Places Known For

social position


Kemi

or medium-sized farms and tenant farmers, and where crofters were few or held a better social position than in the south. Enclaves of the opposing forces existed on both sides of the front line: within the White area lay the industrial towns of Varkaus, Kuopio, Oulu, Raahe, Kemi and Tornio; within the Red area lay Porvoo, Kirkkonummi and Uusikaupunki. The elimination of these strongholds was a priority for both armies during February 1918. Commons:Category:Kemi


Navotas

their officials. This political system was somehow revoked at the end of the Spanish Regime through the Maura Law of 1883, which guided some of the selected officials to the supervision of an insular authority. During the revolutionary period (from 1898-1902), as the democratic system of local governance was being established via the First Philippines Republic and Malolos Constitution, people of Navotas with high character, social position and honorable conduct gathered in a meeting and elected


Japanese occupation of the Dutch East Indies

Internment camp in Jakarta, c. 1945 Experience of the occupation varied considerably, depending upon where one lived and one's social position. Many who lived in areas considered important to the war effort experienced torture, sex slavery, arbitrary arrest and execution, and other war crimes. Many thousands of people were taken away from Indonesia as forced laborers (''romusha'') for Japanese military projects, including the Burma-Siam Railway (Death Railway), and suffered


Tornio

nearly all the major industrial centres and the largest estates and farms with high numbers of crofters (croft (land)) and tenant farmers. The White Army controlled the area to the north, which was predominantly agrarian with small or medium-sized farms and tenant farmers, and where crofters were few or held a better social position than in the south. Enclaves of the opposing forces existed on both sides of the front line: within the White area lay the industrial towns of Varkaus


Querétaro, Querétaro

social position in New Spain. After the Reform Laws, this building had a number of uses, as a prison with Maximilian I as its most famous prisoner, a military barracks and offices. Today it is home to a cultural center. In 1997, the Museo de la Ciudad (Museum of the City), which belongs to the Instituto Queretano de la Cultura y las Artes (Querétaro Institute of Culture and the Arts) was moved to this building, and is mostly dedicated to contemporary art. In addition to the permanent collection


Kuopio

crofters were few or held a better social position than in the south. Enclaves of the opposing forces existed on both sides of the front line: within the White area lay the industrial towns of Varkaus, Kuopio, Oulu, Raahe, Kemi and Tornio; within the Red area lay Porvoo, Kirkkonummi and Uusikaupunki. The elimination of these strongholds was a priority for both armies during February 1918. WikiPedia:Kuopio commons:Kuopio


Ingushetia

that there may be as many as 300). More than 20 teips originated from newcomers, in particular Avars (Eurasian Avars), Kumyks, Jews, Georgians, Russians, Turks (Turkish people). The taips descending of non-Chechen ancestors are called ''impure teips'' (in other language: su’lijn taipa, соьли тайпа). A teip's internal dynamic an honor and blood feuds (Feuds#Blood feuds vendetta) plays major role. The teip membership and the tukkhum membership defined the social

position of a Chechen. The lack of any affiliation of a person can be described as “This man has neither a teip nor a tukkhum”. There are 223 teips total. From June 1995, Maskhadov took part in peace talks in Grozny to resolve the crisis in Chechnya. In June 1996, at the negotiations in Nazran, Ingushetia, Maskhadov, on behalf of the ChRI administration, signed the Protocol of the Commission's Meeting on Ceasefire and Measures to Resolve the Armed Conflict in the CRI. In August 1996, after Grozny's seizure by Chechen units he repeatedly held talks with Alexander Lebed and on August 31, 1996, the signing of the Khasav-Yurt Accord took place, a ceasefire agreement, and peace treaty which marked the end of the First Chechen War. commons:Ингушетия


Oulu

commons:Oulu


Anguilla


Antigua and Barbuda

their property. Most settled in the southeastern coastal plain, and, with assistance from Luperón’s government, built the nation's first mechanized sugar mills. They were later joined by Italians, Germans, Puerto Ricans and Americans in forming the nucleus of the Dominican sugar bourgeoisie, marrying into prominent families to solidify their social position. Disruptions in global production caused by the Ten Years' War, the American Civil War and the Franco-Prussian War allowed the Dominican Republic to become a major sugar exporter. Over the following two decades, sugar surpassed tobacco as the leading export, with the former fishing hamlets of San Pedro de Macorís and La Romana (La Romana, Dominican Republic) transformed into thriving ports. To meet their need for better transportation, over 300 miles of private rail-lines were built by and serving the sugar plantations by 1897. Emilio Betances, ''State and Society in the Dominican Republic'' Pg. 32 (Westview Press: Boulder, San Francisco, Oxford, 1995) An 1884 slump in prices led to a wage freeze, and a subsequent labor shortage was filled by migrant workers from the Leeward Islands—the Virgin Islands, St. Kitts and Nevis, Anguilla, and Antigua (Antigua and Barbuda) (referred to by Dominicans as ''cocolo''s). ''cocolo'' is a corruption of the name of one of the principal islands of origin, Tortola. (Teresita Martinez-Vergne, ''Nation and Citizenship in the Dominican Republic'' Pg. 86 (University of North Carolina Press: Chapel Hill, N.C., 2005)) These English-speaking blacks were often victims of racism, but many remained in the country, finding work as stevedores and in railroad construction and sugar refineries. *British India – became India and Pakistan in 1947 (and Bangladesh from Pakistan in 1971). *British Leeward Islands - British colony between 1833 and 1958. Joined West Indies Federation in 1958. Now divided into the countries of Antigua and Barbuda and St Kitts and Nevis, and the dependencies of Anguilla, Montserrat and British Virgin Islands. *British North America – Some British interests in North America after the territory of the 13 former colonies became recognized as a new independent country, the USA, in 1783 (note: the colonies in question were, at the time of independence, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia (Georgia (U.S. state)); the land of the nominally newly independent territory included a number of Native American nations; also, entities that were already no longer colonies before independence included East Jersey, West Jersey, New Netherlands, New Sweden, and Plymouth Colony.) *de-facto Monaco - Eurozone Monaco is partially participating (Microstates and the European Union) in the EU single market, and also in a de facto customs and currency union with the EU. *de-facto the OECS (Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States) Eastern Caribbean Currency Union with the East Caribbean dollar in the CSME (CARICOM Single Market and Economy) (2006) The states participating in both initiatives are Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. *de-facto Switzerland - Liechtenstein Common market in EFTA (European Free Trade Association), Customs union since 1924, informal Currency union since 1920. Circulation Six of the states using the EC$ are independent states: Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. The other two are British (United Kingdom) overseas territories (Overseas territory): Anguilla and Montserrat. These states are all members of the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union. The only OECS member not using the East Caribbean dollar as their official currency is the British Virgin Islands. The British Virgin Islands were always problematic for currency purposes due to their proximity to the Danish West Indies which became the US Virgin Islands in 1917. Officially, the British Virgin Islands used to use sterling (Pound sterling), but in practice the situation was a lot more complicated and involved the circulation of Francs WikiPedia:Antigua and Barbuda Commons:Category:Antigua and Barbuda Dmoz:Regional Caribbean Antigua and Barbuda


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