, the English had occupied the island, whose population was only about 3,000, but it took them many years to bring the rebellious slaves under their control. Cromwell increased the island's white population by sending indentured servants and prisoners captured in battles with (Wars of the Three Kingdoms) the Irish (Irish people) and Scots (Scottish people), as well as some common criminals. This practice was continued under Charles II (Charles II of England), and the white population
with quickly growing African American, Hispanic, and Asian segments. Johnson, Stephanie. "Crime, drugs main issues in Dist. F race". ''Houston Chronicle''. November 3, 1991. Retrieved July 6, 2011. Previously, District F had a mostly white population. Alief ISD's student population was 24% African American by 1991. ref name "
, and Asian populations increased, the white population decreased. Rodriguez, Lori. "THE CENSUS Census study: White flight soars UH analysis spots segregation trend". ''Houston Chronicle''. April 15, 2001. Retrieved July 20, 2011. Researchers cited social class differences as the reason most white people moved away from
Alief. People with greater financial means of all ethnicities moved to further outlying suburbs with greater amenities and better performing schools during the period, while people with lesser financial means moved into the area to take advantage of newer housing and better amenities and schools than those that they left behind. The change was seen disproportionately in the white population since the white population was disproportionately wealthier. Allen G. Breed of the ''Associated Press'' wrote: "Alief is an impoverished, multicultural enclave where many of the business and street signs are in both English and one of several Asian languages. The district's 47,000 students speak nearly 70 tongues, and the number of students qualifying for free or reduced lunch over 70%.". Crime Alief continued to encounter common urban problems during the 1990s. Crimes committed by juveniles rose significantly, and by 1990, there were 60% more murders committed by juveniles in Harris County than there had been in 1986. Campbell, James T. "Teen crime wave on rise Recent slayings offshoot of increase in violence". ''Houston Chronicle''. September 20, 1991. Retrieved July 6, 2011. Violence associated with criminal gangs escalated. In 1993, five people were arrested when a dispute between rival gangs resulted in the murder of a teenager at a Halloween party. "Luck, hard work lead to arrest in gang-related shooting death". ''Houston Chronicle''. November 7, 1993. Retrieved July 6, 2011. Reactions to the rise in crime varied. In 1991, the candidates for the District F city council seat agreed that crime and drugs were the most important issues. By the same year, Alief ISD had added rules to its dress code forbidding students to wear gang attire. Sin, Stephanie A. "Dress-code debates still in vogue Fashions change, but controversy never goes away". ''Houston Chronicle''. September 2, 1991. Retrieved July 6, 2011. In 1992, Alief ISD began setting up metal detectors at high schools and athletic events to prevent students from carrying weapons. Hanson, Eric. ""Dramatic' arms deterrent cited in metal detector use at schools." ''Houston Cronicle''. October 16, 1993. Retrieved July 6, 2011. Harris County Commissioner Steve Radack declared 11 parks in his precinct, including Alief-Amity Park, drug-free zones with stiffer penalties for people caught possessing drugs. Greene, Andrea D. "Drug-free status for parks urged". ''Houston Chronicle''. October 19, 1993. Retrieved July 6, 2011. Alief ISD tested a uniform policy at three middle schools in 1996 and then mandated uniforms for all elementary, intermediate, and middle schools in 1997. Markley, Melanie and Ruth Rendon, Cindy Horswell,Patti Muck. "Schools find that students adopt uniform behavior". ''Houston Chronicle''. February 16, 1997. Retrieved July 15, 1997. Income Poverty increased in the area. Between 1991 and 1992, one area food bank received 43% more requests for food than it had in the preceding year. Martin, Norma. "Hunger increasing in middle-class neighborhoods, official says". ''Houston Chronicle''. March 26, 1993. Retrieved July 6, 2011. By 1995, large numbers of undocumented workers had moved to the area and were working for less than minimum wage. Vara, Richard. "He's helping his community". ''Houston Chronicle''. July 