Aiud

What is Aiud known for?


political opposition

a toning down in the violence and scale of repression, after almost twenty years during which the Party had acted against political opposition and active anti-communist resistance (Romanian anti-communist resistance movement), as well as against religious institutions (Religion in Romania) (most notably, the Romanian Roman Catholic (Romanian Roman-Catholic Church) and Greek-Catholic (Romanian Church United with Rome, Greek-Catholic) Churches). Cioroianu, ''Pe umerii...'', p.268


architecture style

main churches, because it is located right in the Aiud Citadel, and is medieval in architecture style, being the oldest church in Aiud. Monasteries The most famous monastery in Aiud is the Râmeț monastery, which was built in the 15th century. Its architecture is classically Romanian, resembling the painted monasteries of Moldavia such as Voronet. In the monastery there is also a museum. In addition to Râmeț monastery, there are also monasteries at Magina and Cicau. Historical Colleges The Bethlen Gabor College, with 1011 students today and a rich history, is Aiud's most important educational institution. The college, named after Gabriel Bethlen, Prince of Transylvania (Principality of Transylvania (1570–1711)) (1613–1629), was founded in 1622 in Alba-Iulia, the capital city of Alba County, and it was then moved to Aiud. Later on, it was also moved to Cluj-Napoca for a short time. Today, the institution is located in a 19th-century historical building, and it is also home to an important library. Natural Attractions As well as rich culture, Aiud is also littered with wonderful scenic tourist attractions in terms of the environment (natural environment). There are also many activities available throughout the year, especially in fishing and hunting. This provides a strong base for ecotourism in the area, as there are beautiful forests, hills and mountains and fresh air. Accessibility and Transport Aiud is easily accessible from all parts of Romania due to its position in the centre of the country and its road network. The city is located on the national road running from Bucharest to Oradea and then crossing the Hungarian border to Budapest. Therefore, most public coach services running between Budapest and Bucharest via Oradea stop at Aiud. Railways Aiud is an important railway hub and is served frequently by CFR (Caile Ferate Române) national trains. It is located on the main line from Oradea to Bucharest via Cluj-Napoca. Consequently, there are 46 trains passing daily through Aiud (with very frequent connections to main cities), to and from the following main cities: * Cluj-Napoca - 18 trains daily * Alba Iulia - 10 trains daily * Braşov, Sighişoara and Ploieşti - 5 trains daily * Bucharest, Deva (Deva, Romania), Târgu Mureş and Timişoara - 4 trains daily * Sibiu - 3 trains daily * Oradea, Huedin, Arad (Arad, Romania), Satu Mare, Constanţa, Mangalia, Suceava, Iaşi - 2 trains daily * Craiova and Sighetu Marmaţiei - 1 train daily ''NOTE: The number of trains daily indicates trains in both directions. For example, to Cluj-Napoca there are 18 trains daily, meaning there are 18 trains TO Cluj-Napoca and 18 trains FROM Cluj-Napoca (a total of 36 services).'' Health In Aiud municipality, there is a new hospital built in 1993. It has 318 beds and 15 sections. There are also radiology services, 24-hour emergency services and a large ambulance station, making the hospital one of the better-equipped in the region. Nearby, there is also a medical centre with 14 specialised cabinets. There is also a tuberculosis sanatory in Aiud, and it is situated in the southeast of the city. This hospital was built in 1914 and currently has 220 beds. References Wikipedia:Aiud Commons:Aiud


