and the American investors had control. Algoma Steel went through years of ups and downs, marked by a lack of strong leadership, and in 1935 the company was again forced into receivership. This time, Dunn engineered a takeover so that he became the sole controlling shareholder thereby allowing him to take the tough but necessary reorganization measures to restore profitability to the steel maker. As Algoma Steel's president and Chairman of its board of directors, he successfully turned it into one of the largest steel mills of the day and for more than twenty years guided the fortunes of the company he had made into one of the most profitable producers in Canada. During the Second World War (World War II), his company benefited from the huge demand for steel by the military. Although at times his relationship was difficult with the government minister in charge, C.D. Howe, the two became lifelong associates. Howe later acquired a summer manor next door to the Dunn estate at the seaside resort of St. Andrews (St. Andrews, New Brunswick) in New Brunswick and served as an Executor of Dunn's estate after his death. Married to two millionaires Born in Sutton (London Borough of Sutton), Surrey, England, she was the daughter of John Christoforides. For a number of years she worked as personal secretary for the wealthy Canadian financier James Hamet Dunn, 1st Baronet. Eventually their working relationship became personal and although he was thirty-six years her senior, in 1942 she became his third wife. She had been a devoted employee and he would seek her input on most every business matter for the rest of his life. The couple maintained homes in England, France, and at the Canadian seaside resort of St. Andrews (St. Andrews, New Brunswick) in New Brunswick, the province of her husband's birth. In the late 1940s, Lady Dunn and her husband developed a friendship with the Spanish (Spain) artist Salvador Dalí who painted several portraits of them, notably Equestrian Fantasy - Portrait of Lady Dunn. These works are now on permanent display at the Beaverbrook Art Gallery in Fredericton, New Brunswick. The following year on July 1, 1882, the NBR acquired control of the New Brunswick and Canada Railway (NBCR) under a 999 year lease. The NBCR traced its history to the St. Andrews and Quebec Railway which had a charter to build from Passamaquoddy Bay at St. Andrews (St. Andrews, New Brunswick) north to McAdam (McAdam, New Brunswick) and on to Quebec City across much of what is now northern Maine; construction plans in the 1840s from southwestern New Brunswick to Canada East halted due to uncertainty over the location of the International Boundary with the United States. The border was subsequently resolved in the Webster-Ashburton Treaty and the SA&Q began construction in the early 1850s, however, the delays saw the competitive advantage of St. Andrews disappear with the opening of the Atlantic and St. Lawrence Railroad in 1853 that connected the Canadian rail network at Montreal, Quebec with the Atlantic coast port of Portland, Maine. In 1856 the SA&Q declared bankruptcy and its assets and charter were purchased and reorganized as the New Brunswick and Canada Railway with track extended north to Richmond Corner (Richmond Corner, New Brunswick) near the newly defined border. Although the NBCR intended to complete construction across Maine to Quebec City, it would never extend beyond Richmond Corner due to the political situation in the United States during the 1860s (American Civil War) as well as the financial situation NBCR faced with the competing European and North American Railway project. Major towns include St. Stephen (St. Stephen, New Brunswick), St. Andrews (St. Andrews, New Brunswick), St. George (St. George, New Brunswick), Grand Bay (Grand Bay-Westfield, New Brunswick), McAdam (McAdam, New Brunswick), Harvey Station (Harvey, York County, New Brunswick), Fredericton Junction (Fredericton Junction, New Brunswick), Gagetown (Gagetown, New Brunswick), and the Kingsclear (Kingsclear, New Brunswick) and Hanwell (Hanwell, New Brunswick) regions near Fredericton. birth_date The hurricane caused extensive destruction to port facilities and communities along the Bay of Fundy coast in both New Brunswick and Nova Scotia as well as Maine, particularly Calais (Calais, Maine), St. Andrews (St. Andrews, New Brunswick), St. George (St. George, New Brunswick), Saint John (Saint John, New Brunswick), Moncton, Sackville (Sackville, New Brunswick), Amherst (Amherst, Nova Scotia), Windsor (Windsor, Nova Scotia) and Truro (Truro, Nova Scotia). right thumb Prime Minister of Canada Prime Minister (Image:Pierre Elliot Trudeau-2.jpg) Pierre Trudeau was a major advocate of section 23 and minority language education. As a strong federalist (Canadian federalism), Trudeau had fought to ensure linguistic rights in the constitution to promote national unity. Section 23 (1)(b) had its origins in a unanimous agreement between the provincial leaders and Trudeau reached in 1978 in St. Andrews, New Brunswick, in which children of citizens could receive schooling in their language. Hogg, Peter W. ''Canada Act 1982 Annotated.'' Toronto: The Carswell Company Limited, 1982. When this idea was brought to the Charter in the 1980s, Trudeau also successfully secured agreement from provincial leaders that section 23 could not be nullified by the section 33 (Section Thirty-three of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms) notwithstanding clause.
