(9.2%) Total: 68,883 Neighborhoods *"Buzludzha" (Bulgarian (Bulgarian language): "Бузлуджа") - 19,500 people *"Kolio Ficheto" or "Triagalnika" ("Кольо Фичето" "Триъгълника") - 17,000 people *"Shirok centar" ("Широк център") - 10,000 people *"Tsentar" ("Център") - 8000 people *"Zona B" ("Зона Б") - 8000 people *"Kartala" ("Картала") - 4800 people
*"Akatsia" ("Акация") - 3200 people *"Cholakovtsi" ("Чолаковци") - 4200 people *"Sveta gora" ("Света гора") - 3140 people *"Varusha North" ("Варуша Север") - 900 people *"Varusha South" ("Варуша Юг") - 300 people *"Asenov" ("Асенов") - 800 people *"Zona A" ("Зона А") - 200 people (also ville zone) *"Slanchev dom" ("Слънчев дом") - 80 people *"Veliko Tarnovo hills" - (being constructed) *ville zone "Derven" ("Дервен") - 80 people The ethnic composition of Veliko Tarnovo Municipality is 100,570 Bulgarians, 3,681 Turks and 595 Gypsies, among others. Education Higher education right 225px right thumb The Faculty of Fine Arts building of Veliko Tarnovo University (File:Veliko Tarnovo TodorBozhinov (9).JPG) Veliko Tarnovo has two universities, Veliko Tarnovo University (one of the biggest universities in Bulgaria) and Vasil Levski National Military University. The Veliko Tarnovo University currently has around 18,000 students. Vasil Levski National Military University is one of the oldest military universities in Bulgaria. Secondary education Veliko Tarnovo has four secondary schools: '''Secondary School Emiliyan Stanev''' (main subject: foreign languages), '''Secondary School Vela Blagoeva''' (main subject: informatics), '''Secondary School Georgi Sava Rakovski''' (main subject: sports) and '''Secondary School Vladimir Komarov'''. There are ten high schools: '''Vasil Drumev , ''Balduinova kula'') is a defensive tower located in the Bulgarian town of Veliko Tarnovo, in the southeast of the Tsarevets Fortress. terminus_b Varna (not constructed from Yablanitsa to Shumen, certain objects are under construction) cities Sofia, next to Botevgrad; Shumen, next to Varna (future: Pleven, Lovech, Veliko Tarnovo and Targovishte) established
from Chinese ''Donghu (Donghu people)''; the "-t" suffix in the Mongolian language means "people". The Mongols referred to the ethnic groups who were immersed among the Jurchens and Mongols as "Jāūqŭt", "Jaquit", and "Joyit", all ending with "-t" and suggesting that the Mongolian terms ending with "-t" in reference of ethnic groups mean "people. See Fei, Xiaotong 费孝通 (1999). Zhonghua min zu duo yuan yi
; in China. They were historically known as the "White Mongols" in contrast to the Mongols who were referred to as the "Black Mongols". They migrated from the northeast to establish the Tuyühu (often misspelled as Tuyuhun (Tuyuhun Kingdom)) Empire (284–670), which was destroyed by the Tibetans in the seventh century. Their reference as "Tu" was abbreviated from the "Tuyühu people", the first record of which occurred in 1001 when the Northern Song
" was abbreviated from the "Tuyühu people", the first record of which occurred in 1001 when the Northern Song officials discussed defense strategies against the Tangut. Lü, Jianfu 呂建福 , 2002. Tu zu shi The Tu History 土族史. Beijing 北京 , Zhongguo she hui ke xue chu ban she Chinese Social Sciences Press 中囯社会科学出版社. pp. 193–202. Their reference as "White" Mongols came from Murong Xianbei who had been historically referred to as "the White
settlers came from Tonga and Kiribati. In the 1850s and 1860s, Tongan Prince Ma'afu claimed Rotuma and sent subordinates to administer the main island and islets. "The Rotuman People", p. 4, in Te'o Tuvale, ''An Account of Samoan History up to 1918'' Ratzel The History of Mankind by Professor