local tradition

buildings. It is the main tourist attraction of Aiud. The citadel is fairly small, with a perimeter of 350 metres, and it is in the form of an irregular pentagon. The earliest documented evidence of the citadel extant today dates from 7 November 1293, a privilege issued by King Ladislaus IV - King of Hungary (1272–1290), but local tradition holds that the first stone watch tower was finished during the Mongol invasion of Europe in 1241. Other important events for the citadel: the serfs uprisings from 1437; the conquest of Michael the Brave; the Habsburg attack in 1704 and 1717; the Christian uprising - Religious war in 1758 - 1761; the peasant movement from 1784 and the Revolutionary wave of 1848 - 1849. The Students' Monument Due to its strong educational culture, which dates back to the foundations of the city, the Students' Monument (''Monumentul studentesc'') is the oldest monument in Aiud. It is located in the beautiful City Park, and was erected in memory of the students who fought against the Habsburg invasion in 1704. The monument was erected in 1904, 200 years after the invasion. The "Calvarul Aiudului" Monument The "Calvarul Aiudului" Monument is a modern monument in remembrance of the suffering and deaths during the Communist regime of Romania. The monument, started in 1992, is made up of many crosses (6 metres tall), symbolising the traditions of Romania. In the Communist era, Aiud was an important centre where the elite of the Communist resistance were buried, and the "Calvarul Aiudului" monument seeks to remember those. The monument is located just outside the city centre, in the southwest. The City Hall The City Hall of Aiud is located right in the centre of the city, at No. 1 Consiliul Europei street, close to the Aiud Citadel. The edifice, built in the 1890s, is built in the majestic style of those times, with balconies, statues, decorations and wonderful interiors. Museums Aiud is home to two major public museums. They are the Museum of History (temporarily closed due to renovations starting in 2013) and the Museum of Natural Science. The history museum was built in 1796 and is housed in a historical building. There is a large collection of coins, as well as medieval and pre-medieval artifacts (Artifact (archaeology)). The collection of the Museum of Natural Sciences dates back from 1720. It is based mainly on zoology, as well as botany, paleontology and geology. Churches Most of Aiud's population are Christian, but they also come from a variety of denominations (religious denomination), including Catholicism and Orthodoxism and well as Reformed, Unitarian, Baptist and Evangelical (Evangelicalism) faiths. Therefore, there are places of worship for all these religions. The Orthodox Cathedral is located in the southeast of the city, and is an impressive building with high ceilings and wonderful domes. It was built after the unification of Transylvania with the rest of Romania (Wallachia and Moldavia) in 1 December 1918. The construction started in 1927 and went on for some decades. The architecture was inspired from the St. Sofia church in Istanbul, and is built in Byzantine (Byzantine architecture) style. The Roman Catholic Church, albeit being smaller and less imposing that the Orthodox Cathedral, is still very beautiful, built in baroque style. Also, it is situated in Cuza Vodă Square, surrounding the medieval Aiud Citadel, making the Church very ideal in terms of surroundings. The church contains a large organ as well as stained glass windows which were painted by an artist from Budapest. The Reformed Church mainly serves the Hungarian (Magyars) minority of Aiud, which played a big role in the identity of the city in terms of education, art, architecture and more. Their church is arguably the most memorable of the three main churches, because it is located right in the Aiud Citadel, and is medieval in architecture style, being the oldest church in Aiud. Monasteries The most famous monastery in Aiud is the Râmeț monastery, which was built in the 15th century. Its architecture is classically Romanian, resembling the painted monasteries of Moldavia such as Voronet. In the monastery there is also a museum. In addition to Râmeț monastery, there are also monasteries at Magina and Cicau. Historical Colleges The Bethlen Gabor College, with 1011 students today and a rich history, is Aiud's most important educational institution. The college, named after Gabriel Bethlen, Prince of Transylvania (Principality of Transylvania (1570–1711)) (1613–1629), was founded in 1622 in Alba-Iulia, the capital city of Alba County, and it was then moved to Aiud. Later on, it was also moved to Cluj-Napoca for a short time. Today, the institution is located in a 19th-century historical building, and it is also home to an important library. Natural Attractions As well as rich culture, Aiud is also littered with wonderful scenic tourist attractions in terms of the environment (natural environment). There are also many activities available throughout the year, especially in fishing and hunting. This provides a strong base for ecotourism in the area, as there are beautiful forests, hills and mountains and fresh air. Accessibility and Transport Aiud is easily accessible from all parts of Romania due to its position in the centre of the country and its road network. The city is located on the national road running from Bucharest to Oradea and then crossing the Hungarian border to Budapest. Therefore, most public coach services running between Budapest and Bucharest via Oradea stop at Aiud. Railways Aiud is an important railway hub and is served frequently by CFR (Caile Ferate Române) national trains. It is located on the main line from Oradea to Bucharest via Cluj-Napoca. Consequently, there are 46 trains passing daily through Aiud (with very frequent connections to main cities), to and from the following main cities: * Cluj-Napoca - 18 trains daily * Alba Iulia - 10 trains daily * Braşov, Sighişoara and Ploieşti - 5 trains daily * Bucharest, Deva (Deva, Romania), Târgu Mureş and Timişoara - 4 trains daily * Sibiu - 3 trains daily * Oradea, Huedin, Arad (Arad, Romania), Satu Mare, Constanţa, Mangalia, Suceava, Iaşi - 2 trains daily * Craiova and Sighetu Marmaţiei - 1 train daily ''NOTE: The number of trains daily indicates trains in both directions. For example, to Cluj-Napoca there are 18 trains daily, meaning there are 18 trains TO Cluj-Napoca and 18 trains FROM Cluj-Napoca (a total of 36 services).'' Health In Aiud municipality, there is a new hospital built in 1993. It has 318 beds and 15 sections. There are also radiology services, 24-hour emergency services and a large ambulance station, making the hospital one of the better-equipped in the region. Nearby, there is also a medical centre with 14 specialised cabinets. There is also a tuberculosis sanatory in Aiud, and it is situated in the southeast of the city. This hospital was built in 1914 and currently has 220 beds. References Wikipedia:Aiud Commons:Aiud


