and subsequently received a bachelor's degree in political science from Purdue University. While attending Purdue, she ran for treasurer of her freshman class. She later attended law school at night and earned a J.D. (Juris Doctor) at Indiana University Robert H. McKinney School of Law, where she met Dan Quayle, the son of a newspaper publisher. The two sat next to each other in the front row in class. Marilyn frequently spoke up and sought out the professor
after class was over. She and Dan Quayle were married 10 weeks later, on November 18, 1972. They live in Paradise Valley (Paradise Valley, Arizona), Arizona, and have three children: Tucker, founder of an investment company called Tynwald Capital; Ben Quayle
largely to the Allgemeine-SS headquarters offices having administrative and supply command over the Waffen-SS. By 1940, all of the Allgemeine-SS had been issued grey war-time uniforms and by 1941 the black SS uniform had been taken out of circulation for the most part. Full time SS personnel Approximately one third of the Allgemeine-SS were considered "full time" meaning that they received a salary as government employees, were employed full-time in an SS office, and performed SS duties as their primary occupation. The vast majority of such full-time SS personnel were assigned to the main SS offices, considered part of the Allgemeine-SS, and divided as follows: * SS-Hauptamt (SS-HA): * SS-Hauptamt Persönlicher Stab RFSS (Persönlicher Stab Reichsführer-SS) (HaPerStab) * SS Personalhauptamt (SS PHA) * SS Führungshauptamt (SS FHA) * Hauptamt SS-Gericht (HA SS-Gericht) * SS-Reichssicherheitshauptamt (RSHA) * SS-Rasse- und Siedlungshauptamt (RuSHA) * Hauptamt Volksdeutsche Mittelstelle (VOMI) * Reichskommissar für die Festigung deutschen Volkstums (Hauptamt_Volksdeutsche_Mittelstelle#RKFDV) (RKF or RKFDV) * SS-Wirtschafts-Verwaltungshauptamt (SS-WVHA) Main office commanders and staff were exempt from military conscription. Although many, such as Reinhard Heydrich, served as reservists in the regular German military. Main office members did join the Waffen-SS, where they could accept a lower rank and serve in active combat or be listed as inactive reservists. By 1944, with Germany's looming defeat, the draft exemption for the Allgemeine-SS main offices was lifted and many junior members were ordered into combat with senior members assuming duties as Waffen-SS generals. SS regional units The core of the Allgemeine-SS were part-time mustering formations spread throughout Germany. Members in these regional units would typically meet once a week in uniform, as well as participate in various Nazi Party functions. Activities including drill and ideological instruction, marching in parades, and providing security at various Nazi party rallies.'' Regional SS units were organized into commands known as ''SS-Oberabschnitt'' (region), ''Abschnitt'' (district), and ''Standarten'' (regiment). Before 1934, SS personnel received no pay and their work was completely voluntarily. After 1933, the Oberabschnitt commanders and their staff became regarded as "full time" but the rank and file of the Allgemeine-SS were still part-time only. Regular Allgemeine-SS personnel were also not exempt from conscription and many were called up to serve in the Wehrmacht. By 1942, most of the part time Allgemeine-SS had either joined the Waffen-SS or had been conscripted into the regular German military. The senior levels of the Abschnitte and Oberabschnitte were considered draft exempt, but most of these SS leaders and staff were themselves merged into the offices of the SS and Police Leaders which were considered as quasi-military commands with Waffen-SS authority, although on paper still part of the Allgemeine-SS. Draft exemption for these senior leadership staffs was itself lifted in 1944, and most of the remaining Allgemeine-SS personnel were assigned to the Waffen-SS as reservists. Security forces From 1936, the state security police forces of the Gestapo and Kripo (Criminal Police) were consolidated and placed under the central command of Reinhard Heydrich, already chief of the party ''Sicherheitsdienst'' (SD), and named Sicherheitspolizei. Later from 27 September 1939 forward, they were all folded into the Reich Main Security Office (RSHA) (RSHA) which was placed under Heydrich's control. The ordinary uniformed German police, known as the Ordnungspolizei (Orpo) were also under SS control after 1936 but never incorporated into the Allgemeine-SS, although many police members were also dual SS members. The death squad units of the Einsatzgruppen were considered part of the Allgemeine-SS and under the operational control of the RSHA. The units were themselves a mixture of civilian (SS auxiliary), police, and SS personnel, although all Einsatzgruppen personnel wore grey Waffen-SS type uniforms in the performance of their duties. During World War II, security force personnel were seen as performing "essential duties" to the Reich and thus were exempt from conscription into military service. Many such personnel, however, typically joined the Waffen-SS or served in the Wehrmacht military reserve. SS-Lieutenant Colonel Adolf Eichmann, for instance, was an Untersturmführer in the Waffen-SS Reserve while Lieutenant