It was founded in an area with little previous occupation at a distance of only 4 km from the pre-existing settlement at Arroyo de Piedra. The general preservation of the site is poor due to the desperate stripping of stone from the principal buildings in order to build defensive walls immediately prior to the complete abandonment of the site. Drew 1999, p. 283 Hieroglyphic inscriptions at the site have been identified as belonging to the Ch'olan Maya language (Classic Maya language). Sharer & Traxler 2006, p.130. The site is laid out around three monumental complexes aligned upon an east-west axis, in a form that is reminiscent of the Preclassic layouts at El Mirador and Nakbe in the far north of Petén. The Main Group is the westernmost of the monumental complexes, while the El Duende group is the easternmost. A series of concentric rubble walls were built immediately before the city's abandonment, surrounding the Main Group and the El Duende Group. These hastily-built fortifications were topped with a wooden palisade. Main Group The Main Group was laid out around a central plaza by B'alaj Chan K'awiil. Stelae (Maya stelae) 1 and 2 are located in the centre of the plaza. Stela 1 depicts an elaborately attired Itzamnaaj K'awiil and dates to AD 706. It records the defeat of a Tikal lord and contains the last known reference to that city so far recovered from inscriptions at Dos Pilas. Stela 2 is badly damaged and depicts the defeat of Yich'aak B'alam of Seibal by "Master of Sun Jaguar". The plaza is enclosed on all four sides by structures; at least two of the surrounding structures were accessed via hieroglyphic stairways. South of the main plaza are a series of smaller elevated plazas with more restricted access, bordered by multi-roomed buildings. A further two hieroglyphic stairways have been found in this area. *'''L4-35''' is a structure located on the west side of the plaza. At its base is Hieroglyphic Stairway 1, which records events during the life of Itzamnaaj K'awiil. Kelly 1996, pp. 162–163. thumb right 200px Stela 5, Detail showing a Jaguar Skin. (File:DospilasSt5.jpg) *'''LD-49''' (also referred to as L5-49) is a large pyramid to the south of the plaza and is topped by three temple sanctuaries. Fahsen 2002 The pyramid is the largest structure in the site core and rises about 20 meters over the plaza. This pyramid's main stairway (known as Hieroglyphic Stairway 2) contains at least eighteen hieroglyphic steps, describing the arrival and life of B'alaj Chan K'awiil. The discovery of eight new hieroglyphic steps in 2001–2002 and their interpretation lead to a complete reevaluation of the early history of the site, throwing light upon the wider Maya politics involved with the break from Tikal, formerly seen as an internal affair. The steps currently ''in situ'' are replicas put in place after looters stole a section of Step 6 containing four glyphs in January 2003. The original steps were removed to a secure location. Flanking the stairway at the east and west ends are Panel 6 and Panel 7, both bearing hieroglyphic inscriptions. Kelly 1996, p. 163. The well-preserved Panel 10 is located part of the way up the east side of the pyramid. Panel 10 was originally a stela at Arroyo de Piedra, it was moved and re-erected here after Dos Pilas conquered its neighbour. *'''LD-25''' is a temple pyramid built by K'awiil Chan K'inich. Hieroglyphic Stairway 3 is located 120 meters south of the southeast corner of the plaza, it is a part of this structure and describes some of this king's victories in AD 743 and 745. *Structure '''L5-1''' is a ruined building on the east side of the plaza containing a vaulted crypt 9 meters beneath its summit. Inside were found the remains of an individual wearing a heavy jade collar and wristlets accompanied by offerings of fine painted ceramics and almost 400 pieces of shell mosaic that once formed a headdress. Due to the nearby Stela 8, positioned in front of this structure and containing a text relating the life, death and burial of king Itzamnaaj K'awiil, the tomb is presumed to be that of this king. Martin & Grube 2000, p. 59. *The '''palace''' of B'alaj Chan K’awiil was torn down by the last inhabitants of Dos Pilas in order to build defensive walls immediately prior to the abandonment of the city. It lies about 100 meters south of the plaza, behind Structure LD-49. Martin & Grube 2000, p. 54. Hieroglyphic Stairway 4 is located on the east side of the destroyed palace and was discovered when the defensive wall that crosses it was being excavated. Hieroglyphic Stairway 4 details the history of B'alaj Chan K’awiil and the founding of the Dos Pilas dynasty. Kelly 1996, p. 164. *A ''' Mesoamerican ballcourt ball
