Places Known For

period made

Rumelia Eyalet

; At the time, the ''beylerbey'' of Rumelia was the commander of the most important military force in the state in the form of the timariot ''sipahi'' cavalry, and his presence in the capital during this period made him a regular member of the Imperial Council (Imperial Council (Ottoman Empire)) (''divan''). For the same reason, powerful Grand Viziers like Mahmud Pasha Angelovic or Pargalı Ibrahim Pasha held the ''beylerbeylik'' in tandem with the grand vizierate. In the 18th century, Monastir (Manastir Vilayet) emerged as an alternate residence of the governor, and in 1836, it officially became the capital of the ''eyalet''. At about the same time, the ''Tanzimat'' reforms, aimed at modernizing the Empire, split off the new ''eyalets'' of Üsküb (Üsküb Eyalet), Yanya (Ioannina Eyalet) and Selanik (Salonica Eyalet) and reduced the Rumelia Eyalet to a few provinces around Monastir. The rump ''eyalet'' survived until 1867, when, as part of the transition to the more uniform ''vilayet'' system, it became part of the Salonica Vilayet. The '''Sanjak of Smederevo''' (Serbian (Serbian language): Смедеревски санџак, ''Smederevski sandžak''; Turkish (Turkish language): ''Semendire Sancağı''), also known as the '''Pashaluk of Belgrade''' (''Turkish'': '''Belgrad Paşalığı'''), was an Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) administrative unit (sanjak), that existed between the 15th and the outset of the 19th centuries. It was located in the territory of present day Central Serbia, Serbia. It belonged to Rumelia Eyalet between 1459 and 1541, and again between 1716 and 1717 and again 1739 and 1817 (nominally to 1830), to Budin Eyalet between 1541 and 1686, and to Temeşvar Eyalet between 1686 and 1688 and again between 1690 and 1716.

Ming dynasty

quickly emerged as one of the most suitable ports for international trade and before long ships arrived from all over the world. Many empires frequenting the port through Canton System in hopes to trade with China's silks, porcelain ("fine china") and most lucratively tea. By the middle of the 18th century, Guangzhou had emerged as one of the world's great trading ports under the Thirteen Factories. The privilege during this period made Guangzhou one of the top 3 cities


, Kawaguchi became the center of casting industry. A lot of orders of military weapons from Tokugawa shogunate and many Daimyos, governors of a province, to fight against foreign countries during late Edo period made Kawaguchi more and more competitive casting town. Since then casting have been the symbol of Kawaguchi. During the Edo period (1603–1867) the area's major industry was silk textile production. It was also an important trading center, being located


" AK helped Soviet units with scouting or organizing uprisings and helping to liberate various cities (ex. Operation Ostra Brama, Lwów Uprising), only to find that immediately afterwards AK troops were arrested, imprisoned – or even executed. Unknown to the Poles, Joseph Stalin's aim to ensure that an independent Poland would never reemerge in the postwar period made the Operation Tempest idea

(and later KGB) archives on the Holodomor period made records available very slowly. The exact number of the victims remains unknown and is probably impossible to estimate, even within a margin of error of a hundred thousand. in Russian and Valeriy Soldatenko, '"A starved 1933: subjective thoughts on objective processes", ''Zerkalo Nedeli'', 28 June


