and Canada. Unlike most other Turkic speaking people, the Gagauz are predominantly Orthodox Christians. There is a related ethnic group also called ''Gagavuz'' (or ''Gajal'') living in the European part of northwestern Turkey. thumb right 265px Unofficial Gagauz flag. (Image:Wappen Gagausien 01 01.png) Gagauzia declared itself independent on 19 August 1991 – the day of the Moscow coup attempt – followed by Transnistria in September. Some believe
, Christian Orthodox people spoke a Turkish dialect known as Gagauzo, written using the Greek alphabet. In spite of the similarities with the Karamanlides, Greek Orthodox, Turkish-speaking (Turkish language) people native to the Karaman and Cappadocia regions of Anatolia in Turkey. Tanriöver's plans were to establish Gagauz communities in the Turkish region of Marmara, such that these communities would be attached to Autocephalous Turkish Orthodox Patriarchate founded by Eftim I. In 1935, about 70 Gagauz took the offer of the Turkish diplomat and settled down in Turkey. The new immigrants facing a lot of hardship finally converted to Islam. Eftim I was furious sending a letter to the diplomat Hamdullah Suphi Tanriöver, in which asked: "Where are my 70 devotees?" His failure to conserve the Gagauz Christians and to reintegrate them within his church was a great source of deception for him. With the onslaught of the Second World War, plans were put on hold and no further Gagauz were offered to join the church. Geography Leova district is located in the southwest part of the Republic of Moldova. Neighborhood has the following districts: District Hincesti (Hincesti District) in north, east Gagauzia and Cimislia District, Cantemir District in southern and border state with Romania in west, on the river Prut. The relief is generally plain, but with altitudes above 250 m in the northern part of district (the southern extremity of Central Moldavian Plateau) in south elevations of 150–200 m (extreme north of Plateau Tigheci), and 20–100 m. the plains of Prut. Erosion processes with a medium intensity. Geography District is located in the southern part of the Republic of Moldova. Neighborhood has the following district: north Cimislia District, the east boundary (Border) of the state with Ukraine, in the west and south bordering of Gagauzia. Also the district is the smallest area and population of Moldova was. The landscape of the field with maximum altitudes of 210–220 m with a mild erosion processes. Geography Cantemir district is located in the south part of the Republic of Moldova. Neighborhood has the following districts: Leova District in north, east Gagauzia, Cahul District in southern and border state in west to Romania, on the river Prut. The relief is generally hilly plain with the maximum altitude is 301 m hill Tigheci (Tigheci Plateau) in the western part of district. Minimum altitude 10–15 m (Lower Prut Plain ). Erosion processes with a medium intensity. *Paragroup '''F*''' ''Found in Southern India, Sri Lanka, Yunnan, Korea'' *Haplogroup G (Haplogroup G (Y-DNA)) (M201) ca. 21 ka ''Found in many ethnic groups in Eurasia; most common in the Caucasus, Iran, Anatolia and the Levant. Found in almost all European countries, but most common in Gagauzia, southeastern Romania, Greece, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Tyrol (County of Tyrol), and Bohemia with highest concentrations on some Mediterranean islands; uncommon in Northern Europe birth_place Ceadîr-Lunga, Gagauzia, Moldavian SSR death_date DATE OF BIRTH August 12, 1957 PLACE OF BIRTH Ceadîr-Lunga, Gagauzia, Moldavian SSR DATE OF DEATH ::: Possibly a bad thing, but the cure may be even worse if it means putting the Moldova flag on stubs which deal 100% with Transnistria. That (whose flag Transnistria is under) is a sore point for Transnistria, but not so much for Moldova. This is because Moldova lets Transnistria fly its own flag just as they let the autonomous region of Gagauzia also fly its own flag. If we remove any mention of Transnistria, and replace it with the word Moldova, that would not only invite more conflict but would also in many cases even be outright misleading; especially in bio-stub cases where, in some cases, political leaders weren't even born in Moldova. Note also that in Transnistria you now have a new generation coming of age which was born under independence. Putting a Moldovan flag on these people who have ''never'' in their life been subject to Moldovan jurisdiction would indicate POV, especially if we know better and if we already know which solution that will satisfy both sides. Considering the alternatives, I therefore still vote for '''keep''' even though I fully understand your concerns and even share them myself. - Mauco (User:William Mauco) 13:01, 27 April 2006 (UTC)
