Places Known For

oil paintings

Encarnación de Díaz

consists mostly of murals as well as a number of the buildings original oil paintings. The walls still contains phrases written on them when it was a school, with positive messages about women. thumb Municipal library (File:LibraryEncarnacionDiaz01.jpg) The '''Dr. Pedro de Alba Auditorium''' was construction in the late 19th century by the church as a parochial school for boys. The facade is characterized by walls divided

. The '''Archbishop Jacinto López Romo House''' is located on Allende Street in the historic center. The house contains many oil paintings of Biblical scenes. The '''rail station''' was built in 1883 by the Ferrocarril Central Mexicano in part to ship the agricultural production of the area. The rail station is completely abandoned and ununsed although at one time it was an important

. The main altar is Neoclassical made of marble and contains a replica of the namesake Virgin image. This virgin image is said to the “cousin” of the image in San Juan de los Lagos. The sacristy has a number of oil

Tlaxcala, Tlaxcala

altars. In the two side chapels there are oil paintings by Manuel Caro as well as two holy water fonts of sculpted stone that has images of the god Camaxtli and the Spanish coat of arms. thumb Tlaxcala Museum of Art (File:MuseoArteTlaxcala.JPG) The former municipal palace was constructed in the middle of the 16th century as a place for the representatives of the four Tlaxcala dominions to meet. It has two levels with arches on the lower level

in the form of a stylized star. The towers were construction in the latter 18th century with arches and vegetative decoration. The cupola contains four mirrors with the cornice covered in gold leaf. The ante-sacristy has five oil paintings by Manuel Caro done in 1781 depicting scenes of some of the Virgin Mary’s appearances. The sacristy has a painting of Saint Joseph by Joaquin Magón from 1754. The Guadalupe chapel to the side has lead figures of the Four Evangelists as well as paintings by Miguel


. The main altar of this church is Churrigueresque with Neoclassical altars on the sides. To the side, there is a large open chapel with five arches supported by Tuscan columns (Tuscan order) with Doric (Doric order) capitals (Capital (architecture)). The cloister area has been remodeled various times but original elements such as Tuscan columns remain. The Third Order chapel contains the complexes oldest oil paintings and a Baroque main altar. thumb Puppet orchestra on display at the National Puppet Museum (File:TitereHuamantla48c.JPG) The San Luis Obispo Parish church is built of light stone, with a contrasting dark grey main portal. In this portal there are six niches filled with the same number of statues made from alabaster. It has a single bell tower and a small bell-gable . Inside, the main altar is Baroque with an image of Louise of Toulouse. There is also Salomonic altar dedicated to the Virgin Mary and one to Jesus the Nazarene and oil paintings from the colonial period, including one of the Virgin of Guadalupe by Miguel Cabrera . Also facing the park is the municipal palace, it is in Neoclassical style with two floors, both with balconies, framed by cornices, a style common to Huamantla. It has a simple main entrance above which are a decorative element including the Mexican coat of arms, a clock and a small bell. Inside, there is a mural by Desiderio Hernández Xochitiotzin, a reproduction of the Huamantla Codex (Codex Huamantla) and a photographic collection. Modern Mexican puppetry is traced to Huamantla, especially to the Rosete Aranda family which began their traveling puppet show in 1850, which lasted over a century. Today, the city is home to the Rosete Aranda National Puppet Museum, the only one of its kind in Latin America, located in a former mansion facing the main square. death_place Huamantla, Tlaxcala, Mexico occupation Army Captain, Texas Ranger Death On October 9, 1847, Walker was killed in Huamantla, in Tlaxcala, while leading his troops in the Battle of Huamantla during the Mexican–American War. - Huamantla Tlaxcala 247 (Area Code 247 (Mexico)) -

San Juan Achiutla

Isidro Ruiz, José de la Luz..."'', and more illegible words in red. It could be inferred that at that time there was sufficient financial capacity of some people as to order to do oil paintings possibly out of the town, probably in the San Miguel convent or Teposcolula, make solemn Eucharistic celebrations, and the existence of sufficient population and economic activity could be inferred to generate at least medium-sized wealth. The colonial period, the 19th century and the Mexican

was published in ''Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia''. Cultural and historical heritage There are as goods of cultural and historical heritage of San Juan Achiutla: * Achiutla Pre-Hispanic site and San Miguel Arcángel Dominican Convent, for have been the pre-Hispanic City of Achiutla the place that gave birth to San Miguel Achiutla as to San Juan Achiutla, none in the original space although San Miguel behind the original site. * St. John the Evangelist Church. * 18th-century oil

