Alexandria

What is Alexandria known for?


modern interpretation

goddess, which some modern-day Wiccans associate with the concept of 'Maiden, Mother, Crone', a modern interpretation of triple goddesses made popular by Robert Graves in The White Goddess, but which has no obvious parallel in the ancient world. The first author known to have called Hekate a crone is Aleister Crowley. Moonchild, Aleister Crowley, 1929 The description of Hekate as a crone is therefore a purely modern view and has no roots in antiquity. Her triple nature


critical study

elegies (accompanied by the flute, rather than the lyre) and the writer of epic. Cecil Maurice Bowra, ''Greek Lyric Poetry: From Alcman to Simonides'', Oxford University Press, 1961, p3. The scholars of Hellenistic Alexandria created a canon of nine lyric poets deemed especially worthy of critical study. These archaic (archaic Greece) and classical musician-poets included Sappho, Alcaeus (Alcaeus (poet)), Anacreon (Anacreon (poet)) and Pindar

at Colombo in Ceylon in 1939-1940, and with the 1st Flotilla at Alexandria in Egypt in 1940. It derives its name from Alexandria where it resided for a number of years before it brought by the Eastern Orthodox (Eastern Orthodox Church) Patriarch Cyril Lucaris (Cyril Lucaris) from Alexandria to Constantinople.


published translations

first Chris A few years later, Lessing published translations of some of the manuscripts with commentaries. Among them was a Greek poem of forty-four lines, containing an arithmetical problem which asks the reader to find the number of cattle in the herd of the god of the sun (The Cattle of Helios). The name of Archimedes appears in the title of the poem, it being said that he sent it in a letter to Eratosthenes to be investigated by the mathematicians of Alexandria


music famous

hours 10:30PM - 4AM price content Live Music, Famous Singers, Oriental Dancers, and World Famous show stars *


religious scholarship

known for his chastity, sanctity, and religious scholarship. Upon the death of Simeon of Alexandria in 701, the Patriarchate of Alexdandria remained vacant for approximately four years, while the members of the church sought an appropriate successor. The lack of a patriarch, though, created economic problems for the church, so the secretary of state, or ''mutawallī al-diwān'' in Alexandria, a Copt named Athanasius, asked the governor to allow the bishop of al-Qays, Anbā Gregorius, to assume authority over the church's finances until a new patriarch would be elected. The governor, Abd al-Malik (Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan) agreed, which allowed the selection of a patriarch to take top priority. Athanasius gathered together all the Coptic scribes, clergy, and bishops, and the group unanimously selected Alexander based on his sterling reputation. Alexander was then taken to Alexandria to be consecrated. Atiya, Aziz S.. ''The Coptic Encyclopedia''. New York:Macmillan Publishing Company, 1991. ISBN 0-02-897025-X. Life Isidore was born in Alexandria. In Athens, he studied under Proclus, and learned the doctrine of Aristotle from Marinus (Marinus of Neapolis). Suda, μ199 According to Damascius, "Isidore was awestruck at the sight of Proclus, venerable and marvelous to see; he thought he was seeing in him the very face of true philosophy." Damascius, ''Life of Isidore'' fr. 248 (cf. Suda, αι89) Proclus for his part used to "marvel at Isidore's appearance, as it was possessed by the divine and full of the philosophical life within." Damascius, ''Life of Isidore'' fr. 80 (cf. Suda, ει40; ει301) Damascius further tells us that "Isidore, besides simplicity, loved truthfulness especially, and undertook to be straight-talking beyond what was necessary, and had no pretence in himself whatsoever." Damascius, ''Life of Isidore'' fr. 45 (cf. Suda, α4587) The claim made in the ''Suda'' that Isidore was the husband of Hypatia, Suda, υ166 must be in error since Isidore was born long after Hypatia died. "Isidorus 1" entry in John Robert Martindale, (1980), ''The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire''. Cambridge University Press It is elsewhere related that Isidore had a wife called Domna, who died five days after the birth of their son whom they named Proclus. Damascius, fr. 399 (cf. Photius, 301) Like Aristarchus of Samothrace, Crates gave the greatest attention to the works of Homer, from his labours upon which he was also surnamed ''Homerikos''. He wrote a commentary on the Iliad and Odyssey in nine books. Some fragments of this commentary are preserved by the scholiasts and other ancient writers. His principles were opposed to those of Aristarchus, who was the leader of the Alexandrian school. Crates was the chief representative of the allegorical theory of exegesis, and maintained that Homer intended to express scientific or philosophical truths in the form of poetry. The spring of 1973 passed with no offensive being launched. On August 21 of that year, in complete secrecy, six senior Syrian commanders, using false names and passports, arrived from Latakia at Alexandria harbor in a Soviet passenger liner carrying holiday makers. Among the Syrian commanders were, principally, the Minister of Defense General Mustafa Tlass and the Chief of Staff General Yusuf Shakkour. For the next two days, they convened with their Egyptians counterparts at Egyptian Naval Headquarters in Ras el Tin Palace. By August 23, two documents were ratified by Shazly and Shakkour concluding that the Egyptian and Syrian armed forces were ready for war. All that remained was to choose a date; either September 7–11 or October 5–10. The date was to be chosen jointly by Presidents Sadat and Hafez al-Assad, but they were required to communicate their decision to their commanders fifteen days before the date of attack. Shazly, pp.201–203 Together with the city of Lviv, Chernivtsi is viewed at present to be a cultural center of western Ukraine. The city is also considered one of modern Ukraine's greatest cultural, educational and architectural centers. Historically in that role, Chernivtsi was even dubbed "Little Vienna," Wikipedia:Alexandria Dmoz:Regional Africa Egypt Localities Alexandria commons:الإسكندرية