and Yamalo-Nenets (Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug) autonomous okrugs, as well as in Aleksandrovsky (Alexandrovsky District, Tomsk Oblast) and Kargosoksky (Kargosoksky District, Tomsk Oblast) districts of Tomsk Oblast in Russia. According to the 1994 Salminen and 1994 Janhunen study, there were 12,000 Khanty-speaking people in Russia. The '''Nadym''' ( ) is a river in Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Russia. It is a left tributary of the Ob
languages struggling to survive into the next generation. Basque is attested to have been widespread farther east of the territory into the Pyrenees in previous centuries. The inhabitants call non-Basque speaking foreigners ''Kaskoinak'', while other Basque speaking people (especially when referring to those of the French Basque Country) are dubbed ''Manexak'' after a commonplace sheep breed in the area. References External links *
of Jimma Historically, the Afaan Oromo speaking people used the indigenous ''Gadaa'' system of governance. Many Oromo communities – most notably Gibe Kingdoms, around Jimma – gradually adopted monarchy and other forms of governance in the later centuries of the 2nd millennium. Such changes occurred due to the growing influence of Islam from the east and Orthodox Christianity from the north as well as power struggles between opposing Oromo communities. thumb right Oromo ruler Iyasu V of Ethiopia Iyasu V (File:Yasu V.jpg) (Lij Iyasu), Emperor of Ehiopia from 1913–16. In the first decades of the 19th century, three Oromo monarchies, Enarya, Goma and Guma, rose to prominence. In the general view of Oromo people's role in Ethiopia, Ras Gobana Dacche is a famous Oromo figure who led the development of modern Ethiopia and the political and miliatary incorporation of more territories into Ethiopian borders. Ras Gobena victory against Gurage militia Donald Levine, ''Greater Ethiopia, the Evolution of a multicultural society'' (University of Chicago Press: 1974) Gobana under the authority of Menelik II incorporated several Oromo territories into a centralized Ethiopian state. Some contemporary ethno-nationalist Oromo political groups refer to Gobana in a negative light. Though, before military integration; present day Ethiopia, Eritrea, and parts of Somalia were previously and extensively linked commercially by local, long-distance and trans-frontier trade routes. These commercial routes connected Bonga, Jimma, Seqa, Assandabo, Gojjam, Begemder, Maramma, Massawa, Soddo, Shewa, Harar, Zeila and Berbera. Some Oromo writers believe that the Oromo Ras Gobena and the Amhara Menelik II were the first two people in Ethiopia with the concept of national boundary that brought various different ethno-linguistic communities under a politically and militarily centralized rule. Gobana Dache’s Participation in Building Ethiopia thumb Map of Ethiopia highlighting the Oromia Region (File:Ethiopia-Oromia.png) The Oromo are divided into two major branches that break down into an assortment of clan families. From west to east. The '''Borana Oromo''', also called the '''Boran''', are a pastoralist (Pastoralism) group living in southern Ethiopia (Oromia) and northern Kenya. align center JIM align center HAJM Aba Segud Airport align center -
of Vancouver Island, home to the Nuu-chah-nulth people, then commonly known to English speaking people as 'Nootka'. While on holiday to Alaska with her sister Alice in 1907, Carr again came into contact with indigenous peoples in remote villages and determined to use her art to document the sculptural and artistic legacy of the aboriginal people she encountered there. Port Alberni also serves as a hub for those travelling to the West Coast of Vancouver Island, including Ucluelet
program designed to encourage cultural and economic exchanges. Brunswick has two sister cities: Ilan (Yilan City) (Taiwan (Republic of China)) and Ganzhou (China (People's Republic of China)). Demographics The population of Jiangxi is approximately 39.66 million.