20, 1996. Retrieved July 15, 2011. The House of Amos opened in 1995 to help provide food and clothes to impoverished residents. Education Many developments in education took place in the 1990s in Alief. In 1993, Alief ISD instituted a rule which made passing the statewide standardized test, the Texas Assessment of Academic Skills (TAAS) Exit Exam, a requirement for high school graduation. Staff. "Area briefs". ''Houston Chronicle''. June 2, 1993. Retrieved July 6, 2011. Many parents protested the measure. In 1995, voters decided to allow Alief ISD to build the Hastings and Elsik Ninth Grade Centers. Staff. "Voters Decide Fate of Schools". ''Houston Chronicle''. December 2, 1995. Retrieved July 15, 2011. In 1998, voters approved funds for Alief ISD to use to build a new high school, Staff. "Alief voters pass school bonds issue". ''Houston Chronicle''. September 13, 1998. Retrieved July 15, 2011. which would later become Alief "Doc" Taylor. The period was also marked with political scandals. In 1991, a ballot box from the Boone Elementary polling location containing over 700 ballots went missing after the poll closed. Staff. "City set to probe missing ballot box". ''Houston Chronicle''. December 9, 1991. Retrieved July 6, 2011. In late 1994, David M. Henington, the director of the Houston Public Library, retired. In an article about his retirement plans he told the reporter he wanted personal computers placed in all of Houston's branch libraries so that all Houstonians could access the internet "information superhighway" during their visits. Dyer, R.A. "Public Library's chief set to retire His career in system spans 27 years". ''Houston Chronicle''. Section A, Page 33, 2 STAR Edition. November 26, 1994. Retrieved July 24, 2011. In 1996, the Henington-Alief Library began offering free internet access to the public. Sallee, Rod. "Library hops on superhighway Internet to soon be option at several public libraries". ''Houston Chronicle''. February 8, 1996. Retrieved July 15, 2011. The service was text-only and was limited to 20 minutes when other users were waiting to use the computers. The move by the Houston Public Library was intended to bring internet access to Houstonians who did not have a home computer and therefore did not have home access to the internet. Hurricane Katrina (2005) In 2005, Alief became home to many Hurricane Katrina evacuees. Radcliffe, Jennifer. "More sought for displaced students: Initiative asks $5 million to help schools in HISD, Alief deal with victims of Katrina". ''Houston Chronicle''. April 21, 2006. Retrieved July 21, 2011. More than 3,000 evacuees enrolled in Alief ISD schools. Alief ISD spent $12 million to accommodate Hurricane Katrina evacuees in 2005. Breed, Allen G. "Evacuee students find ways to fit in, make best of dislocation." ''Associated Press''. April 9, 2006. The United States government promised to reimburse the district, but in 2006 Alief had not yet received the money. Many of the students who were displaced by the hurricane were academically behind their Texas peers. In 2006, former United States President George H. W. Bush and Houston Mayor Bill White (Bill White (politician)) led a fundraising campaign to help Alief ISD and other districts pay for educating the displaced students. The influx of evacuees caused an escalation of gang violence '''St. Agnes Academy''' is a Dominican (Dominican Order) college-preparatory school for young women grades 9 through 12 "Our Mission & History" ''St. Agnes Academy''. (c)2011. Retrieved July 14, 2011. in Houston (Houston, Texas), Texas, United States at the edge of both the Alief (Alief, Houston) and Sharpstown (Sharpstown, Houston) communities. The school operates within the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Galveston-Houston . Southwest The term "southwest Houston" often refers to the area that opened in the years following World War II, when they were considered to be suburbs, such as '''Alief (Alief, Houston)''', '''Fondren Southwest''', '''Meyerland (Meyerland, Houston, Texas)''', '''Sharpstown (Sharpstown, Houston, Texas)''' and '''Westbury (Westbury, Houston, Texas)'''. Alief is a large, ethnically diverse community which Houston began annexing in 1977. Fondren Southwest and Meyerland are centers of Houston's Jewish community. Sharpstown has large Hispanic and Asian American communities and was the first master-planned community in Houston. Also in the southwest