Places Known For

past century

Tula Oblast

at customs—many irreplaceable antique samovars have been smuggled or carelessly allowed out of the country over the past century. Stay safe Go next wikipedia:Tula Oblast


and writers who were born Zahlé over the past century, leading to its designation as "the City of Wine and Poetry". A graceful personification of this nickname stands at the town's entrance: a statue of Erato, the Muse of love poetry, holding a bunch of grapes. Zahlé's most important cultural event is the "Festival of the Vine", traditionally held each September, during which concerts, plays, poetry evenings and artistic exhibitions are organized daily over the course of two or three weeks. The final Saturday evening features the crowning of the "Maid of the Vine", the local beauty queen (Beauty pageant), and the next afternoon, the festival closes with arguably its most popular event: a parade of floats (Float (parade)) held on the town's main avenue. The floats are entirely decorated with flowers according to a central theme. The other central aspect of the local culture is religious devotion. Zahlé is still a very Catholic and conservative town, and many of its inhabitants display a pride with their religious identity which comes close to fanaticism. Church attendance is high, although it often constitutes a form of social, rather than religious, gathering. In particular, it is customary to pay visit to 7 churches on Good Friday. Holidays also endorse a very social character, being a time to visit friends and relatives. Prophet Elias (Elijah) (Elijah) is the town's patron saint, whose feast on July 20 is traditionally celebrated with fireworks. Another notable holiday is Corpus-Christi, celebrated on the first Thursday of June with a large-scale procession, with a torch-lit parade being held on the previous evening. The Corpus Christi celebration dates back to 1825, when the town was spared the ravages of bubonic plague. Notable natives * Said Akl, poet, philosopher and politician * Issa Iskandar Maalouf, writer and historian * Shafik Maalouf, poet * Fawzi Maalouf, poet * Riad Maalouf, poet * Najib Hankash, poet, comedian * Nicolas Youakim, poet, musician and philosopher * Elias Habshi, poet * Charles Elachi (from nearby Riyaq (Rayak (Riyaq))), director of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in NASA * Najwa Karam, singer * Wael Kfoury, singer * Isabel Bayrakdarian, Lebanese Armenian (Armenians in Lebanon) opera singer * Peter IV Geraigiry, Melkite Catholic patriarch 1898-1902 * Wael El Zahr, The Great Programmer Actor Rapper Producer Lahmb3ajiner * Elias Hrawi, president of Lebanon 1989-1998 * Moussa Nammour, former depute and minister * Shebl Dammous, former depute * Joseph Tohme Skaff, former minister and founder Of The Popular Block party * Fouad El Turk, poet, former Lebanese ambassador to the United Nations and head of the Forum of Lebanese Ambassadors * Henri Abou-Khater, lawyer and writer * Jamil Abou-Khater, judge * Joseph Abou-Khater, former minister and ambassador of Lebanon in Egypt * Rachid Ammoury Maalouf, founder of the "RBA Company" * Lory Al Moakar, innovator of computer science at Grove City College * Roula Kehdi, Shoe Accessory Designer Fashion Consultant * Rina Chibany, Miss Lebanon 2012 * Colombian pop-star Shakira is also of local descent through her father William Mebarak Chadid. * Mansour Hobeika, Maronite Catholic bishop International relations Twin towns — Sister cities -- birth_place Zahlé, Lebanon origin '''Isabel Bayrakdarian''' (born 1974 in Zahlé, Lebanon) is a Grammy Award-nominated Armenian Canadian (Canadians of Armenian descent) opera singer. *Tripoli: Rue El Mina *Zahlé: Rue Brazil Rose Bouziane was born in Zahlé, Lebanon, to a sheep broker and a teacher. She taught high school French (French language) and Arabic (Arabic language), as the first woman teacher to teach outside of her hometown, before she married Nathra Nader in 1925. They immigrated to the United States, and soon settled in Winsted, Connecticut, where Nathra's Main Street bakery restaurant general store became a place for residents bemoaning actions or inactions at town hall. With her husband, she authored ''It Happened in the Kitchen: Recipes for Food and Thought'' ISBN 0-936758-29-5 In the Bekaa, there are Armenians living in Zahlé and most notably Anjar (Anjar, Lebanon).

