Places Known For

year created


Duchy of Warsaw

(Napoleon I) Imperial Guard Grenadiers (from 1804); Governor-general of the Duchy of Warsaw; Minister of War (Hundred Days); Mayor of Savigny-sur-Orge Davout added to his renown in the campaign of Eylau (Battle of Eylau) and Friedland (Battle of Friedland). Napoleon left him as governor-general of the newly-created Duchy of Warsaw following the Treaty of Tilsit of 1807, and the next year created him Duc d'Auerstaedt Duke of Auerstädt


Ruhr

reduced by 6.7 million tons. Gareau (1961), pp. 517–534 Dismantling finally ended in 1951. In all, less than 5% of the industrial base was dismantled. John Ardagh, ''Germany and the Germans'' (1987) p 84 The Ruhr was at the center of the German economic miracle of the 1950s and 1960s, as very rapid economic growth (9% a year) created a heavy demand for coal and steel. After 1973, Germany was hard hit by a worldwide economic crisis, soaring oil prices


Changsha

a regiment of cavalry to Xu Province and reinforce its governor, Tao Qian (Tao Qian (Han Dynasty)), in the fight against the Yellow Turban Rebellion. In 252, Crown Prince He's status was elevated from commoner status, as Sun Quan, just before his death that year, created him the Prince of Nanyang, with his fief at Changsha. Indeed, there were rumors, even after Sun He's younger brother Sun Liang took the throne after Sun Quan's death, that the regent Zhuge Ke, an uncle of Sun He's wife Princess Zhang, was interested in restoring Prince He and making him emperor instead. After Zhuge's assassination and replacement by Sun Jun (Sun Jun (Three Kingdoms)) in 253, however, Prince He fell into danger, as Sun Jun had been instrumental in having him deposed in the first place and wanted to eliminate any chance of a comeback. He used the rumors as excuse to have Sun He demoted back to commoner status and exiled to Xindu (新都, in modern Hangzhou, Zhejiang), and then sent messengers to force Sun He to commit suicide. Princess Zhang also committed suicide, but when offered the chance to, Consort He refused—stating that if she died as well, no one would be left to care for Sun He's sons, so she raised Sun Hao and his three brothers by other consorts—Sun De (孫德), Sun Qian (孫謙), and Sun Jun (孫俊, note different character than the regent). Sun Hao was just 11 when his father died. By 250, Sun Quan tired of Sun Ba's constant attacks on his brother. Under the advice of his daughter Sun Dahu (孫大虎) and his personal assistant Sun Jun (Sun Jun (Three Kingdoms)), he forced Sun Ba to commit suicide and deposed Sun He, then appointed his youngest son, Sun Liang, as crown prince to replace Sun He. Sun He was reduced to the status of a commoner and exiled to Guzhang (in present-day Huzhou, Zhejiang). In 252, as Sun Quan neared death, he appointed Sun He as Prince of Nanyang, with his fief at Changsha. He died soon thereafter, and Sun Liang succeeded him under the regency of Zhuge Ke. Sun He, due to the machinations of many powerful people at court, was deposed in 250 and reduced to commoner status. In 252, he was created the Prince of Nanyang, with his fief at Changsha. However, after Sun Jun (Sun Jun (Three Kingdoms)) became regent for his brother, the emperor Sun Liang, in 253, Sun Jun forced him to commit suicide. His wife Princess Zhang also committed suicide. When Consort He was offered the opportunity to commit suicide as well, however, she declined—reasoning that someone needed to raise the children, and she was the one who raised Sun Hao and his three younger brothers (by other consorts), Sun De (孫德), Sun Qian (孫謙), and Sun Jun (孫俊—note different character than the regent). Jia Yi made many suggestions to Emperor Wen about governing his empire. As an advocate of Confucian (Confucianism) reforms, attacking Xiongnu and lessening the power of local governors, he made enemies at court and lost his position. Di Cosmo (2002), 201–202. He became the tutor to the King of Changsha, a place he disliked as he feared its humid climate would lead to an early death. When passing the Xiang river, he wrote several poems grieving for his sad fate and compared himself with Qu Yuan, as he believed he was sent into exile. Changsha was known as "The home of Qu Yuan and Jia Yi " (屈賈之鄉) because of their influence. birth_date