is the Indian enclave, the Mahatma Gandhi District (Mahatma Gandhi District, Houston), informally known as Hilcroft. Westbury and Meyerland are becoming popular places for some gay men and lesbians to live, as real estate in the Neartown area has become more expensive as it has gentrified. '''Alief Kerr High School''' is a secondary school located in the Alief (Alief, Houston) community, near the city of Houston (Houston, Texas) in an unincorporated area of Harris County, Texas, in the United States. The school is a part of the Alief Independent School District and serves grades 9 through 12. Kerr High School was awarded the Blue Ribbon School Award of Excellence (Blue Ribbon Schools Program) by the United States Department of Education, the highest award an American school can receive, during the 2010-11 school year. http: www2.ed.gov programs nclbbrs 2010 national.pdf District F District F serves areas in southwestern Houston. District F has a significant Vietnamese American community. Moran, Chris. "District F councilman facing both political, legal fights." ''Houston Chronicle''. Sunday October 9, 2011. Retrieved on November 5, 2011. District F includes much of the Alief (Alief, Houston), area other areas in Southwest Houston, Briarmeadow (Briarmeadow, Houston) and Tanglewilde (Tanglewilde, Houston). In 1985 District F included far Southwest Houston. It included Alief (Alief, Houston), Braeburn, Braeburn Valley West, Glenshire, Gulfton, Robindell (Robindell, Houston), and Sharpstown. In 1985 the district was 83% white. Hurst, Deborah. "Goodner stays away from focusing on gays in District F campaign." ''Houston Chronicle''. Monday October 21, 1985. Section 1, Page 10. Retrieved on August 8, 2011. In 2011 Briarmeadow and Tanglewilde, areas south of Westheimer Road which were previously in District G, were moved to District F, while the Bellaire Boulevard areas and Sharpstown were moved out of District F.
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." The mountain is on the northeast corner of the Ouachita Mountains. "The cone-shaped peak was first mentioned in the book, A Journal of Travels into the Arkansas Territory During the Year 1819, written by naturalist Thomas Nuttall. During the colonial and early American periods, the mountain was known as “Mamelle” mountain. “Mamelle” is a name commonly applied in the French-speaking parts of the world to a breast or any breast-shaped hill. Over time, the term “Mamelle” became “Maumelle,” which is a name now applied to the Big Maumelle and Little Maumelle rivers, Lake Maumelle, and two different communities in the area." "Beginning in 1822, the local “Natural Steps” provided a convenient stop for Little Rock visitors to disembark for their hike to the mountain. Visitation increased with the construction of the local railroad in the 1890s. With common use of the automobile and improved roads in the early 20th century, climbing the pinnacle became even more popular and accessible." "The park provides environmental protection and conservation for a relatively unspoiled tract of hills, forests, and waterways near a growing metropolitan area. It also provides recreational and educational facilities and programs for visitors. The park’s diverse habitats range from high upland rocky peaks, upland forests, and wetlands and bottomlands along the Big and Little Maumelle rivers. The various habitats provide many outdoor recreational and educational opportunities. Included in these are canoe and boat tours led by park interpreters. Also available are educational tours, self-guided trails, wayside outdoor exhibits, four major vistas, and opportunities for natural solitude." "Pinnacle Mountain is a day-use-only park with an emphasis on preservation rather than development. Gates at Pinnacle Mountain State Park close one hour after sunset. Park facilities include picnic sites, two standard pavilions, two launch ramps, eight hiking trails, and two overlooks. The park visitor center overlooking the Arkansas River includes exhibits, A V programs, a meeting room, and gift shop." "The eight hiking trails range from the easy one-half-mile paved Kingfisher trail to the two-mile Rocky Valley trail. The Ouachita National Recreation Trail begins at the visitor center and proceeds 223 miles through the Ouachita Mountains, ending at Talimena State Park in southeastern Oklahoma. The first three miles are within the park."right thumb Pinnacle