Alqosh

What is Alqosh known for?


fierce battle

. * A second strike by Taymor Lank in 1401 AD. * A fierce battle with the army of Baryak, Baghdad's Pasha, in 1508 AD. * An attack by some Kurdish (Kurdish people) tribes in 1534 AD. * A strike by the Iranian Nader Shah Koli Khan in 1742 AD. * Mosa Pasha, the governor of Amadiya, approached Alqush and put fire to Rabban Hermizd Monastery in 1828 AD. * Mohammed Pasha (Mira Koor), the prince of Rowanduz attacked Alqush. killing, robbing and raping. Those killed among the young members only were around 380 in 1832 AD. * Resoul Beck, Mira Koor's brother, repeated the attack in 1834 AD. * Ismail Pasha of Amadiya in 1842 attacked it and robbed Rabban Hermizd Monastery, detained its head Hanna Jesra together with a number of monks. * Groups of Alqusheans faced the atrocities and aggressions of Klan, one of the heads of Sendiya Tribe, and his mercenaries and killed him in 1876 AD. * Al Sheikh year incident in 1899 where many of Alqusheans immigrated after Haji Agha Al Desooki attacked Alqush and demanded that Alqusheans join him in attacking the Kurdish Mesrouie tribes. * In 1903 AD, the youth of the colony steadfastly to repeal the aggressions launched by Khalid Agha Al Zaydki till they captured and imprisoned him together with his men in shear humiliation. * In 1905 AD. they revenged the murder of Segha Khosho by the Kurdish Horman Tribe who came to Alqush to purchase wheat. The Alqusheans killed four whose tombs remained in the houses of Alqush till recently. * In the same year, they defeated sixty armed Kurds of the Zedkiya Tribe who wanted to take kickbacks. * In 1919 AD, they followed the children of some Arab tribes and forced them to leave the sheep they stole earlier. * In 1924 AD, they revenged from the Tohla Tribe of Mosul that murdered Yousif Oudo in the Plains of Alqush. They killed two of the aggressors. * The attack carried by Farouq Beck in 1969, the younger brother of the Yezidis, was defeated. thumb 250px Old Farming Methods in Alqosh (Image:Iraqvillagealqosh9.JPG) Besides all these incidents, a number of natural catastrophes forced hundreds of families to immigrate due to hunger and disease: * In 1572, Alqush suffered diseases and famine. * In 1596, Cholera spread among the inhabitants; as a result, 700 died. Priest Israel Shkwana described this tragedy in a poem written in 1611. * In 1711, hunger and high cost of living returned. * In 1757, the grasshopper year, known as the grasshopper year due to the destruction this bug insect inflicted on the agricultural crops. It is reported that the flocks of grasshoppers blocked the sun's light during the day's peak time. * In 1778, plague attacked Alqush and killed many of its people. * In 1842, cholera again arrived and eliminated hundreds of Alqusheans of various ages. * Between 1866 and 1869, another wave of hunger and high cost of living dominated the place. * In 1880 extreme high prices appeared. * In 1906, a well-known agricultural insect, the alsouna, inflicted heavy comprehensive damages to the agricultural crops. * Between 1907 and 1908, alsouna appeared again to damage flour crops. * Between 1917 and 1918, World War One caused extreme high prices. * In 2014, the fighters associated with the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) or Islamic State (Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant) (IS) came close to Alqosh. Almost all of the people fled Alqosh; however, many men and youths did not leave Alqosh due to a desire to protect their town. The Islamic state did not manage to take the town, and in return many people have came back. As a result of these painful incidents, many families left for Karamles, Tel Keppe, Bartella, Mosul, Baghdad, and some left for Syria, Jordan, and Lebanon and established themselves in those regions. Demographics thumb 250px Party in Alqosh (File:Iraqvillagealqosh10.JPG) Many have immigrated outside of the country in huge numbers since the 1970s. It is estimated that at least 40,000 "Alqushnaye" immigrants and their 2nd and 3rd generations now live in the cities of Detroit, Michigan and San Diego, California. In February 2010, The attacks against Assyrians in Mosul forced 4,300 Assyrians to flea from Mosul to the Nineveh plains where there is an Assyrian majority population. A report by the United Nations stated