Colón, Panama

in the Panama City-Colón (Colón, Panama) metropolitan corridor. Panama City was enriched by the past century of American influences in terms of additions to the country's Latin culture, economics (the US was involved in development of roads, schools and medical care), and international trade by the nearby Panama Canal, once was under US jurisdiction: the Canal Zone (Panama Canal Zone) territory from 1903 to 1979. Gatun Lake also serves to provide the millions of gallons of water


are performed even today in the yard of the monastery. A large congregation was held here where people from all surrounding villages would join up to 30 years ago. The village people tell the story of the church restoration: “It was a Roman church, and later restored. The Turks wouldn’t let us build a church. ‘What are you building’? ‘A pen, for livestock”. And later, it was renovated. In the past century, there was an old man, Stamen, who moved from village Rudare and he healed the people who would come for remedy with the healing water. The people from the village also donated money for restoration of the church. It was finished in 1894. * '''Pelince''' is a village in the Republic of Macedonia near Kumanovo and the border between the Republic of Macedonia and Serbia. It is in the Staro Nagoričane municipality. The village became popular among the citizens of the Republic of Macedonia in 2004 when a new national commemorative of ASNOM was built in the village, where the annual celebration of the Macedonian statehood (The Second Ilinden of 1944) has taken place ever since. This decision was brought due to the countinious refusals by the Serbian Orthodox Church authorities to allow Macedonian delegations to visit and celebrate the holiday in the actual venue of ASNOM, the Prohor Pčinjski monastery which is on Serbian territory near the Macedonian border and near the village of Pelince. * Skopje - Macedonia’s capital city. WikiPedia:Kumanovo Commons:Category:Kumanovo


'' . Production has considerably diminished in the past century, and is now around 20 metric tonnes (22 short tons) per year, with peaks at 46 metric tonnes (50 short tons) in the best years. About 80% of the French production comes from southeast France: upper Provence (''départements (départements of France)'' of Vaucluse and Alpes-de-Haute-Provence), part of Dauphiné (''département'' of Drôme), and part of Languedoc (''département'' of Gard); 20% of the production comes from southwest France: Quercy (''département'' of Lot (Lot (département))) and Périgord. The largest truffle market in France (and probably also in the world) is at Richerenches in Vaucluse. The largest truffle market in southwest France is at Lalbenque in Quercy. These markets are busiest in the month of January, when the black truffles have their highest perfume. As of December 2009, black truffles were sold for about €1,000 per kilo in a farmer's market - Jean-Michel Fabre, "Lalbenque. 1 000 € le kg: la truffe de Noël au prix du diamant", 23 12 2009. and €3,940 per kilo in a retail seller. The genome sequence of the Périgord black truffle was published in March 2010. England lost 70% of its population, which declined from 7 million before the plague, to 2 million in 1400. Barry and Gualde 2006. Tax strikes in France, 1579–80 In Romans-sur-Isère and other parts of Dauphiné, anti-tax leagues formed, which grew into a powerful rebellion that was crushed in the wake of the ambush and murder of many of the rebel leaders by vigilantes during the Carnival of 1580. Burg, David F. ''A World History of Tax Rebellions'' (2004) p. 174–8 Some historians have critiqued the Company's attacks on Protestants. The Company aimed to increase conversions and organized the preaching of missions to Protestants in Lorraine (Lorraine (province)), Dauphiné, and Limousin (Limousin (province)) and founded establishments in Paris, Sedan (Sedan, France), Metz, and Puy for young converts from Protestantism. Moreover, it opposed Protestant attacks on Catholic doctrines and defended the Catholic populations in majority Protestant cities, such as La Rochelle. Finally, without seeking the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, the Company fought to prevent any further concessions beyond what the formal text of the edict demanded and its members sent documents to Jean Filleau, a Poitiers lawyer, who for twenty-five years issued "Catholic decisions" from a legal point of view, on the interpretation of the Edict of Nantes. The protestation of the General Assembly of the French clergy in 1656 against the infringement of the edict by Protestants was the outgrowth of a long documental work prepared by the members. In 1660 Lechassier, who was Maître des Comptes (Master of Accounts) and also one of the Company, forwarded to all the country branches a questionnaire imbued with a view to helping the inquiry, of thirty-one articles on the infringement of the Edict of Nantes by Protestants. The answers were collected by Toussaint de Forbin-Janson, Bishop of Digne, who took an active role in the Assembly of the Clergy, the result being that commissaries were sent into the provinces for the purpose of setting right these abuses. But, in its own turn, the Company violated the Edict of Nantes (of which Art. 27 declared Huguenots wholly eligible to public office), and, by secret manoeuvring, one day prevented twenty-five young Protestants from being received as attorney (lawyer)s at the Parliament of Paris. "The members thought they were doing right", explained Père de la Briere "nevertheless, if we consider not their intention, but the very nature of their act and of their procedure, it is impossible to doubt that they were guilty of an iniquity". According to the testimony of Père Rapin and the Count d'Argenson, these proceedings of the Company were the starting-point of the policy that was to culminate in 1685 in the revocation of the Edict of Nantes (Edict of Fontainebleau).


