-stat.mashke.org“ It is the center of rose oil extraction in Bulgaria and the oil-producing rose (Rosa damascena) of Kazanlak is one of the most widely recognizable national symbols. History left thumb Fresco in the 4th century BCE Thracian Tomb of Kazanlak (Image:Reproduction of Thracian tomb 2.jpg), an UNESCO World Heritage Site. The oldest settlement in the area of the modern-day city dates back to the Neolithic era (6th-5th millennium BCE). During the 4th-3rd centuries BCE the lands on the upper Tundzha river were within the dominion of the Thracian ruler Seuthes III and took an important place in the historical development of Thrace during the Hellenistic era. The Thracian city of Seuthopolis (Σευθόπολις) was uncovered near Kazanlak and thoroughly studied at the time of the construction of the Koprinka Reservoir. In the 4th century BCE, near the ancient Thracian capital of Seuthopolis and close to the city, a magnificent Thracian tomb (Thracian Tomb of Kazanlak) was built. Consisting of a vaulted brickwork "beehive" (''tholos (Beehive tomb)'') tomb, it contains, among other things, painted murals representing a Thracian couple at a ritual funeral feast. The tomb was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1979. In the Middle Ages the valley became an administrative center of the Krun region where the Bulgarian boyar Aldimir (Eltimir) ruled. After 1370 Kazanlak was under Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) dominion. right thumb The pedestrianized centre of modern Kazanlak off Seuthopolis Square. (Image:Kazanlak centre ifb.JPG) The modern city dates back to the beginning of the 15th century. It was founded as a military fortress to protect the Shipka Pass and later developed as a city of craftsmen. More than 50 handcrafts developed such as tanning, coppersmithing, goldsmithing, frieze (Frieze (textile)) weaving, shoemaking, cooperage (Cooper (profession)) and, of course, rose cultivation. The oil-producing rose, imported from India via Persia, Syria and Turkey, found all the necessary conditions to thrive — proper temperature, high moisture and light, sandy, cinnamon-forest soils. Kazanlak rose oil has won gold medals at expositions (World's fair) in Paris, London, Philadelphia, Antwerp, Laet, and Milan. After Bulgarian independence the handcrafts declined due to the loss of the markets in the huge Ottoman Empire. The textile, aerospace and military industries were developed. Geography Climate The Bulgarian climate is temperate, with average temperatures from WikiPedia:Kazanlak Dmoz:Regional Europe Bulgaria Provinces Stara_Zagora Localities Kazanlak Commons:Category:Kazanlak
Urengoy railway about
of Villahermosa on the Gulf of Mexico. Much of the area is traditionally dedicated to fishing and agriculture. Today, it is also an oil producing area with the mostly oil dedicated port of Dos Bocas (Dos Bocas (port)). There is also tourism connected to the area’s beaches and natural attractions, which is still underdeveloped. It is part of the state’s Cacao Route tourism program. The town The town of Paraíso is located on the coast of Tabasco, 75 km north of the capital of Villahermosa. Born in Paraíso (Paraíso, Tabasco), Tabasco, Palma starred in a dozen films before a dispute with Jorge Negrete, then-president of the National Association of Actors (ANDA), led to her being banned from the Mexican film industry.