art architecture

style. Also, it is situated in Cuza Vodă Square, surrounding the medieval Aiud Citadel, making the Church very ideal in terms of surroundings. The church contains a large organ as well as stained glass windows which were painted by an artist from Budapest. The Reformed Church mainly serves the Hungarian (Magyars) minority of Aiud, which played a big role in the identity of the city in terms of education, art, architecture and more. Their church is arguably the most memorable of the three


natural science

and wonderful interiors. Museums Aiud is home to two major public museums. They are the Museum of History (temporarily closed due to renovations starting in 2013) and the Museum of Natural Science. The history museum was built in 1796 and is housed in a historical building. There is a large collection of coins, as well as medieval and pre-medieval artifacts (Artifact (archaeology)). The collection of the Museum of Natural Sciences dates back from 1720. It is based mainly on zoology


quot blue

at Aiud History Museum, Aiud, Romania. The Roman geographer Pomponius Mela (2,i) and the historian Pliny the Elder, writing in the first century AD, also list the Agathyrsi among the steppe tribes. Pliny alludes to their "blue hair." ''The Fourth Booke of Plinies Naturall History'' * Aiud, Romania *


great number

-318; Frunză, p.367-370, 392–399 Estimates for the total number of victims in the 1947 1948-1964 period vary significantly: as low as 160,000 Barbu, p.192 or 282,000 Cioroianu, ''Pe umerii...'', p.313 political prisoners, and as high 600,000 (a great number were killed or died in custody—according to one estimate, about 190,000 people


578

1966 16536 1977 24620 1992 31894 2002 28909 2011 22495 , the total population is 22495. Localities The total population of 31,894 is made up of the population of the city proper and the ten villages it administers: * Aiud city proper - 24,618 * Aiudul de Sus (''Felenyed'') - 2,276 * Ciumbrud (''Csombord'') - 1,504 * Sâncrai (''Enyedszentkirály'') - 1,023 * Măgina (''Muzsnaháza'') - 628 * Gâmbaș (''Marosgombás'') - 578 * Gârbova de Jos (''Alsóorbó'') - 464


book show

(a branch of the von Sass family) and at some time, whilst she was very young, during the terrible uprising and revolution of 1848 "her father and brothers had been killed before her eyes" . She spoke initially Hungarian, Romanian, German and Turk. She was officially born August 6


quot high

operate in the municipality: * "Titu Maiorescu" College (605 students; 46 staff) * "Bethlen Gabor" College (1011 students; 81 staff) * "Avram Iancu" High School (505 students; 37 staff) * "Alexandru Borza" Agricultural High School (487 students; 51 staff) * General School 1 (1306 students; 63 staff) * General School 2 (189 students; 13 staff) * General School 3 (1089 students; 58 staff) * Pre-school centre with extended hours No. 1 (41 students; 5 staff

Aiud

'''Aiud''' ( ) is a city located in Alba (Alba County) county, Transylvania, Romania. The city has a population of 28,934 people. It has the status of municipality (Municipality in Romania) and is the second-largest city in the county, after county seat Alba Iulia. The city derives its name ultimately from St. Giles (Aegidius), to whom the first church in the settlement was dedicated when built.

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