Aksu, Xinjiang

What is Aksu, Xinjiang known for?


692

for Buddhist Translation and Research. Berkeley, California. In the 7th, 8th, and early 9th centuries, control of the entire region was often contested by the Chinese Tang dynasty, the Tibetan Tufan Empire, and the Uyghur Empire; cities frequently changed hands. Tibet seized Aksu in 670, but Tang forces reconquered the region in 692. Tibet regained the Tarim Basin in the late 720s, and the Tang dynasty again annexed the region in the 740s. The Battle of Talas led


political history

in Chinese Central Asia: a political history of Republican Sinkiang 1911–1949 author Andrew D. W. Forbes year 1986 publisher CUP Archive location Cambridge, England isbn 0-521-25514-7 page 89 accessdate 2010-06-28 Isma'il Beg, a Uighur, became the rebel Tao-yin of Aksu.

Central Asia: a political history of Republican Sinkiang 1911–1949 author Andrew D. W. Forbes year 1986 publisher CUP Archive location Cambridge, England isbn 0-521-25514-7 page 241 accessdate 2010-06-28 After the outbreak of the Ili Rebellion, the Ili National Army forces led by Abdulkerim Abbas attempting to take Aksu were repelled by National Revolutionary Army defenders commanded by Zhao Hanqi after two bitter sieges in September 1945. Aksu was the site


historical works

Regions''. Sino-Platonic Papers No. 131 March, 2004. Dept. of East Asian Languages and Civilizations, University of Pennsylvania. External links * Silk Road Seattle - University of Washington (The Silk Road Seattle website contains many useful resources including a number of full-text historical works) Category:Central Asian Buddhist kingdoms


early stage

people able to bear arms. It is said to have produced copper, iron and orpiment. Hulsewé, A. F. P. and Loewe, M. A. N. 1979. ''China in Central Asia: The Early Stage 125 BC AD 23: an annotated translation of chapters 61 and 96 of the History of the Former Han Dynasty'', p. 162. E. J. Brill, Leiden. The territory of Gumo was roughly situated in the counties of Baicheng (Baicheng County) and Wensu and the city of Aksu of nowadays. http