paintings collection in the St. John the Evangelist Church. thumb San Juan Achiutla's jail (File:14 Carcel SJA.jpg) * "El chorrito" drinking water box * The prison and the municipal buildings adjacent to it. * The Municipal Palace * The kiosk in the front garden at City Hall. * The monument to the flag. * The book ''Camino por la Mixteca. Un testimonio y documentos para la microhistoria de San Juan Achiutla y la Mixteca Alta en el estado de Oaxaca''. Raúl Ruiz Bautista, published in 2010 and graded as high relevance by the library of the Congress of the United States. Cultural traditions The Mixtec culture, to which San Juan Achiutla and the achiutlecos belong, is a living culture, says Ronald Spores on the subject: :After the independence war the language ''ñu savi (Ñuu Dzaui)'' speakers retained their ethnic identity, their customs, and managed to adapt to the circumstances of the new country, initially in the Mixteca and eventually beyond: in Puebla, the central valleys, the North and Northwest Mexico; at present, can be found Mixtec everywhere in North America. This group tenacity and adaptability for more than 3,000 years deserves everyone's attention. thumb San Juan Achiutla's kiosk (File:13 Kiosco SJA.jpg) :The Mixtec culture has developed and maintained for more than three millennia in a vast region which covers a territory of 40 000 km2, which extends from South of Puebla to the Pacific coast and the Valley of Oaxaca to the East of Guerrero. The Mixteca region comprises three ecological zones: '''the High Mixteca ―escenario of the development of the main towns of this culture―,''' the Low Mixteca ―o Ñuiñe ("Tierra Caliente") — and the Mixteca de la Costa. :We must remember that the Mixtec culture did not disappear with the conquest, during the colonial period, or in the 19th and 20th centuries radical national transformations. It exists today in the Mixteca, everywhere in Mexico and anywhere in the world where the Mixtecs have reached in its vast adaptation diaspora. Many have left the Mixteca, but their hearts, thoughts and feelings remain on their land and their tradition. :As reflected in ''La Canción Mixteca'' (a lyric) among multiple ethnic groups that form the Mexican Republic, perhaps the nation more sentimental, nostalgic and loyal to its roots is the ''ñu savi'', the Mixtec nation. Following ancient cultural traditions are preserved in San Juan Achiutla: * The ''tequio'', which is obligatory work as contribution to the town public works and services, that allows the people and the municipality to be clean and healthy place in an exemplary fashion. * The ''gueza (guelaguetza, give to receive)'' which is mutual support mainly in supplies or in cash between neighbors and relatives that bring to those who have a celebration, feast or compromise, such as weddings, baptisms, funerals or ''mayordomías''. The ''gueza'' reception is a solemn ceremony in which small speeches are addressed to deliver and receive the contributions, being a usual commitment to spontaneously to reciprocate the help at the moment in which the counterpart need it. * The ''mayordomía'' which is the responsibility of an individual for the celebration of the Patron Saint San Juan fest, this custom however is of great economic burden for those who assume it. * The ''posadas'' are the festivities during eight days leading up to Christmas. Consist of put the ''nacimiento'', give Posada to the pilgrims, with images of the pilgrims Mary and Joseph in a procession calling the Inn to the house inhabitants, who give after prayers and doubts, they offer to the pilgrims and the procession hot drinks, ''tamales'', collations, gifts, breaking ''piñatas'', pray the Rosary. * The ''pastorela'' of the town, staging Christmas performed with volunteer actors of the town prior to Christmas. * The ''danza del guajolote'' (Turkey dance), in which the salient mayordomo delivered a turkey as a gift through dancers to the new ''mayordomo''. * The ''música de viento'' (wind music band) of both religious and social present at every party. * The pre-Hispanic legend of ''El flechador del sol'' which Achiutla is mentioned. Bibliography * '''Ruiz Bautista. Raúl.''' ''Camino por la Mixteca. Un testimonio y documentos para la microhistoria de San Juan Achiutla y la Mixteca Alta en el estado de Oaxaca'' Mexico 2010, 295 pp. ISBN 978 - 607-00-3376-6 http: 2010538507 * '''Pérez Ortiz, Alfoso.''' ''Pueblo en llamas, la inobediencia de los mixtecos de Achiutla en el siglo XVI.'' Thesis for the degree of m.a. in history. Universidad Nacional Autónoma Mexico. 2009. * '''Diguet. Léon''', ''Contribution a l'Etude geographique du mexique précolombien. Le Mixtecapan'' Journal de la Société des américanistes de Paris. Nouvelle series. Tome III. Au sige de la Société. 61, Rue de Buffon, 61. France 1906. * '''Hermann Lejarazu. Manuel A.''' ''Códice Yucunama. Edición facsimilar, interpretación y Análisis.'' Centre for Research and Higher Studies in Social Anthropology. CIESAS. Mexico. 1st Edition, Mexico, 2009. ISBN 978-607-486-042-9 * '''Jansen, Maarten and Pérez Jiménez, Gabina Aurora'''. ''Paisajes sagrados: códices y arqueología de Ñuu Dzaui.'' Itineraries Vol. 8 2008 ISSN paper version: 1507-7241, University of Warsaw. Iberian and Latin American Studies Institute. Oboźna 8, 00-927 Warsaw. * '''Maarten E.R.G.N. Jansen''' ''Huisi Tacu'', volume II. CEOLA. Incidentele Publicaties 24. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. Leuven University. Belgium. * '''Spores. Ronald''', ''La Mixteca y los mixtecos. 3,000 años de adaptación cultural''. Arqueología Mexicana. Bi-Monthly Magazine, March–April 2008. Volume XV, number 90. México. * '''San Juan Achiutla's Municipality''', in ''Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México'' National Institute for Federalism and Municipal Development, Interior Ministry, Mexico. * '''San Juan Achiutla's Municipality''' ''Plan Municipal de Desarrollo de San Juan Achiutla 2008 - 2010''. External links * Book's review "Camino por la Mixteca" * Book: Camino por la Mixteca. Un testimonio y documentos para la microhistoria de San Juan Achiutla y la Mixteca Alta en el estado de Oaxaca. Memorias. Raúl Ruiz Bautista. * León Diguet's book ''Contribution a l'etude geographique du mexique précolombien. Le Mixtecapan" * Códice Yucunama. Edición facsimilar, interpretación y Análisis * Biblioteca Burgoa de la Universidad Autónoma Benito Juárez de Oaxaca. Joyas Bibliográficas. Note about Fray Benito Hernández and its ''Catecismo en Lengua Mixteca''. * Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México, Oaxaca References Category:Municipalities of Oaxaca Category:Populated places in Oaxaca In pre-Columbian times, the Mixtec were one of the major civilizations of Mesoamerica. Important ancient centres of the Mixtec include the ancient capital of Tilantongo, as well as the sites of Achiutla (San Juan Achiutla), Cuilapan, Huajuapan (Huamelulpan (archaeological site)), Mitla, Tlaxiaco, Tututepec, Juxtlahuaca, and Yucuñudahui. The Mixtec also made major constructions at the ancient city of Monte Albán (which had originated as a Zapotec (Zapotec civilization) city before the Mixtec gained control of it). The work of Mixtec artisans who produced work in stone (Rock (geology)), wood, and metal were well regarded throughout ancient Mesoamerica. - 175 San Juan Achiutla San Juan Achiutla Tlaxiaco (Tlaxiaco District, Oaxaca) - - 175 San Juan Achiutla San Juan Achiutla Tlaxiaco (Tlaxiaco District, Oaxaca) -