in Fiji from western Melanesia approximately 3,500 years ago, though the exact origins of the Fijian people are unknown. Later they would move onward to other surrounding islands including Rotuma,as well as blending with other (Polynesian) settlers on Tonga and Samoa. They are indigenous to all parts of Fiji except the island of Rotuma. The original settlers are now called "Lapita people" after a distinctive pottery produced locally. Lapita pottery was found in the area from 800 BC onward. '''Fijian people''' are the major indigenous people of the Fiji Islands (Fiji), and live in an area informally called Melanesia. The Fijian people are believed to have arrived in Fiji from western Melanesia approximately 3,500 years ago, though the exact origins of the Fijian people are unknown. Later they would move onward to other surrounding islands including Rotuma,as well as blending with other (Polynesian) settlers on Tonga and Samoa. They are indigenous to all parts of Fiji except the island of Rotuma. The original settlers are now called "Lapita people" after a distinctive pottery produced locally. Lapita pottery was found in the area from 800 BC onward. Fiji's Parliament is bicameral. The House of Representatives (House of Representatives (Fiji)) has 71 members. 25 of these are elected by universal suffrage. The remaining 46 are reserved for Fiji's ethnic communities and are elected from communal electoral rolls: 23 Fijians (Fijian people), 19 Indo-Fijians, 1 Rotuman, and 3 "General electors (General Electors (Fiji))" (Europeans, Chinese, and other minorities (minority group)). The upper chamber of the parliament, the Senate (Senate (Fiji)), has 32 members, formally appointed by the President (List of Presidents of Fiji) on the nomination of the Great Council of Chiefs (Great Council of Chiefs (Fiji)) (14), the Prime Minister (List of Prime Ministers of Fiji) (9), the Leader of the Opposition (Leader of the Opposition (Fiji)) (8), and the Rotuman Islands Council (1). The Senate is less powerful than the House of Representatives; the Senate may not initiate legislation, but it may reject or amend it. Fiji is divided administratively into four division (division (subnational entity))s, which are further subdivided into fourteen provinces; the self-governing island http: en.wikisource.org wiki Rotuma_Act http: www.itc.gov.fj lawnet fiji_act inter_act_list.html http: books.google.com books?id B9Qww9fVkGIC&pg PA239&lpg PA239&dq rotuma+free+association&source bl&ots yyE_6WYTgQ&sig 3SMYyQfkQjvX_1i8WK5wqfY9LPA&hl en&ei bIE3TPWxF8G88gaD2OSmBg&sa X&oi book_result&ct result&resnum 1&ved 0CBIQ6AEwAA#v onepage&q rotuma%20free%20association&f false of Rotuma and its dependencies lie outside any of the four divisions. Each division is headed by a ''Commissioner,'' appointed by the Fijian government. The divisions are basically agglomerations of provinces and have few administrative functions of their own, but serve to foster cooperation among the member provinces for providing services. Each province has a ''provincial council'' which may make bylaws and impose rates (local taxes), subject to the approval of the Fijian Affairs Board, a government department. The board must also approve the appointment of the ''Roko Tui,'' or executive head of the provincial council, who is usually a high chief (Ratu), although in recent years, commoners have sometimes been chosen. left thumb Map of the divisions of Fiji. (Image:Fiji divisions named.png) Additionally, the island of Rotuma, north of the main archipelago, is self-governing according to the Rotuma Act promulgated in 1927. The Fiji government includes it in the Eastern Division for statistical purposes (such as the census), but it has its own council (Council of Rotuma) which is empowered to legislate on most local matters. Like a province, Rotuma chooses (through its council) 3 members of the Great Council of Chiefs and 1 Senator. :''see also'': Constituencies of Fiji (House_of_Representatives_(Fiji)#Open_Electorates) In Fiji, prior to the December 2006 military coup (2006 Fijian coup d'état), elections were held under the 1997 Constitution (Constitution of Fiji), which allotted 46 of the House of Representatives (House of Representatives of Fiji)' 71 seats on an ethnic basis. 