Aksu, Xinjiang

What is Aksu, Xinjiang known for?


important historical

, authored ''Tārīkh-i amniyya'' (History of Peace), which is considered by modern historians as one of the most important historical sources on the period. His forces were defeated within one month, decisive battle occurred on the shore of Tuman river north of Kashgar where Jahangir was defeated. Jahangir troops on this battle were more numerous than Qing troops, but the latter was much better organized being a regular state Army, while Jahangir didn't create a regular Army and disbanded his voluntary Army after gaining control of power in Western Kashgaria and taking Gulbagh Qing Fortress in Kashgar in the beginning of 1827 and slaughtering of all its defenders ( about 12,000 Manchu and Chinese troops and members of their families). After receiving messages of approaching of Qing Army to Kashgar he again collected voluntary troops, but they didn't have any artillery units, even 6 big cannons standing on Gulbagh fortress, previously captured from Qings, were not brought and used in the battle , contrary Qing troops applied well-organized intense cannon fire across Tuman River on positions of Jahangir troops, bringing them into confusion. Mercenaries from Badakhshan, Kokand, Kunduz fled first, then Kashgarians lost ground, Qing troops rushed to Kashgar and upon entering the city performed the whole-scale massacre of local population, about 20,000 civilians had been slaughtered. Jahangir himself managed to escape and hide in mountainous Alai valley among Kyrgyz, it happened on January 29, 1828. Qing Emperor was dissatisfied with such outcome and wrote to Chang Ling: ''I sent Army to eliminate the Evil, you were at the lair of the beast, but let him to escape, now all previous victories have no any values, because he is still alive, the germ of the future rebellions''. Jahangir's capture was affair of the former Hakim (Hakim (title)) of Kashgar Ishak Khoja, who sent false Letter to Jahangir, notifying him of departure of main body of Qing troops and inviting him to Kashgar to regain power. When Jahangir heard this good message, he hurried back to Kashgar, but was attacked by Qing troops from ambush, captured and delivered to Beijing. There he was exposed to the attention of China's capital's population, being carried for several weeks in a mobile iron cage through the main streets of Beijing. Finally he was brought to the Daoguang Emperor for interrogation, but, having gone mad due to bad treatment, he couldn't answer any questions. Immediately after the interrogation was completed he was executed. Jahangir Khoja's body was cut into numerous pieces and his bones were thrown to dogs. His portrait was buried in the hill near Beijing. He was forty years old at the time of his death. * Liqian (Liqian (village)). An ancient, possibly Roman (Ancient Rome) settlement. * Aksu (Aksu, Xinjiang), China * Kuqa or Kucha, China The National Army enlisted 25,000-30,000 troops, but in accordance with the peace agreement with Chiang Kai-Shek signed on June 6, 1946, it was reduced to 11,000-12,000 troops and restricted in stationing in only three districts (Ili, Tarbaghatai and Altai) of Northern Xinjiang. The detachments of National Army were also withdrawn from Southern Xinjiang, leaving strategic Old City of Aksu (Aksu, Xinjiang) and opening road from Urumchi to Kashgar Region, that gave opportunity to Kuomintang to send 70,000 troops there 1946–47 and quell Rebellion in Pamir Mountains. The most powerful family in the eastern part of the khanate during this time was a Mongol one, that of the Dughlat amirs. The Dughlats held several important towns as vassals to the khans, including Kashgar, Aksu (Aksu, Xinjiang), Yarkand (Yarkant County), and Khotan. In around 1347, the Dughlat amir Bulaji, after seeing the situation in Transoxiana, decided to raise a khan of his own choosing. His choice fell on Tughlugh Timur, who was at that time little more than an adventurer. In the early 16th century, Ahmad and Mahmud decided to counter the growing power of the Uzbeks under Muhammad Shaybani. The two brothers united the forces and launched a campaign against the Uzbeks, but Muhammad Shaybani proved victorious in battle and took them both prisoner (Babur also was among his uncles' army and participated in this battle in Ferghana Valley, that had turned into disaster, but managed to