touted as "the Salmon Capital of the World". Campbell River and Region is in close proximity to the neighboring communities of Quadra and the Discovery Islands, Sayward, Oyster River, Gold River, Tahsis and Zeballos. History The first settlers known in the area were members of the Island Comox (Comox people) and related Coast Salish peoples. During the 18th Century a migration of Kwakwaka'wakw (Kwak'wala-speaking) people of the Wakashan cultural and linguistic group migrated south from the area of Fort Rupert (Fort Rupert, British Columbia) and established themselves in the Campbell River area, at first enslaving and then absorbing the Comox, and became infamous as raiders of the Coast Salish peoples farther south, known to history as the Euclataws, which is also spelled Yucultas and is a variant on their name for themselves, the Laich-kwil-tach, Lekwiltok or Legwildok. Of this group, also known as the Southern Kwakiutl, there are two subdivisions, the Wekayi or Weiwaikai of the Cape Mudge Indian Band on Quadra Island and the Weiwaikum of the Campbell River Band (Campbell River First Nation) located in and around the city of Campbell River. Captain George Vancouver reached Campbell River in 1792 aboard the ships HMS ''Discovery'' (HMS Discovery (1789)) and HMS ''Chatham'' (HMS Chatham (1788)). The channel between Quadra Island and Campbell River is named Discovery Passage after HMS ''Discovery''. The captain and his botanist, Mr Archibald Menzies, discovered a small tribe of 350 natives (First Nations) who spoke the Salish (Salishan) language. A Lekwiltok war party, heavily armed with European rifles, paddled south from Johnstone Strait in the middle of the 19th Century and were in control of the area when the HMS ''Plumper'' (HMS Plumper (1848)) came through on a cartography mission under Captain George Henry Richards around 1859. Dr Samuel Campbell (Samuel Campbell (doctor)) was the ship surgeon, and historians believe his name was given to the river by Richards. The community took the name of "Campbell River" when its post office was constructed in 1907. Artibise, Alan F.J: Canadian Encyclopedia. Likewise, the name of HMS ''Discovery''’s First Lieutenant Zachary Mudge is preserved in the nearby Cape Mudge. Sports fishermen travelled to the area as early as the 1880s, especially after the tales from noted anglers such as Sir Richard Musgrave (Richard Musgrave) and Sir John Rogers (John Rogers (angler)). The formation of the Campbell River Tyee Club in 1924, over concern regarding over-fishing of the salmon stocks, actually served to increase the popularity of the area. E.P. Painter, for instance, moved to Campbell River the following year and opened his Painter's Lodge (Campbell River Painter's Lodge) in 1929. Painter's Lodge attracted clientele from Hollywood and regular patrons included Bob Hope and Bing Crosby. Commercial fishing was a large industry for many years. The town's magistrate Roderick Haig-Brown purchased a fishing cabin on Campbell River and wrote a number of books on fly fishing that are influential and well-loved around the world for both sport fishermen and conservationists. Industrial logging took off in the 1920s with Merrill Ring and Company, Bloedel, Stewart and Welch and Comox Logging. A large forest fire started near Buttle Lake and burned much of the valley in 1938. Rock Bay (Rock Bay, British Columbia), Menzies Bay (Menzies Bay, British Columbia), and Englewood (Englewood, British Columbia) all were big logging camps. Campbell River prospered after 1912 and it became a supply point for northern Vancouver Island, Quadra Island and Cortes Island (Cortes Island, British Columbia). The E and N Railway was surveyed to Campbell River, yet it only reached Courtenay, forty miles south; in its original conception it would have been the last leg of the transcontinental railway, which had been proposed to run down Bute Inlet after cross the British Columbia Interior, connecting to Vancouver Island just north of Campbell River at Seymour Narrows. After the Second World War, Campbell River became a boom town and industrial centre with the building of the Elk River pulp mill, and nearby mills in Tahsis and Gold River (Gold River, British Columbia). Logging and mining in the area prospered. There is a lead zinc mine nearby, and coal