What is Alexandria known for?

ancient family

by two religious experts. One of the experts was one of the Eumolpidae, the ancient family from whose members the hierophant of the Eleusinian Mysteries had been chosen since before history, and the other was the scholarly Egyptian priest Manetho, which gave weight to the judgement both for the Egyptians and the Greeks. '''Buto''' ( , ''Boutos

was of the Eumolpidae, the ancient family from whose members the hierophant of the Eleusinian Mysteries had been chosen since before history, and the other was the scholarly Egyptian priest Manetho, which gave weight to the judgement both for the Egyptians and the Greeks. With his (i.e. Osiris's) wife Isis, and their son Horus (in the form of Harpocrates), Serapis won an important place in the Greek world, In his ''Description of Greece'', Pausanias notes two

brilliant campaign

to Philopappos in Athens. Egypt Friant commanded the 2nd Brigade (61e and 88e Ligne) of General Desaix (Louis Desaix)'s division in Egypt, taking part in the Battle of the Pyramids (21 July 1798), and in Desaix's brilliant campaign in Upper Egypt. He was provisionally promoted to Général de Division on 4 September 1799, and succeeded Desaix as commander in Upper Egypt after Desaix departed to play his decisive but fatal part in the Italian_campaigns_of_the_French_Revolutionary_Wars

life early

wandering healer and seer. Theseus visited the Hyperboreans, and Pindar transferred Perseus (Perseus (mythology))'s encounter with Medusa there from its traditional site in Libya, to the dissatisfaction of his Alexandrian editors (Alexandria). Perseus (Perseus (mythology)): Lin Carter, "Behind the North Wind" Egyptian campaign After the retreat to the Rhine, he again declined a chief command, he withdrew into private life early in 1798. He


;), and by the Ethiopians generally. His fine presence (he was 6 foot 4 inches high), his knowledge of Ge'ez, his excellence in sports, his courage, resource and self-esteem, all told in his favor among a people who were in general distrustful of all foreigners. He stayed in Ethiopia for two years, gaining knowledge which enabled him subsequently to present a perfect picture of Ethiopian life. After Turkey became a German (Germany) ally, the 1st Division was sent to Egypt to defend the Suez Canal. Jacka and his battalion arrived at Alexandria on 31 January 1915. During ten weeks of training south of Cairo the 4th Brigade was merged with two New Zealand brigades and merged with the 1st Light Horse Brigade to form the New Zealand and Australian Division (NZ&A) under Major General Alexander Godley. The expedition started at Santarém (Santarém, Portugal), on 7 May 1487. Covilhã and Paiva were provided with a letter of credence for all the countries of the world and with a map for navigating, taken from the map of the world and compiled by Bishop Diogo, and doctors Rodrigo and Moisés. The first two of these were prominent members of the commission which advised the Portuguese government to reject the proposals of Christopher Columbus. The explorers started from Santarém (Santarém, Portugal) and travelled by Barcelona to Naples, where their bills of exchange were paid by the sons of Cosimo de' Medici; from there they went to Rhodes, where they stayed with two other Portuguese, and so to Alexandria and Cairo, where they posed as merchants. * Albert Einstein (Sep 2004 ( September 2004#Albert Einstein)) *Alexandria (Oct 2004 ( October 2004#Alexandria)) *Alfred Thompson Denning (May 2004 ( May 2004#Alfred Thompson Denning)) It is not clear how much these interactions may have been influential, but some authors have commented that some level of syncretism between Hellenist thought and Buddhism may have started in Hellenic lands at that time. They have pointed to the presence of Buddhist communities in the Hellenistic world around that period, in particular in Alexandria (mentioned by Clement of Alexandria), and to the pre-Christian monastic order of the Therapeutae (possibly a deformation of the Pāli word "Theravāda (Theravada)" According to the linguist Zacharias P. Thundy ), who may have "almost entirely drawn (its) inspiration from the teaching and practices of Buddhist asceticism" "Zen living", Robert Linssen and may even have been descendants of Aśoka's emissaries to the West. "The Original Jesus" (Element Books, Shaftesbury, 1995), Elmar R Gruber, Holger Kersten The philosopher Hegesias of Cyrene, from the city of Cyrene (Cyrene, Libya) where Magas of Cyrene ruled, is sometimes thought to have been influenced by the teachings of Aśoka's Buddhist missionaries. "The philosopher Hegesias of Cyrene (nicknamed ''Peisithanatos'', "The advocate of death") was a contemporary of Magas and was probably influenced by the teachings of the Buddhist missionaries to Cyrene and Alexandria. His influence was such that he was ultimately prohibited from teaching." Jean-Marie Lafont, Inalco in "Les Dossiers d'Archéologie", No254, p.78 Wikipedia:Alexandria Dmoz:Regional Africa Egypt Localities Alexandria commons:الإسكندرية