flee south and hide in mountains with his mother, Kutluk Nigar Khanim, daughter of Yunus Khan, and few followers). They were soon released, but Ahmad died shortly afterwards, in 1503. He was succeeded in Uyghurstan by his eldest son Mansur Khan (Mansur Khan (Moghul Khan)). According to Mirza Muhammad Haidar, Dughlat he had 19 sons total, most prominent of whom were: *Mansur Khan (Mansur Khan (Moghul Khan))- ruler of eastern Moghulistan or Uyghurstan in 1503-1543 (it included cities Aksu (Aksu, Xinjiang), Uch Turpan (Uqturpan County), Bai (Baicheng County), Kucha, Chalish or Karashahr, Turpan and Kumul (Kumul (city))). *Sultan Said Khan- seized power from Dughlat Amirs' Dynasty of Yarkand state in 1514 (known at the time as ''Mamlakati Yarkand'' or ''Kashgar Emirate'', it included cities Kashgar, Yarkand (Yarkant County), Yangihissar (Yengisar County), Hotan and at short times also Aksu (Aksu, Xinjiang) and Uch Turpan (Uqturpan County)) in West Kashgaria and united in 1516 western and eastern parts of Kashgaria in one centralized state- Kashgar and Uyghurstan. Died in 1533 of asthma during military expedition in ''Ursang'' ( Great Tibet ). *Mansur Khan (Mansur Khan (Moghul Khan))- ruler of eastern Moghulistan or Uyghurstan in 1503-1543 (it included cities Aksu (Aksu, Xinjiang), Uch Turpan (Uqturpan County), Bai (Baicheng County), Kucha, Chalish or Karashahr, Turpan and Kumul (Kumul (city))). *Sultan Said Khan- seized power from Dughlat Amirs' Dynasty of Yarkand state in 1514 (known at the time as ''Mamlakati Yarkand'' or ''Kashgar Emirate'', it included cities Kashgar, Yarkand (Yarkant County), Yangihissar (Yengisar County), Hotan and at short times also Aksu (Aksu, Xinjiang) and Uch Turpan (Uqturpan County)) in West Kashgaria and united in 1516 western and eastern parts of Kashgaria in one centralized state- Kashgar and Uyghurstan. Died in 1533 of asthma during military expedition in ''Ursang'' ( Great Tibet ). *Sultan Khalil Sultan- ruler of western Moghulistan in 1503-1508 (present Kyrgyzstan). Was drowned in river near ''Akhsi'' in Fergana Valley after he was captured there by Uzbek sultans. Administrative divisions Aksu Prefecture is divided into 1 county-level city: Aksu (Aksu, Xinjiang) (阿克苏市), and 8 counties (County (People's Republic of China)): thumb Position of Aksu in China. Aksu was the former capital of Mangalai (Image:Aksu in China.png) '''Mangalai''' was a Central Asian kingdom, mentioned by Marco Polo. From 1200 onwards, Mangalai's capital was Aksu (Aksu, Xinjiang). It was subservant to Genghis Khan from 1224 to his death in 1227. On the edge of the Yuan Dynasty of China, Mangalai was controlled by the Chagatai Khanate. It's latter history sees periods of independence or inclusion of one of many larger kingdoms including: Mogulistan, Kashgar, and Kingdom of Kashgaria. In 1877 the area came under the control of the Qing Dynasty of China and remains part of the Chinese province of Xinjiang. ZW * '''ZWAK''' (AKU) – Aksu Airport – Aksu (Aksu, Xinjiang), Xinjiang * '''ZWAT''' (AAT) – Altay Airport – Altay (Altay, Xinjiang), Xinjiang Aftermath In Yiwulu (Kumul), Dou Gu set up an agricultural garrison, and appointed a commander to make sure that the army stationed in the Western Regions had a lasting supply of provisions. In the same year, Dou Gu sent Ban Chao and Guo Xun along with 36 men to go south. Ban Chao successfully organised the three states of Shanshan, Yutian (Khotan) and Shule (Kashgar) against the Xiongnu, restoring peace and order in the Western Regions. Subsequently, in 74, the Han (Han Dynasty) government reestablished the Protectorate of the Western Regions, in the city of Jinman at the state of North Jushi. In 75, on the death of the short-reigned Emperor Ming of Han, the Xiongnu with its allies seized their opportunity and captured Jushi and Liuzhong, and killed the Protector General Chen Mu. In 76, the Han government abrogated the Protectorate of the Western Regions. As the Western Region's situation was getting precarious, Ban Chao, who was left to defend Shule and Yutian, won the support of the local officials and people and drove the Xiongnu troops from the capital of Gumo (Aksu, Xinjiang) in Shicheng. In 80, he wrote to the imperial court, proposing that they send more troops to the Western Regions. The new emperor agreed to his proposal and ordered Xu Gan to lead an army to help Ban Chao.