Hangzhou

Xiu was created the Prince of Langye in 252, she became princess. She accompanied him, as his fief was initially established at Hulin (虎林, in modern Chizhou, Anhui) but subsequently moved twice to Danyang (丹陽, in modern Xuancheng, Anhui) then finally to Kuaiji (會稽, in modern Shaoxing, Zhejiang). In 252, Crown Prince He's status was elevated from commoner status, as Sun Quan, just before his death that year, created him the Prince of Nanyang, with his fief at Changsha. Indeed, there were rumors, even after Sun He's younger brother Sun Liang took the throne after Sun Quan's death, that the regent Zhuge Ke, an uncle of Sun He's wife Princess Zhang, was interested in restoring Prince He and making him emperor instead. After Zhuge's assassination and replacement by Sun Jun (Sun Jun (Three Kingdoms)) in 253, however, Prince He fell into danger, as Sun Jun had been instrumental in having him deposed in the first place and wanted to eliminate any chance of a comeback. He used the rumors as excuse to have Sun He demoted back to commoner status and exiled to Xindu (新都, in modern Hangzhou, Zhejiang), and then sent messengers to force Sun He to commit suicide. Princess Zhang also committed suicide, but when offered the chance to, Consort He refused—stating that if she died as well, no one would be left to care for Sun He's sons, so she raised Sun Hao and his three brothers by other consorts—Sun De (孫德), Sun Qian (孫謙), and Sun Jun (孫俊, note different character than the regent). Sun Hao was just 11 when his father died. However, a series of Sino-German agreements in 1934–1936 greatly accelerated railway construction in China. Major railroads were built between Nanchang, Zhejiang, and Guizhou. These fast developments were made possible because Germany needed efficient transportation to export raw materials, and because the railway lines served the Chinese government's need to build an industrial center south of the Yangtze, in the south-central provinces. In addition, these railways served important military functions. For example, the Hangzhou-Guiyang rail was built to facilitate military transport in the Yangtze delta valley, even after Shanghai and Nanking were lost. Another similar railway was the Guangzhou-Hankou network, which provided transportation between the eastern coast and the Wuhan area. This railway would later prove its worth in the early stages of the Second Sino-Japanese War. Zhuge was the uncle of Sun He's wife Princess Zhang, and there were soon rumors that Zhuge was considering restoring Sun He and making him emperor. After Zhuge was assassinated and replaced by Sun Jun in 253, Sun Jun, who had been instrumental in Sun He's deposal, decided to end the threat once and for all. He first again demoted Sun He back to commoner status and exiled him to Xindu (in present-day Hangzhou, Zhejiang), and then sent messengers to force Sun He to commit suicide. Princess Zhang also committed suicide. Sun He's four sons Sun Hao, Sun De (孫德), Sun Qian (孫謙), and Sun Jun (孫俊) were raised by Sun Hao's mother, Consort He (Empress Dowager He (Sun Hao)), who was offered the chance to commit suicide but declined, reasoning that someone needed to raise the children. *Guangzhou: Beijing Road *Hangzhou: Wulin Square, Euro Street, Hubin Road, HDA Plaza *Shanghai: Nanjing Road (Nanjing Road (Shanghai)), Huaihai Road, Xujiahui * '''ZSGZ''' (KOW) – Ganzhou Huangjin Airport – Ganzhou, Jiangxi * '''ZSHC''' (HGH) – Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport – Hangzhou, Zhejiang * '''ZSJA''' (JGS) – Jinggangshan Airport – Ji'an, Jiangxi * 1163 – Rebuilding of Notre Dame (Notre Dame de Paris) in Paris begun. * 1165 – Liuhe Pagoda of Hangzhou, China rebuilt. * 1165 – Dhammayangyi Temple built in Bagan, Pagan Kingdom. Seng Heng Bank operates more than 210 service outlets, including 106 branches. Seng Heng also maintains a branch in Shenzhen for foreign currency wholesale business, branches in Macau and Singapore, and representative offices in Xiamen and Taipei. Seng Heng Bank, through its wholly owned mainland China subsidiary, Hang Seng Bank (China) Limited, operates a network of 33 outlets in Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Dongguan, Fuzhou, Nanjing, Hangzhou, Ningbo, Tianjin and Kunming. On December 31, 2008, the Bank acquired 20% of Yantai City Commercial Bank. Established in November 2002, '''BlogCN''' is the first free blog hosting service provider in China. Based in the eastern city of Hangzhou, BlogCN has built the world's largest Chinese blog community, blog hosting service, and blog search engine. WikiPedia:Hangzhou Dmoz:Regional Asia China Zhejiang Hangzhou Commons:Hangzhou