Transportation thumb Saudi Aramco airplanes parked in the general aviation terminal in King Fahd International Airport (File:Saudi Aramco airplanes parked in the general aviation terminal, King Fahd International Airport.JPG) in Dammam, Saudi Arabia Air Dammam is served by the King Fahd International Airport, the largest airport in the world in terms of land area . The terminal is about 25 km to the northwest of the city and is connected by an three-lane highway. All other cities of the Eastern Province share this airport. Dammam is well connected by air with other cities in the Middle East, Asia, and Europe. Sea Dammam's King Abdulaziz Sea Port, located on the coast of the Persian Gulf, is the second largest port of Saudi Arabia. It was founded in the late 1940s. It has large equipment that allows it to receive various types of vessels. The most important equipments are 56 multi-purpose hoist, 8 container cranes, and 524 tanker containers. There are a number of berths for ships and fishing, as well as ship repair yard. thumb Road to Dammam (File:Road to Dammam.jpg) Road Eastern Province cities like Abqaiq, Dhahran, Hofuf, Jubail (Dhahran–Jubail Highway), Khafji, Khobar (Dammam-Khobar Highway), Ras Tanura, Sihat and Qatif (Gulf Road (Saudi Arabia) (Gulf Road)), as well as many cities in other parts of the Kingdom are linked with Dammam by 8-lane highways. Dammam is connected to the Saudi capital, Riyadh and Jeddah on the west coast by Highway 40 (Highway 40 (Saudi Arabia)). It is also linked to Bahrain by the 28 km long King Fahd Causeway. Dammam also has highways to other Middle-Eastern countries such as Kuwait (Abu Hadriyah Highway), Oman, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates. Rail The headquarters of the Saudi Railways Organization (SRO), Saudi Arabia's sole railway operator, is in Dammam. Saudi Railways Locations The passenger terminal in Dammam was the first in Saudi Arabia and was built in 1981. It is considered to be a major terminal in the Saudi railway network. SRO operates a 449 km passenger line that connects Dammam to Riyadh through Hofuf and Abqaiq. It also operates a 556 km cargo line starting at King Abdul Aziz Sea Port in Dammam and ending in a dry port in Riyadh, passing by Hofuf, Abqaiq, Al-Kharj, Haradh and Al-Tawdhihiyah. In addition, some 373 km of auxiliary lines branch from SRO's main lines to connect some industrial and agricultural areas and military sites with export ports and residential areas. Saudi Railways Existing Network Two future railway projects connecting Dammam with Jeddah via Riyadh and Mecca in the western region and connecting Dammam with Jubail have been proposed. Culture Cuisine Dammam residents are a mix of several different ethnicities and nationalities. This mixture of races has made a major impact on Dammam's traditional cuisine. The Kabsa is popular among the people of Dammam, often made with chicken instead of lamb meat. The Yemeni (Yemeni cuisine) Mandi (Mandi (food)) is also popular as a lunch meal. Hejazi cuisine is popular as well and dishes like Mabshoor, Mitabbak, Foul, Areika, Hareisa, Kabab Meiroo, Shorabah Hareira (Hareira soup), Migalgal, Madhbi (chicken grilled on stone) Madfun (literally meaning buried), Magloobah, Kibdah, Manzalah (usually eaten at Eid ul-Fitr), Ma'asoob, Magliya (Hijazi version of Falafel), Saleeig (Hijazi dish made of milk rice), Hummus, Biryani, Ruz Kabli, Ruz Bukhari, Saiyadyia, can be acquired in many traditional restaurants around the city. Grilled meat has a good market in Dammam such as Shawarma, Kofta, and Kebab. During Ramadan Sambousak (Sambusac) and Ful (Ful medames) are the most popular meals during Dusk. These meals are almost found in Lebanese, Syrian, and Turkish restaurants. International food is also popular in the city. American chains such as Pizza Hut, McDonald's, Burger King, Domino's Pizza and KFC, among others are widely distributed in Dammam, as are more upscale chains like Chili's, Applebee's and TGI Friday's. Due to the large number of South Asian immigrants, Indian, Pakistani, Filipinos, Chinese, Japanese, and other Eastern Asian food are also popular. European restaurants, such as Italian and French, are also found throughout the city. There are also local fast food chains such as Abu Nawas (serving mainly broasted chicken), Fillfilah