brought together a potent presidential (President of France) position with manifold executive powers and a prime minister (Prime minister of France), responsible before Parliament (Parliament of France). The president's task was primarily to end deadlock and act decisively to avoid the stagnation prevalent under the French Fourth Republic; the prime minister, similarly, was to "direct the work of government", providing a strong leadership to the legislative branch and to help overcome partisan squabbles. Observations *Some Scholars contend that French Fifth Republic usually operates under a presidential system, but when in cohabitation, this effectively changes, at least in terms of domestic policy, to a parliamentary system, in which the prime minister controls the legislative agenda and the president's powers are limited to foreign policy and defence. *A common problem during cohabitation is that each leader wants his or her own policies to be carried out so that the public is positive toward their strategies and will be elected when the time comes. Because each party is in competition, there is little room for progression since the friction between both sides holds each other back. Whilst leaders of the same political spectrum help each other in decision-making when in power simultaneously, cohabitation can lead to a decline in national authority and make the country appear outwardly insecure. Senators are elected indirectly (indirect election) by approximately 150,000 officials ("grands électeurs"), including regional councilors, department councilors, mayors, city councilors in large towns, and members of the National Assembly. However, 90% of the electors are delegates appointed by councilors. This system introduces a bias in the composition of the Senate favoring rural areas. As a consequence, while the political majority changes frequently in the National Assembly, the Senate has remained politically conservative since the foundation of the Fifth Republic (French Fifth Republic), much to the displeasure of the Socialists (French Socialist Party), Gilles Le Béguec, ''Les socialistes et le Sénat'', Parlement s , Revue d'histoire politique, n° 6 2006 2, pp. 57–72, L'Harmattan, ISBN 2200921163 This has spurred controversy, especially after the September 2008 senatorial elections Foccart was an initiator of what would become known as the ''Françafrique'', a term borrowed from Félix Houphouët-Boigny, president of Côte d'Ivoire, by François-Xavier Verschave. This expression would survive until François Mitterrand's 1981 election (French presidential election, 1981) and the first socialist (French Socialist Party) government of the Fifth Republic (French Fifth Republic) (founded in 1958), in particular with Mitterrand's son, Jean-Christophe (Jean-Christophe Mitterrand), nicknamed "Papamadi" ("Papa-told-me"). A century after Napoleon III's reign, new housing needs and the rise of a new voluntarist Fifth Republic (French Fifth Republic) opened a new era of Parisian urbanism. The new era rejected Haussmannian ideas as a whole to embrace those represented by architects such as Le Corbusier in abandoning unbroken street-side facades, limitations in building size and dimension, and even closing the street itself to automobiles with the creation of separated, car-free spaces between the buildings for pedestrians. This new model was quickly brought into question by the 1970s, a period marked a rediscovery of the Haussmann heritage: a new promotion of the multifunctional street was accompanied by limitations in the building model and, in certain quarters, by an attempt to rediscover the architectural homogeneity of the Second Empire (Second French Empire) street-block. '''Valéry Giscard d'Estaing (w:Valéry Giscard d'Estaing)''' (born 2 February 1926) is a French (w:France) centre (w:centrism)-right (w:conservatism) politician who was President (w:President of France) of the French Republic (w:French Fifth Republic) from 1974 until 1981. He is a member of the Constitutional Council of France (w:Constitutional Council of France).