that 504 Assyrians at once migrated to Alqosh. Many Assyrians from Mosul and Baghdad since the post-2003 Iraq war have fled to Alqosh for safety. There is no actual official census for Alqosh, but many estimate the population between 2,500 - 20,180. speak Syriac , a dialect of Aramaic, the ancient language spoken by Jesus of Nazareth. The popular clothing for men is identical to that of the Kurdish (Kurdish people) peoples. It is believed that the men of Alqush adopted this clothing at the end of the nineteenth century as they gradually abandoned their historic clothing which was long pants and "zaboon". Instead of the turban, they would throw braids. Their features and clothing brings them close to their Assyrian practices. As for women, their clothing originality extends to the history of Mesopotamia. Some signs of the Hatra's kingdom clearly appear in the ''posheya'' (Assyrian headscarf) that adorns the head and in the Mazer worn by the women. The Assyrian signs in the Alqushian female would appear in the long braids made of wool that extend to her ankle after connecting it to the woman's original braids. The Alqushean women exaggerated wearing golden and silver ornaments around their neck and ear and in her Poosheya that used to cover her head, that was decorated with colorful beads. The forehead was surrounded with a golden belt that skirts this ''posheya'' front the front side whereas black strings dangle from both sides. The skirted part of various colors and decorations would cover the woman's body from the front after it hangs from the shoulder to extend to the two knees. Cultural and religious situation thumb 250px Traditional Christian Ceremony of "Oshaana" (File:Iraqvillagealqosh7.JPG) thumb 250px Traditional Ceremony During Christmas (File:Iraqvillagealqosh8.JPG) Though Roman Catholicism is usually assumed with the inhabitants of Alqush, there is a higher number of Atheists, most of them affiliated with the Iraqi Communist Party in the 1950s which grew as an opposition to the Ba'ath Party. Alqush, like so many other Iraqi cities which depended on its own economy and resources, had a high percentage of illiteracy, but that does not prevent having a long standing educational movement represented by Mar Mikha Al Nuhedri School at the beginning of the fifth century. The efforts of priests and deacons who stressed teaching the Aramaic language and its literature and many of them left their writings. Some of those names are: * Qasha Attaya AlMeqdesi in 1517, a writer and a great calligrapher. * Qasha Hermizd Alqushi, writer and poet in Aramaic, lived in mid-sixteenth century till the dawn of the seventeenth. * Qasha Israel Alqushi, writer and poet in Aramaic, founder of writers and calligraphers school, 1541-1611. * Qasha Yosip Qasha Keryakoos- writer and poet, probably in the same era as Israel. * Qasha Georgis Alqushi, talented in Aramaic. * Qasha Yelda, son of Reverend Aabid Yeshoaa, writer and literary figure in Aramaic during the eighteenth century. * Qasha Israel, son of Reverend Shemaa’on son of Reverend Israel, known as the Israel junior, writer and poet, lived in the eighteenth century. A number of Alqushean men have their names planted in the conscious of the people of Alqush among them are: * Yosip Rayes (Kozlah) * Toma Tomas, a freedom fighter After World War I and after establishing the kingdom rule in Iraq, the first elementary school was founded. The school taught topics in Arabic till the fourth grade and it gradually improved to offer six-year education. The Alqushean graduates of the elementary school were forced to pursue their education for the intermediate and secondary school in Baghdad, Mosul, Dehuk, and even Telkeppeh. After the national revolution of 1958, the first intermediate school in Alqush was established. Currently, Alqush houses the following schools: * Alqush Official Kindergarten * Alqush First Elementary School for Boys * Alqush Elementary School for Girls * Alqush Second Elementary School for Boys * Alqush Secondary School for Boys (Intermediate and secondary) * Alqush Secondary for Girls * Commerce Secondary School The residents of Alqush are Assyrians belonging to the Chaldean Catholic Church. Alqosh of course also houses many individuals who adhere to their own philosophies. thumb 250px Rabban Hermizd Monastery (Image:Iraqvillagealqosh13.JPG) Alqush