Places Known For

monumental buildings')


Chiapa de Corzo, Chiapas

; The development of the ancient city has been divided into a number of phases. The earliest and most important are the Escalera or Chiapa III (700-500BCE) and Francesa or Chiapa IV (500BCE to 100CE) phase. Olmec influence is strongest in the Escalera phase when it became a planned town with formal plazas and monumental buildings. However, contacts with Mayan areas is evident as well. However, even during this phase, there are significant differences in architecture and pottery which suggest a distinct


Tapachula

Aire Libre (Open Air Theater), which often has marimba concerts. The main monumental buildings of the area surround this plaza and include the old and new municipal palaces, the Perez Portal and the Teatro al Aire Libre (Open Air Theater). The San Agustín parish church dates from the 18th century, established to honor the patron saint of the city, Augustine (Augustine of Hippo). It is a simple construction with a red Spanish tile roof, supported by wood beams. The facade is a simple Neoclassical with six Ionic order columns, three on each side of the entrance, joined by false arches. The top of the facade has two bell towers. This design is based on the Teopisca church. The church became a cathedral in 1958, shortly after the Tapachula (Roman Catholic Diocese of Tapachula) diocese was established but that status has since been ceded to the San José Cathedral, consecrated in 2009. Wikipedia:Tapachula Dmoz:Regional North_America Mexico States Chiapas Localities Tapachula commons:Category:Tapachula, Chiapas


Landskrona

fop PM Arkitektur-i-Landskrona.aspx Sundberg created a number of monumental buildings like the old Water tower, the remarkable school "Tuppaskolan", the power station and a hot bathhouse (which though was demolated in the 1970s), as well as two large block of flats ''Falken'' and ''Gripen'', mainly intended for the working class. thumb Frans Ekelund restored this half-timbered building in the harbour of Landskrona. The building style is traditional for Scania, but in Landskrona there are few such buildings. Pure stone houses were preferred as the town was fortified. (File:Landskrona Harbour building restored by Frans Ekelund.JPG) Ekelund, who was a believer in "Trädgårdsstaden" or Garden City, created areas within for own homes whithin the town limits. Ralph Erskine (Ralph Erskine (architect)) created the row house area called "Esperanza" (Spanish for ''hope'') around 1970. In that year also the "UFO-inspired" new Water Tower was taken into operation. No real monumental building has been build since then. Not even the new railway station can be considered as a such building. Transport left thumb Landskrona railway station (File:Landskrona Station1.jpg) right thumb By the sea side. Danish Capital Copenhagen (File:Copenhagen From Landskrona.JPG) seen from Landskrona The town has a smaller passenger and car ferry connection to the island of Ven (Ven, Sweden), which departures 9 times every day during most of the year. During July and August this number is increased. http: www.ventrafiken.se index.php en tidtabell-och-priser In January 2001, a new railway station opened in Landskrona on the West Coast railway (West Coast Line (Sweden)) between Lund and Gothenburg along the Swedish west coast. This was very important for the town, since the old station was a terminal for southbound trains only. The new station is along the high-speed dual track railway line between Copenhagen and Helsingborg (where the high speed and dual tracks vanishes for almost 30 km). All local Pågatågen trains and inter-regional Øresundståg trains stop at the station. Weekdays 4-6 trains in each direction every hour. The connection between the new station and the city centre, "the Station Shuttle," has been operated with trolleybuses since autumn of 2003. The "shuttle" runs between the new railway station and the ferry terminal in the harbour. This includes 4-5 stops in between, and one of the bus stops are located at "''Rådhustorget''" or The Court Square, which with surrounding streets formes the town centre. It's a bit cheaper and not too discomfortable, to travel to Copenhagen also with northbound trains to Helsingborg and there transfer to the ferries to Elsinore (Helsingør), and then travel southbound again. The time this route takes depends on how long one has to wait for the ferry and train at Danish side, but as the ferries at the HH Ferry route departures every 15th minute in each direction, http: www.scandlines.se ~ media Scandlines ScandlinesSe Tidtabeller 14-0221_Tidtabell_HH_sep-dec_2014_2.ashx and the trains from Elsinore to Copenhagen departures every 20th minute, so such waiting times are usually low. A special ticket "Öresund Rundt" (''Around Øresund'') is the cheapest return ticket possible, except for daily commuters. (By autumn 2014 priced to 249 SEK. http: www.skanetrafiken.se templates InformationPage.aspx?id 34381&epslanguage SV ) The ticket gives free local trafic in Copenhagen (zones 1,2 & 3) and is valid for two days. The only obstacle is that one has to use the bridge in one direction and the ferries the opposite way. right thumb The New Water Tower (File:Nya vattentornet, Landskrona.jpg) History of the Øresund trafic For many years, Landskrona was serviced by car ferries and other ships to and from Copenhagen. From 1951 to 1980 did the SL ferries operate the route between Port of Tuborg (Tuborg Havn) in northern Copenhagen and Landskrona. During a larger part of that period, also the ''Viking Bådene'' http: www.oresundstid.dk arkiv arkivalt.aspx?id 1135&tekst Temaer&standard J http: www.kwmosgaard.dk ferries danviking_1959.htm http: bjarneabel.blogspot.se 2013 07 havnegade-i-kbh-og-frgerne.html http: www.faktaomfartyg.se dan_viking_1959.htm operated smaller passenger ships between the inner port of Copenhagen harbour. They were owned in Denmark 19 From around 1970 they were purchased by the Swedish ''Centrumlinjen'' but kept their name. The 1973 energy crisis eventually caused the end of this shipping line. http: www.faktaomfartyg.se centrumlinjens_historia.htm Between 1980 and 1984 different kind of ships och shipping lines offered at least summer time traffic to Copenhagen. And From 1985 Scarlett Line was formed, and once again sailed to Port of Tuborg (Tuborg Havn). From the spring of 1991 did Danish ''Vognmandsruten A S'' merge with Scarlett Line, maintained the established name and began to sail every hour. The new shipping line mainly was intended to live on transport of lorries. In the autumn of 1993 ''Vognmandsruten A S'' went bankrupt and this put an end to the car and lorry ferry traffic from Landskrona. However hydrofoilic speedboats ''Flygbåtarna AB'', which preaviously only had served passenger traffic in the southern part of Øresund, between Malmö and Copenhagen, now began to operate also from both Landskrona as well as from Helsingborg. Not until March 2002, almost tw years after the inauguration of the Øresund Bridge did ''Flygbåtarna AB'' threw in the towel. http: www.sydsvenskan.se oresundsbron flygbatarna-var-ett-satt-att-leva http: nfo.nu ?p 116933 , last line covers Landskrona-Copenhagen as well Sports The following sports clubs are located in Landskrona: * Landskrona BoIS (association football) See also * List of Swedish wars * Ven, Sweden * List of cities with trolleybuses References WikiPedia:Landskrona Dmoz:Regional Europe Sweden Skåne County Localities Landskrona commons:Landskrona