growing power

than an adventurer. In the early 16th century, Ahmad and Mahmud decided to counter the growing power of the Uzbeks under Muhammad Shaybani. The two brothers united the forces and launched a campaign against the Uzbeks, but Muhammad Shaybani proved victorious in battle and took them both prisoner (Babur also was among his uncles' army and participated in this battle in Ferghana Valley, that had turned into disaster, but managed to flee south and hide in mountains with his mother, Kutluk Nigar Khanim, daughter of Yunus Khan, and few followers). They were soon released, but Ahmad died shortly afterwards, in 1503. He was succeeded in Uyghurstan by his eldest son Mansur Khan (Mansur Khan (Moghul Khan)). According to Mirza Muhammad Haidar, Dughlat he had 19 sons total, most prominent of whom were: *Mansur Khan (Mansur Khan (Moghul Khan))- ruler of eastern Moghulistan or Uyghurstan in 1503-1543 (it included cities Aksu (Aksu, Xinjiang), Uch Turpan (Uqturpan County), Bai (Baicheng County), Kucha, Chalish or Karashahr, Turpan and Kumul (Kumul (city))). *Sultan Said Khan- seized power from Dughlat Amirs' Dynasty of Yarkand state in 1514 (known at the time as ''Mamlakati Yarkand'' or ''Kashgar Emirate'', it included cities Kashgar, Yarkand (Yarkant County), Yangihissar (Yengisar County), Hotan and at short times also Aksu (Aksu, Xinjiang) and Uch Turpan (Uqturpan County)) in West Kashgaria and united in 1516 western and eastern parts of Kashgaria in one centralized state- Kashgar and Uyghurstan. Died in 1533 of asthma during military expedition in ''Ursang'' ( Great Tibet ). *Mansur Khan (Mansur Khan (Moghul Khan))- ruler of eastern Moghulistan or Uyghurstan in 1503-1543 (it included cities Aksu (Aksu, Xinjiang), Uch Turpan (Uqturpan County), Bai (Baicheng County), Kucha, Chalish or Karashahr, Turpan and Kumul (Kumul (city))). *Sultan Said Khan- seized power from Dughlat Amirs' Dynasty of Yarkand state in 1514 (known at the time as ''Mamlakati Yarkand'' or ''Kashgar Emirate'', it included cities Kashgar, Yarkand (Yarkant County), Yangihissar (Yengisar County), Hotan and at short times also Aksu (Aksu, Xinjiang) and Uch Turpan (Uqturpan County)) in West Kashgaria and united in 1516 western and eastern parts of Kashgaria in one centralized state- Kashgar and Uyghurstan. Died in 1533 of asthma during military expedition in ''Ursang'' ( Great Tibet ). *Sultan Khalil Sultan- ruler of western Moghulistan in 1503-1508 (present Kyrgyzstan). Was drowned in river near ''Akhsi'' in Fergana Valley after he was captured there by Uzbek sultans. Administrative divisions Aksu Prefecture is divided into 1 county-level city: Aksu (Aksu, Xinjiang) (阿克苏市), and 8 counties (County (People's Republic of China)): thumb Position of Aksu in China. Aksu was the former capital of Mangalai (Image:Aksu in China.png) '''Mangalai''' was a Central Asian kingdom, mentioned by Marco Polo. From 1200 onwards, Mangalai's capital was Aksu (Aksu, Xinjiang). It was subservant to Genghis Khan from 1224 to his death in 1227. On the edge of the Yuan Dynasty of China, Mangalai was controlled by the Chagatai Khanate. It's latter history sees periods of independence or inclusion of one of many larger kingdoms including: Mogulistan, Kashgar, and Kingdom of Kashgaria. In 1877 the area came under the control of the Qing Dynasty of China and remains part of the Chinese province of Xinjiang. ZW * '''ZWAK''' (AKU) – Aksu Airport – Aksu (Aksu, Xinjiang), Xinjiang * '''ZWAT''' (AAT) – Altay Airport – Altay (Altay, Xinjiang), Xinjiang Aftermath In Yiwulu (Kumul), Dou Gu set up an agricultural garrison, and appointed a commander to make sure that the army stationed in the Western Regions had a lasting supply of provisions. In the same year, Dou Gu sent Ban Chao and Guo Xun along with 36 men to go south. Ban Chao successfully organised the three states of Shanshan, Yutian (Khotan) and Shule (Kashgar) against the Xiongnu, restoring peace and order in the Western Regions. Subsequently, in 74, the Han (Han Dynasty) government reestablished the Protectorate of the Western Regions, in the city of Jinman at the state of North Jushi. In 75, on the death of the short-reigned Emperor Ming of Han, the Xiongnu with its allies seized their opportunity and captured Jushi and Liuzhong, and killed the Protector General Chen Mu. In 76, the Han government abrogated the Protectorate of the Western Regions. As the Western Region's situation was getting precarious, Ban Chao, who was left to defend Shule and Yutian, won the support of the local officials and people and drove the Xiongnu troops from the capital of Gumo (Aksu, Xinjiang) in Shicheng. In 80, he wrote to the imperial court, proposing that they send more troops to the Western Regions. The new emperor agreed to his proposal and ordered Xu Gan to lead an army to help Ban Chao.


free period

on ; there are about 2,800−3,000 hours of bright sunshine annually. The frost-free period averages 200−220 days.