political history

in Chinese Central Asia: a political history of Republican Sinkiang 1911–1949 author Andrew D. W. Forbes year 1986 publisher CUP Archive location Cambridge, England isbn 0-521-25514-7 page 89 accessdate 2010-06-28 Isma'il Beg, a Uighur, became the rebel Tao-yin of Aksu.

Central Asia: a political history of Republican Sinkiang 1911–1949 author Andrew D. W. Forbes year 1986 publisher CUP Archive location Cambridge, England isbn 0-521-25514-7 page 241 accessdate 2010-06-28 After the outbreak of the Ili Rebellion, the Ili National Army forces led by Abdulkerim Abbas attempting to take Aksu were repelled by National Revolutionary Army defenders commanded by Zhao Hanqi after two bitter sieges in September 1945. Aksu was the site


early stage

people able to bear arms. It is said to have produced copper, iron and orpiment. Hulsewé, A. F. P. and Loewe, M. A. N. 1979. ''China in Central Asia: The Early Stage 125 BC AD 23: an annotated translation of chapters 61 and 96 of the History of the Former Han Dynasty'', p. 162. E. J. Brill, Leiden. The territory of Gumo was roughly situated in the counties of Baicheng (Baicheng County) and Wensu and the city of Aksu of nowadays. http


heavy fighting

1953 Aksu Prefecture Aksu (Aksu, Xinjiang), '''Aral (Aral, Xinjiang)''' - - Aksu (Aksu, Xinjiang) Xinjiang His forces were defeated within one month, decisive battle occurred on the shore of Tuman river north of Kashgar where Jahangir was defeated. Jahangir troops on this battle were more numerous than Qing troops, but the latter was much better organized being a regular state Army, while Jahangir didn't create a regular Army and disbanded his voluntary Army after gaining control of power in Western Kashgaria and taking Gulbagh Qing Fortress in Kashgar in the beginning of 1827 and slaughtering of all its defenders ( about 12,000 Manchu and Chinese troops and members of their families). After receiving messages of approaching of Qing Army to Kashgar he again collected voluntary troops, but they didn't have any artillery units, even 6 big cannons standing on Gulbagh fortress, previously captured from Qings, were not brought and used in the battle , contrary Qing troops applied well-organized intense cannon fire across Tuman River on positions of Jahangir troops, bringing them into confusion. Mercenaries from Badakhshan, Kokand, Kunduz fled first, then Kashgarians lost ground, Qing troops rushed to Kashgar and upon entering the city performed the whole-scale massacre of local population, about 20,000 civilians had been slaughtered. Jahangir himself managed to escape and hide in mountainous Alai valley among Kyrgyz, it happened on January 29, 1828. Qing Emperor was dissatisfied with such outcome and wrote to Chang Ling: ''I sent Army to eliminate the Evil, you were at the lair of the beast, but let him to escape, now all previous victories have no any values, because he is still alive, the germ of the future rebellions''. Jahangir's capture was affair of the former Hakim (Hakim (title)) of Kashgar Ishak Khoja, who sent false Letter to Jahangir, notifying him of departure of main body of Qing troops and inviting him to Kashgar to regain power. When Jahangir heard this good message, he hurried back to Kashgar, but was attacked by Qing troops from ambush, captured and delivered to Beijing. There he was exposed to the attention of China's capital's population, being carried for several weeks in a mobile iron cage through the main streets of Beijing. Finally he was brought to the Daoguang Emperor for interrogation, but, having gone mad due to bad treatment, he couldn't answer any questions. Immediately after the interrogation was completed he was executed. Jahangir Khoja's body was cut into numerous pieces and his bones were thrown to dogs. His portrait was buried in the hill near Beijing. He was forty years old at the time of his death. * Liqian (Liqian (village)). An ancient, possibly Roman (Ancient Rome) settlement. * Aksu (Aksu, Xinjiang), China * Kuqa or Kucha, China The National Army enlisted 25,000-30,000 troops, but in accordance with the peace agreement with Chiang Kai-Shek signed on June 6, 1946, it was reduced to 11,000-12,000 troops and restricted in stationing in only three districts (Ili, Tarbaghatai and Altai) of Northern Xinjiang. The detachments of National Army were also withdrawn from Southern Xinjiang, leaving strategic Old City of Aksu (Aksu, Xinjiang) and opening road from Urumchi to Kashgar Region, that gave opportunity to Kuomintang to send 70,000 troops there 1946–47 and quell Rebellion in Pamir Mountains. The most powerful family in the eastern part of the khanate during this time was a Mongol one, that of the Dughlat amirs. The Dughlats held several important towns as vassals to the khans, including Kashgar, Aksu (Aksu, Xinjiang), Yarkand (Yarkant County), and Khotan. In around 1347, the Dughlat amir Bulaji, after seeing the situation in