Acre, Israel

What is Acre, Israel known for?


sidon

. Around 725 BC, Akko joined Sidon and Tyre (Tyre, Lebanon) in a revolt against Shalmaneser V. Becking Bob (1992) ''The Fall of Samaria: An Historical and Archaeological Study'' BRILL, ISBN 90-04-09633-7 pp 31–35 Greek, Judean and Roman periods Greek historians refer to the city as ''Ake'', meaning "cure." According to the Greek myth, Heracles found curative herbs here to heal his wounds. ''The Guide to Israel'', Zev Vilnay, Ahiever

, University of Cambridge url http: www.bbc.co.uk ahistoryoftheworld objects 2GL6QSA8SMmcMCtPgHQJsw title A History of the World – Object : Hedwig glass beaker publisher BBC date accessdate September 15, 2011 The Andalusia (Al-Andalus)n geographer Ibn Jubayr wrote that in 1185 there was still a Muslim community in the city who worshipped in a small mosque. Acre, along with Beirut and Sidon, capitulated without a fight to the Ayyubid (Ayyubid dynasty) sultan

the rule of Dhaher al-Omar, the Arab ruler of the Galilee, who made the city capital of his autonomous sheikhdom. Dhaher rebuilt Acre's fortifications, using materials from the city's medieval ruins. He died outside its walls during an offensive against him by the Ottoman state in 1775. His successor, Jezzar Pasha, further fortified its walls when he virtually moved the capital of the Saida Eyelet (Sidon Eyalet) ("Province of Sidon


difficult period

of the exiles fell dangerously ill. Her husband and she depended emotionally on each other during this difficult period. In the Holy Land From its foundation in the 11th century, members of the Order of Saint Lazarus were dedicated to two ideals: aid to those suffering from the disease of leprosy and the defense of the Christian faith. Environ (1295), Constitution, règlements et nécrologie de Seedorf (http

all seasick. The inhabitants of Acre were told that the new prisoners were enemies of the state, of God and his religion, and that association with them was strictly forbidden. The aggressive public was jeering and throwing abuse. She was greatly distressed by this and almost all of the exiles fell dangerously ill. Her husband and she depended emotionally on each other during this difficult

period. thumb right House of `Abbúd which Ásíyih and her family lived in (Image:HouseOfAbbud.jpg) A royal command was issued in July 1868 condemning the Bábís Bahá'ís to perpetual imprisonment and isolation in far-flung outposts of the Ottoman Empire — Famagusta, Cyprus for Mirza Yahya and his followers, and `Akká (Acre, Israel), in Ottoman Palestine, for Bahá'u'lláh and his followers.


historic presence

'', 1978, p. 62. Following his release from Egyptian captivity, Louis spent four years in the Crusader kingdoms of Acre (Acre, Israel), Caesarea, and Jaffa. Louis used his wealth to assist the Crusaders in rebuilding their defences and conducting diplomacy with the Islamic powers of Syria and Egypt. Upon his departure from the Middle East, Louis left a significant garrison in the city of Acre for its defence against Islamic attacks. The historic presence of this French garrison in the Middle East was later used as a justification for the French Mandate. In Judea, the pro-Roman Jewish forces of high priest Hyrcanus II, Phasael, and Herod (Herod the Great) were defeated by the Parthians and their Jewish ally Antigonus II Mattathias (r. 40–37 BC); the latter was made king of Judea while Herod fled to his fort at Masada. After the rapid collapse of the Kingdom of Jerusalem in 1187, which must have destroyed a great part of the artwork the crusaders produced, discussed in detail at Folda, I, 23-28 they were mostly confined to a few cities on the Mediterranean coast until Acre (Acre, Israel) was conquered in 1291. Their artistic output did not cease during the 13th century, and shows further influences from the art of the Mamluks and Mongols. Von Wüllersleben hailed from a ministerialis family of Hersfeld Abbey whose seat was in Bad Hersfeld. It is unknown when he joined the Teutonic Order, although he served in Acre (Acre, Israel) until 1215. He was a close friend of Grand Masters Hermann von Salza and Heinrich von Hohenlohe, allowing him to take part in secret diplomatic missions for the Order. He spent 1244 in Prussia (Prussia (region)) where he served under the Master of Livonia, Poppo von Osterna. Günther von Wüllersleben was chosen Grand Master by the Order's capitulum (Chapter (religion)) in 1249 or 1250 in Acre (Acre, Israel). Ludwig von Queden, the unsuccessful choice of the pro-papal party led by Dietrich von Grüningen, was made Landmeister of Prussia. As the supreme authority of the Order, von Wüllersleben resided in Outremer and probably never left Acre.