powerful family

in Pamir Mountains. The most powerful family in the eastern part of the khanate during this time was a Mongol one, that of the Dughlat amirs. The Dughlats held several important towns as vassals to the khans, including Kashgar, Aksu (Aksu, Xinjiang), Yarkand (Yarkant County), and Khotan. In around 1347, the Dughlat amir Bulaji, after seeing the situation in Transoxiana, decided to raise a khan of his own choosing. His choice fell on Tughlugh Timur, who was at that time little more than an adventurer. In the early 16th century, Ahmad and Mahmud decided to counter the growing power of the Uzbeks under Muhammad Shaybani. The two brothers united the forces and launched a campaign against the Uzbeks, but Muhammad Shaybani proved victorious in battle and took them both prisoner (Babur also was among his uncles' army and participated in this battle in Ferghana Valley, that had turned into disaster, but managed to flee south and hide in mountains with his mother, Kutluk Nigar Khanim, daughter of Yunus Khan, and few followers). They were soon released, but Ahmad died shortly afterwards, in 1503. He was succeeded in Uyghurstan by his eldest son Mansur Khan (Mansur Khan (Moghul Khan)). According to Mirza Muhammad Haidar, Dughlat he had 19 sons total, most prominent of whom were: *Mansur Khan (Mansur Khan (Moghul Khan))- ruler of eastern Moghulistan or Uyghurstan in 1503-1543 (it included cities Aksu (Aksu, Xinjiang), Uch Turpan (Uqturpan County), Bai (Baicheng County), Kucha, Chalish or Karashahr, Turpan and Kumul (Kumul (city))). *Sultan Said Khan- seized power from Dughlat Amirs' Dynasty of Yarkand state in 1514 (known at the time as ''Mamlakati Yarkand'' or ''Kashgar Emirate'', it included cities Kashgar, Yarkand (Yarkant County), Yangihissar (Yengisar County), Hotan and at short times also Aksu (Aksu, Xinjiang) and Uch Turpan (Uqturpan County)) in West Kashgaria and united in 1516 western and eastern parts of Kashgaria in one centralized state- Kashgar and Uyghurstan. Died in 1533 of asthma during military expedition in ''Ursang'' ( Great Tibet ). *Mansur Khan (Mansur Khan (Moghul Khan))- ruler of eastern Moghulistan or Uyghurstan in 1503-1543 (it included cities Aksu (Aksu, Xinjiang), Uch Turpan (Uqturpan County), Bai (Baicheng County), Kucha, Chalish or Karashahr, Turpan and Kumul (Kumul (city))). *Sultan Said Khan- seized power from Dughlat Amirs' Dynasty of Yarkand state in 1514 (known at the time as ''Mamlakati Yarkand'' or ''Kashgar Emirate'', it included cities Kashgar, Yarkand (Yarkant County), Yangihissar (Yengisar County), Hotan and at short times also Aksu (Aksu, Xinjiang) and Uch Turpan (Uqturpan County)) in West Kashgaria and united in 1516 western and eastern parts of Kashgaria in one centralized state- Kashgar and Uyghurstan. Died in 1533 of asthma during military expedition in ''Ursang'' ( Great Tibet ). *Sultan Khalil Sultan- ruler of western Moghulistan in 1503-1508 (present Kyrgyzstan). Was drowned in river near ''Akhsi'' in Fergana Valley after he was captured there by Uzbek sultans. Administrative divisions Aksu Prefecture is divided into 1 county-level city: Aksu (Aksu, Xinjiang) (阿克苏市), and 8 counties (County (People's Republic of China)): thumb Position of Aksu in China. Aksu was the former capital of Mangalai (Image:Aksu in China.png) '''Mangalai''' was a Central Asian kingdom, mentioned by Marco Polo. From 1200 onwards, Mangalai's capital was Aksu (Aksu, Xinjiang). It was subservant to Genghis Khan from 1224 to his death in 1227. On the edge of the Yuan Dynasty of China, Mangalai was controlled by the Chagatai Khanate. It's latter history sees periods of independence or inclusion of one of many larger kingdoms including: Mogulistan, Kashgar, and Kingdom of Kashgaria. In 1877 the area came under the control of the Qing Dynasty of China and remains part of the Chinese province of Xinjiang. ZW * '''ZWAK''' (AKU) – Aksu Airport – Aksu (Aksu, Xinjiang), Xinjiang * '''ZWAT''' (AAT) – Altay Airport – Altay (Altay, Xinjiang), Xinjiang Aftermath In Yiwulu (Kumul), Dou Gu set up an agricultural garrison, and appointed a commander to make sure that the army stationed in the Western Regions had a lasting supply of provisions. In the same year, Dou Gu sent Ban Chao and Guo Xun along with 36 men to go south. Ban Chao successfully organised the three states of Shanshan, Yutian (Khotan) and Shule (Kashgar) against the Xiongnu, restoring peace and order in the Western Regions. Subsequently, in 74, the Han (Han Dynasty) government reestablished the Protectorate of the Western Regions, in the city of Jinman at the state of North Jushi. In 75, on the death of the short-reigned Emperor Ming of Han, the Xiongnu with its allies seized their opportunity and captured Jushi and Liuzhong, and killed the Protector General Chen Mu. In 76, the Han government abrogated the Protectorate of the Western Regions. As the Western Region's situation was getting precarious, Ban Chao, who was left to defend Shule and Yutian, won the support of the local officials and people and drove the Xiongnu troops from the capital of Gumo (Aksu, Xinjiang) in Shicheng. In 80, he wrote to the imperial court, proposing that they send more troops to the Western Regions. The new emperor agreed to his proposal and ordered Xu Gan to lead an army to help Ban Chao.