was a Patriarch center for this church for many centuries. A number of Alqusheans became Patriarchs themselves when it became hereditary in Abouna's family (Aamokka). Eleven Patriarchs consecutively were from this family to head the Church of East. Their tombs are still in Rabban Hermizd Monastery: * Mar Shemaa’on VI, 1504–1538 * Mar Shemaa’on VII Bermama, 1538–1551 * Mar Shemaa’on the eighth Denkha, 1551–1558 * Mar Elia VI, 1558–1576 * Mar Elia VII, 1576–1591 * Mar Elia VIII, 1591–1617 * Mar Elia IX Shemaa’on, 1617–1660 * Mar Elia X Youhana Merojean, 1660–1700 * Mar Elia XI Merojean, 1700–1722 * Mar Elia XII Denkha, 1722–1778 * Mar Elia XIII Esho Eyaab, 1778–1804 Also, Alqush is honored with another 5 of her sons to head the Chaldean Catholic Church as Patriarchs: * Mar Shimun VIII Yohannan Sulaqa, founder of the Chaldean Catholic Church in 1552. * Mar Yohannan VIII (Eliya) Hormizd (Yohannan Hormizd), 1830-1838 (from Abouna family as well). He transferred the Patriarch's headquarter to Mosul. * Mar Yosip O’doo (Joseph Audo), 1848-1878. * Mar Yosip Emmanuael Tomika (Yousef VI Emmanuel II Thomas), 1900-1947. * Mar Paulus Chiekho (Paul II Cheikho), 1958-1989. Economy thumb 250px Traditional Clothing for Women in Alqosh (File:Iraqvillagealqosh11.JPG) Most of Alqosh inhabitants practiced dry agriculture since ancient and rely on the fertile plains to the south, growing agricultural products like grain, wheat, beans and in the summer products such as cantaloupe and cucumber. Farmers followed old non-technological methods in their farming for several centuries, and their livelihood was always threatened due to nature's betrayal in situations of drought or plant epidemics such as soona and grasshoppers. Towards the beginning of the sixties, Alqosh was introduced to modern agricultural machinery such as tractors, harvester-threshers (reapers), along with new methods of treating and curing plant epidemics. However, irrigation are still a problem in the area, and farming still relies on rain. Currently, many farms now belong to the government and are deputized to their owners to use them, as most were taken during Saddams control. Besides farmlands, other agriculture also occurs in grape vineyards. grapevines spread all over the village and produce various types of grapes, among which are the black grapes that are well known in northern Iraq. Many of those who know about Alqosh's history believe that there were over two hundred vineyards in the village. Below are names of some of these vineyards: Kerrmanneh D’Deyrra, Kerrma D’Rrheyqah, Kerrma D’Be Jemma, Kerrma D’Be Jaoroo, Kerrma D’Be Jejoo Rayes, Kerrma D’Be Sadeq Rayes, Kerrma D’Be Houbentta, Kerrma D’Be Zorra, Kerrma D’Be Ptooza, Kerrma D’Be Qoodda, Kerrma D’Be Peeyous Chiekho, Kerrma D’Be Mogeena Zorri, Kerrma D’Be Tayzee, Kerma D’ Reysha, Kerma D’Be Kottrra, Kerma D’Be Selow Be Dayy, Kerma D’Be Sayddah, Kerma D’Be Yaqou Gorjee, Kerma D’Be Mercous Pouleth, Kerma D’Be Shemaa’on, Kerma D’Be Benna, Kerma D’Be Yako Zorra etc. thumb 250px (Image:Iraqvillagealqosh14.JPG) Up until recently, Alqush enjoyed being an important trade center for the various Kurdish (Kurdish people), Yezidi, and Arab villages in the region and it houses an large market that receiving agricultural and animal products from across the region. Its market has many stores and shops containing all types of commodities for shoppers. Many local specialists manufacture goods sold and used by residents in the city and surrounding areas: * Shoe making * Carpentry – making agricultural tools such as sickles * Smithery * Making packsaddle for mules and donkeys * Knitting – needle work * Dying – dying local yarns * Tailoring – tailoring the clothes of the region using local or imported fabric * Tinsmithery – whitening kitchen utensils that were made of tin in the past * Jewelry making silver and golden ornaments * Sesame mills to produce Tahiniyi (Metthanat Bet Yaldkou, Metthanat Bet Khoubear, Metthanat Bet Bejee) * Prepare annual ration from wheat such as Bulgur (crushed wheat), Granule, and Grits. The important tools used for this purpose are Denng, granulating machine, and Reshda making machine. thumb 250px (Image:Iraqvillagealqosh15.JPG) In addition to that, the residents of Alqush raised cattle, sheep, and bees. It is important to note that Alqush has no river, it