at the time was important, he was still only a minority player and the American investors had control. Algoma Steel went through years of ups and downs, marked by a lack of strong leadership, and in 1935 the company was again forced into receivership. This time, Dunn engineered a takeover so that he became the sole controlling shareholder thereby allowing him to take the tough but necessary reorganization measures to restore profitability to the steel maker. As Algoma Steel's president and Chairman of its board of directors, he successfully turned it into one of the largest steel mills of the day and for more than twenty years guided the fortunes of the company he had made into one of the most profitable producers in Canada. During the Second World War (World War II), his company benefited from the huge demand for steel by the military. Although at times his relationship was difficult with the government minister in charge, C.D. Howe, the two became lifelong associates. Howe later acquired a summer manor next door to the Dunn estate at the seaside resort of St. Andrews (St. Andrews, New Brunswick) in New Brunswick and served as an Executor of Dunn's estate after his death. In the early 1980s, gold was discovered at Hemlo, an uninhabited area adjacent to the Trans Canada highway some The '''Soo Thunderbirds''' are a Junior "A" ice hockey team from Sault Ste. Marie (Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario), Ontario, Canada. They are a part of the Northern Ontario Junior Hockey League. With the Soo Greyhounds and Soo Thunderbirds playing out of Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, Sault business man Domenic Sacco knew that surrounding communities would jump at the chance of seeing high-calibre hockey in their hometowns on a regular basis. Thus the reintroduction of the Thessalon Flyers in the small farming community of Thessalon, Ontario. With a competitive talent pool being sought by teams such as the Thunderbirds and nearby Soo Indians and Blind River Beavers, Sacco knew that drawing a competitive team would be difficult. Offering to cover transportation costs to and from surrounding areas, players from all over the north shore of Lake Huron combined to make the 2003-2004 Thessalon Flyers. Of these players included former Great North Midget League players Lucas Bedell and Thessalon native Jason Bird. Failing to pay for ice fees in Thessalon, coupled with failed sponsorhip deals, left the coffers of the team nearly empty and players left town, leaving the team not nearly as competitive as originally anticipated. Despite this setback, the Flyers went on to the NSHL final, losing four games to one to the Wawa Travellers. Players upset with the lack of team travel for the first two games of the series in Wawa sent management a message by refusing to report to practice the following week and neglected to show up for the next two games of the final series resulting in forfeiture of the title, and a hefty suspension levied on team owner and general manager Sacco by the Northern Ontario Hockey Association. The team has yet to return to Thessalon, as a league to play in no longer exists. A resident of Elliot Lake, Ontario for almost fifty years, in the 1970s, Dixon worked as a reporter for the ''Sault Star'' newspaper in Sault Ste. Marie (Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario). The author of several short stories (short story), her 1996 book ''The Power and the Promise'' is a historical reference for the city of Elliot Lake. * Quesnel, British Columbia - Shaw TV Quesnel * Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario - Shaw TV Sault Ste. Marie * Thunder Bay, Ontario - Shaw TV Thunder Bay - colspan "4" '''Sault Ste. Marie (Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario)''' - ''Main article (Sault Ste. Marie municipal election, 2006)'' - The '''Sault Ste. Marie Canal''' is a National Historic Site of Canada in Sault Ste. Marie (Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario), Ontario. The canal is part of the shipping route (Great Lakes Waterway) from the Atlantic