famous quot

Category:Central Asian Buddhist sites Category:Populated places along the Silk Road Category:Populated places in Xinjiang Category:Ancient peoples of China Category:Oases of China Category:Aksu Prefecture Category:National Forest Cities in China Teilhard took part as a scientist in the famous "Croisiere Jaune" or "Yellow Cruise" financed by Andre Citroen in Central Asia. Northwest of Beijing in Kalgan (Zhangjiakou) he joined the China


translation

people able to bear arms. It is said to have produced copper, iron and orpiment. Hulsewé, A. F. P. and Loewe, M. A. N. 1979. ''China in Central Asia: The Early Stage 125 BC AD 23: an annotated translation of chapters 61 and 96 of the History of the Former Han Dynasty'', p. 162. E. J. Brill, Leiden. The territory of Gumo was roughly situated in the counties of Baicheng (Baicheng County) and Wensu and the city of Aksu of nowadays. http

for Buddhist Translation and Research. Berkeley, California. In the 7th, 8th, and early 9th centuries, control of the entire region was often contested by the Chinese Tang dynasty, the Tibetan Tufan Empire, and the Uyghur Empire; cities frequently changed hands. Tibet seized Aksu in 670, but Tang forces reconquered the region in 692. Tibet regained the Tarim Basin in the late 720s, and the Tang dynasty again annexed the region in the 740s. The Battle of Talas led


title wild

; and by September, 1827, collected in Aksu (Aksu, Xinjiang) an army of 70,000, under command of military governor of Ili Chang Ling, that in January, 1828, moved against Jahangir Khoja. Other sources say that the Chinese Governor lead 80,000 Chinese Muslim (Hui people) troops against Jahangir.

Aksu, Xinjiang

'''Aksu''' (also transliterated (transliteration) '''Akesu''', '''Ak-su''', '''Akshu''', '''Aqsu'''; also known as '''Bharuka''' and '''Po-lu-chia'''; ), is a city in and the seat of Aksu Prefecture, Xinjiang, lying at the northern edge of the Tarim Basin. The name Aksu literally means ''white water'' (in Turkic), and is used for both the oasis town and the river (Aksu River (Xinjiang)).

The economy of Aksu is mostly agricultural, with cotton, in particular long-staple cotton, as the main product. Also produced are grain, fruits, oils, and beets. The industry mostly consists of weaving, cement, and chemical industries.

The land currently under the administration of the Aksu City is divided in two parts, separated by the Aral (Aral, Xinjiang) City. The northern part hosts the city center, while the southern part is occupied by the Taklamakan Desert.

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