. After the defeat of the French empire, the eastern, German-speaking part of Duchy's lands were given to Prussia in the Congress of Vienna along with several other territories along what is today the Belgian-German border, but after the First World War, these lands became Belgian, re-uniting the original parts of the old Duchy. See also *Dukes of Limburg *Duchy of Limburg (1839–1867) *Limburger cheese *Neutral Moresnet References External links
" within the Holy Roman Empire. After centuries of French invasions and occupations, Lorraine was finally ceded to France at the close of the War of the Polish Succession (1737). In 1766 the duchy was inherited by the French crown and became the province of Lorraine (Lorraine (province)). In 1871, after the Franco-Prussian War, the German-speaking part of Lorraine was merged with Alsace to become the province of Alsace-Lorraine in the German Empire. Today
. Granada) rather than HTV (ITV Wales & West). Although the above is a common definition, the Cheviot Hills are not, strictly speaking, part of the Pennines, being separated by the Tyne Gap and the Whin Sill, along which run the A69 (A69 road) and Hadrian's Wall, but because the Pennine Way crosses them they are often treated as such. Conversely, although the southern end of the Pennines is commonly said to be somewhere in the High Peak (High Peak, Derbyshire) district
. People with Meänkieli-speaking roots are often referred to as Tornedalians although the Finnish-speaking part of Norrbotten is a far larger area than the Tornio (Meänkieli and Finnish name for Torne) river valley; judging by the names of towns and places, it stretches as far west as the city of Gällivare. Today Meänkieli is declining as an active language. Few of the young people in the region speak Meänkieli as part of daily life, though many have passive knowledge of the language from
on in continual work, and employed 3000 persons. The first béguinages were set up in the 12th century in what has subsequently become the French speaking (francophone) part of Belgium (Liège (Prince-Bishopric of Liège)). Béguinages are to be found in an area roughly corresponding with present-day Northern and North-Eastern France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Western and North-Western Germany. image_map Liège 1477.JPG
;Vikings in Scotland and Ireland"; Crawford, ''Scandinavian Scotland'', pp. 39–62; Smyth, ''Warlords and Holy Men'', pp. 141–174. Public life Einhard was from the eastern German-speaking (German language) part of the Frank Kingdom (Francia). Born into a family of relatively low status, his parents sent him to be educated by the monks of Fulda - one of the most impressive centres of learning in the Frank lands - perhaps due to his small stature (Einhard referred to himself as a "tiny manlet") which restricted his riding and sword-fighting ability, Einhard concentrated his energies towards scholarship and especially to the mastering of Latin. Despite such humble origins, he was accepted into the hugely wealthy court of Charlemagne around 791 or 792. Charlemagne actively sought to amass scholarly men around him and established a royal school led by the Northumbrian scholar Alcuin. Einhard evidently was a talented builder and construction manager, because Charlemagne put him in charge of the completion of several palace complexes including Aachen (Charlemagne's Palace in Aachen) and Ingelheim. Despite the fact that Einhard was on intimate terms with Charlemagne, he never achieved office in his reign. In 814, on Charlemagne's death his son Louis the Pious made Einhard his private secretary. Einhard retired from court (Noble court) during the time of the disputes between Louis and his sons in the spring of 830. The name of Frankfurt on Main (Main (river)) is derived from the ''Franconofurd'' of the Germanic tribe (Germanic peoples) of the Franks; ''Furt'' (cf. English (English language) ''ford (ford (river))'') where the river was shallow enough to be crossed by wading. Alemanni and Franks lived there (Francia) and by 794 Charlemagne presided over an imperial assembly (Council of Frankfurt) and church synod, at which ''Franconofurd'' (-furt -vurd) was first mentioned. In continental Europe, this is the rise of Francia in the Merovingian period, eclipsing lesser kingdoms such as Alemannia. In England, the Wessex hegemony as the nucleus of the unification of England, Scandinavia is in the Vendel period and enters the extremely successful Viking Age, with expansion (Viking expansion) to Britain (Danelaw), Ireland and Iceland (history of Iceland) in the west and as far as Russia (Rus Khaganate) and Greece (Varangians) in the east. ) is the reversed base of an ancient Ionic (Ionic order) column that played an important role in the ceremony surrounding the installation (Carantania#The Ducal Inauguration) of the princes of Carantania in the Early Middle Ages. After the incorporation into the Frankish Empire (Francia) the procedure held in Slovene language was continued as the first part of the coronation of the Dukes of Carinthia (Duchy of Carinthia), followed by a mass (mass (liturgy)) at Maria Saal cathedral and the installation at the Duke's chair, where he swore an oath in German (German language) and received the homage of the estates. History Several sources attest the existence of a distinctive Gallican rite in the Frankish (Franks) lands between the 5th and 9th centuries. The Celtic Rite and Mozarabic rite, which are liturgically related to the Gallican, are sometimes collectively referred to as "Gallican" as opposed to the different structure of the Roman rite (Roman Rite). Lack of a central authority led to the development of local traditions of the Gallican rite in Francia, sharing a basic structure but varying in details. These traditions endured until the Carolingian dynasty. During a papal visit in 752-3, Pope Stephen II had Mass (Eucharist) celebrated using Roman chant. According to Charlemagne, his father Pepin (Pippin the Younger) and Chrodegang of Metz abolished the Gallican rites in favor of the Roman use, in order to strengthen ties with Rome that would culminate in Charlemagne's elevation to Holy Roman Emperor. Charlemagne completed the job his father had begun, so that by the 9th century the Gallican rite and chant had effectively been eliminated. However, the Roman chant brought to the Carolingian churches was incomplete, and ended up incorporating musical and liturgical elements from the local Gallican traditions. The resulting Carolingian chant, which developed into Gregorian chant, was a Romanized chant, but one in which traces of the lost Gallican repertory may still be found.
