Alba Iulia

What is Alba Iulia known for?

quot white

) publisher CRW Flags accessdate 18.10.13 date 10.02.01 url http: fotw flags ro-albai.html The early Slavic name of the settlement was ''Bălgrad'' (meaning "white castle" or "white town"). Adrian Room,

+for+6,600+Countries,+Cities,+Territories,+Natural+Features+And+Historic+Sites&hl en&sa X&ei Mf3aUOSIBs-2hAeGsID4BA&ved 0CDYQ6AEwAA Placenames of the World: Origins And Meanings of the Names for 6,600 Countries, Cities, Territories, Natural Features And Historic Sites , McFarland, 2006, p. 23 The old Romanian name of the town was ''Bălgrad'', originated from Slavic. The "white city" was Latinized into ''Alba Julia

in too: the word 'Julius', after a mid-tenth-century Hungarian prince who had visited Constantinople and been baptised there. Gyulafehérvár, they called it, the "white city of Gyula". The Rumanians stuck to Bălgrad, then adopted the medieval Latin name of Alba Iulia." Its Hungarian name ''Gyulafehérvár'' is a translation of the earlier Slavic form, meaning "white castle of the Gyula" Iván Boldizsár, NHQ; the New Hungarian Quarterly, Volume 29; Volumes 109-110, Lapkiadó Publishing House, 1988, p. 73 or "white city of Julius". The Slavic name of the town suggests that, when the settlement

member national

isbn 978-0815313366 url http: ?id hafLHZgZtt4C&pg PA1259&dq Transylvania+%22autonomous+status+within%22 and after 1526 became a fully autonomous principality (Principality of Transylvania (1571–1711)) under nominal Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) suzerainty. As Austria-Hungary disintegrated at the end of World War I, the nationalities living there proclaimed their independence from the empire. The 1228-member National Assembly of Romanians of Transylvania and Hungary, headed by leaders of Transylvania's Romanian National Party and Social Democratic Party (Social Democratic Party of Transylvania and Banat), passed a resolution calling for unification of all Romanians in a single state on 1 December in Alba Iulia.

single year

–1601). Arnsberg is twinned (town twinning) with: * Deventer, Netherlands - Bucharest – Brașov – Alba Iulia – Arad (Arad, Romania) Yes Intra-Carpathian regions Having been raided twice by the Mongols within a single year, Transylvania felt the consequences of the invasion of 1241–1242 for more than two decades. Sălăgean 2006, p. 175. ref name 'Curta

national leadership

community), and the Germans in Banat did not elect Deputies at the official dissolution of Austro-Hungary, since they were considered represented by the Budapest government of the Hungarian part of the Austro-Hungary. After King (King of Romania) Ferdinand I (Ferdinand I of Romania) dissolved the Parliament, Iuliu Maniu found himself at odds with the national leadership, especially after the new Prime Minister (List of Prime Ministers of Romania) Alexandru Averescu (with support

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Iulia'' is an adoption of the town's medieval Latin name. It started to spread in Romanian vulgar tongue in the 18th century. László Bányai, amp;focus searchwithinvolume&q Közös sors--testvéri

academic work

'' or ''Alba Yulia''.

drawings paintings

, old drawings, paintings and facsimiles. For his contribution, he was elected in 1880 to a corresponding membership and the position of librarian archivist. In 1884 he received the position of translator for the Romanian Army General Staff and published ''The revolution of Horia (Revolt of Horea, Cloşca and Crişan) in Transylvania and Hungary, 1784-1785, written on the basis of 783 official documents''; its sale was banned in Hungary, due to its nationalist content. Among others

century painting

politics, the Treaty of Alba Iulia officialized what could be called a ''boyar regime'', reinforcing the already important political power of the noble elite. According to the treaty, a council of 12 great boyars was to take part alongside the voivode in the executive rule of the country. thumb left Michael the Brave and his troops are pictured in a 19th-century painting by Gheorghe Tattarescu (Image:Gheorghe Tattarescu - Oastea lui Mihai Viteazu.jpg) *Military College (''Colegiu

