became famous in the scientific world. For instance, grave sites in Kumak, that date back to the Bronze Age provide convincing evidence to the hypothesis of Eastern European roots of Indo-European peoples. In the grave sites that date back to the early Iron Age (7th-6th centuries BCE) left by "savromatian (Sarmatians)" or "sormatian (Sarmatians)" tribes scientists found many ancient items including a clay vessel bearing the name of the Persian ruler
Between the Catholic Church and the Holy Apostolic Catholic Assyrian Church of the East author Pope John Paul II and Mar Dinkha IV publisher Holy See date 1994-11-11 accessdate 2009-10-02 thumb 150px World Map by Diogo Ribeiro (Image:Worldmap 1529-Ribero.jpeg), "Propaganda map" (1529), Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana Diogo Ribeiro, a Portuguese cartographer working for Spain, made what is considered the first scientific world map: the 1527 Padrón real, the first world map based on empiric latitude observations. There are 6 copies attributed to Ribeiro, including at the Weimar Grand Ducal Library (1527 ''Mundus Novus'') and at the Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, in Vatican City (1529 ''Propaganda Map'' or ''Carta Universal''). "Carta Universal" (slide description, Ribeiro bio), Henry-Davis.com, webpage: HDav346. The layout of the map (''Mapamundi'') is strongly influenced by the information obtained during the Magellan-Elcano (Juan Sebastián Elcano) trip around the world. Diogo's map delineates very precisely the coasts of Central (Central America) and South America. However, neither Australia nor Antarctica appear, and the Indian subcontinent is too small. The map shows, for the first time, the real extension of the Pacific Ocean. It also shows, for the first time, the North American coast as a continuous one (probably influenced by the Esteban Gómez's exploration in 1525). It also shows the demarcation of the Treaty of Tordesillas. These gardens were made up of three gardens: the Garden of Perfect Brightness proper, the Garden of Eternal Spring (長春園), and the Elegant Spring Garden (綺春園); they covered a huge area of 3.5 km² (865 acres), almost 5 times the size of the Forbidden City, and 8 times the size of the Vatican City. comprising hundreds of halls, pavilions, temples, galleries, gardens, lakes, etc. Several famous landscapes of southern China had been reproduced in the Imperial Gardens, hundreds of invaluable Chinese art masterpieces and antiquities were stored in the halls, making the Imperial Gardens one of the largest museum in the world. Some unique copies of literary work and compilations were also stored inside the Imperial Gardens. In 1860, during the Second Opium War, the British and French expeditionary forces looted the Old Summer Palace. Then on October 18, 1860, in order to "punish" the imperial court, which had refused to allow Western embassies inside Beijing, the British general Lord Elgin (James Bruce, 8th Earl of Elgin)- with protestations from the French - purposely ordered to set fire to the huge complex which burned to the ground. It took 3500 British troops to set the entire place ablaze and took three whole days to burn. The burning of the Gardens of Perfect Brightness is still a very sensitive issue in China today. Examples in Rome Among the churches decorated in cosmatesque style in Rome, the most noteworthy are San Lorenzo fuori le Mura, San Saba (San Saba (Rome)), San Paolo fuori le Mura, Santa Maria in Aracoeli, Santa Maria in Cosmedin, Santa Maria Maggiore and the Stanza della Segnatura at the Vatican (Vatican City). Outside Rome, Anagni and Ferentino contain remarkable cosmatesque works. Also, Cosmati built innovative decoration for the church of Santa Maria di Pozzano at Civita Castellana. He established the Pontifical Oriental Institute and the Pontifical Russian College (Collegium Russicum) as well as the Institutum Biblicum of the Gregorian University (Pontifical Gregorian University). He saw a certain emancipation of the Society after the Concordat (Lateran treaties) between the Church (Roman Catholic Church) and the Italian (Italy) Government was ratified. Property was returned to the Society making it possible for the Jesuits to build a new Gregorian University (Pontifical Gregorian University) building transferring from the Palazzo Borgomeo on via del Seminario to Piazza Pilotta within a few paces of the Quirinal Palace. He then built the new Curia Generalis in the rione of Borgo (Borgo (rione of Rome)), on property acquired from the Vatican (Vatican City) on Borgo Santo Spirito, about a hundred meters from St. Peter's Square (Saint Peter's Square). The Concordat is credited with giving new life to the Society of Jesus, whose property increased with its influence and reputation. right 230px thumb St. Peter's Square in Vatican