mines, while a large copper mine operated to the north. thumb center 600px A panoramic picture of Campbell River from the Strait of Georgia (Image:PanoramicCampbellRiver.jpg) Climate Campbell River enjoys a mild climate, with temperatures usually between -2°C (28°F) and 23°C (73°F) year-round. The most precipitation (precipitation (meteorology)) is measured in November, at 231 millimeters (9 in) on average. While January sees the most average snow, 152 millimeters (6 in), only 10 millimeters (3 8 in) will be seen actually accumulating. In the winter months occasional Arctic bursts from the interior of British Columbia can make their way onto the coast bringing temperatures below zero. If a Pacific low reaches the coast a large snowfall can occur. Snowfalls in excess of 45 centimetres (16 in) have been recorded in a 24-hour period and the greatest snowfall was 53.3 centimetres (1 ft, 9 in) in 1978. *Climate statistics are from the Campbell River Airport weather station. Weatheroffice.gc.ca - Climate statistics '''Nicholas Thorburn''' (born 27 November 1981) is a Canadian musician originally from Campbell River (Campbell River, British Columbia). He has fronted numerous bands such as The Unicorns, Th' Corn Gangg, Islands (Islands (band)), Reefer, and Human Highway (Human Highway (band)). Thorburn occasionally goes by the stage name "Nick Diamonds", among others. History Thorburn was born in 1981 in Campbell River (Campbell River, British Columbia), British Columbia, Canada, which he says has influenced his songwriting. Nature, in particular whales, are a subject of interest; his lyrics include references to rivers, swans and frogs. He also had a formative experience in a visit, along with his father, to see the killer whale Luna (Luna (Orca)); his memories of the visit became an influential part of Islands' debut album ''Return to the Sea''. The roots of Catalyst Paper date back a century, when the Powell River Company opened a newsprint mill at Powell River in 1912. Bloedel, Stewart & Welch, Ltd. started up their Kraft (Kraft process) pulp mill in Port Alberni in 1947 and later added two newsprint machines. These two companies eventually merged into MacMillan Bloedel (MacMillan Bloedel Limited). The next branch of the family tree was British Columbia Forest Products Limited, formed in 1946 as a logging and sawmilling company. With extensive forest operations in British Columbia, BCFP built a solid reputation as a leading wood products company. The company diversified in the early 1950s, opening its Crofton pulp mill in 1957 and adding newsprint production in 1964, and soon was one of the province's largest integrated forest products companies. The third branch was Crown Zellerbach Canada, which opened a modern newsprint mill at Elk Falls near Campbell River (Campbell River, British Columbia) in 1952 and later expanded into Kraft pulp production. In 1981, Fletcher Challenge of New Zealand purchased Crown Zellerbach Canada and renamed it Crown Forest Industries. *Campbell River, British Columbia for Dr Samuel Campbell (Samuel Campbell (doctor)), the ship's surgeon. *Pender Island and Pender Harbour, British Columbia for Daniel Pender.
throat-singing is practiced in Khakassia, often accompanied by a two-stringed instrument called the khomys. thumb A group of Khakas at Minusinsk (File:MinusinskTatars.jpg) The '''Khakas''', or '''Khakass''' (Khakas (Khakas language): ), are a Turkic (Turkic languages)-speaking people, who live in Russia, in the republic of Khakassia in southern Siberia. They speak the Khakas language. - ! bgcolor "#ccccff" style "padding:0 0 0
because of many ethnic Pashtuns such as Kakar, Durrani, Popalzai, Sadozai (Sadozai (Pastun tribe)), Bangash, Khattak, Yousafzai, Ghaznavi and Khogyani, etc. who speak Hindko as their first language in Peshawar and Kohat are Pashtuns by origin. The Hindko speaking people living in major cities Peshawar, Kohat, Nowshera (Nowshera, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa), and Attock are bilingual in Pashto and Hindko. Similarly there are Pashto speaking people in districts like Abbottabad and Mansehra (especially in Agror Valley and northern Tanawal) who have become bilingual in Pashto and Hindko. Raghoba's letter to Peshwa Balaji Bajirao (Nanasaheb Peshwa), 4 May 1758: wikipedia:Attock