once relied on spring and well water, but It also has ravines with water from the mountains. Some of these water wells and water fountains are: * Aaynna Mehalat or quarter Sainna – the old fountainhead (Aaynna Aateqtta) * Keshffah – it was in Mehalat or quarter Sainna previously * Aaynna Mehalat or quarter Qasha * Aaynna Albaladiya – used to be in Hamietha area * Aaynna Al Zeqayee – a very old fountainhead that used to be in Mehalat or quarter Qasha on Aaynna Zeqyaa valley. It was filled up with earth more than two centuries ago after an Alqushean girl from Shekwana family was killed there by the Persians. Following are some of the wells: * In Mehalat or quarter Qasha: Shushani, Kakka, Ballo, Ramo, Khubeir, Shekwana, Berno, Rayyes * In Mehalat or quarter Khteytha: Khabeen, Ghazala, Khesrou, Cholagh, Jaji, Kherou, Shahara, Khoushou, Shmoona, Semaa’n, Sheaa’ya Babee, Ballo, Goula, Matti, Naim, Chenou. * In Mehalat or quarter Sena: Odisho, Zora, Kchoucha, Toma, Qenaya, Kina, Yeldkoo, Sipo, Goharah. Many influential and wealthy families in Alqosh are the Raies, Koja, Boudagh, Shikwana, Shahara, Zoree, Tomas, Aboona, Shushani, Kakka, Khubeir, and Tomika. Some remnants of these families remain in Alqosh, but many have established themselves elsewhere. Modern Services In 2009, the Assyrian Democratic Movement installed a new sewage system for the town. In late 2011 CSAPC supported an Electricity tower for the town, which is now fully installed for the people. In 2012 September the KRG carried out large scale projects in the town worth 12.5 Billion Dinars. The length of the Hungarian-stretch of the mountainside go far north of Alqosh all the way to the south, into the street leading to the industrial district leading to 1500 meters of the stretch. The basic purpose of the projects is to maintain Alqosh of environmental pollution, which will collect water cleaning, washing, and rain in the winter in one channel to serve the latter outside Alqosh away from the population in addition to getting rid of the negative effects of heavy rains in the winter, which before washed away soil and rocks into the streets of Alqosh. See also ''. He was born on August 8, 1852 in Alqosh, studied in the Ghazir Seminary in Beirut and was ordained priest on July 10, 1879. On July 24, 1892 he was ordained Bishop of Seert, now in Turkey, by patriarch Eliya Abulyonan Eliya XIV XIII Abulyonan . He was appointed Patriarch of the Chaldean Church on the July 9, 1900 and confirmed by the Holy See on December 17 of the same year. He served as patriarch till his death on July 21, 1947. He replaced Patriarch Audishu V Khayyath † and was followed by Yousef VII Ghanima †. Summary An Alqoshnaya farmer in the Iraqi town of Alqosh, in the Ninewa region. Tel Isqof was subject to many attacks by the Mongol barbarians, the worst among them was the massacre of 1436 when they attacked her, killing thousands of its inhabitants and burning its crops and churches forcing the rest of the inhabitants to flee to the mountains. In 1508 Tel Isqof was attacked again by the Mongols, just as they attacked Tel Keppe, Alqosh and the Monastery of Rabban Hormizd (Rabban Hormizd Monastery). Tel Isqof was also attacked by the army of Nader Shah in 1743 during his march on Mosul. The main language spoken is the Nineveh Plains variant of Syriac, Which is almost identical to that spoken in other major Assyrian towns in the region, Like Alqosh and Tel Kepe. Arabic is also used as a second language. English (English language) is widely understood by younger generations. thumb 250ppx A family picnic in Dashqotan (Image:Iraqvillagedashqotan3.JPG) '''Dashqotan''' (Syriac (Syriac language): '''ܕܫܩܘܬܢ''') is a small Assyrian village located in northern Iraq, about 40 kilometers north of Mosul and 15 kilometers east of Alqosh. Dashqotan is bordered by four Assyrian villages: Aenbaqre, Karanjok, Perozawa and Germawe. - !Alqosh !! 504 !! Karamlesh !! 132 - The Assyrians relate that, in the 1830s, the governor of Rawandiz, nicknamed "Merkor", was known for his hatred of the Christian Assyrians. In 1833, he attacked the unarmed Assyrian towns of Tel Keppe and Elqosh (Alqosh) and killed thousands of their inhabitants, kidnapping the women and children, and setting fire to the towns. This "Merkor" is almost certainly Mir Muhammad, then ruler of the Soran Emirate