, is eight kilometers away from the city and serves regular flights to Buenos Aires, San Carlos de Bariloche, Comodoro Rivadavia, Río Gallegos, Río Grande (Río Grande, Tierra del Fuego), Ushuaia, and San Martín de los Andes. thumb left 260px Partial view of Santa Rosa. (Image:SantaRosa004.JPG) Founded in 1892 by Tomás Mason, Santa Rosa did not develop into a relatively important agricultural centre until the second half of the 20th century. It is still one of the smallest provincial capitals of the country after Patagonian Rawson (Rawson, Chubut), Ushuaia and Viedma (Viedma, Río Negro). Missionary station The mission on Keppel Island was established by the South American Missionary Society in 1855, initially under Captain William Parker Snow, and remained in operation until 1898. It had been proposed by Captain Allen Gardiner, founder of the Society, before his death in 1851, as a less hostile environment from which to gain the confidence of the Yaghan and learn their language. From 1856, several of the Yaghan were induced to move to Keppel Island, and learnt farming techniques and some English. After some setbacks, the mission succeeded in founding a mission at Ushuaia in 1869, under the leadership of Waite Stirling (Waite Hockin Stirling). Bridges, E L (1948) ''The Uttermost Part of the Earth'' Republished 2008, Overlook Press ISBN 978-1585679560 A network of motorways merge in the city linking it to the region and the rest of the country. In recent years different administrations have tried to create and improve an outer ring road by which traffic is facilitated avoiding unnecessary congestion allowing lorries or trucks, as well as automobiles, to directly enter and exit the port area. Vehicles passing by can also avoid entering the city via this ring road. There are also projects to improve the road link between the city and the airport. Multiple local bus lines form the city transportation system. The main route, Ruta Nacional 3, is divided there into 3 North, leading to Olavarría and Buenos Aires, and 3 South leading to Viedma, Trelew, Comodoro Rivadavia, Río Gallegos, Río Grande and Ushuaia. Another routes are National Routes 35


Retalhuleu & Champerico - 4:30AM-7:30PM Santa Cruz del Quiché - Leaves hourly, 8AM-4:30PM Coatapeque and Mexico border at Tecún Umán - 5AM-7PM San Pedro la Laguna - 11:30AM, 12PM, 1PM, 2PM, 4PM & 5:30PM See Historical Center The town conserves traces of the colonial period in its streets and avenues. The classical, neoclassical and Italian renaissance styles are evident in the buildings and the houses which have been built during the past century and the beginning of the 20th, with volcanic stones by artistic "Quetzalteco" masons. Some examples of architectural styles: *'''Espiritu Santo''' Cathedral : Consist of two structures. The "Espiritu Santo" parish's ancient facade (1535 1896) and to the back the "Diócesis de los Altos" (1899). *The '''Municipal Theatre''' is a very important Neoclassical work. *The '''Central America park''' (known as "Parque Central): Situated in the centre of the town is also centre of cultural activities and amusements. *The '''Enrique Passage''' : Commercial building from 1900 facing the central park. *'''Gobernacion''' : one block from the central park. *Also visit the '''Cerro del Baúl''', where one can have a beautiful view of Quetzaltenango's valley, day or night (accessible by foot, car or taxi). '''Quetzaltenango''' has important cultural activities. There, you'll find the '''Occidental Cultural Centre''' (''La Casa de la Cultura de Occidente''), and '''Alliance Française de Quetzalteango''', numerous activities are scheduled all year. The first Sunday of each month, the "Quetzaltecos" install the artisans' market in the central park where handcrafts from Quetzaltenago and surrounding villages are displayed. In September, the annual fair and festival is offered from the 12th to the 18th. Do Volunteering There are hundreds of volunteer opportunities with organizations and groups in and around Xela, ranging from one day projects to long term placements. Many of the schools listed above offer opportunities for their students. For other volunteer opportunities, see the list below. * WikiPedia:Quetzaltenango Dmoz:Regional Central America Guatemala Localities Quetzaltenango Commons:Category:Quetzaltenango