historical tradition

, the book composed a historical tradition linking the rebel leader Vasile Ursu Nicola with Dacian prehistory. Boia, p.147-148 The '''Apuli''' were a Thracian (Thracians) tribe centered at the Dacian town ''Apulon'' (Lat. (Latin) ''Apulum'') near what is now Alba Iulia in Transylvania, Romania. In 1599 Michael won the Battle of Şelimbăr and soon entered Alba Iulia, becoming the Prince of Transylvania. A few months later, Michael's troops invaded Moldavia and reached its capital, Suceava. The Moldavian leader Ieremia Movilă fled to Poland and Michael was declared Prince of Moldavia. Michael kept the control of all three provinces for less than a year before the nobles of Transylvania and certain boyars in Moldavia and Wallachia rose against him in a series of revolts. Thereafter, Michael allied with the Imperial (Holy Roman Empire) General Giorgio Basta and defeated an uprising of the Hungarian nobility at Gurăslău (Battle of Guruslău) in Transylvania. Immediately after this victory, Basta ordered the assassination of Michael, which took place on 9 August 1601. In 1595 Sigismund Báthory staged an elaborate plot and had Aron of Moldavia removed from power. C. Rezachevici - "Legenda şi substratul ei istoric" Ştefan Josica (Báthory's chancellor and an ethnic Romanian) masterminded the operation. Ştefan Răzvan arrested Aron on charges of treason on the night of April 24 (May 5) and sent him to the Transylvanian capital at Alba Iulia (Gyulafehérvár) with his family and treasure. Aron would die poisoned by the end of May in the castle of Vint. Sigismund was forced to justify his actions before the European powers, since Aron had played an active role in the anti-Ottoman coalition. Later on, in the same city of Alba Iulia, Wallachian boyars signed a treaty with Sigismund on Michael's behalf. From the point of view of Wallachian internal politics, the Treaty of Alba Iulia officialized what could be called a ''boyar regime'', reinforcing the already important political power of the noble elite. According to the treaty, a council of 12 great boyars was to take part alongside the voivode in the executive rule of the country. thumb left Michael the Brave and his troops are pictured in a 19th-century painting by Gheorghe Tattarescu (Image:Gheorghe Tattarescu - Oastea lui Mihai Viteazu.jpg) *Military College (''Colegiu Militar'') — there are 3 high schools administered by the Ministry of National Defense (Ministry of National Defense (Romania)). They are considered extremely strict and legally they have the same regime as army units, being considered military installations with all students being members of the army and abiding army rules and regulations, including ''lights out'' at 10 o'clock. The Military Colleges are Colegiul Militar Liceal Mihai Viteazu in Alba Iulia, Colegiul Militar Liceal Ştefan cel Mare in Câmpulung Moldovenesc and Colegiul Militar Liceal Dimitrie Cantemir in Breaza. Queen Isabella, who hated the Fráter and constantly opposed him, complained of him to the sultan, who commanded that either the traitor himself or his head should be sent to Constantinople (1550). A coalition was then formed against him of the queen, the hospodars of Moldavia and Wallachia and the Turks; but the Fráter shut the queen up in Alba Iulia, drove the hospodars out of Transylvania, defeated the Turks at Deva (Deva, Romania), and finally compelled Isabella to accept a composition with Austria very profitable to her family and to Transylvania, at the same time soothing the rage of the sultan by flatteries and gifts. This compact, a masterpiece of statesmanship, was confirmed by the diet (Diet (assembly)) of Cluj Napoca in August 1551. The Fráter retained the governorship of Transylvania, and was subsequently consecrated archbishop of Esztergom and received the red hat. Thus Hungary was once more reunited, but the inability of Ferdinand to defend it against the Turks, as promised, forced the Frater, for the common safety, to resume the payment of tribute to the Porte in December 1551. However, the Turks no longer trusted a diplomat whose behavior they could not understand, while Ferdinand suspected him of an intention to secure Hungary for himself. date2007 celebrations Military parades (most notably in Alba Iulia and Bucharest), fireworks observances Te Deum at the Alba Iulia Orthodox Cathedral (Cathedral of the Unity of the People, Alba Iulia) '''Great Union Day''' (

cultural history

Varese, Italy *

, angels and a Nativity of Christ below, is in the Victoria and Albert Museum in London. Illustration (:File:BLW Front Cover of the Lorsch Gospels.jpg); Herbert Schultz, p. 283, ''The Carolingians in Central Europe, their history, arts, and architecture: a cultural history of Central Europe, 750-900'', BRILL, 2004, ISBN 9004131493, 9789004131491 counties Municipality

Alba Iulia

'''Alba Iulia''' ( Since the High Middle Ages, the city has been the seat of Transylvania's Roman Catholic diocese (Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Alba Iulia). Between 1541 and 1690 it was the capital of the Eastern Hungarian Kingdom and the latter Principality of Transylvania (Principality of Transylvania (1571–1711)). Alba Iulia is historically important for Hungarians, Romanians and Transylvanian Saxons.

The city administers four villages: Bărăbanț (''Borbánd''), Micești (''Ompolykisfalud''), Oarda (''Alsóváradja'') and Pâclișa (''Poklos'').

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