in Dhahran, the campus is between the headquarters of the Saudi Arabian oil company, Saudi Aramco and the Dhahran Air Base (Dhahran International Airport). It is near the coast of the Persian Gulf and is 7 kilometers from Khobar city. The port city of Dammam is 20 kilometres away. The oil-producing town of Abqaiq is 70 kilometres west, and the oasis city of Al-Hasa is about 130 kilometers south of the campus. The Kingdom of Bahrain is 35 kilometres from the Saudi coastline accessed via King Fahd Causeway. Additionally, there are two active and one defunct community colleges: * Dammam Community College Associate's Degree s in Accounting, Computer Applications, Marketing * Hafar Al-Batin Community College Associate's Degree s in: *'''Saudi Arabia **Dammam - King Fahd International Airport * *'''Switzerland His alliances with regional powers tended to be on the basis of shared opposition to the Al-Khalifa: he formed an alliance with the first Saudi dynasty when it conquered Bahrain, and he founded the fort of Dammam in 1809. But after the Saudis’ expulsion, in 1816 he allied himself with the rulers of Muscat (Muscat, Oman) in their failed invasion of Bahrain, Charles Belgrave, p128 and turned away from the Saudis, angering them. The Saudis then destroyed the fort of Dammam, causing him to move to Khor Hasan in Qatar. - style "background-color: #DDDDDD" Dammam Dmoz:Regional Middle_East Saudi_Arabia Localities Dammam Commons:Dammam
and cloves 3,175.5 hectares and 320.71 tonnes. Palm plantation area in 2002 amounted to ) - capital Labuha
The ''' Canboulay Riots''' riots by the descendants of freed slaves in the cities of Trinidad and Tobago against attempts by the British police to crack down on aspects of the celebration of Carnival. The riots occurred in February 1881 in Port of Spain, the capital of Trinidad and in the southern cities of San Fernando (San Fernando, Trinidad and Tobago) and Princes Town in February 1884 causing loss of life. The riots are still commemorated today and canboulay music is an important part of the music of Trinidad and Tobago notably the use of steel pans which were the descendants of percussion instruments banned in the 1880s. The "chantwell
in homeowners, the FHA helped to steady falling prices, making it possible for potential homeowners to finance when private mortgage insurers pulled out of oil-producing states.
400px thumb Bush's "axis of evil" included Iran (Image:Axis of Evil map.svg), Iraq (Ba'athist Iraq), and North Korea (red). "Beyond the Axis of Evil" included Cuba, Libya (History of Libya under Muammar Gaddafi), and Syria (orange). The three 'outposts of tyranny' described by Condoleezza Rice: Belarus, Zimbabwe, and Myanmar are green. The United States is blue. frame right John R. Bolton (Image:John R. Bolton.png) On May 6, 2002, then-Undersecretary of State John R. Bolton gave a speech entitled "Beyond the Axis of Evil". In it he added three more nations to be grouped with the already mentioned rogue states: Libya (History of Libya under Muammar Gaddafi), Syria, and Cuba. The criteria for inclusion in this grouping were: "state sponsors of terrorism that are pursuing or who have the potential to pursue weapons of mass destruction (WMD) or have the capability to do so in violation of their treaty obligations". The speech was widely reported as an expansion of the original axis of evil. Politics In the Libyan civil war, Gaddafi forces (History of Libya under Muammar Gaddafi) maintained control of large parts of the district and city longer than elsewhere in the country. The National Transitional Council took control of the city on 11 September 2011. BBC News "Libya conflict: Anti-Gaddafi fighters take Sabha" - accessed 9.23.2011. Records found in Muammar Gaddafi's former intelligence headquarters in Tripoli, shortly after the overthrow (2011 Libyan civil war) of the Gaddafi regime (History of Libya under Muammar Gaddafi) in 2011, indicated that in late September 2003, British intelligence (MI6) officials told then-Libyan intelligence chief Musa Kusa that Bout had a "considerable commercial presence in Libya" and aimed to expand his interests there. Khadafy records tie Russian arms dealer to Libya, U.S. experts hunt for anti-aircraft missiles Associated Press, 5 Nov 2011.