current+active

Ata F.C. Maccabi Ironi Kiryat Ata . In Judea, the pro-Roman Jewish forces of high priest Hyrcanus II, Phasael, and Herod (Herod the Great) were defeated by the Parthians and their Jewish ally Antigonus II Mattathias (r. 40–37 BC); the latter was made king of Judea while Herod fled to his fort at Masada. After the rapid collapse of the Kingdom of Jerusalem in 1187, which must have destroyed a great part of the artwork the crusaders produced, discussed in detail at Folda, I, 23-28 they were mostly confined to a few cities on the Mediterranean coast until Acre (Acre, Israel) was conquered in 1291. Their artistic output did not cease during the 13th century, and shows further influences from the art of the Mamluks and Mongols. Von Wüllersleben hailed from a ministerialis family of Hersfeld Abbey whose seat was in Bad Hersfeld. It is unknown when he joined the Teutonic Order, although he served in Acre (Acre, Israel) until 1215. He was a close friend of Grand Masters Hermann von Salza and Heinrich von Hohenlohe, allowing him to take part in secret diplomatic missions for the Order. He spent 1244 in Prussia (Prussia (region)) where he served under the Master of Livonia, Poppo von Osterna. Günther von Wüllersleben was chosen Grand Master by the Order's capitulum (Chapter (religion)) in 1249 or 1250 in Acre (Acre, Israel). Ludwig von Queden, the unsuccessful choice of the pro-papal party led by Dietrich von Grüningen, was made Landmeister of Prussia. As the supreme authority of the Order, von Wüllersleben resided in Outremer and probably never left Acre.


historical portraits

University Press year 1996 isbn 0889202729 pages 17, 36, 356 pages She later wrote, "Those three days were the most memorable days of my life." ref>


growing ties

Muhammad Ali , the pasha of Egypt (Ottoman Egypt). As part of this conflict one of the most remembered massacres of Maronite Christians by Druze forces occurred, forces that were aligned with the wali of Damascus. Jumblatt (Jumblatt family) represented the increasingly disaffected Druze, who were both shut out from official power and angered at the growing ties with the Maronites by Bashir II, who was himself a Maronite Christian (initially the Chehab family was Sunni Muslim and some of which converted to Christianity at the end of the 18th century, under Bashir) Saladin's victories shocked Europe. On hearing news of the Siege of Jerusalem (1187), Pope Urban III (Urban III) died of a heart attack on 19 October 1187. On 29 October Pope Gregory VIII issued a bull (papal bull) ''Audita tremendi'', proposing the Third Crusade. To reverse this disaster Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa (Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor) (r. 1152-1190) of Germany, King Philip II Augustus (Philip II of France) of France, (r. 1180-1223), and King Richard the Lion-Hearted (Richard I of England) (r. 1189-1199) of England established a crusade; the pope's role was minor. Frederick died en route and few of his men reached the Holy Land. The other two armies arrived but were beset by political quarrels. King Philip feigned illness and returned to France, there scheming to win back the duchy of Normandy from Richard's control. Richard captured the island of Cyprus from the Byzantines in 1191. Cyprus served as a Crusader base for centuries to come, and remained in European hands until 1571. After a long siege (Siege of Acre (1189–1191)), Richard the Lionheart recaptured the city of Acre (Acre, Israel) and placed the entire Muslim garrison under captivity (they were executed after a series of failed negotiations). The Crusader army headed south along the Mediterranean coast. They defeated the Muslims near Arsuf, recaptured the port city of Jaffa, and were in sight of Jerusalem. However, Richard did not believe he would be able to hold Jerusalem once it was captured, as the majority of Crusaders would then return to Europe, and the crusade ended without the taking of Jerusalem. Richard left the following year after negotiating a treaty with Saladin. The treaty allowed trade for merchants and unarmed Christian pilgrims to make pilgrimages to the Holy Land (Jerusalem), while it remained under Muslim control. thumb Emperor Frederick II (File:Fridrich2 Al-Kamil.jpg) (left) meets al-Kamil (right), from a manuscript of the ''Nuova Cronica'' by Giovanni Villani Emperor Frederick II had repeatedly vowed a crusade but failed to live up to his words, for which he was excommunicated by Pope Gregory IX in 1228. He nonetheless set sail from Brindisi, landed in Saint-Jean d'Acre (Acre, Israel). There were no battles as Frederick made a peace treaty with Al-Kamil, the ruler of Egypt. This treaty allowed Christians to rule over most of Jerusalem and a strip of territory from Acre to Jerusalem, while the Muslims were given control of the Dome of the Rock and the Al-Aqsa Mosque. Thus he achieved unexpected success. In 1225 he married Yolanda, the young heiress to the kingdom of Jerusalem; upon her death in 1228, Frederick crowned himself king of Jerusalem. Ernest Kantorowicz, ''Frederick the 2nd: 1194-1250'' (1957) The peace lasted for about ten years. Many of the Muslims though were not happy with Al-Kamil for giving up control of Jerusalem. In 1244, following the siege of Jerusalem (Siege of Jerusalem (1244)), the Muslims regained control of the city. Combined with the Mongol Empire, Western Europe traded extensively with East Asia, the security of the Mongol Empire allowing the products of Asia to be brought to such Western European controlled ports as Acre (Acre, Israel), Antioch, Kaffa (Caffa) (on the Black Sea) and even, for a time, Constantinople itself. The Fifth Crusade of 1217–1221 and the Seventh Crusade of 1248–1254 were largely attempts to secure Western European control of the Red Sea trade region, as both Crusades were directed against Egypt, the power base of the Ayyubid, and then Mameluke, Sultanates. It was only in the 14th century, as the stability of trade with Asia collapsed with the Mongol Empire, the Mamelukes destroyed the Middle Eastern Crusader States, and the rising Ottoman Empire impeded further Western European trade with Asia, that Western Europeans sought alternate trade routes to Asia, ultimately leading to Columbus (Christopher Columbus)'s voyage of 1492. thumb Roman aureus aurei (Image:Antony with Octavian aureus.jpg) bearing the portraits of Mark Antony (left) and Octavian (right), issued in 41 BC to celebrate the establishment of the Second Triumvirate by Octavian, Antony and Marcus Lepidus (Marcus Aemilius Lepidus (triumvir)) in 43 BC Emboldened by the victory over Crassus, the Parthians attempted to capture Roman-held territories in Western Asia. In Judea, the pro-Roman Jewish forces of high priest Hyrcanus II, Phasael, and Herod (Herod the Great) were defeated by the Parthians and their Jewish ally Antigonus II Mattathias (r. 40–37 BC); the latter was made king of Judea while Herod fled to his fort at Masada. After the rapid collapse of the Kingdom of Jerusalem in 1187, which must have destroyed a great part of the artwork the crusaders produced, discussed in detail at Folda, I, 23-28 they were mostly confined to a few cities on the Mediterranean coast until Acre (Acre, Israel) was conquered in 1291. Their artistic output did not cease during the 13th century, and shows further influences from the art of the Mamluks and Mongols. Von Wüllersleben hailed from a ministerialis family of Hersfeld Abbey whose seat was in Bad Hersfeld. It is unknown when he joined the Teutonic Order, although he served in Acre (Acre, Israel) until 1215. He was a close friend of Grand Masters Hermann von Salza and Heinrich von Hohenlohe, allowing him to take part in secret diplomatic missions for the Order. He spent 1244 in Prussia (Prussia (region)) where he served under the Master of Livonia, Poppo von Osterna. Günther von Wüllersleben was chosen Grand Master by the Order's capitulum (Chapter (religion)) in 1249 or 1250 in Acre (Acre, Israel). Ludwig von Queden, the unsuccessful choice of the pro-papal party led by Dietrich von Grüningen, was made Landmeister of Prussia. As the supreme authority of the Order, von Wüllersleben resided in Outremer and probably never left Acre.