23 were reserved for the indigenous majority, 19 for Indo-Fijians, 1 for Rotumans, and 3 for members of all other ethnic minorities. There was a strong tendency towards voting on ethnic lines. Thus, in the 1999 general election (Fijian general election, 1999), although the indigenous seats were split between several parties, all 19 Indo-Fijian seats were won by the Fiji Labour Party - which won none of the indigenous seats. In the 2001 general election (Fijian general election, 2001), the conservative indigenous nationalist Soqosoqo Duavata ni Lewenivanua party won 18 of the indigenous seats, with the other 5 going to the ultra-nationalist Conservative Alliance (Conservative Alliance (Fiji)) - which later merged into the SDL. All 19 "Indian" seats were retained by the Labour Party. In the 2006 general election (Fijian general election, 2006), all Indo-Fijian seats remained safely Labour, while the SDL won all 23 indigenous seats. Among other minorities, only the communal seat of West Central (West Central (General Electors Communal Constituency, Fiji)) was a safe seat for the ethnic United Peoples Party (United Peoples Party (Fiji)). "Elections 1999 Results Summary", Fiji Elections Office "2001 election: summary by open seats and type of communal seats", iji Elections Office "2006 election: Fijian communal constituencies" "2006 election: Indian communal constituencies" From England to the South Seas After attending school at Elizabeth College, Guernsey, Hocart matriculated at Exeter College (Exeter College, Oxford), Oxford (Oxford University) in 1902. He graduated with honors in "Greats (Literae Humaniores)", a degree combining Latin, Greek, ancient history, and philosophy. After his graduation in 1906 he spent two years studying psychology and phenomenology (Phenomenology (philosophy)) at the University of Berlin. With this broad and idiosyncratic training in hand, he was picked by W.H.R. Rivers to accompany him on the Percy Sladen Trust Expedition to the Solomon Islands in 1908. Their ethnographic work on 'Eddystone Island' (today known by its local name of Simbo) and in nearby Roviana, stands as one of the first modern anthropological field projects, and was the inspiration behind sections of Pat Barker's novel ''The Ghost Road''. Some of the data from the expedition appeared in Rivers' ''History of Melanesian Society'' in 1914, but most of their work did not make it into print until 1922, when Hocart began to publish a series of articles describing the core material. Immediately after his fieldwork in the Solomon Islands, Hocart travelled further east to Fiji, where he became the headmaster of Lakeba School, on the island of Lakeba in the Lau archipelago (Lau Islands). At the same time, he maintained a research affiliation with Oxford and traveled widely through western Polynesia, conducting research in Fiji, Rotuma, Wallis Island (Wallis and Futuna), Samoa, and Tonga. The result was roughly six years of ethnographic fieldwork that formed the basis for Hocart's reputation today as one of the most important early ethnographers of Oceania. **Nausori - Nausori International Airport '''(Base)''' **Rotuma - Rotuma Airport **Savusavu - Savusavu Airport *Nadi - Nadi International Airport '''Main hub''' *Rotuma - Rotuma Airport *Savusavu - Savusavu Airport Ah Koy's first foray into politics was in 1966, when he stood unsuccessfully as an independent candidate. In the early 1980s, he became manager of a family investment company owned by the then-Prime Minister (List of Prime Ministers of Fiji) Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara (Kamisese Mara), and was subsequently selected by Mara's political party (List of political parties in Fiji), the Fijian Alliance, as a candidate for one of eight seats then reserved for General Electors (General Electors (Fiji)) in the House of Representatives (House of Representatives (Fiji)) in the parliamentary election (Fiji election of 1982) of 1982. In 1991–1993, he led a legal challenge to the law requiring all multiracial people to register on the General Electors' (General Electors (Fiji)) roll, which enrolls all Fijian citizens who are neither indigenous (Fijian people) nor of Indian (Indo-Fijian) or Rotuman ancestry. The court ruled that as he was registered in the Native Land Register (Native Land Register (Fiji)) (''Vola ni Kawa Bula'', or VKB, in Fijian (Fijian language)), he was entitled to be