Óc Eo

What is Óc Eo known for?


world made

excavated in the western Mekong delta, in the ancient kingdom of Fu-nan, Roman finds from the 2nd century after Christ have come to light. Albrecht Dihle, ''Umstrittene Daten: Untersuchenen zum Auftreten der Griechen an Roten Meer,'' Köln und Opladen, Westdeutsch Verlag, 1964, S.30. Columbus' search for Ciamba Guided by Ptolemy, the discoverers of the New World were initially trying to find their way to Kattigara. On the 1489 map of the world made


174

of the European Association of Southeast Asian Archaeologists, Bougon, 25th–29th September 2006,'' Chiang Mai, Siam Ratana, c2008, pp.167-174. Many of the remains have been collected and are on exhibition in Museum of Vietnamese History in Ho Chi Minh City. Among the coins found at Óc Eo by Malleret were eight made of silver bearing the image of the Hamsa (bird) or Crested Argus, apparently minted in Funan. Lương Ninh, “Óc Eo - Cảng thị quốc tế của Vương quốc Phù Nam

Indies”, ''Philosophical Transactions,'' vol.57, 1767, pp.155-174. The plea in 1979 by Jeremy H.C.S. Davidson for “a thorough study of Hà-tiên in its historical context and in relation to Óc-eo” as indispensable

Caverhill, “Some Attempts to ascertain the utmost Extent of the Knowledge of the Ancients in the East Indies”, ''Philosophical Transactions,'' vol.57, 1767, pp. 155–174. *Adhir K. Chakravarti, “Early Sino-Indian Maritime Trade and Fu-Nan”, D.C. Sircar (ed.), ''Early Indian Trade and Industry,'' Calcutta, University of Calcutta Centre of Advanced Study in Ancient Indian History and Culture, ''Lectures and Seminars,'' no. VIII-A, part I, 1972, pp. 101–117. *George Cœdès, “Fouilles


early metal

Tấn argued that, from the late neolithic or early metal age, Óc Eo gradually emerged as an economic and cultural centre of the Mekong Delta and, with an important position on the Southeast Asian sea routes, became a meeting place for craftsmen and traders, which provided adequate conditions for urbanization, receiving foreign influences, notably from India, which in turn stimulated internal development. Ha Van Tan, "Óc Eo: Endogenous and Exogenous Elements", ''Viet Nam Social


cattigara

, Kolkata, Punthi Pustak, 1998, p.413. Scholarship has now determined that Ptolemy's Kattigara was at eight and a half degrees North of the Equator, and was the forerunner of Saigon as the main port and entrepot at the mouth of the Mekong. Albert Herrmann, “Der Magnus Sinus und Cattigara nach Ptolemaeus”, ''Comptes Rendus du 15me Congrès International de Géographie,'' Amsterdam, 1938, Leiden, Brill, 1938, tome II, sect. IV, ''Géographie Historique et Histoire de la Géographie

,'' pp.123-8; Louis Malleret, ''L’Archéologie du delta du Mékong,'' Tome Troisiéme, ''La culture du Fu-nan,'' Paris, 1962, chap.XXV, “Oc-Èo et Kattigara”, pp.421-54. thumb Mr Caverhill proves the ancient Cattigara to be the same with the modern Ponteamass (Banteaymeas), ''The Monthly Review, Or, Literary Journal,'' Volume 40, 1769, p.98. (File:The Monthly Review, Or, Literary Journal, Volume 40, 1769.JPG) John Caverhill deduced in 1767 that Cattigara was the Mekong Delta port

for accurate understanding and interpretation of the site, still remains unanswered. Jeremy H.C.S. Davidson, “Archaeology in Southern Viet-Nam since 1954”, in R. B. Smith and W. Watson (eds.), ''Early South East Asia: Essays in Archaeology, History, and Historical Geography,'' New York, Oxford University Press, 1979, pp.215-222, see p.216. The eighteenth-century French geographer, Jean-Baptiste Bourguignon d'Anville, located Cattigara at the mouth of the Mekong (''Cottiaris