Colonel Herbert Kappler was a Reserve Feldwebel (Sergeant) in the German Army. As Germany began losing World War II, the draft exemption for security forces was slowly lifted, although due to the nature of the Nazi regime, there was a constant need for security personnel up until the very end of the Third Reich. For this reason, many Gestapo, SD, and Kripo members who served as reservists never saw combat until the very last days of the war, if at all. Concentration camp personnel All Concentration Camp staffs were originally part of the Allgemeine-SS under the office of the Concentration Camps Inspectorate (Inspektion der Konzentrationslager or IKL). First headed by Theodor Eicke, the Concentration Camps were formed into the Totenkopfverbände after 1934, but then increasingly became divided into the camp service proper and the military Totenkopf formation controlled by the SS-Verfungstruppe (the early Waffen-SS). After 1942, the entire camp service was placed under the authority of the Waffen-SS for a variety of administrative and logistical reasons. The ultimate command authority for the camp system during World War II was the SS-Wirtschafts-Verwaltungshauptamt (WHVA). Other units By late 1940 the Allgemeine-SS also controlled the ''Germanische SS (Germanic SS)'', which were collaborationist organizations modeled after the Allgemeine-SS in several Western European countries. The Allgemeine-SS also consisted of a female volunteer corps (known as the SS-Helferinnen) and, in the last days of World War II, had authority over the so-called "Auxiliary-SS" which were non-SS personnel conscripted in the SS to serve as concentration camp personnel in the last months of World War II. Ranks The ranks (Ranks and insignia of the Schutzstaffel) of the Allgemeine SS and the Waffen-SS were based upon those of the SA and used the same titles. However, there was a distinctly separate hierarchical subdivisions of the larger Waffen-SS from its Allgemeine counterpart and an SS member could in fact hold two separate SS ranks. For instance, a ''Brigadeführer'' ("Brigadier General") of the Allgemeine SS equivalent to a ''Generalmajor'' might only be ranked as a ''Rottenführer'' ("Lance Corporal") in the Waffen-SS. If this same SS member were an architectural engineer (Architectural engineering), then the SS-HA would issue a third rank of ''Sonderführer'' ("Lead Technical Specialist"). SS members could also hold reserve commissions in the regular military as well as a Nazi Party political rank (Ranks and insignia of the Nazi Party). Add to this that many senior SS members were also employees of the Federal government in capacities as ministers, deputies, etc., and an SS member could in the end have as many as five ranks in various organizations as well as a number of additional titles. Per one SS historian: ''Multiple and overlapping commands were very commonplace... A man could hold one post while temporarily assigned to another and hold rank in the Allgemeine-SS, Waffen-SS and Polizei simultaneously... I'm thoroughly convinced even Berlin was not 100% sure who was in certain positions at exact points in time, confirmed by individual BDC records.'' - Mark Yerger, ''Allgemeine-SS'' Yerger, p. 10. Yerger attempted to list all HSSPF, SSPF, Oberabschnitt, Abschnitt, and Standarten of the SS, plus maps, photos, and mini-biographies. The BDC (the Berlin Document Center) a US managed collection of captured Nazi documents in Berlin, was one of his sources. The collection is now part of the German Bundesarchiv. In 1944, nearly every SS general was granted equivalent Waffen-SS rank, without regard to previous military service. This was mainly ordered so to give SS-generals authority over military units and POW camps. Also, in the event of capture by the Allies (Allies of World War II), SS-Generals would be given status as military prisoners rather than captured police officials. This distinction was observed by British and American forces in the West, but hardly ever even noticed by the Soviet Red Army, in particular in situations where SS and Police Leaders or other SS units involved in genocide, would fall into Soviet hands. Friedrich Jecklen, who was granted Waffen-SS rank in 1944, was captured by the Russians and held as a criminal with no status given to his military rank. Total manpower In 1945, the stated membership number of SS was over 840,000 members. Of these, 48,500 were members of the Allgemeine SS. Much of the remainder were 18,000 officers, 52,000 NCOs, and 600,000 enlisted members of the Waffen-SS and 130,000 police. Order of Battle ) (VOMI) an organization charged with settling ethnic Germans in the German Reich (Nazi Germany) from other parts of Europe.
no choice, but to follow this peripheral route as it has become unofficially part of the status quo on the Mount. Many of these recent opinions rely on archaeological evidence. Immigration to Israel Goldstein immigrated to Israel in 1983. He served as a physician in the Israel Defense Forces (IDF), first as a conscript, then in the reserve forces. Following the end of his
party Kach (Kach and Kahane Chai), a group classified by the United States and Israeli governments as a terrorist organization. Goldstein was a long-time devotee of Kahane.