registered as a Fijian. He subsequently succeeded getting the law amended to give multiracial people the option of registering on either the General Electors' roll or on an ethnic role (Fijian, Indo-Fijian, or Rotuman) on which any of their ancestors would have been entitled to enroll. This change was later written into the Constitution (Constitution of Fiji), and allowed Ah Koy to stand for election from an ethnic Fijian communal constituency. (All seats in the House of Representatives were communal prior to 1999, and 46 of the 71 seats are still communal, elected from closed ethnic roles of voters registered as Fijians, Indo-Fijians, Rotumans, or General Electors). Origins The party was founded in 1990 as the political vehicle of the Great Council of Chiefs (Great Council of Chiefs (Fiji)), with the declared goal of uniting all indigenous Fijians (Fijian people). A new constitution (Constitution of Fiji) promulgated in 1990, following two military coups (Fiji coups of 1987) in 1987, abolished the "national (National Constituencies (Fiji))" parliamentary seats elected by universal suffrage (which had comprised almost half the House of Representatives); all members henceforth were to be elected by enrolled voters on "communal" electoral roles (Communal Constituencies (Fiji)) that were limited to specific ethnic communities, each of which had an allocated number of seats in the House (37 indigenous Fijians (Fijian people), 27 Indo-Fijians, 1 Rotuman, and 5 General Electors (General Electors (Fiji)) (Europeans, Chinese, Banaban Islanders (Banaba Island), and other minorities). The end to multiracial voting resulted in a trend towards intracommunal politics, and multiracial parties like the old Fijian Alliance of longtime Prime Minister (List of Prime Ministers of Fiji) Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara (Kamisese Mara) were therefore dissolved and replaced by parties representing principally a single ethnic group. *Fiji: **during the October–December 1987 secession agitation on one island, known as the Republic of Rotuma, led by Henry Gibson (remained in New Zealand), his style was ''Gagaj Sau Lagfatmaro'', rendered as Paramount chief or King of the Molmahao Clan. NB: This title was not recognised by the Rotuma Island Council as the titles Gagaja and Sau have never been used together. The closest thing to a paramount chief is the position of Fakpure, currently belonging to the district chief (gagaj 'es itu'u) of Noa'tau. **the British Sovereign (Monarchy of the United Kingdom) remains recognized as "Paramount Chief (Paramount_Chief_of_Fiji#Current_position)", even since the country became a republic on 7 October 1987; however, this is not an office of state Daniel Fatiaki is a Roman Catholic (Roman Catholic Church in Fiji) and a native of Rotuma, a Fijian Dependency (Local government of Fiji) which enjoys a measure of autonomy but is otherwise integrated into Fiji politically and economically despite its cultural divergence (Rotumans are Polynesian, unlike ethnic Fijians (Fijian people), who are predominantly of Melanesian stock). He is the first Rotuman to be appointed to the bench in Fiji, and his appointment as Chief Justice resulted in great public rejoicing on the island. He is married to Martha (Martha Fatiaki) and has 4 sons. He was made a Companion of the Order of Fiji (Order of Fiji), together with Vijay Singh, in 2004. '''Rotuman''', also referred to as ''Rotunan'', ''Rutuman'' or ''Fäeag Rotuma'', is an Austronesian language (Austronesian languages) spoken by the indigenous people of the South Pacific (Oceania) island group of Rotuma, an island with a Polynesian (Polynesian culture)-influenced culture that was incorporated as a dependency into the Colony of Fiji in 1881. Classification of Rotuman is difficult due to the large number of loan words from Samoan (Samoan language) and Tongan (Tongan language), as a result of much cultural exchange over the history of the Pacific. Linguist Andrew Pawley groups the language with the West Fijian languages in a West Fijian – Rotuman branch of the Central Pacific sub-group of Oceanic languages.
