Also he has made "Arabesque Strings" a Turkish music library album for Muzikotek with Yigit Vural. death_date Commons:Ankara Wikipedia:Ankara Dmoz:Regional Middle East Turkey Provinces Ankara


world time

until he retired in 1952. - bgcolor #DCDCDC Ankara Lebanon, Syrian Arab Republic, Iraq, Jordan & Saudi Arabia url http: www.timetableimages.com ttimages


professional opera

Commons:Ankara Wikipedia:Ankara Dmoz:Regional Middle East Turkey Provinces Ankara


music training

OF DEATH '''Fazıl Say''' (born January 14, 1970), is a Turkish pianist and composer born in Ankara, Turkey. thumb 200px Fazıl Say after a concert during the Schleswig-Holstein Musik Festival SHMF 2011 (File:Fazil Say after a concert in Elmshorn.JPG) Born in 1970 in Ankara, Turkey, Fazıl Say started playing the piano at the age of four. He continued his music training in Ankara State Conservatory as a student of ''Special Status for Highly Talented

rapper for Fun-Da-Mental). Outside of the State of Bengal project, Zaman also worked with British Asian youth groups, setting up music training workshops. Biography at SOB official site In the early years of the republic, Istanbul was overlooked in favor of the country's new capital, Ankara. However, starting from the late 1940s and early 1950s, Istanbul underwent great structural change, as new public squares


important bronze

; and more than 180 bronze "Phrygian fibulae" (ancient safety pins). The wooden furniture (Gordion Furniture and Wooden Artifacts) found in the tomb is especially noteworthy, as wood seldom survives from archaeological contexts: the collection included nine tables, one of them elaborately carved and inlaid, and two ceremonial serving stands inlaid with religious symbols and geometric patterns. Important bronze and wooden artifacts were also found in other tumulus burials at the site

Ankara

'''Ankara''' ( and in 2012 had a population of 4,338,620, with its metropolitan municipality having 4,965,542. Citypopulation.de – Turkey 2011 Türkiye İstatistik Kurumu (TÜİK) – Büyükşehir belediyeleri ve bağlı belediyelerin nüfusları – 2011 Ankara, Turkey: Latitude, Longitude and Altitude

It is the center of the Turkish Government (Politics of Turkey), and an important commercial and industrial city. Located in Central Anatolia, Ankara is an important crossroads of trade, strategically located at the center of Turkey's highway and railway networks, and serves as the marketing center for the surrounding agricultural area. The city is traditionally famed for its long-haired Angora goat and its prized wool (mohair), a unique breed of cat (Angora cat (Turkish Angora)), Angora rabbits and their prized Angora wool, pears, honey, and the region's muscat (muscat (grape and wine)) grapes.

The historical center of Ankara is situated upon a rocky hill, which rises

Ankara is a very old city with various Hittite (Hittites), Phrygian, Hellenistic (Hellenistic civilization), Roman (Roman Empire), Byzantine (Byzantine Empire), and Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) archaeological sites. The hill which overlooks the city is crowned by the ruins of the old castle, which adds to the picturesqueness of the view, but only a few historic structures surrounding the old citadel have survived to the present day. There are, however, many well-preserved remains of Ottoman (Ottoman architecture) and Roman architecture, the most remarkable being the Temple of Augustus and Rome (20 BC) which is also known as the ''Monumentum Ancyranum''.

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