Transoxiana, decided to raise a khan of his own choosing. His choice fell on Tughlugh Timur, who was at that time little more than an adventurer. In the early 16th century, Ahmad and Mahmud decided to counter the growing power of the Uzbeks under Muhammad Shaybani. The two brothers united the forces and launched a campaign against the Uzbeks, but Muhammad Shaybani proved victorious in battle and took them both prisoner (Babur also was among his uncles' army and participated in this battle in Ferghana Valley, that had turned into disaster, but managed to flee south and hide in mountains with his mother, Kutluk Nigar Khanim, daughter of Yunus Khan, and few followers). They were soon released, but Ahmad died shortly afterwards, in 1503. He was succeeded in Uyghurstan by his eldest son Mansur Khan (Mansur Khan (Moghul Khan)). According to Mirza Muhammad Haidar, Dughlat he had 19 sons total, most prominent of whom were: *Mansur Khan (Mansur Khan (Moghul Khan))- ruler of eastern Moghulistan or Uyghurstan in 1503-1543 (it included cities Aksu (Aksu, Xinjiang), Uch Turpan (Uqturpan County), Bai (Baicheng County), Kucha, Chalish or Karashahr, Turpan and Kumul (Kumul (city))). *Sultan Said Khan- seized power from Dughlat Amirs' Dynasty of Yarkand state in 1514 (known at the time as ''Mamlakati Yarkand'' or ''Kashgar Emirate'', it included cities Kashgar, Yarkand (Yarkant County), Yangihissar (Yengisar County), Hotan and at short times also Aksu (Aksu, Xinjiang) and Uch Turpan (Uqturpan County)) in West Kashgaria and united in 1516 western and eastern parts of Kashgaria in one centralized state- Kashgar and Uyghurstan. Died in 1533 of asthma during military expedition in ''Ursang'' ( Great Tibet ). *Mansur Khan (Mansur Khan (Moghul Khan))- ruler of eastern Moghulistan or Uyghurstan in 1503-1543 (it included cities Aksu (Aksu, Xinjiang), Uch Turpan (Uqturpan County), Bai (Baicheng County), Kucha, Chalish or Karashahr, Turpan and Kumul (Kumul (city))). *Sultan Said Khan- seized power from Dughlat Amirs' Dynasty of Yarkand state in 1514 (known at the time as ''Mamlakati Yarkand'' or ''Kashgar Emirate'', it included cities Kashgar, Yarkand (Yarkant County), Yangihissar (Yengisar County), Hotan and at short times also Aksu (Aksu, Xinjiang) and Uch Turpan (Uqturpan County)) in West Kashgaria and united in 1516 western and eastern parts of Kashgaria in one centralized state- Kashgar and Uyghurstan. Died in 1533 of asthma during military expedition in ''Ursang'' ( Great Tibet ). *Sultan Khalil Sultan- ruler of western Moghulistan in 1503-1508 (present Kyrgyzstan). Was drowned in river near ''Akhsi'' in Fergana Valley after he was captured there by Uzbek sultans. Administrative divisions Aksu Prefecture is divided into 1 county-level city: Aksu (Aksu, Xinjiang) (阿克苏市), and 8 counties (County (People's Republic of China)): thumb Position of Aksu in China. Aksu was the former capital of Mangalai (Image:Aksu in China.png) '''Mangalai''' was a Central Asian kingdom, mentioned by Marco Polo. From 1200 onwards, Mangalai's capital was Aksu (Aksu, Xinjiang). It was subservant to Genghis Khan from 1224 to his death in 1227. On the edge of the Yuan Dynasty of China, Mangalai was controlled by the Chagatai Khanate. It's latter history sees periods of independence or inclusion of one of many larger kingdoms including: Mogulistan, Kashgar, and Kingdom of Kashgaria. In 1877 the area came under the control of the Qing Dynasty of China and remains part of the Chinese province of Xinjiang. ZW * '''ZWAK''' (AKU) – Aksu Airport – Aksu (Aksu, Xinjiang), Xinjiang * '''ZWAT''' (AAT) – Altay Airport – Altay (Altay, Xinjiang), Xinjiang Aftermath In Yiwulu (Kumul), Dou Gu set up an agricultural garrison, and appointed a commander to make sure that the army stationed in the Western Regions had a lasting supply of provisions. In the same year, Dou Gu sent Ban Chao and Guo Xun along with 36 men to go south. Ban Chao successfully organised the three states of Shanshan, Yutian (Khotan) and Shule (Kashgar) against the Xiongnu, restoring peace and order in the Western Regions. Subsequently, in 74, the Han (Han Dynasty) government reestablished the Protectorate of the Western Regions, in the city of Jinman at the state of North Jushi. In 75, on the death of the short-reigned Emperor Ming of Han, the Xiongnu with its allies seized their opportunity and captured Jushi and Liuzhong, and killed the Protector General Chen Mu. In 76, the Han government abrogated the Protectorate of the Western Regions. As the Western Region's situation was getting precarious, Ban Chao, who was left to defend Shule and Yutian, won the support of the local officials and people and drove the Xiongnu troops from the capital of Gumo (Aksu, Xinjiang) in Shicheng. In 80, he wrote to the imperial court, proposing that they send more troops to the Western Regions. The new emperor agreed to his proposal and ordered Xu Gan to lead an army to help Ban Chao.