Ocean to Lake Superior and includes a set of locks (Lock (water transport)) to bypass the rapids on the St. Marys River (St. Marys River (Michigan-Ontario)). '''Philip Anthony "Espo" Esposito (w:Phil Esposito)''' OC (w:Order of Canada) (born February 20, 1942, in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario (w:Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario)) is a retired, professional hockey (ice hockey) centre who played 18 seasons in the National Hockey League (w:NHL) for the Chicago Black Hawks (w:Chicago Blackhawks), Boston Bruins (w:Boston Bruins) and New York Rangers (w:New York Rangers). The 2009 Canadian Olympic Curling Trials will be December 6-13, 2009 at Rexall Place (w:Rexall Place) in Edmonton (w:Edmonton), Alberta (w:Alberta). Teams are selected from the winners of major curling championship in Canada to create a pool for the 2009 Canadian Olympic Curling Trials, including the 2006–07 to 2008–09 winners of the Strauss Canada Cup tournament (w:Canada Cup (curling)), the Players' Championships (w:Players' Championships), and the Canadian Men's Women's Curling Championships. The 2010 XXI Winter Olympics will be held February 12-28, 2010, in Vancouver, British Columbia. The 2010 Canadian Women's Curling Championship will be held in the Essar Centre (w:Essar Centre), Sault Ste. Marie (w:Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario), Ontario (w:Ontario) and the 2010 Men's Brier will be held in the Metro Centre (w:Halifax Metro Centre), downtown (w:Downtown Halifax) Halifax (w:Metropolitan Halifax), Nova Scotia (w:Nova Scotia).
be considered native to the northern part of what is now known as Côte d'Ivoire. These ethnic tensions had been suppressed under the strong leadership of Houphouët-Boigny, but surfaced after his death. The term ''Ivoirity'', originally coined by Henri Konan Bédié to denote the common ''cultural'' identity of all those living in Côte d'Ivoire came to be used by nationalist and xenophobic (xenophobia) politics and press to represent solely the population of the southeastern portion
''or'' Groß Friedrichsburg). In 1874 Great Britain established control over some parts of the country assigning these areas the status of British Gold Coast. MacLean, Iain (2001
year. At this point, South Korea was mostly dependent on foreign aid, which mostly came from the United States of America in exchange for Korea's involvement in the Vietnam War. President Park Chung-hee's Saemaeul movement focused on developing rural Korea. The strong leadership of the Park government and the effective use of cheap labor started a spark in the South Korean economy. In less than four decades, this "hopeless" city was completely transformed into a world leading global city, a centre of business and commerce in Asia and a highly developed world city and economic hub, having among the most advanced technological infrastructure in the world. It is considered by many Koreans as a symbol of national pride and "can-do" spirit. Besides the Saemaeul movement, the Korean government carried out another effective economic development plan called the Five-Year Plan (Five-Year Plans of South Korea). There were more than 5 plans created, and they were designed to revive the economy. Each of the plans contributed tremendously in industrialization and enlarging the marketplaces of South Korea. Broadcasting and writing career During her career, she has been a BBC news trainee, a TV reporter at Westward TV in Plymouth, and a TV presenter reporter for HTV (ITV Wales & West) (Wales) where she also made several documentaries, and Central TV in Birmingham where she co-presented Central News and reported on the politics show Central Lobby during the 1980s. Jason Cowley, The loss of good sports broadcasters, ''New Statesman'', 19 August 2002. She has also reported for ITN and has written newspaper columns for the ''Daily Mirror'' and ''Today (Today (UK newspaper))'' newspapers. In 1986, she became the BBC's first woman sports presenter on BBC Breakfast News and presented during the Seoul summer Olympic Games (1988 Summer Olympics) in 