Moldovan law on the special legal status of Gagauzia Gagauz Halkı is a former Gagauz separatist political party, now outlawed. Elections During the last three elections AEI (Alliance for European Integration)'s vote share increased by 872.4% class "wikitable" style "float:right; font-size:100%; margin: 1em 1em 1em 1em;" + '''Parliament elections results''' - style "background:lightgrey;" ! Year ! AEI (Alliance for European Integration) ! PCRM (Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova) - style "text-align:center; background
: www.gagauzi.ru 2009-09-22-17-54-41 65-panorama 75-2009-09-23-00-50-30 See also Further reading *Shabashov A.V., 2002, Odessa, Astroprint, ''"Gagauzes: terms of kinship system and origin of the people"'', (Шабашов А.В., ''"Гагаузы: система терминов родства и происхождение народа"'') *
. The treaty also granted Eastern Orthodox Christians (Eastern Orthodox Church) the right to sail under the Russian flag (Flag of Russia) and provided for the building of a Russian Orthodox Church in Constantinople (which was never built). The early Doukhobors called themselves "God's People" or simply "Christians". Their modern name, first in the form ''Doukhobortsy'' ( , ''Dukhobortsy'', 'Spirit wrestlers') is thought to have been first used
Nikifor was styled "Archbishop of Slavyansk (Sloviansk) and Kherson" (Славенский и Херсонский), while his successor, Ambrosius, was "Archbishop of Yekaterinoslav and Kherson", because the diocese (eparchy) was renamed in 1786; see . The seat of the archbishops was actually in Poltava . The early Doukhobors called themselves "God's People" or simply
. Catherine's Cathedral, Kherson St. Catherine's Cathedral in Kherson. The exact whereabouts of some of his internal organs, including his heart and brain and first kept at Golia Monastery, remain unknown. Wikipedia:Kherson
) is a multi-purpose stadium in Abadan (Abadan, Iran), Iran. It is currently used mostly for football (football (soccer)) matches and is the home stadium of Sanat Naft F.C.. The stadium holds 25,000 people.
11 06 ivorycoast.reut index.html (CNN) (BBC) * Conflict in Iraq: ** Iraqi Prime Minister Iyad Allawi publicly authorizes an offensive in Fallujah and Ramadi to "liberate the people" and "clean Falluja of terrorists (terrorism)". U.S. and Iraqi forces advance. A hospital doctor in Falluja reports 15 people killed and 20 wounded.