504

40,000 "Alqushnaye" immigrants and their 2nd and 3rd generations now live in the cities of Detroit, Michigan and San Diego, California. In February 2010, The attacks against Assyrians in Mosul forced 4,300 Assyrians to flea from Mosul to the Nineveh plains where there is an Assyrian majority population. A report by the United Nations stated that 504 Assyrians at once migrated to Alqosh. Many Assyrians from Mosul and Baghdad since the post-2003 Iraq war have fled

: '''ܕܫܩܘܬܢ''') is a small Assyrian village located in northern Iraq, about 40 kilometers north of Mosul and 15 kilometers east of Alqosh. Dashqotan is bordered by four Assyrian villages: Aenbaqre, Karanjok, Perozawa and Germawe. - !Alqosh !! 504 !! Karamlesh !! 132 - The Assyrians relate that, in the 1830s, the governor of Rawandiz, nicknamed "Merkor", was known for his hatred of the Christian Assyrians. In 1833, he attacked the unarmed Assyrian


small high

orchards and farms. * Towards the plain side opposite to this site, is Virgin Mary's Monastery (Guardian of the Plants), which was built in 1856 AD. It is a huge monastery where the friar life still exists. * Galeeya Dnerba D’Deyoeh (erroneously pronounced as Neer D’Dayoeh), the Devil Valley, located to the east of Rabban Hermizd Monastery. * Gu’ppetha D’Hllwi (D’Hllabi), a place for milking sheep. * Gu’ppetha D’Rrabi Rabba, the small High Priest (Teacher) Cave. Prophet Nahum and Alqosh


written literary

of Neo-Syriac was the seventeenth century literature of the School of Alqosh, in northern Iraq. This literature led to the establishment of Chaldean Neo-Aramaic as a written literary language. In the nineteenth century, printing presses were established in Urmia, in northern Iran. This led to the establishment of the 'General Urmian' dialect of Assyrian Neo-Aramaic as the standard in much Neo-Syriac literature. The comparative ease of modern publishing methods has encouraged other colloquial Neo-Aramaic languages, like Turoyo (Turoyo language) and Senaya (Senaya language), to begin to produce literature. Composition in the classical Syriac language still continues, especially among members of the Syriac Orthodox Church, where students in the church's monasteries are taught living, spoken Syriac, or '' ''. He was born on August 8, 1852 in Alqosh, studied in the Ghazir Seminary in Beirut and was ordained priest on July 10, 1879. On July 24, 1892 he was ordained Bishop of Seert, now in Turkey, by patriarch Eliya Abulyonan Eliya XIV XIII Abulyonan . He was appointed Patriarch of the Chaldean Church on the July 9, 1900 and confirmed by the Holy See on December 17 of the same year. He served as patriarch till his death on July 21, 1947. He replaced Patriarch Audishu V Khayyath † and was followed by Yousef VII Ghanima †. Summary An Alqoshnaya farmer in the Iraqi town of Alqosh, in the Ninewa region. Tel Isqof was subject to many attacks by the Mongol barbarians, the worst among them was the massacre of 1436 when they attacked her, killing thousands of its inhabitants and burning its crops and churches forcing the rest of the inhabitants to flee to the mountains. In 1508 Tel Isqof was attacked again by the Mongols, just as they attacked Tel Keppe, Alqosh and the Monastery of Rabban Hormizd (Rabban Hormizd Monastery). Tel Isqof was also attacked by the army of Nader Shah in 1743 during his march on Mosul. The main language spoken is the Nineveh Plains variant of Syriac, Which is almost identical to that spoken in other major Assyrian towns in the region, Like Alqosh and Tel Kepe. Arabic is also used as a second language. English (English language) is widely understood by younger generations. thumb 250ppx A family picnic in Dashqotan (Image:Iraqvillagedashqotan3.JPG) '''Dashqotan''' (Syriac (Syriac language): '''ܕܫܩܘܬܢ''') is a small Assyrian village located in northern Iraq, about 40 kilometers north of Mosul and 15 kilometers east of Alqosh. Dashqotan is bordered by four Assyrian villages: Aenbaqre, Karanjok, Perozawa and Germawe. - !Alqosh !! 504 !! Karamlesh !! 132 - The Assyrians relate that, in the 1830s, the governor of Rawandiz, nicknamed "Merkor", was known for his hatred of the Christian Assyrians. In 1833, he attacked the unarmed Assyrian towns of Tel Keppe and Elqosh (Alqosh) and killed thousands of their inhabitants, kidnapping the women and children, and setting fire to the towns. This "Merkor" is almost certainly Mir Muhammad, then ruler of the Soran Emirate