, England. It is to the west of Wakefield, east of Huddersfield and south of Leeds. It lies by the River Calder (River Calder, West Yorkshire) and an arm of the Calder and Hebble Navigation. In 1974 responsibility for local government passed to Kirklees Metropolitan Council (Kirklees), with its headquarters in Huddersfield. The population of Dewsbury has remained broadly static over the past century - the 1911 census recorded 53,351 people http


, with France accounting for 45%, Spain 35%, Italy 20%, and small amounts from Slovenia, Croatia and the Australian states of Tasmania and Western Australia (see below (#In New Zealand and Australia)). In 1937, France produced around 1,000 metric tonnes (1,100 short tons) of under vines and is the single biggest wine-producing region (List of wine-producing regions) in the world, being responsible for more than a third of France's total wine production. K. MacNeil ''The Wine Bible'' pg 293 Workman Publishing 2001 ISBN 1563054345 As recently as 2001, the region produced more wine than the entire United States (American wine). K. MacNeil ''The Wine Bible'' pg 294 Workman Publishing 2001 ISBN 1563054345 Nicetas then went on to Languedoc. In 1167 in the presence of Mark and other representatives of Cathar churches in Languedoc, France and Catalonia, Nicetas presided over the Council of Saint-Félix at which he renewed the ''consolamenta'' and confirmed the episcopal office of six Cathar bishops: Most well known as a painter, his bold, arguably brutal depictions of the South Wales valleys are his most powerful legacy. ‘Pithead Funeral’, a response to the Aberfan disaster that affected him so deeply, stands out amongst his work together with 'Fallen Figure' (opposite). Also the series of miner’s paintings produced following the week he spent sketching underground in a Welsh (Wales) coal mine. In sharp contrast are the paintings and drawings produced as a result of the considerable time he spent in the Languedoc region of France.


–Azerbaijani War 1918–20 (Armenian–Azerbaijani War) and in 1988–94 (Nagorno-Karabakh War) (Nagorno-Karabakh War), in the past century, with last one ended with provisional cease fire agreement signed in Bishkek (Bishkek Protocol). There are no formal diplomatic relations between the two countries, because of the of the ongoing Nagorno-Karabakh conflict and dispute. In 2008, Azerbaijani president Ilham Aliyev declared that ''“Nagorno Karabakh will never be independent; the position

the two neighbouring nations in order to keep both under control. See Armenia–Azerbaijan relations, Nagorno-Karabakh War, Khojaly Massacre, Khachkar destruction in Nakhchivan The two nations have fought two wars in 1918–20 (Armenian–Azerbaijani War) (Armenian–Azerbaijani War) and in 1988–94 (Nagorno-Karabakh War) (Nagorno-Karabakh War), in the past century, with last one ended with provisional cease fire agreement signed in Bishkek (Bishkek Protocol). There are no formal

, the Armenians were guests here”''. Azerbaijani president: Armenians are guests in Yerevan, ''REGNUM News Agency'', January 17, 2008 The neighboring nations of Armenia and Azerbaijan have had formal governmental relations since 1918. The two nations have fought two wars in 1918–20 (Armenian–Azerbaijani War) and in 1988–94 (Nagorno-Karabakh War) in the past century, with last one ended with provisional Bishkek Protocol cease fire

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