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Colonial Mauritania

Empire British imperial successes : colonies were a necessary burden the French took on to maintain their international stature. These efforts were always subordinate to the considerations of continental politics. As a result, little attention was paid to the political, social, and economic development of the overseas territories. Warner, Rachel. "French Colonial Policy". In Handloff. The policy of assimilation had its origins in the French Revolution


Madaba

Category:Hebrew Bible places Decentralization King Abdullah II and the Jordanian Government began the process of decentralization, with the Madaba governate as the pilot project, on the regional level dividing the nation into three regions: North, Central, and South. The Greater Amman Municipality will be excluded from the plan but it will set up a similar decentralization process. Each region will have an elected council that will handle the political, social, legal, and economic affairs of its area. This decentralization process is part of Jordan's Democratization Program. File:Roosters preparing to fight.jpg Two roosters about to fight FIle:Mosaic in Madaba.jpg Roosters on a mosaic in Madaba, Jordan The single most important piece of Byzantine Christian mosaic art in the East is the Madaba Map, made between 542 and 570 as the floor of the church of Saint George at Madaba, Jordan. It was rediscovered in 1894. The Madaba Map is the oldest surviving cartographic depiction of the Holy Land. It depicts an area from Lebanon in the north to the Nile Delta in the south, and from the Mediterranean Sea in the west to the Eastern Desert (Arabian Desert). The largest and most detailed element of the topographic depiction is Jerusalem, at the center of the map. The map is enriched with many naturalistic features, like animals, fishing boats, bridges and palm trees. That these limits were not fixed, however, is plain from the lists of cities given in Dmoz:Regional Middle East Jordan Localities Madaba Commons:Category:Madaba


First Czechoslovak Republic

developed separately in Bohemia in 1918 and in the more strongly Catholic Moravia in 1919. In 1922 a common executive committee was formed, headed by Jan Šrámek. The Czechoslovak People's Party espoused Christian moral principles and the social encyclicals of Pope Leo XIII. *The Czechoslovak National Democratic Party (National Democratic Party (Czechoslovakia)) developed from a post–World War I merger of the Young Czech Party with other right wing (Right-wing politics) and center parties. Ideologically, it was characterized by national radicalism (Extremism) and economic liberalism. Led by Kramář and Alois Rašín, the Czechoslovak National Democratic Party became the party of big business, banking, and industry. The party declined in influence after 1920, however. Foreign policy Edvard Beneš, Czechoslovak foreign minister from 1918 to 1935, created the system of alliances that determined the republic's international stance until 1938. A democratic statesman of Western orientation, Beneš relied heavily on the League of Nations as guarantor of the post war status quo and the security of newly formed states. He negotiated the Little Entente (an alliance with Yugoslavia and Romania) in 1921 to counter Hungarian (Hungary) revanchism and Habsburg restoration. He attempted further to negotiate treaties with Britain (United Kingdom) and France, seeking their promises of assistance in the event of aggression against the small, democratic Czechoslovak Republic. Britain remained intransigent in its isolationist policy and, in 1924, Beneš concluded a separate alliance with France. Beneš's Western policy received a serious blow as early as 1925. The Locarno Pact, which paved the way for Germany's admission to the League of Nations, guaranteed Germany's western border. French troops were thus left immobilized on the Rhine, making French assistance to Czechoslovakia difficult. In addition, the treaty stipulated that Germany's eastern frontier would remain subject to negotiation. When Adolf Hitler came to power in 1933, fear of German aggression became widespread in eastern Central Europe. Beneš ignored the possibility of a stronger Central European alliance system, remaining faithful to his Western policy. He did, however, seek the participation of the Soviet Union in an alliance to include France. (Beneš's earlier attitude towards the Soviet regime had been one of caution.) In 1935, the Soviet Union signed treaties with France and Czechoslovakia. In essence, the treaties provided that the Soviet Union would come to Czechoslovakia's aid only if French assistance came first. In 1935, when Beneš succeeded Masaryk as president, the prime minister Milan Hodža took over the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Hodža's efforts to strengthen alliances in Central Europe came too late. In February 1936, the foreign ministry came under the direction of Kamil Krofta, an adherent of Beneš's line. Economy The new nation had a population of over 13.5 million. It had inherited 70 to 80% of all the industry of the Austro-Hungarian


Derna, Libya

to include what had been the Al Qubah District. Sha'biyat of Great Jamahiriya , Retrieved 6 September 2009. Two clans, the Muntasir and Adgham, dominated the political, social and economic aspects of Misrata and led the local tribes against their Turkish (Turkey) overlords during various periods of tension. There were many wealthy families


Socialist Republic of Slovenia

The origins of the current party date from the end of 1989, when the League of Communists of Slovenia decided to renounce the absolute monopoly over political, social and economic life in the Socialist Republic of Slovenia, and agreed to introduce a system of political pluralism. In January 1990, the Slovenian Communists left the League of Communists of Yugoslavia and renamed themselves to '''Party of Democratic Renewal''' ( , SDP


Chamba, Himachal Pradesh

with the British along the ''tarai'' belt after which the British expelled them from the provinces of the Satluj. Thus the British gradually emerged as the paramount powers. The revolt of 1857 or first Indian war of independence (Indian Rebellion of 1857) resulted due to the building up of political, social, economic, religious and military grievances against the British government. People of the hill states


Portuguese Timor

) Despite major internal political, social and sectarian divisions during the National Revolution (Indonesian National Revolution), Indonesians, on the whole, found unity in their fight for independence. Portuguese Timor, now East Timor, remained under Portuguese rule until 1975 when it was invaded by Indonesia. The Indonesian government declared the territory an Indonesian province but relinquished it in 1999. In 1975, the Carnation Revolution in Portugal caused


Greater Poland Voivodeship

to the Polish Sejm (Sejm of the Republic of Poland) parliament a petition for the recreation of the Koszalin voivodeship as Central Pomeranian Voivodeship, signed by 135,000 people. Miroslawa Czerny, ''Poland in the geographical centre of Europe: political, social and economic consequences'', Nova Publishers, 2006, p.57, ISBN 1594546037 Łódź Voivodeship is bordered by six other voivodeships: Masovian (Masovian Voivodeship) to the north and east, Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship


Misrata

district and municipal government offices, a renovated Ottoman army barracks and several Turkish-style (Ottoman architecture) houses for the city's wealth families. Burke, 1993, p.117. thumb right The Old City of Misrata, 1930s (File:Misurata Old Town.jpg) Two clans, the Muntasir and Adgham, dominated the political, social and economic aspects of Misrata and led the local tribes against their Turkish (Turkey) overlords during various periods


Managua

, coffee, pharmaceuticals, textiles, shoes, matches, construction products, etc. Her main trading products are beef, coffee, cotton, and other crops. Euraque, Dario A. "Managua." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2009. Web. 16 Nov. 2009. Managua is also Nicaragua's main political, social, cultural, educational and economic hub. At the same time, the city is served by the Augusto C. Sandino International Airport, the country's

newspapers. Some of the larger television channels include: Canal 2 (Televicentro (Canal 2)), Telenica (Telenica (Canal8)), Canal 10, Canal 15 (100% Noticias) (Canal 15 (Nicaragua)), and several others. The three national Two newspapers are ''El Nuevo Diario'', ''La Prensa (La Prensa (Managua))'', and HOY, which have offices based in Managua along with other smaller newspapers. There are numerous radio stations in Managua, some of which tend to have political, social, or religious


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