1988 and for BBC World during the 1992 Summer Olympics. A similar instrument called ''seul'', derived from the ''se'', is still used in the Confucian ritual music of South Korea, which is performed twice per year at the Munmyo Shrine in Seoul. In Vietnam, the instrument was called ''sắt'' and used in a limited context along with the ''cầm'' (equivalent to the Chinese ''guqin''). '''Bongcheon Station''' is a station on the Seoul Subway Line 2. It is located in Bongcheon-dong, Gwanak-gu, Seoul, South Korea. '''Ahyeon Station''' is a subway station located in Seoul, South Korea. It is served by Seoul Subway Line 2. '''Apgujeong Station''' ( Commons:Category:Seoul Wikipedia:Seoul
, Ganilau called for strong leadership to confront HIV AIDS, saying that it was a global war which threatened the very future of Pacific Islands nations. ''"We can only ignore this battle at the cost of being regarded by future generations of Pacific Islanders as lacking the will, the foresight, the understanding to tackle this issue, which threatens our very future,"'' he told the delegates. More recently, lock-ins have been carried out by employees against management, which
against him and arrested him. He was convicted as a heretic and burned at the stake (Death by burning) on the Piazza della Signoria on 23 May 1498. A second individual of unusually acute insight was Niccolò Machiavelli, whose prescriptions for Florence's regeneration under strong leadership have often been seen as a legitimization of political expediency and even malpractice. In other words, Machiavelli was a sort of political thinker, perhaps most renowned for his political handbook
, with thousands of unemployed (unemployment) people struggling to fulfill basic needs. When General Park Chung-hee seized power in 1961, South Korea had per capita income of less than $100 per year. At this point, South Korea was mostly dependent on foreign aid, which mostly came from the United States of America in exchange for Korea's involvement in the Vietnam War. President Park Chung-hee's Saemaeul movement focused on developing rural Korea. The strong leadership of the Park government and the effective use of cheap labor started a spark in the South Korean economy. In less than four decades, this "hopeless" city was completely transformed into a world leading global city, a centre of business and commerce in Asia and a highly developed world city and economic hub, having among the most advanced technological infrastructure in the world. It is considered by many Koreans as a symbol of national pride and "can-do" spirit. Besides the Saemaeul movement, the Korean government carried out another effective economic development plan called the Five-Year Plan (Five-Year Plans of South Korea). There were more than 5 plans created, and they were designed to revive the economy. Each of the plans contributed tremendously in industrialization and enlarging the marketplaces of South Korea. Career William Ackerman was born in West Germany but was adopted by a couple who lived in Palo Alto, California. A self-professed poet and musician who briefly studied guitar with Robbie Basho, Ackerman grew up in the San Francisco Bay Area. He attended the Northfield Mount Hermon School and Stanford University. Before finishing his studies at Stanford, Ackerman dropped out to become a carpenter. Ackerman had composed some pieces of music for a performance of ''Romeo and Juliet'' at Stanford. In 1975, without having played a "paying gig" "(a) group of friends and informal fans got together and collected about $300 in five dollar bills to send me into a recording studio. I picked a studio out of the phone book named Mantra Studios (it was the 70s after all!). I walked into that room and made a record I called ''The Search for the Turtle's Navel'' in two afternoons." (William Ackerman, liner notes for ''Returning'', 2005). Playing career Zalapski's career started with the Fort Saskatchewan Traders of the AJHL. In his first season with the Traders, Zalapski tallied 70 points in 67 games, including 17 goals. Zalapski spent the next two