City. (Image:Place-Saint-Pierre-foule.jpg) The Mujahedeen Army, a group of insurgents in Iraq (w:Iraq) has posted a message on the Internet threatening attacks on Vatican City (w:Vatican City) in Rome, Italy (w:Rome, Italy). Vatican City (w:Vatican City) has not released the contents or details of the letter, but news agencies in Iran report that the letter contains a discussion about the United Nations (w:United Nations) resolution against Iran, which imposes sanctions. The Vatican (w:Vatican City) reported that Pope Benedict XVI (w:Pope Benedict XVI) was the first to know of the Jesuits' decision and immediately gave his required approval. The information was announced that the Pope had accepted an invitation to visit the United Kingdom (w:United Kingdom) from Prime Minister (w:Prime Minister) Gordon Brown (w:Gordon Brown). The latter had visited the Vatican City (w:Vatican City) three times and had invited the Pope to come to Great Britain in February 2009. Downing Street (w:Downing Street) is expected to confirm the arrangements later today. This visit would make the first Papal visit to the UK since Pope John Paul II (w:Pope John Paul II)'s visit in 1982. However, John Paul's visit was on a pastoral basis, so this is set to be the first state visit to the UK by a pope in that it is the first to follow an official invitation. Leaders from the Vatican (w:Vatican City) and the Muslim (w:Muslim) community around the world have deplored the vote as an attack on religious freedom. The Swiss government has also expressed shame at the result, and expects repercussions from Muslim countries with which it does business. Some politicians from other countries, however, defended the ban.
in the department of physics at the Exposition Internationale d'Électricité held in Paris in 1881, and aroused greatest interest in the scientific world. In 1907, Bjerknes returned to the The Royal Frederick University (University of Oslo) in Oslo before becoming professor of geophysics at the University of Leipzig in 1912. In 1916, he started the publication ''Synoptische Darstellung atmosphärischer Zustände über
. It was found during the excavation. Another one was an unerupted lower premolar. It was found while preparing the fossil at the Institute of Palaeontology of Uppsala University in Sweden. One year later, they continued the excavation at the locality. At the welcome ceremony for the Swedish Prince's visit to China on the 22nd of October in 1926, Andersson announced the discovery of two teeth of early man from Zhoukoudian. The news astonished the scientific world since at that time there had not been any discovery of any such ancient human fossil in China nor any other country in Asia. CIBC World Markets is headquartered in Toronto, Ontario with offices in Canada in Calgary, Alberta, Montreal, Quebec, Vancouver, British Columbia and Ottawa, Ontario. In the United States, the bank has a major office in New York, New York with additional offices in Atlanta, Georgia, Boston, Massachusetts, Chicago, Illinois, Houston, Texas and Salt Lake City, Utah. Other offices internationally include: Beijing, Dublin, Hong Kong, London, Shanghai, Singapore, Sydney and Tokyo. Taxi In China, ComfortDelGro operates taxi services in 11 cities such as Beijing, Shanghai, Shenyang, Chengdu, Yantai, Hengyang, Suzhou, Xiamen, Nanning, Nanjing and Jilin City with a total fleet of close to 8,800 vehicles. Car rental & automotive engineering In China, a fleet of more than 900 vehicles is operated by Beijing ComfortDelGro Yin Jian Auto Services. ComfortDelGro owns Sichuan ComfortDelGro Car Servicing in Chengdu. Also, Chengdu Jitong Integrated Vehicle Inspection and Beijing Tian Long Da Tian Vehicle Inspection were acquired in 2004. It now operates a vehicle-inspection centre and sales of automotive parts and components in Chengdu and offers vehicle-safety inspection and emission-inspection services in Beijing, China. Transport Dezhou lies on the main rail route from Beijing to Shanghai,which is known as Jinghu Railway. Dezhou has always been an important transport hub since ancient times(especially after Ming Dynasty), when its reputation of "Junction of Nine Arteries"(九达天衢）and "Portal of Capital City"(神京门户）gradually developed. Except for the two railways(the other is Shide Railway leading to Shijiazhuang), National Highway 104, NH105 and a few provincial roads cross the city as well. The Yellow River and the Grand Canal (China) run through it. thumb left 145px An exotic giraffe (Image:ShenDuGiraffePainting.jpg) brought from Bengal in the twelfth year of Yongle (AD 1414) (1414). The Hongwu Emperor allowed foreign envoys to visit the capitals at Nanjing and Beijing, but enacted strict legal prohibitions of private maritime trade by Chinese merchants wishing to travel abroad. After the death of Timur, who intended to invade China, the relations