vasco da gama

of the New World and the Meaning of its History,'' Bloomington, Indiana University Press, 1961, pp.106-122. Columbus planned to meet up with the expedition sent at the same time from Portugal around the Cape of Good Hope under Vasco da Gama, and carried letters of credence from the Spanish monarchs to present to da Gama. The letter, dated 14 March 1502, is published in Martin Fernandez de Navarrete, ''Coleccion de los Viages y Descubrimientos,'' 2nd. edn., Madrid


culture quot

, Vietnam, in the Mekong River Delta region of Vietnam. It is also one of the modern day communes of Vietnam. Óc Eo may have been a busy port of the kingdom of Funan (Kingdom of Funan) between the 1st and 7th centuries AD. Scholars use the term "Óc Eo Culture" to refer to the ancient material culture of the Mekong Delta region that is typified by the artifacts recovered at Óc Eo through archeological investigation. The Archeological Site File:Sites of Oc Eo


336

Cape Ca Mau, the southern point of Indochina: J. L. Moens, "De Noord-Sumatraanse Rijken der Parfums en specerijen in Voor-Moslimse Tijd," ''Tijdschrift voor Indische Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde,'' LXXXV, 3, 1955, pp.325-336, p.335; also J. L. Moens, "Kotinagara het antieke handescentrum op Yava's. Eindpunt," ''Tijdschrift voor Indische Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde,'' LXXXV, 3, 1955, pp. 437-48, p.448; and also W.J. van der Meulen, "Ptolemy's Geography of Mainland

-Hiue'' 漢學, vol.II, pts.1-3, 1948), in ''T'oung Pao'' 通報, vol.40, livres 4 5, 1951, pp. 336–351, n.b. pp. 338, 341. *Paul Lévy, "Recent Archaeological Researches by the École Français d’Extrême Orient, French Indo-China, 1940–1945", in Kalidas Nag (ed.), ''Sir William Jones: Bicentenary of his Birth Commemoration Volume, 1746–1946'', Calcutta, Royal Asiatic Society of Bengal, 1948, pp. 118–19; paraphrased in R. C. Majumdar, ''Ancient Indian colonisation


site+covers/

Culture in Southern Vietnam.jpg 150 px left This map shows the locations of archeological sites associated with Oc Eo culture. It is located at the Museum of Vietnamese History, Ho Chi Minh City. Excavation at Óc Eo began on February 10, 1942, after French archaeologists had discovered the site through the use of aerial photography. The first excavations were led by Louis Malleret. The site covers 450 ha. Óc Eo is situated within a network of ancient canals that crisscross the low


site de

en Cochinchine: Le Site de Go Oc Eo, Ancien Port du Royaume de Fou-nan”, ''Artibus Asiae,'' vol.10, no.3, 1947, pp. 193–199. *George Coedès, review of Paul Wheatley, ''The Golden Khersonese'' (Kuala Lumpur, 1961), in ''T'oung Pao'' 通報, vol.49, parts 4 5, 1962, pp. 433–439. *George Coedès, “Some Problems in the Ancient History of the Hinduized States of South-East Asia”, ''Journal of Southeast Asian History,'' vol.5, no.2, September 1964, pp. 1–14. *Albrecht Dihle


amp set

; Asiatic Society Monographs,'' Vol. I, 1909, pp.193, 775 and Albert Herrmann, „Die alten Verkehrswege zwischen Indien und Süd-China nach Ptolemäus“, ''Zeitschrift der Gesellschaft für Erdkunde zu Berlin,'' 1913, pp.771-787, p.784. amp;set%5Bmets%5D http%3A%2F%2Fwww.zvdd.de%2Fdms%2Fmetsresolver%2F%3FPPN%3DPPN391365657_1913&set%5Bzoom%5D default&set%5Bdebug%5D 0&set%5Bdouble%5D 0&set%5Bstyle%5D English translation at:

Óc Eo

'''Óc Eo''' (from the -- , "O Keo", meaning "Glass canal") is an archaeological site in Thoại Sơn District in southern An Giang Province, Vietnam, in the Mekong River Delta region of Vietnam. It is also one of the modern day communes of Vietnam. Óc Eo may have been a busy port of the kingdom of Funan (Kingdom of Funan) between the 1st and 7th centuries AD. Scholars use the term "Óc Eo Culture" to refer to the ancient material culture of the Mekong Delta region that is typified by the artifacts recovered at Óc Eo through archeological investigation.

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