years playing with the Canadian National Team. He was a member of the Canadian Olympic Hockey team in the 1988 Winter Olympics held in Calgary, Alberta. Canada would end up missing the medal podium and finished in 4th place. Although Canada lost their first game in the medal round, Zalapski played a key role in the team's victories over West Germany and Czechoslovakia. He is most well known for his 11 year career in the NHL (National Hockey League) playing for the Pittsburgh Penguins, Hartford Whalers, Calgary Flames, Montreal Canadiens, and Philadelphia Flyers. He has since played for teams in hockey leagues in Germany, Italy, and most recently Switzerland. After studying at Waseda University, he was an exchange student at the University of Nurnberg (University of Erlangen-Nuremberg), Erlangen in the then West Germany. His encounters with the families of migrant workers in Germany had a lasting influence on his understanding of Zainichi Korean identity. Her teenage years in Germany were recounted in the autobiographical novel ''Irgendwo in Deutschland'' (''Somewhere in Germany''). Her father was given work as a judge in post-World War II West Germany, partly because there was no need to "denazify (denazification)" him. Marianne Schmidt had arrived in Melbourne (Melbourne, Australia) from West Germany with her family in September 1958. At the time, the Schmidt family consisted of parents Helmut and Elizabeth and Marianne's siblings, Helmut Jr., Hans, Peter, Trixie and Wolfgang. Another child, Norbert, was born in Australia the following year. After arriving in Australia, the Schmidts lived in a migrant hostel in Unanderra (Unanderra, New South Wales) before settling in Temora (Temora, New South Wales). In 1963 Helmut Schmidt moved the family to Sydney after contracting Hodgkin's disease and they found a home in the suburb of Ryde (Ryde, New South Wales). In June the next year, Helmut Schmidt died ''Twelve Crimes that Shocked the Nation'', Whiticker, Alan J (Alan Whiticker), New Holland. pp 101 - 102 ISBN 174110110-7 . 2 align left Chronik 30 Jahre – History of Post SV Berlin Rugby, accessed: 11 April 2010 - ''Flight of the Eagle'' ''Ingenjör Andées luftfärd (:sv:Ingenjör Andrées luftfärd (film))'' 1982 Jan Troell Sweden, West Germany, Norway ''Ingenjör Andées luftfärd'' Per Olof Sundman 1967 Novel - First documented in the 13th century, Berlin became the capital of the Kingdom of Prussia (w:Kingdom of Prussia) (1701–1918), the German Empire (w:German Empire) (1871–1918), the Weimar Republic (w:Weimar Republic) (1919–33) and the Third Reich (w:Third Reich) (1933–45). Berlin in the 1920s (w:1920s Berlin) was the third largest municipality in the world. After World War II, the city, along with the German state, was divided - into East Berlin (w:East Berlin) — capital of the German Democratic Republic (w:German Democratic Republic), colloquially identified in English as East Germany — and West Berlin (w:West Berlin), a political exclave (w:exclave) (surrounded by the Berlin Wall (w:Berlin Wall) from 1961 to 1989) and a ''de facto'' (although not ''de jure'' (w:Allied Control Council)) state of the Federal Republic of Germany (w:Federal Republic of Germany), known colloquially in English as West Germany (w:West Germany) from 1949 to 1990. Following German reunification (w:German reunification) in 1990, the city was once more designated as the capital of all Germany. NATO (w:NATO) has been present in Germany since the end of World War II and its presence played an important role in the Cold War, when Germany was split into West Germany (w:West Germany) and East Germany (w:East Germany). The 27,000-pages of documents released on Tuesday reveal that while the United States (w:United States) and West Germany (w:West Germany) knew the location of Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann (w:Adolf Eichmann) two years before his capture, the fact was kept secret. The documents were declassified as part of the Nazi War Criminals Disclosure Act (w:Nazi War Crimes and Japanese Imperial Government Records Interagency Working Group) of 1998.