free period

on ; there are about 2,800−3,000 hours of bright sunshine annually. The frost-free period averages 200−220 days.


detailed

and a little extra. See also * Silk Road transmission of Buddhism References Further reading *Hill, John E. (2009) ''Through the Jade Gate to Rome: A Study of the Silk Routes during the Later Han Dynasty, 1st to 2nd Centuries CE''. BookSurge, Charleston, South Carolina. ISBN 978-1-4392-2134-1. *Puri, B. N. ''Buddhism in Central Asia'', Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Private Limited, Delhi, 1987. (2000 reprint). *Stein, Aurel M. 1907. ''Ancient Khotan: Detailed report

of archaeological explorations in Chinese Turkestan'', 2 vols. Clarendon Press. Oxford. Aurel M. 1921. ''Serindia: Detailed report of explorations in Central Asia and westernmost China'', 5 vols. London & Oxford. Clarendon Press. Reprint: Delhi. Motilal Banarsidass. 1980. Taishan. 2004. ''A History of the Relationships between the Western and Eastern Han, Wei, Jin, Northern and Southern Dynasties and the Western


year high

low C 12.1 Jun low C 14.8 Jul low C 16.6 Aug low C 15.6 Sep low C 10.8 Oct low C 3.7 Nov low C −3.1 Dec low C −10.0 year high C 17.6 year low C 3.9 year high F 63.6 year low F 39.1 precipitation colour Jan precipitation mm 1.6 Feb precipitation mm 2.4 Mar precipitation mm 3.5 Apr precipitation mm 2.5 May precipitation mm 8.9 Jun precipitation mm 14.0 Jul precipitation mm 16.0 Aug precipitation mm 14.1 Sep precipitation mm


historical works

Regions''. Sino-Platonic Papers No. 131 March, 2004. Dept. of East Asian Languages and Civilizations, University of Pennsylvania. External links * Silk Road Seattle - University of Washington (The Silk Road Seattle website contains many useful resources including a number of full-text historical works) Category:Central Asian Buddhist kingdoms


intense

Qings, were not brought and used in the battle , contrary Qing troops applied well-organized intense cannon fire across Tuman River on positions of Jahangir troops, bringing them into confusion. Mercenaries from Badakhshan, Kokand, Kunduz fled first, then Kashgarians lost ground, Qing troops rushed to Kashgar and upon entering the city performed the whole-scale massacre of local population, about 20,000 civilians had been slaughtered. Jahangir himself managed to escape and hide in mountainous