Ramallah; Tekoa (Tekoa, Gush Etzion) and Nokdim in the Judean Desert southeast of Bethlehem; and Pene Hever, Ma'on (Ma'on, Har Hebron) and Otniel south of Hebron. Jpost.com , US may support Kadima withdrawal plan, Jerusalem Post After emigrating to Israel in 1983,
Champoeg: Place of Transition, A Disputed History work publisher Oregon Historical Society year 1967 doi id Young's home is believed to be the first house built by European-Americans on that side of the river. Later, Joseph Rogers settled near the Willamette River at what is now Newberg in 1848.
name "back in time" In 1883, the community was platted. Incorporated in 1889, tradition holds in Tigard (Tigard, Oregon) direction_b North At McMinnville, OR 99W turns northeast. It passes through the winemaking (Oregon wine) towns of Dundee (Dundee, Oregon) and Newberg (Newberg, Oregon) before entering the Portland suburb of Sherwood (Sherwood, Oregon). (There is a proposal to bypass these towns; see the OR 18 (Oregon Route 18) article for details.) It then skirts the city of Tualatin (Tualatin, Oregon) and passes through Tigard (Tigard, Oregon) before entering Portland (Portland, Oregon) and immediately ending at I-5. Quakerism started in the United Kingdom, and quickly spread to the United States. Today by far the country with the most Quakers in it is Kenya, and other countries with over 1000 Quakers in them are Burundi, Bolivia, Cambodia, Canada, Guatemala, Ireland, Indonesia, Rwanda, Taiwan, Tanzania, Uganda, United Kingdom, United States. Although the total number of Quakers is relatively small, around 360,000 worldwide, there are places, such as Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (Philadelphia);Kaimosi, Kenya; Newberg, Oregon; Greenleaf, Idaho; Whittier, California; Richmond, Indiana; Friendswood, Texas; Birmingham, UK; Ramallah, Palestine and Greensboro, North Carolina in which Quaker influence is concentrated.
the royalist, neutralist and leftist factions in the Kingdom of Laos in the post-WWII (World War II) period. The trio were named by King Savang Vatthana to form a coalition government following the independence of Laos. nickname
title Ethnic Conflict and International Politics: Explaining Diffusion and Escalation publisher Palgrave MacMillan year 2004 location New York isbn 1-4039-6356-8 page 58 By early 1992, that figure had dropped to 50,000. Carney, James. "Carnage in Karabakh." ''Time (TIME Magazine)''. April 13, 1992. Retrieved August 2, 2007. ref>
; During the war, the city suffered immense damage from Azeri bombardment (Shelling of Stepanakert), especially in early 1992 when the Azerbaijanis used the town of Shushi as an artillery firebase to fire GRAD (9K51 Grad) missiles against it. So destructive was the damage caused by the incessant bombardment, that a journalist for ''Time (Time Magazine)'' noted in an April 1992 article that "scarcely a single building had escaped damage in Stepanakert." The Azerbaijani military staged several ground attacks against the city, which were successfully repulsed by Armenian forces. It was not until May 9, 1992, with the capture of Shusha, that the ground bombardment ceased. The city, nevertheless, continued to suffer aerial bombardment for the remainder of the war. There has been an unofficial cease-fire observed since 1994. Wikipedia:Stepanakert Commons:Category:Stepanakert
. Persuaded by her ''Drop Dead Gorgeous'' co-star Kirstie Alley, Adams moved to Los Angeles, California, in January 1999. Describing her first year there as her "dark year" and "bleak", she recalled that she would "pine for that time" at Chanhassen because she "really loved that security and schedule", and said, "
content davao-city-population-expected-double-24-years-results-2000-census-population-and-housing Real social stability in the city, however, began in the earnest when Rodrigo Duterte first assumed office as the city mayor in 1988. The city was still considered that time as the country's murder capital. Zabriskie, Phil: ''The Punisher'', '' Time (magazine) Time
is noted for transforming the city from the murder capital of the nation Zabriskie, Phil: ''The Punisher'', ''Time (Time (magazine))'' magazine (Asia edition), June 24, 2002. to what tourism organizations there now call "the most peaceful city in Southeast Asia". He's been suspected of being involved with the vigilante outfit
Davao Death Squad (Davao death squads) and has been criticized by human rights groups and by Amnesty International for tolerating extrajudicial killings of alleged criminals. ''Time'' magazine has dubbed him "The Punisher". *Formed since 2000, Ranch Rescue is a still functioning organization in the southwest United States ranchers call upon to forcibly remove illegal aliens and squatters off their property. Its numbers have slowly
personalities of his time." pg 230, Dumoulin 1994. Chinese (China) Zen master in Tang (Tang Dynasty)-era China. He founded one of the five major schools of Chan (Zen) (Chinese Zen), the "Yunmen school", after succeeding his famous master, Xuefeng Yicun (or Hsueh-feng I-ts'un; another famous disciple of Yicun would be Fa-yen Wen-i (885-958) pg 233
: utgiven av universitetet till dess 300-årsjubileum.'' 4 volumes. Lund: Lunds universitet 1968-1983. (The standard work on the history of the university.) *Magnus Laurentius Ståhl, ''Biographiske underrättelser om professorer vid Kongl. universitetet i Lund, ifrån dess inrättning till närvarande tid.'' ("Biographical notes on professors at the Royal University of Lund from its foundation until the current time") Christianstad (Kristianstad): L. Littorin, 1834. (public domain book