San Juan de los Lagos

woodwork, especially in the capitols, pilasters and other niches. The main altar is made of sandstone and cypress in Neoclassical (Neoclassical architecture) style. In the center is the image of the Virgin of San Juan de los Lagos. The sacristy contains oil paintings and furniture with incrustations. The chamber behind the main altar contains six works by Rubens . On the side opposite from the Basilica is the municipal palace. It was constructed


which wear Totonaca (Totonaca people) style loincloths and boots. Its main doors are made of wood and the Virgin of Guadalupe chapel displays gold leaf work and a number of oil paintings, which were done by local artists. In the cupola, there are portraits of the Four Evangelists. thumb View of Centenario Clocks (File:CentenarioClockBldg01.JPG) Zacatlán has a reputation for tinkerers, including Abraham Trejo


in the Barrio de Santa Maria Norte and specializes in the exposition and sale of oil paintings and wood carvings. thumb Chapel of San Pedro (File:Capilla de San Pedro Siglo XVI Malinalco.jpg) Outside of the center of town, there are many small barrios or neighborhoods, each having its own chapel. Most of these chapels were built between the 16th and the 17th centuries and many of these, such as those of '''Santa Maria''', '''San Martin''', '''San Guillermo


After his retirement, he maintained homes in both New York City and Oaxaca, Mexico.


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