powerful family

in Pamir Mountains. The most powerful family in the eastern part of the khanate during this time was a Mongol one, that of the Dughlat amirs. The Dughlats held several important towns as vassals to the khans, including Kashgar, Aksu (Aksu, Xinjiang), Yarkand (Yarkant County), and Khotan. In around 1347, the Dughlat amir Bulaji, after seeing the situation in Transoxiana, decided to raise a khan of his own choosing. His choice fell on Tughlugh Timur, who was at that time little more than an adventurer. In the early 16th century, Ahmad and Mahmud decided to counter the growing power of the Uzbeks under Muhammad Shaybani. The two brothers united the forces and launched a campaign against the Uzbeks, but Muhammad Shaybani proved victorious in battle and took them both prisoner (Babur also was among his uncles' army and participated in this battle in Ferghana Valley, that had turned into disaster, but managed to flee south and hide in mountains with his mother, Kutluk Nigar Khanim, daughter of Yunus Khan, and few followers). They were soon released, but Ahmad died shortly afterwards, in 1503. He was succeeded in Uyghurstan by his eldest son Mansur Khan (Mansur Khan (Moghul Khan)). According to Mirza Muhammad Haidar, Dughlat he had 19 sons total, most prominent of whom were: *Mansur Khan (Mansur Khan (Moghul Khan))- ruler of eastern Moghulistan or Uyghurstan in 1503-1543 (it included cities Aksu (Aksu, Xinjiang), Uch Turpan (Uqturpan County), Bai (Baicheng County), Kucha, Chalish or Karashahr, Turpan and Kumul (Kumul (city))). *Sultan Said Khan- seized power from Dughlat Amirs' Dynasty of Yarkand state in 1514 (known at the time as ''Mamlakati Yarkand'' or ''Kashgar Emirate'', it included cities Kashgar, Yarkand (Yarkant County), Yangihissar (Yengisar County), Hotan and at short times also Aksu (Aksu, Xinjiang) and Uch Turpan (Uqturpan County)) in West Kashgaria and united in 1516 western and eastern parts of Kashgaria in one centralized state- Kashgar and Uyghurstan. Died in 1533 of asthma during military expedition in ''Ursang'' ( Great Tibet ). *Mansur Khan (Mansur Khan (Moghul Khan))- ruler of eastern Moghulistan or Uyghurstan in 1503-1543 (it included cities Aksu (Aksu, Xinjiang), Uch Turpan (Uqturpan County), Bai (Baicheng County), Kucha, Chalish or Karashahr, Turpan and Kumul (Kumul (city))). *Sultan Said Khan- seized power from Dughlat Amirs' Dynasty of Yarkand state in 1514 (known at the time as ''Mamlakati Yarkand'' or ''Kashgar Emirate'', it included cities Kashgar, Yarkand (Yarkant County), Yangihissar (Yengisar County), Hotan and at short times also Aksu (Aksu, Xinjiang) and Uch Turpan (Uqturpan County)) in West Kashgaria and united in 1516 western and eastern parts of Kashgaria in one centralized state- Kashgar and Uyghurstan. Died in 1533 of asthma during military expedition in ''Ursang'' ( Great Tibet ). *Sultan Khalil Sultan- ruler of western Moghulistan in 1503-1508 (present Kyrgyzstan). Was drowned in river near ''Akhsi'' in Fergana Valley after he was captured there by Uzbek sultans. Administrative divisions Aksu Prefecture is divided into 1 county-level