Mountain seen from the Natural Steps (Image:Pinnacle Mountain, Arkansas, seen from the Natural Steps.jpg) Masonic Stone left thumb 1976 Masonic Marker (Image:Naturalsteps2.jpg)"The most spectacular gathering at the steps occurred June 28, 1876, when the combined memberships of the Western Star Lodge, Magnolia Lodge, and Mary Williams Lodge came by steamboat and held a joint installation. A century later, June 27, 1976, the same lodges came by boat and car for a similar ceremony, followed by burial of a time capsule that was to be opened one hundred years hence. The site is marked by a granite monument bearing the names of worshipful masters of the three lodges." Legend In the 1940s, residents of Natural Steps began dynamiting the steps in search of Confederate (Confederate States of America) gold lying beneath the massive stones. The legend is, a Confederate Gunboat was sunk at the natural steps so the Union Army, that just claimed Little Rock, couldn't take possession of the Confederate gold on board. The thought being, the steps would be a marker for where the gold laid and the Confederates could come back later and reclaim it. Three Confederate soldiers died in the explosion that sank the gunboat and are buried in the Natural Steps Cemetery. In the late 19th century, one of the locals, waiting to catch a steamboat at the foot of the steps, found a $5 gold piece. No gold was ever found in the 1940s and the steps were partially destroyed by the dynamite. Another legend was given to us by Bart Moreland Sr. who was born in Natural Steps. "The old story goes that Jesse James and his gang spent the night, in Natural Steps, and robbed a stage coach in Benton, on the road to Hot Springs (Hot Springs, Arkansas), the next day." Bart Sr. then said, "Yeah, that was the talk, then, I was born 1899, and it was the 1800s that Jesse James spent the night there." When asked who told him, "Oh, several, my dad and mother for one, or two." The old cabin that Jesse James was said to have stayed in, no longer exists. Written in the Pinnacle Mountain Community Post. The Natural Steps Ghost On the darkest of nights in late October, a woman in white can be seen walking in the Natural Steps Cemetery. She is first seen in the northeast section of the cemetery where the old Natural Steps Baptist Church sat before it burned. From there, she is seen heading north into the woods towards the natural steps. Once
, with cargoes of bananas or sacks of charcoal. Population during the 1950s and 1960s During the 1960s, Jinja, like other towns in Uganda, was subtly segregated. The white population was quite small and tended to live in mixed European Asian (East Indian (India)) neighbourhoods separated from African neighbourhoods. The European Asian areas were generally by the lakeside with houses affording large gardens. Although Europeans and Asians lived here in close proximity the facilities
by the 1880s, when English and Americans expanded the production of banana and wood, creating an enclave economy; by the 1880 Bluefields was already a city of cosmopolitan (Multicultural) character, with an intense commercial activity. Economic growth also brought a marked process of social differentiation, by which the races and ethnic groups were distributed spatially and in terms of work: in the dome the white population represented the interests of the foreign businesses; the mulattoes worked as artisans and in working class occupations; the blacks had their niche in physical work, and the native population were employed as servants and for other smaller works. In 1894 the government of Nicaragua incorporated the Miskito Reserve into the national territory, extinguishing the Miskito monarchy, and on October 11, 1903 Bluefields was proclaimed capital of the Department of Zelaya. In recent years however, due to American Coast Guard patrols attempting to intercept Colombian drug smugglers, cocaine (often referred to locally as "white lobster") has become an important part of the local economy. When threatened with potential boarding by US Coast Guard ships, cocaine smugglers try to dispose of their illegal cargo by throwing it overboard; simultaneously lightening their load for a faster escape and eliminating the evidence in case of capture. A percentage of the cocaine bales are then carried by ocean currents into the lagoon around Bluefields. Residents may find the bales washed up on the beach; some have even rigged canoes with Yamaha engines to search for “white lobster” floating offshore. The majority of the residents of Bluefields however remain impoverished. The “white lobster” cocaine is seen by many as ultimately a curse, helping fuel the local economy, but also inhabitants’ addictions. WikiPedia:Bluefields Dmoz:Regional Central America Nicaragua Localities Bluefields Commons:Category:Bluefields, Nicaragua