wide international

, Russia, Greece, Bulgaria, Romania and almost all other Orthodox Churches. The affair drew wide international attention in particular due to the efforts of the Austrian Consul in Aleppo Eliahu Picciotto, who made representations to Ibrahim Pasha (Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt), who then ordered an investigation. Sir Moses Haim Montefiore, backed by other influential westerners led a delegation to the ruler of Syria and Egypt, Mehemet Ali (Mehemet Ali (Egypt)). The negotiations in Alexandria continued from August 4 to August 28 and secured the unconditional release and recognition of innocence of the nine prisoners still remaining alive (out of thirteen). Later in Constantinople, Montefiore persuaded Sultan Abdülmecid I to issue a firman (firman (decree)) (edict) intended to halt the spread of blood libel accusations in the Ottoman Empire. The prevailing contemporary interpretation of this event is that of being a part of a long history of false blood libel (Blood libel against Jews) charges against Jews. Parfitt, Tudor (1985) 'The Year of the Pride of Israel: Montefiore and the blood libel of 1840.' In: Lipman, S. and Lipman, V.D., (eds.), The Century of Moses Montefiore. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 131-148. Negotiations in Alexandria continued from August 4 to August 28 and secured the unconditional release and recognition of innocence of the nine prisoners still remaining alive (out of thirteen). Later in Constantinople, Montefiore persuaded Sultan Abdülmecid I to issue a firman (firman (decree)) (edict) intended to halt the spread of blood libel accusations in the Ottoman Empire: In South India, semolina is used to make savory foods like rava dosa and upma or puddings like "kesari" or ''sheera''. It is sometimes also used to coat slices of fish, before it is pan-fried in oil, which gives it a crispy coating. In North India it is used for sweets such as ''suji halwa''. A popular dessert in Greece ("Halvas"), Cyprus ("Halouvas" or "Helva"), Turkey ("Helva"), Iran ("Halva"), Pakistan ("Halva"), and Arab countries (Arab World) ("Halwa") is sometimes made with semolina scorched with sugar, butter, milk, and pine nuts. ''Basbousa'' (North African (North African Arabic) and Alexandrine (Alexandria) ''harisa'') is made chiefly of semolina. (Palestine)Semolina (Arabic:smeed)is the main ingredient in Nabulsi Kanafa. In some cultures, it is served at funerals, during special celebrations, or as a religious offering. In much of North Africa, durum semolina is made into the staple couscous. Semolina popularly referred as SEMO is a common food in West Africa especially among Nigerians. It is eaten as either lunch or dinner with stew or soup. It is prepared just like eba (cassava flour) or fufu with water and boiled for 5 to 10 minutes. Wikipedia:Alexandria Dmoz:Regional Africa Egypt Localities Alexandria commons:الإسكندرية