Hamburg

-que-invadiram-lisboa-1526430 accessdate December 25, 2011 newspaper Público date December 25, 2011 . Davout added to his renown in the campaign of Eylau (Battle of Eylau) and Friedland (Battle of Friedland). Napoleon left him as governor-general of the newly-created Duchy of Warsaw following the Treaty of Tilsit of 1807, and the next year created him Duke of Auerstädt (Duc d'Auerstaedt). In the war of 1809, Davout took part in the actions which culminated


Russia

the disputed South China Sea Islands; most of the islands of Indonesia; and the island nation of Japan, which comprises the Japanese Archipelago. Davout added to his renown in the campaign of Eylau (Battle of Eylau) and Friedland (Battle of Friedland). Napoleon left him as governor-general of the newly-created Duchy of Warsaw following the Treaty of Tilsit of 1807, and the next year created him Duke of Auerstädt (Duc d'Auerstaedt). In the war of 1809, Davout took


Italy

year, created doctor of laws. '''Tressette''' or '''Tresette''' is one of Italy's major national trick-taking card games, together with Scopa and Briscola. It is recorded only from the early 18th century, though greater antiquity is suggested by its trumplessness. The name of the game, literally "three Sevens" may refer to a scoring combination no longer recognized, or to the fact that it is played up to twenty-one. There are many variants depending on the region of Italy the game is played in. Oxford Dictionary of Card Games, David Parlett, pg. 311-312 - Oxford University Press 1996 ISBN 0-19-869173-4 Dr. '''Enver Oren''' (born February 10, 1939), Ihlas Holding’s Chairman of the Board,


France

; and, in the following year, created doctor of laws. thumb right 275px Cultural Center of the Arabs ''Nessadiou'', at Bourail (File:Centre culturel arabes.JPG) '''The Algerians of the Pacific''' ("Algerians (Algerian people) of the Pacific (Pacific Ocean)") were a group of men and women deported (Deportation) by French (France) authorities to labor camps on the island of New Caledonia, after taking part in the 1870-1871 mainly Kabyle uprising against colonial rule in Algeria (French rule in Algeria). He was even more closely connected with Urban II, whom he accompanied to France in 1095. In 1099, he entered the monastery of Monte Cassino, but without resigning his see or severing his relations with the outside world. He undertook an important mission to France for Paschal II in 1106, and remained with the pope for some time after his return, finally going back to his cloister, where he was elected abbot in 1107. Paschal made no objection to this pluralism until in the conflicts of 1111 Bruno took the part of the antipope Maginulf (Sylvester IV), and was forced to resign his abbacy and return to Segni. '''''The Song of Bernadette''''' is a 1942 novel that tells the story of Saint Bernadette Soubirous, who, from February to July 1858 in Lourdes, France, reported eighteen visions of the Blessed Virgin Mary (Marian apparitions). The novel was written by Franz Werfel and was published in 1942. It was extremely popular, spending more than a year on the ''New York Times'' Best Seller list and 13 weeks in first place. :“In the last days of June 1940, in flight after the collapse of France, the two of us, my wife and I, had hoped to elude our mortal enemies in time to cross the Spanish frontier to Portugal, but had to flee back to the interior of France on the very night German troops occupied the frontier town of Hendaye. The Pyreenean départements had turned into a phantasmagoria – a very camp of chaos. Professor Conkey was one of the first archaeologists to introduce feminist theory into archaeology, and is thus a pioneering figure in the subfields of gender archaeology and feminist archaeology. Her other recent field research includes an interpretive analysis of Paleolithic art of southern France dating to between 40,000 and 15,000 years ago. She has challenged the theory that cave art was primarily a male practice whose purpose was sympathetic magic to ensure success in big game hunting. Personal life Hambro was born in Kristiania (Oslo) as a son of the politician C. J. Hambro (1885–1964) and his wife Gudrun Grieg (1881–1943). Commons:Category:France WikiPedia:France Dmoz:Regional Europe France


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