366

of America, Vol. 3, 2003 p. 366. With the reign of Patriarch Yohannan Hormizd, the Eliya Line in Alqosh entered in Communion with Rome, merging with the Catholic "Josephite" Amid line and thus forming the modern Chaldean Church. In 1830, Yohannan Hormizd was recognised by the Vatican as patriarch of Babylon of the Chaldeans and moved the see (Episcopal see) in Mosul. This event marked the birth of the modern Chaldean Catholic Church. For the following

. 366. Dialects Chaldean Neo-Aramaic is the Soureth language of the Plain of Mosul and Iraqi Kurdistan. It has a number of identifiable dialects, each corresponding to one of the villages where the language is spoken. The village dialects are: Alqosh, Aqrah, Mangesh, Tel Keipeh (Tel Kaif), Baghdeda (Bakhdida), Tel Skuf, Baqofah, Batnaya, Bartella, Sirnak-Cizre (Bohtan), Araden and Dahuk (Duhok, Iraq). Because of its historical importance


modern+publishing

of Neo-Syriac was the seventeenth century literature of the School of Alqosh, in northern Iraq. This literature led to the establishment of Chaldean Neo-Aramaic as a written literary language. In the nineteenth century, printing presses were established in Urmia, in northern Iran. This led to the establishment of the 'General Urmian' dialect of Assyrian Neo-Aramaic as the standard in much Neo-Syriac literature. The comparative ease of modern publishing methods has


contemporary nature

up to the tip of its plateau. They share similar decorations with all other colonies within the Nineveh plains, except for the construction that recently swamped its borders, especially in the southern part of the colony to reflect the contemporary nature of building applications in the form of cement, bricks and other materials. A number of sites remain important to ''Alqoshnayes''. * Gu’ppa D’Mmaya (Water Cave) to the north. * Gu’ppa Ssmoqa (Red Cave) to the north. * Gu’ppetha D’Toomin


year education

topics in Arabic till the fourth grade and it gradually improved to offer six-year education. The Alqushean graduates of the elementary school were forced to pursue their education for the intermediate and secondary school in Baghdad, Mosul, Dehuk, and even Telkeppeh. After the national revolution of 1958, the first intermediate school in Alqush was established. Currently, Alqush houses the following schools: * Alqush Official Kindergarten * Alqush First Elementary School for Boys * Alqush