between the Yongle Emperor's China and Shakhrukh (Shah Rukh (Timurid dynasty))'s state in Persia and Transoxania state considerably improved. Both the Chinese envoy to Samarkand and Herat, Chen Cheng (Chen Cheng (Ming Dynasty)), and his opposite party, Ghiyāth al-dīn Naqqāsh left detailed accounts of their visits to each other's country. The first Jesuit missionaries to visit China (Jesuit China missions) did so during the Ming Dynasty. The most prominent one was the Italian (Macerata) Jesuit Matteo Ricci (1552–1610). Matteo is famous in China and the West for many reasons. He was the first to translate the Chinese classic texts into a Western language (Latin), and the first to translate the name of the most prominent Chinese philosopher (Chinese philosophy) Kong Fuzi as Confucius. Along with another Jesuit father, he was the first European to enter the Forbidden City of Beijing, during the reign of the Wanli Emperor. Matteo Ricci and his baptized Chinese colleague, the mathematician (Chinese mathematics), astronomer (Chinese astronomy), and agronomist (agronomy) Xu Guangqi (1562–1633), were the first to translate the ancient Greek mathematical (Greek mathematics) treatise of ''Euclid's Elements'' into Chinese. thumb upright The former residence of Envoy (title) Envoy (File:Schneider mansion.jpg) Wu Tingfang and the Office of the Qing (Qing Dynasty) Legation to the United States, in the Dupont Circle (Dupont Circle, Washington, D.C.) neighborhood of Washington, D.C. Representing Dutch and Dutch East India Company interests, Isaac Titsingh traveled to Beijing in 1794-96 for celebrations of the sixtieth anniversary of the Qianlong Emperor's reign. Duyvendak, J.J.L. (1937). 'The Last Dutch Embassy to the Chinese Court (1794-1795).' ''T'oung Pao'' 33:1-137. The Titsingh delegation also included the Dutch-American Andreas Everardus van Braam Houckgeest, van Braam Houckgeest, A.E. (1797). ''Voyage de l'ambassade de la Compagnie des Indes Orientales hollandaises vers l'empereur de la Chine, dans les années 1794 et 1795'' Philadelphia; _____. (1798). ''An authentic account of the embassy of the Dutch East-India Company, to the court of the emperor of China, in the years 1794 and 1795.'' London. whose detailed description of this embassy to the Chinese court was soon after published in the U.S. and Europe. Titsingh's French translator, Chrétien-Louis-Joseph de Guignes published his own account of the Titsingh mission in 1808. ''Voyage a Pékin, Manille et l'Ile de France'' provided an alternate perspective and a useful counterpoint to other reports which were then circulating. Titsingh himself died before he could publish his version of events. 1990s As the mid-1990s approached, slow but steady improvement in relations with China was visible. Top-level dialogue continued with the December 1991 visit of PRC premier Li Peng to India and the May 1992 visit to China of Indian president (president of India) R. Venkataraman. Six rounds of talks of the Indian-Chinese Joint Working Group on the Border Issue were held between December 1988 and June 1993. Progress was also made in reducing tensions on the border via confidence-building measures, including mutual troop reductions, regular meetings of local military commanders, and advance notification of military exercises. Border trade resumed in July 1992 after a hiatus of more than thirty years, consulates reopened in Bombay (Mumbai) and Shanghai in December 1992, and, in June 1993, the two sides agreed to open an additional border trading post. During Sharad Pawar's July 1992 visit to Beijing, the first ever by an Indian minister of defence, the two defense establishments agreed to develop academic, military, scientific, and technological exchanges and to schedule an Indian port call by a Chinese naval (People's Liberation Army Navy) vessel. Wikipedia:Beijing Dmoz:Regional Asia China Beijing commons:北京
location Moscow, USSR industry Period of Communist rule in Russia After the October Revolution he formulated his position as: "I am of a Philosophical and scientific world outlook developed by me, which contradicts the vulgar interpretation of communism... but that does not prevent me to honestly work for the state service." After the closing down, by the Bolsheviks, of the Troitse-Sergiyeva Lavra (1918) and the Sergievo-Posad Church (1921
and scientists of different countries and provided a bridging function for the scientific world, producing important studies in different fields, including climate change, energy and agriculture. Life and significance Born in Lucerne, Switzerland on 12 August 1905, he attended Stella Matutina (Jesuit school) in Feldkirch (Feldkirch, Vorarlberg), Austria. He studied in Vienna, Berlin and Zurich, gaining a doctorate in German literature. He joined
;ref as well as in the Indian forests of Arunachal Pradesh.