: quickfacts.census.gov qfd states 06 0650076.html Murrieta Non-Hispanic White population in 2010 , quickfacts.census.gov; accessed July 8, 2014. 5,601 (5.4%) African American (African American (U.S. Census)), 741 (0.7%) Native American (Native American (U.S. Census)), 9,556 (9.2%) Asian (Asian (U.S. Census)), 391 (0.4%) Pacific Islander (Pacific Islander (U.S. Census)), 8,695 (8.4%) from other races (Race (United States Census)), and 6,345 (6.1%) from two or more races. Hispanic
Indian, Chinese, Greek and Anglophone communities living there too (over 25,000 Indians and 5,000 Chinese by the early 1970s). The white population was more influenced from South Africa. The capital of Portuguese Mozambique, Lourenço Marques (Maputo), had a population of 355,000 in 1970 with around 100,000 Europeans. Beira (Beira, Mozambique) had around 115,000 inhabitants at the time with around 30,000 Europeans. Most of the other cities ranged from 10 to 15% in the number of Europeans
in the area were encouraged to settle here by the Armed Occupation Act of 1842. This act was specifically created to increase the white population in the area as a way to weaken the Native Americans populations after the Second Seminole War. Soon after Andrew Jackson sold his house it Winter Haven It created generous land grants and other incentives for settlers who were willing to defend themselves against the native populations, hence the name of the act. During the 1840s and 1850s, the United States government conducted the first surveys of the area. Henry Washington conducted the first survey of the area in 1843. In 1849, Dr. John Westcott completed an extensive survey of the area, including mapping many of the local lakes. The first maps of the area were published by the United States government in 1854. In 1883, Col. Henry Haines (Henry Haines) working for Henry Plant and the Plant System, successfully built the first railroad across Polk County, passing just north of Winter Haven. Lake Haines, in Winter Haven, was named after Col. Haines. The arrival of the railroad created the first real growth in area. The area was platted in 1884 and would first be known as Harris Corners. '''Nick Sorensen''' (born July 31, 1978 in Winter Haven, Florida) is an American football safety (Safety (American football position)) who is currently a free agent. He was signed by the Miami Dolphins as an undrafted free agent in 2001. He played college football at Virginia Tech (Virginia Tech Hokies football). - 15 align "left" Tampa-St. Petersburg-Lakeland-Winter Haven align "left" Tampa (Tampa, Florida)-St. Petersburg (St. Petersburg, Florida), FL; Lakeland (Lakeland, Florida), FL; Winter Haven (Winter Haven, Florida), FL; Brooksville (Brooksville, Florida), FL 2,719,812 - '''Sally Wheeler''', (born May 19, 1970 in Winter Haven, Florida), is an American (United States) television actress, probably best known for her role in short-running series ''Two of a Kind (Two of a Kind (US TV series))'' alongside Mary Kate & Ashley Olsen. Ireland joined Barnett National Bank (Barnett Bank) in Jacksonville, Florida in 1954, and in 1962 he became the president, chairman of the and chief executive officer, of American National Bank of Winter Haven, Florida. From 1968 to 1970, Ireland served as a member of the board of the Federal Reserve Bank in Atlanta, Georgia. Winter Haven (w:Winter Haven, Florida), Florida (w:Florida) police chief Paul Goward was tired of seeing fat hanging out over the belts of some of his officers. So he posted a memo to encourage the so-called 'jelly bellies' to get in shape.
Virgin Islands U.S. Virgin Islands , the Northern Mariana Islands, and American Samoa) are majority-minority areas. *13 of the 40 largest metropolitan areas in the U.S. are majority-minority. An additional 7 have a non-hispanic white population below 60%. So half of the top 40 metros have a white population below 60%. locator_y 20 location Northern Mariana Islands, USA (United States) nearest_city Garapan, Saipan !-- Note: site is not listed in IUCN