royal power. As the opening phase of Operation Catapult, the French squadron at Alexandria in Egypt was dealt with via negotiations. This proved possible primarily because the two commanders—Admirals René-Emile Godfroy and Andrew Cunningham (Andrew Browne Cunningham, 1st Viscount Cunningham of Hyndhope)—were on good personal terms. In contrast, a British ultimatum to place the bulk of the remainder of the French fleet out of German reach was refused. The fleet was located at Mers-el-Kebir in Algeria and on 3 July 1940 it was largely destroyed by bombardment (Destruction of the French Fleet at Mers-el-Kebir) by the British "Force H" from Gibraltar (Admiral James Somerville (James Somerville (admiral))). The Vichy French government broke off all ties with the British as a result of this attack and the Vichy French Air Force (''Armée de l'Air de Vichy'') even raided British installations at Gibraltar (Military history of Gibraltar during World War II). Creation and characteristics The ''Gemma Augustea'' is a low-relief cameo gem cut from a double-layered Arabian onyx stone. Other approximately contemporaneous and comparably grand cut sardonyx objects of Imperial quality produced by gemcutters of the Alexandrian school include the Tazza Farnese (Farnese Cup) and the Grand Camée de France (Great Cameo of France). One layer is white, while the other is bluish-brown. The painstaking method by which the stone was cut allowed minute detail with sharp contrast between the images and background, also allowing for a great deal of shadow play. The size of the gem also made for easier manipulation and a grander scene. It stands 7½ inches tall with a width of 9 inches and an average thickness of ½ inch. Eddé was born in Alexandria, Egypt, where his father, a native of the town of Edde in the Jbeil District and an opponent of Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) control of Lebanon, had taken refuge after being sentenced to death for subversion. In 1920, following the establishment of the French Mandate (French Mandate (Lebanon)), Émile Eddé returned to Beirut with his wife, '''Laudi Sursock''', and family. The young Raymond Eddé was educated at Jesuit schools and graduated with a Law degree in 1934. After the Boer War the Battalion was based in Crete and Malta, both in the Mediterranean. It was posted to Egypt in 1906, where it later received its Colours (Colour (flag)) at Alexandria by the Regiment's Colonel-in-Chief, HRH Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn. The 1st Dublins later joined the British garrison in India (British India)—the then overseas 'home' of the British Army—remaining there until the outbreak of war in 1914. '''Penelope Delta''' ( Wikipedia:Alexandria Dmoz:Regional Africa Egypt Localities Alexandria commons:الإسكندرية

industry building

Wikipedia:Alexandria Dmoz:Regional Africa Egypt Localities Alexandria commons:الإسكندرية

culture acts

of two institutions devoted to the preservation and study of Greek culture acts as a powerful symbol of Egyptian exclusion and subjection. Texts from other cultures could be kept in the library, but only once they had been translated, that is to say Hellenized. … A reading of Alexandrian poetry might easily give the impression that Egyptians did not exist at all; indeed Egypt itself is hardly mentioned except for the Nile and the Nile flood, … This omission of the Egypt and Egyptians from poetry masks a fundamental insecurity. It is no coincidence that one of the few poetic references to Egyptians presents them as muggers. From this division arose much of the later turbulence, which began to manifest itself under Ptolemy Philopater (Ptolemy IV Philopator) who reigned from 221–204 BC. The reign of Ptolemy VIII Physcon from 144–116 BC was marked by purges and civil warfare. Wikipedia:Alexandria Dmoz:Regional Africa Egypt Localities Alexandria commons:الإسكندرية

famous phrase

phone tollfree fax hours price content The cemetery includes four tombs dating from the second century BC, all of which are in excellent condition and beautifully decorated. The cemetery bears the name of Mostafa Kamel, one of Egypt's largest political twentieth century legends. It was he who pronounced the famous phrase: "If I was not born as an Egyptian, I would like to be an Egyptian." * Wikipedia:Alexandria Dmoz:Regional Africa Egypt Localities Alexandria commons:الإسكندرية