summer products

. * Mar Yosip Emmanuael Tomika (Yousef VI Emmanuel II Thomas), 1900-1947. * Mar Paulus Chiekho (Paul II Cheikho), 1958-1989. Economy thumb 250px Traditional Clothing for Women in Alqosh (File:Iraqvillagealqosh11.JPG) Most of Alqosh inhabitants practiced dry agriculture since ancient and rely on the fertile plains to the south, growing agricultural products like grain, wheat, beans and in the summer products such as cantaloupe and cucumber. Farmers followed old non-technological methods in their farming for several centuries, and their livelihood was always threatened due to nature's betrayal in situations of drought or plant epidemics such as soona and grasshoppers. Towards the beginning of the sixties, Alqosh was introduced to modern agricultural machinery such as tractors, harvester-threshers (reapers), along with new methods of treating and curing plant epidemics. However, irrigation are still a problem in the area, and farming still relies on rain. Currently, many farms now belong to the government and are deputized to their owners to use them, as most were taken during Saddams control. Besides farmlands, other agriculture also occurs in grape vineyards. grapevines spread all over the village and produce various types of grapes, among which are the black grapes that are well known in northern Iraq. Many of those who know about Alqosh's history believe that there were over two hundred vineyards in the village. Below are names of some of these vineyards: Kerrmanneh D’Deyrra, Kerrma D’Rrheyqah, Kerrma D’Be Jemma, Kerrma D’Be Jaoroo, Kerrma D’Be Jejoo Rayes, Kerrma D’Be Sadeq Rayes, Kerrma D’Be Houbentta, Kerrma D’Be Zorra, Kerrma D’Be Ptooza, Kerrma D’Be Qoodda, Kerrma D’Be Peeyous Chiekho, Kerrma D’Be Mogeena Zorri, Kerrma D’Be Tayzee, Kerma D’ Reysha, Kerma D’Be Kottrra, Kerma D’Be Selow Be Dayy, Kerma D’Be Sayddah, Kerma D’Be Yaqou Gorjee, Kerma D’Be Mercous Pouleth, Kerma D’Be Shemaa’on, Kerma D’Be Benna, Kerma D’Be Yako Zorra etc. thumb 250px (Image:Iraqvillagealqosh14.JPG) Up until recently, Alqush enjoyed being an important trade center for the various Kurdish (Kurdish people), Yezidi, and Arab villages in the region and it houses an large market that receiving agricultural and animal products from across the region. Its market has many stores and shops containing all types of commodities for shoppers. Many local specialists manufacture goods sold and used by residents in the city and surrounding areas: * Shoe making * Carpentry – making agricultural tools such as sickles * Smithery * Making packsaddle for mules and donkeys * Knitting – needle work * Dying – dying local yarns * Tailoring – tailoring the clothes of the region using local or imported fabric * Tinsmithery – whitening kitchen utensils that were made of tin in the past * Jewelry making silver and golden ornaments * Sesame mills to produce Tahiniyi (Metthanat Bet Yaldkou, Metthanat Bet Khoubear, Metthanat Bet Bejee) * Prepare annual ration from wheat such as Bulgur (crushed wheat), Granule, and Grits. The important tools used for this purpose are Denng, granulating machine, and Reshda making machine. thumb 250px (Image:Iraqvillagealqosh15.JPG) In addition to that, the residents of Alqush raised cattle, sheep, and bees. It is important to note that Alqush has no river, it once relied on spring and well water, but It also has ravines with water from the mountains. Some of these water wells and water fountains are: * Aaynna Mehalat or quarter Sainna – the old fountainhead (Aaynna Aateqtta) * Keshffah – it was in Mehalat or quarter Sainna previously * Aaynna Mehalat or quarter Qasha * Aaynna Albaladiya – used to be in Hamietha area * Aaynna Al Zeqayee – a very old fountainhead that used to be in Mehalat or quarter Qasha on Aaynna Zeqyaa valley. It was filled up with earth more than two centuries ago after an Alqushean girl from Shekwana family was killed there by the Persians. Following are some of the wells: * In Mehalat or quarter Qasha: Shushani, Kakka, Ballo, Ramo, Khubeir, Shekwana, Berno, Rayyes * In Mehalat or quarter Khteytha: Khabeen, Ghazala, Khesrou, Cholagh, Jaji, Kherou, Shahara, Khoushou, Shmoona, Semaa’n, Sheaa’ya Babee, Ballo, Goula, Matti, Naim, Chenou. * In Mehalat or quarter Sena: Odisho, Zora, Kchoucha, Toma, Qenaya, Kina, Yeldkoo, Sipo, Goharah. Many influential and wealthy families in Alqosh are the Raies, Koja, Boudagh, Shikwana, Shahara, Zoree, Tomas, Aboona, Shushani, Kakka, Khubeir, and Tomika. Some remnants of these families remain in Alqosh, but many have established themselves elsewhere. Modern Services In 2009, the Assyrian Democratic Movement installed a new sewage system for the town. In late 2011 CSAPC supported an Electricity tower for the town, which is now fully installed for the people. In 2012 September the KRG carried out large scale projects in the town worth 12.5 Billion Dinars. The length of the Hungarian-stretch of the mountainside go far north of Alqosh all the way to the south, into the street leading to the industrial district leading to 1500 meters of the stretch. The basic purpose of the projects is to maintain Alqosh of environmental pollution, which will collect water cleaning, washing, and rain in the winter in one channel to serve the latter outside Alqosh away from the population in addition to getting rid of the negative effects of heavy rains in the winter, which before washed away soil and rocks into the streets of Alqosh. See also ''. He was born on August 8, 1852 in Alqosh, studied in the Ghazir Seminary in Beirut and was ordained priest on July 10, 1879. On July 24, 1892 he was ordained Bishop of Seert, now in Turkey, by patriarch Eliya Abulyonan Eliya XIV XIII Abulyonan . He was appointed Patriarch of the Chaldean Church on the July 9, 1900 and confirmed by the Holy See on December 17 of the same year. He served as patriarch till his death on July 21, 1947. He replaced Patriarch Audishu V Khayyath † and was followed by Yousef VII Ghanima †. Summary An Alqoshnaya farmer in the Iraqi town of Alqosh, in the Ninewa region. Tel Isqof was subject to many attacks by the Mongol barbarians, the worst among them was the massacre of 1436 when they attacked her, killing thousands of its inhabitants and burning its crops and churches forcing the rest of the inhabitants to flee to the mountains. In 1508 Tel Isqof was attacked again by the Mongols, just as they attacked Tel Keppe, Alqosh and the Monastery of Rabban Hormizd (Rabban Hormizd Monastery). Tel Isqof was also attacked by the army of Nader Shah in 1743 during his march on Mosul. The main language spoken is the Nineveh Plains variant of Syriac, Which is almost identical to that spoken in other major Assyrian towns in the region, Like Alqosh and Tel Kepe. Arabic is also used as a second language. English (English language) is widely understood by younger generations. thumb 250ppx A family picnic in Dashqotan (Image:Iraqvillagedashqotan3.JPG) '''Dashqotan''' (Syriac (Syriac language): '''ܕܫܩܘܬܢ''') is a small Assyrian village located in northern Iraq, about 40 kilometers north of Mosul and 15 kilometers east of Alqosh. Dashqotan is bordered by four Assyrian villages: Aenbaqre, Karanjok, Perozawa and Germawe. - !Alqosh !! 504 !! Karamlesh !! 132 - The Assyrians relate that, in the 1830s, the governor of Rawandiz, nicknamed "Merkor", was known for his hatred of the Christian Assyrians. In 1833, he attacked the unarmed Assyrian towns of Tel Keppe and Elqosh (Alqosh) and killed thousands of their inhabitants, kidnapping the women and children, and setting fire to the towns. This "Merkor" is almost certainly Mir Muhammad, then ruler of the Soran Emirate


