, is the Reserva Santa Elena. This area is visited less frequently by tourists than the Monteverde Reserve, but offers a rustic station and views of Arenal Volcano. Preserve Arguably the main attraction of Monteverde, the massive Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve draws 70,000 tourists a year. It is known as the site with the largest number of orchids in the world, with 34 of its 500 species newly discovered. Over 60 species of amphibians, including

the extinct Monteverde-endemic golden toad, have been found in Monteverde. This area is also a stop for 91 species of migratory birds. The famed quetzal resides here seasonally. The mammals of Monteverde include representatives from both North and South America as endemic (endemism) species. The mammalian fauna of the region includes six species of marsupials, three muskrats, at least 58 bats, three primates, seven edentates, two rabbits, one ground hog, three

species of squirrels, one species of spiny mouse, at least 15 species of long-tailed rats and mice (family Muridae); one species of porcupine, one species of agouti (common agouti), one paca, two canids (canidae), five mustelids (mustelidae), four species of procyonids (Procyonidae), six species of felines (Felidae), two species of wild pigs (wild boar), two species of deer, and one tapir. UGA Costa Rica The University of Georgia owns and manages


landmass around 135 million years ago. Madagascar later split from India about 88 million years ago, allowing plants and animals on the island to evolve in relative isolation.

journal author Vences M, Wollenberg KC, Vieites DR, Lees DC title Madagascar as a model region of species diversification journal Trends in Ecology and Evolution volume 24 issue 8 pages 456–465 date June 2009 doi 10.1016 j.tree.2009.03.011 url http: p p1 Vences_A163.pdf accessdate 11 February 2012 archivedate 11 February 2012 archiveurl http: 65N9YtmnD pmid 19500874

. Approximately 90 percent of all plant and animal species found in Madagascar are endemic (endemism), Hobbes & Dolan (2008), p. 517 including the lemurs

Belgorod Oblast

, Chyornaya Kalitva (Chyornaya Kalitva River), Valuy (Valuy River). The total length of the river network is roughly , and in addition, there are 1,100 ponds and four artificial reservoirs. Wildlife The fauna of Belgorod Oblast is predominantly of the meadow-steppe variety and comprises, by various estimates, from ten to fifteen thousand species. About 10% of the animal species are in need of special protection. Fifty species are included in the IUCN

Red List . There are about 279 species of birds, including 152 which breed in the oblast. The richest bird populations include sparrows (111 species); waders (45 species); geese (up to 30 species); day predators (21 species). The richest bird populations include sparrows (111 species); waders (45 species); geese (up to 30 species); day predators (21 species). The numbers of game animal species are as follows: moose – 387; deer – 501; roe deer – 4474; boar – 2574; hare – 18361; fox

– 3856; marten – 2025; polecat – 1120; wolf – 36. The annual number of game animals remains stable. Vegetation Vegetation in Belgorod Oblast reflects the features of the northern forest-steppe, characterized by the alternation of forests with the meadow steppes. It is chiefly represented by two types of vegetation — the zonal and extrazonal. In all, there are 1,284 flora species. Woodlands cover 9.8% of the total area, of which over 800 hectares are classified as protected


. The lower and mid-level highlands are mainly semi-deserts. Climate The area has severe dry continental climate and large diurnal temperature fluctuations with average annual rainfalls of 400 mm and mountain-valley winds. The average air temperature in January is 5–6◦C, with a coldest temperature of −22◦C and highest of +35◦C in July. Flora and Fauna Flora There are about 960 species of plants from 400 genera and 82 families. More than 280 species are rare and endemic

species in Vayots Dzor. Sixty species are registered in the Red Book of Armenia. There are 18 endemics of Armenia out of which 6 are narrow endemics of Vayots Dzor. One of the biggest centers of wild cereals is the Gnishik-Grav region. Fauna The mountain grasslands and subalpine meadows of Yeghegnadzor are currently inhabited by 30 species of mammals. Two species (leopard and mouflon) have vanished. Out of 32 species, 9 are listed in the Red Book of Armenia

. Noravank canyon is identified as an important area for birds. Of about 345 species of birds reported in Armenia, over 190 species can be found throughout Vayots Dzor. There are also 4 species of amphibians and 22 species of reptiles. Demographics Many ancestors of Yeghegnadzor's current population migrated from Khoy and Salmast. According to Yeghegnadzor town hall's given data in 2009 the population consists of 9394 people; the number of families is 2582

Kerguelen Islands

seal s in the 19th century. Since the end of the whaling and sealing era, most of the islands' species have been able to increase their population again. Whales, whaling, and ocean ecosystems, James A. Estes In 1825, the British sealer John Nunn and three crew

seabirds, seal (Pinniped)s and penguins. The wildlife is particularly vulnerable to introduced species and one particular problem has been cats. The main island is the home of a well-established feral cat population, descended from ships' cats. Minou, ce dangereux prédateur They survive

on sea birds and the feral rabbits that were introduced to the islands. There are also populations of feral sheep and reindeer. In the 1950s and 1960s, Edgar Albert de la Rue, a French geologist began the introduction of several species of salmonids. Of the seven species introduced, only brook trout survived to establish wild populations.