history+genre

-alternate history (alternate history (fiction)) genre that could be dubbed "Alternative future"; whilst set in an alternate universe, they are still set in the future. In the first four novels, set in the 22nd century, the point of divergence is the Franco–Prussian War (Franco-Prussian War) of 1870, where Grimwood posits a reality where Napoléon III's France defeats Otto von Bismarck's Prussia, causing the German Empire never to form and the Second


creating+religious

gradually creating religious rifts between the doctrines dictated by the establishment in Constantinople and believers in many parts of the Middle East. At the time Greek had turned to the 'lingua franca' of the region, although ethnicities such as the Syriacs and the Hebrew continued to exist. Under Byzantine Greek rule the area of the Levant met an era of stability and prosperity. Shamseddine was born '''Nasreddine Moustapha Shamesedine''' in the village of Joun, in the southern part


campaign battle

in the testing and evaluation of many aspects of naval warfare. ''Afridi'' was later withdrawn from the exercises after colliding with HMS ''Penelope'' (HMS Penelope (97)) during the transfer of mail. ''Afridi'' returned to Malta for repairs. After the repairs were completed, she was transferred to the 4th Destroyer Flotilla and sailed to join it at Alexandria. The rest of the pre-war period was spent on exercises and port visits. The 1st Battalion fought in the Western Desert Campaign

, Crete (Battle of Crete), Abyssinia (Ethiopia), Sicily (Battle of Sicily) and in the Italian Campaign (Italian Campaign (World War II)). The first action for the 1st Battalion was at Sidi Barani (Battle of Sidi Barani) where they joined the battle on 10 December 1940 as part of the 16th Brigade (British 16th Infantry Brigade). On 17 May 1941 the battalion moved to Crete where they formed part of the defence based on the east side of the island at Tymbaki. Most of the Argylls marched


biography part

of Alexandria Heliodorus . Later on in life he migrated to Athens and continued his studies under Marinus (Marinus of Neapolis), the mathematician, Zenodotus (Zenodotus (philosopher)), and Isidore (Isidore of Alexandria), the dialectician. He became a close friend of Isidore, succeeded him as head of the School of Athens in ca. 515, and wrote his biography, part of which is preserved in the ''Bibliotheca'' of Photius (Photios I of Constantinople). File:Aleppo Quwwatli.jpg thumb left

Alexandria

thumb 260px Residential neighborhood in Alexandria (File:Kafr Abdou, Alexandria, Egypt.jpg) thumb right 260px Skyline from Montaza (File:View from Montaza.jpg) thumb right 260px Yachting club in Montaza (File:Alexandria yacht club.jpg) '''Alexandria''' ( ; accessdate 24 September 2014 publisher Collins Dictionary date n.d. ''' along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the north central part (north coast of Egypt) of the country. It is also the largest city lying directly on the Mediterranean coast. Alexandria is Egypt's largest seaport, serving approximately 80% of Egypt's imports and exports. It is an important industrial center because of its natural gas and oil pipeline (Pipeline transport)s from Suez. Alexandria is also an important tourist resort.

Alexandria was founded around a small Ancient Egyptian town ''c.'' 331 BC by Alexander the Great. It became an important center of the Hellenistic civilization and remained the capital of Hellenistic (Ptolemaic Kingdom) and Roman & Byzantine Egypt (Egypt (Roman province)) for almost 1000 years until the Muslim conquest of Egypt in AD 641, when a new capital was founded at Fustat (later absorbed into Cairo). Hellenistic Alexandria was best known for the Lighthouse of Alexandria (''Pharos''), one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World; its Great Library (the largest in the ancient world; now replaced by a modern one (Bibliotheca Alexandrina)); and the Necropolis (Catacombs of Kom el Shoqafa), one of the Seven Wonders of the Middle Ages (Wonders of the Middle Ages). Ongoing maritime archaeology in the harbor of Alexandria, which began in 1994, is revealing details of Alexandria both before the arrival of Alexander, when a city named Rhacotis existed there, and during the Ptolemaic dynasty.

From the late 18th century, Alexandria became a major center of the international shipping industry and one of the most important trading centers in the world, both because it profited from the easy overland connection between the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea, and the lucrative trade in Egyptian cotton. Alexandria was the second most powerful city of the ancient world after Rome.

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