to "liberate the people" and "clean Fallujah from the terrorists". Marines, U.S. Army soldiers and allied Iraqi soldiers stormed into Fallujah's western outskirts, secured two bridges across the Euphrates, seized a hospital on the outskirts of the city and arrested about 50 men in the hospital. About half the arrested men were later released. A hospital doctor reported that 15 Iraqis were killed and 20 wounded during the overnight incursions. The US armed forces have
Hudson (Hudson, Quebec) Vaudreuil-Dorion (West) (Vaudreuil-Dorion) Southeast Saint-Lazare (Saint-Lazare, Quebec) Career Since the age of 12, Walsh has been working as a professional actor and dabbled in sketches and stand-up comedy, with numerous TV appearances and a gold medal win at the 2000 Improv Games in Quebec as a member of the "8 People" troupe. An honours graduate from John Abbott College, Creative Arts program (in Ste. Anne de Bellevue), she has always maintained an avid interest in TV production and music, and at 16 co-produced a documentary (documentary film) on the swing revival. Between acting jobs, open mic nights doing stand-up, creating video comedies with her friends and learning to play the fiddle, she held a part time job as a waitress in Hudson, Quebec. Walsh started her acting career "acting" out border-crossing scenarios at the Canada Customs college in her home town of Rigaud. MuchMusic Walsh was "discovered" by a MuchMusic producer while waiting tables in Hudson, Quebec. He encouraged her to send a video and apply for the job. She got it and became the youngest VJ in MuchMusic history. She has hosted or co-hosted many programmes including ''Much Top Tens'', ''MuchOnDemand'', ''Fandemonium (Fandemonium (TV series))'' and others. She left MuchMusic in 2004 to pursue an acting career. Its name comes from the historical division of the area into two counties: "Vaudreuil" (named after Pierre François de Rigaud, Marquis de Vaudreuil-Cavagnal, governor of New France) for the communities along the Ottawa River, and "Soulanges" (named after Pierre-Jacques Joybert de Soulanges (Pierre de Joybert de Soulanges et de Marson) from Soulanges, Marne, France) for the communities along the St. Lawrence, a name of Québécois (French-speaking Quebecer) derivation referring to its southerliness. This division of the county into "Vaudreuil" and "Soulanges" still has salience today. The "Vaudreuil" area (consisting of the municipalities of Vaudreuil-Dorion, St-Lazare, Hudson (Hudson, Quebec), Rigaud (Rigaud, Quebec), and others) is closer to Montreal and therefore more suburban, populous, and economically and ethnically diverse, compared to the Soulanges area (including the municipalities of St-Polycarpe, St-Zotique, Coteau-du-Lac, Rivière-Beaudette and Les Coteaux) which is solidly rural, agricultural, and linguistically French-Canadian. He is a member of the Jubilate Circle and formerly a teacher of English Literature at John Abbott College. He has spent most of his life in the Montreal area and now lives in Hudson (Hudson, Quebec), Quebec. Background He was born in Hudson (Hudson, Quebec), Montérégie in 1938 and has a law degree from the University of Ottawa. He practiced law in the Ottawa and Outaouais (Outaouais (region)) regions in the 1960s. He also worked for the Montreal newspaper Le Devoir in the 1980s. He is a self-proclaimed Liberal (Quebec Liberal Party), sovereigntist and social democrat (Social democracy). Early life Davidson was born in Hudson (Hudson, Quebec), Quebec, in 1901. Darke, p. 3. Her father, John Wilson Davidson was a Methodist (Methodism) minister. Her mother Mary Elfeda Pomeroy was the daughter of a methodist minister. She had a younger sister named Marsh. Darke, pp. 4-5. On January 20, 2012, Evanov announced that Dufferin applied with the CRTC to establish a new Soft AC station in Hudson, Quebec, a western suburb of Montreal; the new station would broadcast at 106.7 MHz at 500 watts at 94 metres HAAT (Height above average terrain). The frequency choice, however, would have conflicted with CKDG-FM's plans to relocate to 106.7, the frequency previously used by an Aboriginal Voices repeater in Montreal; Canadian Radio News at Facebook, January 20, 2012. Broadcasting Notice of Consultation CRTC 2012-29, January 20, 2012. however, on February 6, 2012, CKDG notified the CRTC that they had withdrawn its application for the frequency change, though it was unknown whether or not Evanov's application for the new station had to do with its decision. Canadian Radio News at Facebook, February 6, 2012. Broadcasting Notice of Consultation CRTC 2010-271-1, February 6, 2012. Out of football during 1966, Trimble remained in Hudson, Quebec, a suburb of Montreal. Here, he and a Montreal friend began to market a new type of goal post that was supported by only one post, instead of the two that had been the standard since the game began. The so-called "slingshot" goalposts, named because of their "Y" shape, were adopted by the NFL in 1967, just after Trimble returned to coaching as an offensive line assistant with the New York Giants. Trimble had been offered the job by head coach Allie Sherman while attempting to sell the team his innovative goal posts.