growing agricultural

. * Mar Yosip Emmanuael Tomika (Yousef VI Emmanuel II Thomas), 1900-1947. * Mar Paulus Chiekho (Paul II Cheikho), 1958-1989. Economy thumb 250px Traditional Clothing for Women in Alqosh (File:Iraqvillagealqosh11.JPG) Most of Alqosh inhabitants practiced dry agriculture since ancient and rely on the fertile plains to the south, growing agricultural products like grain, wheat, beans and in the summer products such as cantaloupe and cucumber. Farmers followed old non-technological methods

Alqosh

'''Alqōsh''' , ) is an Assyrian (Assyrian people) town in northern Iraq. It is located (50 km) north of Mosul. The name Alqosh (or Elqosh) is derived from an Akkadian (Akkadian language) name Eil-Kushtu, where "Eil" means God and "Kushtu" means righteousness or power. Therefore, Elqosh, or as casually pronounced Alqosh, means "The God of Righteousness" or "The God of Power".

Alqush has adorned the Bayhidhra mountains for more than twenty five centuries. The town glowingly reigns over Nineveh's northern plateau known for its fertile soil and extends southward across the other Assyrian towns, such as, Telassqopa (Tel Skuf), Baqofah, Sharafiya, Batnaya, and Tel Keppe.

Alqush traces its history back into the ancient Assyrian empire and perhaps even further. The earliest mentioning of Alqosh appears in Sennacherib's era 750 BC as evidenced by the mural inside Sennacherib's palace that was discovered in Tel Kuyunjik Qüyüjik (Sheep Hill in Turkoman) in Mosul. Behind this mural, the phrase "This rock was brought from Alqosh’s Mountain" is carved.

Alqosh is divided into four quarters: Sainna quarter to the west, Qasha quarter to the east, O’do quarter to the north, and Khatetha quarter to the south.

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