encmuc Native tree species include cedar, royal palm, palo de agua, ojite (Brosimum alicastrum), ojueta, marayo and rabo lagarto (Equisetum arvense). The Nanciyaga Ecological Reserve preserve most of what is left of the rainforest that enveloped Lake Catemaco. Wildlife include small mammals such as squirrels, armadillos, rabbits, weasels and raccoons. Many bird species inhabit the lake area including herons, owls

, cardinals and more. Numbers are highest in December with the arrival of migratory species. Spider monkeys were extinct but have been reintroduced in the Lake Catemaco area. For most of the year, the climate is warm and humid. The average temperature ranges from

; The largest of these islands is Agaltepec, 750 meters long and 150 at its widest, covering 8.5 hectares. This name is from Pipil (Pipil language) and Nahuatl and means “stone canoe” or “canoe hill.” It is also called Crocodile or Dragon Island in reference to is shape which resembles the animal when seen from certain perspectives. Its vegetation remains intact with over 1,600 trees of 63 species. In 1988 and 1989, two groups of howler monkeys, which are in danger of extinction, were

Norfolk Island

of Norfolk Island flag . Native to the island, the pine is a key export industry for Norfolk Island, being a popular ornamental tree on mainland Australia, where two related species grow, and also worldwide. History Early history Norfolk Island was first settled by East Polynesian seafarers either from the Kermadec Islands north of New Zealand or from the North Island of New Zealand. They arrived in the fourteenth or fifteenth century

18 of the endemic species are rare or threatened. Norfolk Island subtropical forests - Encyclopedia of Earth The Norfolk Island Palm (''Rhopalostylis baueri'') and the Smooth Tree-fern (''Cyathea brownii''), the tallest tree-fern in the world, are common in the Norfolk Island National Park but rare elsewhere on the island. Before European

was declared as the Norfolk Island National Park in 1986. This forest has been infested with several introduced plants (Introduced species). The cliffs and steep slopes of Mount Pitt supported a community of shrubs, herbaceous plants, and climbers. A few tracts of cliff top and seashore vegetation have been preserved. The rest of the island has been cleared for pasture and housing. Grazing and introduced weeds currently threaten the native flora


Mexico Desconocido location Mexico City language Spanish trans_title Mexican National Turtle Center in Mazunte, Oaxaca accessdate January 11, 2010 However, older residents of the community state that it is from the word “mizontle,” used by locals to refer to a crab species that used to be very abundant in the area.

different species can be found here as well as a number of cactus and mangroves. It is still mostly a rural village, with mornings filling with the sound of roosters crowing. The village is somewhat larger than San Agustinillo, but the main distinction is that its architecture is based on the use of natural materials.

Mazunte is a stretch of beach with a secluded cove on the far west end. Boats on this beach offer tours to Zipolite, Puerto Ángel, Estacahuite, La Mina and La Boquilla. Depending on the season, it is possible to see whales, dolphins, sea turtles, manta rays and other aquatic species. Rentals for sports fishing are also available. The main beach and the cove on the west end both have a number of small hotels


of biodiversity during early human history, including the disappearance of most of the giant tortoises from the granitic islands, the felling of coastal and mid-level forests, and the extinction of species such as the chestnut flanked white eye (Seychelles Chestnut-flanked White-eye), the Seychelles Parakeet, and the saltwater crocodile. However, extinctions were far fewer than on islands such as Mauritius or Hawaii, partly due to a shorter period of human occupation (since

1770). The Seychelles today is known for success stories in protecting its flora and fauna. The rare Seychelles Black Parrot, the national bird of the country, is now protected. The granitic islands of Seychelles are home to about 75 endemic plant species, with a further 25 or so species in the Aldabra group. Particularly well-known is the Coco de Mer, a species of palm that grows only on the islands of Praslin and neighbouring Curieuse. Sometimes nicknamed the "love nut

" because of the shape of its fruit which, with the husk removed, presents a "double" coconut resembling buttocks, the coco-de-mer produces the world's heaviest seed pods. The jellyfish tree is to be found in only a few locations on Mahe (Mahé, Seychelles). This strange and ancient plant in a genus of its own (Medusagynaceae) has resisted all efforts to propagate it. Other unique plant species include the Wright's Gardenia ''Rothmannia annae'' found only on Aride Island

Sidney, British Columbia

, whale watchers, scuba-divers and eco-tourism. Undoubtedly, Sidney's most famous inhabitant is the handsome bufflehead featured prominently on its coat of arms. The bufflehead is just one of many species of waterfowl that overwinter in Shoal Harbour Migratory Bird Sanctuary, one of the oldest marine sanctuaries on the west coast. Sidney overlooks Sidney Channel Important Bird Area, an internationally recognized site of major importance for many species of seabirds such as common murres

, rhinoceros auklet, pigeon guillemots, murrelets, three species of cormorants, and several gull species, including the unusual Heermann's gull. One of Sidney's most famous residents is the bald eagle which has nested continuously in 'Beaufort Grove' for twenty-five years. In summer large numbers of great blue herons gather in Roberts Bay (part of Shoal Harbour Sanctuary) to feed on the abundant small fish. A variety of songbirds (towhees, American robins, Bewick's

wren Bewick's and winter wrens, bushtit (American bushtit)s, chickadees etc.) are found in back yards, along with the common northwestern crow, and introduced species such as the common starling and house sparrow. The airport lands around Sidney are the only place in North America where the beautiful song of the European skylark (Skylark) can be heard. Marine mammals include the ubiquitous harbour seal and the small harbour porpoise. Occasionally gray whale

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