Open Air Museum alt Bragen ulkomuseo url http: www.elisanet.fi vasa.brage index_eng.htm email address lat 63.0820 long 21.6307 directions Hietalahti phone tollfree fax hours price content The museum consists of a complete nineteenth-century farm with interesting buildings and interiors from the Swedish-speaking part of Ostrobotnia. Within walking distance from the city center. Do *
system on the influx of foreigners. This initiative was mostly backed by rural (57.6% approvals), suburban (51.2% approvals), and isolated cities (51.3% approvals) of Switzerland as well as by a strong majority (69.2% approval) in the canton of Ticino, while metropolitan centers (58.5% rejection) and the French-speaking part (58.5% rejection) of Switzerland rather rejected it.
to enter New York. *1989 – Attack on Derryard checkpoint: The Provisional Irish Republican Army launch an attack on a British Army nonpermanent vehicle checkpoint near Rosslea, Northern Ireland. Two British soldiers are killed and one badly wounded. The Germanophone dubbing market is the largest in Europe. Germany has the most foreign movie dubbing studios per capita and per given area in the world. In Germany, Austria and the German-speaking part
broadcasts, such as ''Starsky and Hutch''. The German (German language)-speaking area which includes Germany, Austria, the German-speaking part of Switzerland and Liechtenstein share together one common German dubbing version. Although there are sometimes some differences concerning some local words or the pronunciation of some words, there's no need to dub into their own versions because all films, shows and series are still dubbed into one single German language German
Commons:Category:Liechtenstein WikiPedia:Liechtenstein Dmoz:Regional Europe Liechtenstein
. In 1871, after the Franco-Prussian War, the German-speaking part of Lorraine was merged with Alsace to become the province of Alsace-Lorraine in the German Empire. Today the greater part of the French side of the Franco-German border belongs to the Lorraine ''région'' (Lorraine (region)). The key to understanding Ferry's unique position in Third Republic history is that until his political critic, Georges Clemenceau became Prime Minister twice in the 20th century Ferry has
people of Germany and Austria, especially among the liberals, the social democrats and also the Catholics who were a minority in Germany. Twentieth century 200px thumb right alt Political map of central Europe showing the 26 areas that became part of the united German Empire (File:German Reich1.png) in 1891. Germany based in the northeast, dominates in size, occupying about 40% of the new empire. The German Empire of 1871–1918. By excluding the German-speaking part of the multinational Austrian Empire, this geographic construction represented a ''little Germany (German question)'' solution. Nazi Germany branch 23px border (Image:War Ensign of Germany 1903-1918.svg) Reichsheer (German Army (German Empire)) 23px (Image:Flag of Weimar Republic (war).svg) Reichswehr 23px (File:Flag Schutzstaffel.svg) Waffen-SS :'''George''': By Gum, this is interesting! I always loved history. The Battle of Hastings (w:Battle of Hastings), Henry VIII (w:Henry VIII of England) and his six knives (w:Wives of Henry VIII) and all that! :'''Blackadder''': You see, Baldrick, in order to prevent a war in Europe, two super blocs developed: us, the French and the Russians on one side (w:Allies of World War I); and the Germans and Austro-Hungary on the other (w:German Empire). The idea was to have two vast, opposing armies, each acting as the other's deterrent (w:Causes of World War I#Arms Race). That way, there could never be a war. :'''Baldrick''': Except, well, this is sort of a war, isn't it? First documented in the 13th century, Berlin became the capital of the Kingdom of Prussia (w:Kingdom of Prussia) (1701–1918), the German Empire (w:German Empire) (1871–1918), the Weimar Republic (w:Weimar Republic) (1919–33) and the Third Reich (w:Third Reich) (1933–45). Berlin in the 1920s (w:1920s Berlin) was the third largest municipality in the world. After World War II, the city, along with the German state, was divided - into East Berlin (w:East Berlin) — capital of the German Democratic Republic (w:German Democratic Republic), colloquially identified in English as East Germany — and West Berlin (w:West Berlin), a political exclave (w:exclave) (surrounded by the Berlin Wall (w:Berlin Wall) from 1961 to 1989) and a ''de facto'' (although not ''de jure'' (w:Allied Control Council)) state of the Federal Republic of Germany (w:Federal Republic of Germany), known colloquially in English as West Germany (w:West Germany) from 1949 to 1990. Following German reunification (w:German reunification) in 1990, the city was once more designated as the capital of all Germany. thumb right (File:Bundesarchiv Bild 183-S90733, Victor Klemperer.jpg) '''Victor Klemperer (w:Victor Klemperer)''' (9 October 1881 – 11 February 1960) worked as a commercial apprentice, a journalist and eventually a Professor of Literature, specialising in the French Enlightenment at the Technische Universität Dresden (w:Technische Universität Dresden). His diaries detailing his life under successive German states—the German Empire (w:German Empire), the Weimar Republic (w:Weimar Republic), Nazi Germany (w:Nazi Germany) and the German Democratic Republic (w:German Democratic Republic)—were published in 1995.