arts training

2009-12-26 language Greek Loizos moved to Athens at the age of 17 intending to study pharmacology but soon gave up his studies in order to concentrate on his musical career. He was a self-taught musician, with no formal musical arts training. His first recordings were made in 1963 but he started gaining a larger audience after 1967. By 1975 Loizos had become one of the most popular artists in Greek music. DATE OF BIRTH

early lead

disrupted by Mongols and Turks (Turkish people). The financial incentive to discover an alternative to Venice's monopoly control of this lucrative business was perhaps the single most important factor precipitating Europe's Age of Exploration. Portugal took an early lead charting the route around the southern tip of Africa (Cape of Good Hope), securing bases and outposts en route, even discovering the coast of Brazil in the search for favourable southerly currents. Portugal's eventual success and the establishment of its own empire (Portuguese Empire) provoked the other maritime powers in Europe—Spain (see Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan), France, England and the Netherlands—to challenge and eventually overcome the Portuguese position. Though often mistaken as such, underwater archaeology is not restricted to the study of shipwrecks. Changes in sea-level, because of local seismic events, such as the earthquakes that devastated Port Royal and Alexandria, or more widespread climatic or changes on a continental scale mean that some sites of human occupation that were once on dry land are now submerged. Port Royal Project University of Southampton Press Release about submerged Mesolithic Site At the end of the last ice age the North Sea was a great plain, and anthropological material, as well as the remains of animals such as mammoths are sometimes recovered by trawlers. Also, because human societies have always made use of water, sometimes the remains of structures that these societies built underwater still exist (such as the foundations of crannogs, The Scottish Crannog Centre bridges and harbours) when traces on dry land have been lost. As a result, underwater archaeological sites can include a vast range including: submerged indigenous sites and places where people once lived or visited, that have been subsequently covered by water due to rising sea levels; wells, cenotes, wrecks (shipwrecks; aircraft); the remains of structures created in water (such as crannogs, bridges or harbours); other port-related structures; refuse or debris sites where people disposed of their waste, garbage and other items such as ships, aircraft, munitions and machinery, by dumping (ocean dumping) into the water. birth_date Wikipedia:Alexandria Dmoz:Regional Africa Egypt Localities Alexandria commons:الإسكندرية


thumb 260px Residential neighborhood in Alexandria (File:Kafr Abdou, Alexandria, Egypt.jpg) thumb right 260px Skyline from Montaza (File:View from Montaza.jpg) thumb right 260px Yachting club in Montaza (File:Alexandria yacht club.jpg) '''Alexandria''' ( ; accessdate 24 September 2014 publisher Collins Dictionary date n.d. ''' along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the north central part (north coast of Egypt) of the country. It is also the largest city lying directly on the Mediterranean coast. Alexandria is Egypt's largest seaport, serving approximately 80% of Egypt's imports and exports. It is an important industrial center because of its natural gas and oil pipeline (Pipeline transport)s from Suez. Alexandria is also an important tourist resort.

Alexandria was founded around a small Ancient Egyptian town ''c.'' 331 BC by Alexander the Great. It became an important center of the Hellenistic civilization and remained the capital of Hellenistic (Ptolemaic Kingdom) and Roman & Byzantine Egypt (Egypt (Roman province)) for almost 1000 years until the Muslim conquest of Egypt in AD 641, when a new capital was founded at Fustat (later absorbed into Cairo). Hellenistic Alexandria was best known for the Lighthouse of Alexandria (''Pharos''), one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World; its Great Library (the largest in the ancient world; now replaced by a modern one (Bibliotheca Alexandrina)); and the Necropolis (Catacombs of Kom el Shoqafa), one of the Seven Wonders of the Middle Ages (Wonders of the Middle Ages). Ongoing maritime archaeology in the harbor of Alexandria, which began in 1994, is revealing details of Alexandria both before the arrival of Alexander, when a city named Rhacotis existed there, and during the Ptolemaic dynasty.

From the late 18th century, Alexandria became a major center of the international shipping industry and one of the most important trading centers in the world, both because it profited from the easy overland connection between the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea, and the lucrative trade in Egyptian cotton. Alexandria was the second most powerful city of the ancient world after Rome.

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