city: Aksu (Aksu, Xinjiang) (阿克苏市), and 8 counties (County (People's Republic of China)): thumb Position of Aksu in China. Aksu was the former capital of Mangalai (Image:Aksu in China.png) '''Mangalai''' was a Central Asian kingdom, mentioned by Marco Polo. From 1200 onwards, Mangalai's capital was Aksu (Aksu, Xinjiang). It was subservant to Genghis Khan from 1224 to his death in 1227. On the edge of the Yuan Dynasty of China, Mangalai was controlled by the Chagatai Khanate. It's latter history sees periods of independence or inclusion of one of many larger kingdoms including: Mogulistan, Kashgar, and Kingdom of Kashgaria. In 1877 the area came under the control of the Qing Dynasty of China and remains part of the Chinese province of Xinjiang. ZW * '''ZWAK''' (AKU) – Aksu Airport – Aksu (Aksu, Xinjiang), Xinjiang * '''ZWAT''' (AAT) – Altay Airport – Altay (Altay, Xinjiang), Xinjiang Aftermath In Yiwulu (Kumul), Dou Gu set up an agricultural garrison, and appointed a commander to make sure that the army stationed in the Western Regions had a lasting supply of provisions. In the same year, Dou Gu sent Ban Chao and Guo Xun along with 36 men to go south. Ban Chao successfully organised the three states of Shanshan, Yutian (Khotan) and Shule (Kashgar) against the Xiongnu, restoring peace and order in the Western Regions. Subsequently, in 74, the Han (Han Dynasty) government reestablished the Protectorate of the Western Regions, in the city of Jinman at the state of North Jushi. In 75, on the death of the short-reigned Emperor Ming of Han, the Xiongnu with its allies seized their opportunity and captured Jushi and Liuzhong, and killed the Protector General Chen Mu. In 76, the Han government abrogated the Protectorate of the Western Regions. As the Western Region's situation was getting precarious, Ban Chao, who was left to defend Shule and Yutian, won the support of the local officials and people and drove the Xiongnu troops from the capital of Gumo (Aksu, Xinjiang) in Shicheng. In 80, he wrote to the imperial court, proposing that they send more troops to the Western Regions. The new emperor agreed to his proposal and ordered Xu Gan to lead an army to help Ban Chao.

Aksu, Xinjiang

'''Aksu''' (also transliterated (transliteration) '''Akesu''', '''Ak-su''', '''Akshu''', '''Aqsu'''; also known as '''Bharuka''' and '''Po-lu-chia'''; ), is a city in and the seat of Aksu Prefecture, Xinjiang, lying at the northern edge of the Tarim Basin. The name Aksu literally means ''white water'' (in Turkic), and is used for both the oasis town and the river (Aksu River (Xinjiang)).

The economy of Aksu is mostly agricultural, with cotton, in particular long-staple cotton, as the main product. Also produced are grain, fruits, oils, and beets. The industry mostly consists of weaving, cement, and chemical industries.

The land currently under the administration of the Aksu City is divided in two parts, separated by the Aral (Aral, Xinjiang) City. The northern part hosts the city center, while the southern part is occupied by the Taklamakan Desert.

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