Academy of Sciences), Italy (through the Comitato Nazionale di Ricerche) and various other countries in the then western and eastern sector of the world. IIASA became a meeting place for scholars and scientists of different countries and provided a bridging function for the scientific world, producing important studies in different fields, including climate change, energy and agriculture. Life Born in London, Mosley was educated at Eton (Eton College) and Balliol College
of their point of view. He had learned their language, and the blacks had faith in him. Spencer too was gifted with patience, understanding and kindliness, and soon gained their confidence also. He continued this work with Gillen during the vacations of the two following years. An immense amount of material relating to tribal customs was accumulated, and the book, with the names of both Gillen and Spencer on the title page. It created a great sensation in the scientific world, and although it could
World Map by Diogo Ribeiro, "Propaganda map" (1529), Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana Diogo Ribeiro, a Portuguese cartographer working for Spain, made what is considered the first scientific world map: the 1527 Padrón real, the first world map based on empiric latitude observations. There are 6 copies attributed to Ribeiro, including at the Weimar Grand Ducal Library (1527 ''Mundus Novus'') and at the Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, in Vatican City (1529 ''Propaganda Map'' or ''Carta Universal''). "Carta Universal" (slide description, Ribeiro bio), Henry-Davis.com, webpage: HDav346. The layout of the map (''Mapamundi'') is strongly influenced by the information obtained during the Magellan-Elcano (Juan Sebastián Elcano) trip around the world. Diogo's map delineates very precisely the coasts of Central (Central America) and South America. However, neither Australia nor Antarctica appear, and the Indian subcontinent is too small. The map shows, for the first time, the real extension of the Pacific Ocean. It also shows, for the first time, the North American coast as a continuous one (probably influenced by the Esteban Gómez's exploration in 1525). It also shows the demarcation of the Treaty of Tordesillas. Myers was born in San Francisco, the daughter of an Australian rabbi and Austrian Jewish mother. Carmel Myers biography, filmography at Starpulse Her father became well-connected with California's emerging film industry, and introduced her to film pioneer D. W. Griffith, who gave Carmel a small part in ''Intolerance (Intolerance (film))'' (1916). Myers also got her brother Zion Myers into Hollywood as a writer director. Canowindra-Gooloogong Australia: New South Wales Devonian Australia * '''Dairy Farmers''' is one of the largest and oldest dairy manufacturers in Australia, established in 1900, supplying products to local and international markets such as eastern Europe, the Middle East and Asia. Kirin Holdings Company, Limited (Kirin Brewery Company) of Japan, via its subsidiary National Foods, acquired the company on 27 November 2008. Commons:Category:Australia Wikipedia:Australia Dmoz:Regional Oceania Australia
and scientists of different countries and provided a bridging function for the scientific world, producing important studies in different fields, including climate change, energy and agriculture. Failed predictions * ''Islands'' anticipates that the Soviet Union will still be in existence in 2023 - in reality, the USSR was officially dissolved (Belavezha Accords) on December 8, 1991, just three years after the book was published. * In ''Islands'', communication on the Network
''Pinus'' and ''Tsuga'' in Sagarmatha National Park in Nepal, as well as in the Indian forests of Arunachal Pradesh.