historical fact

These accusations against the Bahá'ís have no basis in historical fact,


small religious

the capture of that city by Richard I of England and Philip II of France. After the capture of the city (Siege of Acre (1189–1191)), William, Chaplain to the Dean of St. Pauls Cathedral at London, formed a small religious order, its members taking vows of poverty, chastity and obedience. The purpose of the Order was tending to the sick and wounded, and burying the Christian knights who fell in battle in the Holy Land. To that, William, as Prior of the Order, added


ancient family

du Puy de Provence''' (1083–1160) was a French (France) knight and was the first Grand Master (Grand Master (order)) of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem (Knights Hospitaller) from 1120 to 1160. A member of a noble and ancient family in Dauphiné, Rochefort and Montbrun, he was the son of Hughes Du Puy, Seigneur de Peyrins, d'Apifer, et de Rochefort, Governor of Acre (Acre, Israel) and a general serving under Godfrey of Bouillon and was also related to Adhemar of Le Puy


quot opening

%3B2-R author Barbara Harlow title Return to Haifa: "Opening the Borders" in Palestinian Literature journal Social Text date Winter - Spring, 1986 pages 3–23 volume No. 13 14 Early years Ghassan Fayiz Kanafani was born in 1936 in the then Acre (Acre, Israel) (Akka), British Mandate of Palestine. His father was a lawyer, and sent Ghassan to French (French language) missionary school in Jaffa. thumb (File:FridrichSwabia.jpg) '''Frederick VI

Acre, Israel

'''Acre''' ( ), ''Antiochenes'', ''Ptolemais Antiochenes'', ''Ptolemais'' or ''Ptolemaïs'', ''Colonia Claudii Cæsaris'', and ''St.-Jean d'Acre'' (Acre for short) is a city (List of Israeli cities) in the northern coastal plain region of northern (North District (Israel)) Israel at the northern extremity of Haifa Bay. The city occupies an important location, as it sits on the coast of the Mediterranean, linking the waterways and commercial activity with the Levant. "Old City of Acre." UNESCOWorld Heritage Center. World Heritage Convention. Web. 15 Apr 2013. Acre is one of the oldest continuously inhabited sites in the world.

Historically, it was a strategic coastal link to the Levant. In crusader (Crusades) times it was known as ''St. John d'Acre'' after the Knights Hospitaller of St John order who had their headquarters there. Acre is the holiest city of the Bahá'í Faith. In 2011, the population was 46,464. Acre is a mixed city, with 75% of the population being Jewish and 25% Arab. The mayor is Shimon Lankri, who was re-elected in 2011. Interview with Acre Mayor Shimon Lankri

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