he accompanied Friedrich Gerhard Rohlfs in his expedition into the Libyan Desert. Settling at Cairo in 1875, he founded a geographical society, under the auspices of the khedive Ismail, and devoted himself almost exclusively to African studies, historical and ethnographical. In 1876 he penetrated into the Arabian Desert with Paul Güssfeldt, and continued his explorations therein at intervals until 1888, and during the same period made geological and botanical investigations in the Fayum, in the valley of the Nile. In 1889 he removed to Berlin; but he visited the Italian colony of Eritrea in 1891, 1892 and 1894. Schweinfurth died in Berlin. thumb Camp of Darfuris internally displaced person internally displaced (Image:Darfur IDPs 1 camp.jpg) by the ongoing conflict (Darfur conflict) This pattern of skewed development (Urban planning) continued following national independence in 1956. To this was added an element of political instability caused by the proxy wars (war by proxy) between Sudan, Libya and Chad. The influence of an ideology of Arab supremacy propagated by Libyan leader Muammar al-Gaddafi began to be acted upon by Darfurians, including those identified as "Arab" and "African" people. A famine in the mid-1980s disrupted many societal structures and led to the first significant fighting amongst Darfuris. A low level conflict continued for the next 15 years, with the government co-opting and arming Arab Janjaweed militias against its enemies. The fighting reached a peak in 2003 with the beginning of the Darfur conflict, in which the resistance coalesced into a roughly cohesive rebel movement. The conflict (Darfur conflict) soon came to be regarded as one of the worst humanitarian disasters (Humanitarian crisis) in the world. The insurgency and counter-insurgency have led to 480,000 deaths, though the numbers are disputed by the Khartoum government. Over 2.8 million people have been displaced (internally displaced person) since the beginning of the conflict (Darfur conflict). Many of these refugees have gone into camps where emergency aid (Emergency management) has created conditions that, although extremely basic, are better than in the villages, which offer no protection against the various militias that operate in the region. Whilst nearly two thirds of the population is still struggling to survive in remote villages, their needs have been largely overlooked by the international community, and in the face of soaring inflation in Sudan many families are facing serious difficulties. Virtually no foreigners are able to visit the region because of the fear of kidnapping, and only organisations such as Kids for Kids are continuing to provide long-term grass roots assistance. *Central African Republic: Central African Red Cross Society *Chad: Red Cross of Chad *Chile: Chilean Red Cross In the past few years, she has facilitated workshops in writing and illustrating children´s books in Mali, Benin, Chad, Haiti, Mauritius, French Guyana, Burundi, Rwanda and South Africa. Trivia The opera was the inspiration for the 2006 film ''Daratt'', by Chadian director Mahamat Saleh Haroun. * Ellice Islands - separate colony in 1975, became Tuvalu upon independence in 1978 *French Equatorial Africa - A French federation of colonies, formed in 1910, containing the colonies of Gabon, Middle Congo, Chad and Ubangi-Shari. The territories became autonomous parts of France in 1958, and the federation was dissolved. * French Somaliland - became Afars and Issas then independent Djibouti * '''Central African Republic''' - Charles Wénézoui (2003–2005) * '''Chad''' - Nagoum Yamassoum (2003–2005) * '''Comoros''' - Mohamed El-Amine Souef (2002–2005) ''Absent'': (15) Bahrain, Chad, People's Republic of China, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kuwait, Morocco, Niger, Oman, Senegal, Tunisia, Vanuatu. The Oubangui-Chari territory was merged with the Chad colony in 1906. In 1910, it became one of four territories of the Federation of French Equatorial Africa (with Chad, Middle Congo, and Gabon), initially with Chad as "Oubangi-Chari-Tchad", and made into an autonomous civilian colony in 1915. Chad was separated in 1920. In 1966, Lloyd went on a hiatus from his studies and spent a year in Chad for USAID as a pathfinder for the Peace Corps. Humans are probably most closely related to two chimpanzee species: the common chimpanzee and the bonobo. Full genome sequencing has resulted in the conclusion that "after 6.5 million years of separate evolution, the differences between chimpanzee and human are ten times greater than those between two unrelated people and ten times less than those between rats and mice". WikiPedia:Chad Dmoz:Regional Africa Chad Commons:Category:Chad


. The privilege during this period made Guangzhou one of the top 3 cities in the world. During the war, the British captured Canton (Battle of Canton (March 1841)) on March 18, 1841. The Second Battle of Canton (Battle of Canton (May 1841)) was fought in May 1841. File:Shop of Tingqua, the painter.jpg thumb Shop

Bosnia and Herzegovina

and University Library of Bosnia and Herzegovina . The architecture of Bosnia and Herzegovina is largely influenced by four major periods where political and social changes influenced the creation of distinct cultural and architectural habits of the population. Each period made its influence felt and contributed to a greater diversity of cultures and architectural language in this region. Literature File:Andric Ivo.jpg thumb left 170px Travnik


of these instruments in that period made them more useful in small ensemble settings, leading composers to attempt smaller combinations. Henry again got into conflict with his liege-lord, the Archbishop, about the possession of Naumburg. On behalf of the Archbishop, Henry was outlawed in 1274 by King Rudolf I of Habsburg (Rudolph I of Germany), but after Henry had supported Rudolph in the war against Otakar II of Bohemia and had helped to conquer Vienna 1276, Rudolph reinstated Henry


and other coastal areas of the Mediterranean colonized by Greeks. The legacy of Greek Civilization from this time period made a major impact on the world and continues to influence us to this day, since democracy, philosophy and theater were born. Hellenistic and Roman eras The epicentre of Greek Civilization shifted, during the 4th century BC, from southern Greece to northern Greece. The northern Macedonian kingdom, under '''Alexander the Great,''' conquered all of Greece, and proceeded

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