Ostrogothic Kingdom

, as depicted on the walls of St. Apollinare Nuovo. The figures between the columns, representing Theoderic and his court, were removed after the East Roman conquest. Because of the kingdom's short history, no fusion of the two peoples and their art was achieved. However, under the patronage of Theoderic and Amalasuntha, large-scale restoration of ancient Roman buildings was undertaken, and the tradition of Roman civic architecture continued. In Ravenna, new churches and monumental buildings were


Chelyabinsk

constructivism . Entire neighborhoods built in the style of constructivism can be seen in the area of the Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant (CTZ, ChTZ). wikipedia:Chelyabinsk commons:Челябинск


County of Hainaut

Gilman, Harry Thurston Peck, Frank Moore Colby, (Dodd Mead and Company, 1903), 15. His territories were bequeathed to his eldest son, John the Fearless, who inherited also Philip's political position in France and leadership of the Burgundians against Orléans. The bailiwick was prosperous in the 15th and first part of the 16th century. In these times many new monumental buildings were built (like the famous gothic style (gothic architecture) St. Jan's Cathedral of 's-Hertogenbosch


Marbella

of a square tower with a roof covered by glazed ceramic tiles. The ''Barrio Alto'' is also known as the San Francisco neighborhood, after a Franciscan convent formerly located there. The so-called ''Nuevo Barrio'' (New Town), separated from the walled city by the ''Arroyo de la Represa'', has no monumental buildings but retains its original layout and much of its character in the simple whitewashed houses with their tiled roofs and exposed wooden beams, orchards and small corrals.


Székesfehérvár

and therefore considered safe. His palace was fortified by ditches and ramparts, and the Byzantine-style, quatrefoil church, which was one of the first Hungarian stone built churches and later served as his resting-place. During the reign of King St Stephen (1001 -1038) it was a populous and extended settlement, surrounded by palings and walls built of soil. King Stephen's basilica,built in this time. It- was one of the most monumental buildings in Europe at that time. In the 12th century


Ashkelon

WikiPedia:Ashkelon Dmoz:Regional Middle East Israel Localities Ashkelon Commons:Category:Ashkelon


Edirne

Seljuk (Seljuks of Rum) and Anatolian Beylik monumental buildings and their own original innovations. The most famous of Ottoman architects was (and remains) Mimar Sinan, who lived for approximately one hundred years and designed several hundreds of buildings, of which two of the most important are Süleymaniye Mosque in Istanbul and Selimiye Mosque (Selimiye Mosque (Edirne)) in Edirne. Apprentices of Sinan later built the famous Blue Mosque (Sultan Ahmed Mosque) in Istanbul and the Taj Mahal in India. This put him at odds with the Byzantine Emperor, and the indiscipline of the Almogavars marked the end of Roger de Flor. On 30 April 1305, he was slain along with 300 cavalry and 1,000 infantry by the Alans, another group of mercenaries at the service of the Emperor. Roger had been in Adrianopolis (modern Edirne) attending a banquet offered by Emperor Michael. The emperor later attacked Gallipoli attempting to conquer the city from the remnants of the Company under the command of Berenguer d'Entença who had arrived with 9 Catalan galleys. The attack was unsuccessful, but it largely decimated the Company. Berenguer d'Entença was captured by the Genoese (Genoa) shortly after, and later liberated. The Company had only 206 horsemen, 1,256 foot soldiers left and no clear leader when Emperor Michael, trusting in his numerical superiority attacked, only to be defeated in Apros in July 1305. Tekirdağ was for many years a depot for the produce of the Edirne province, but its trade suffered when Alexandroupolis became the terminus of the railway up the river Maritsa. Bulgaria's war aims were focused on Thrace and Macedonia (Macedonia (region)). It deployed its main force in Thrace, forming three armies. The First Army (First Army (Bulgaria)) (79,370 men), under general Vasil Kutinchev with three infantry divisions, was deployed to the south of Yambol, with direction of operations along the Tundzha river. The Second Army (Second Army (Bulgaria)) (122,748 men), under general Nikola Ivanov, with two infantry divisions and one infantry brigade, was deployed west of the First and was assigned to capture the strong fortress of Adrianople (Edirne). According to the plans, the Third Army (Third Army (Bulgaria)) (94,884 men), under general Radko Dimitriev, was deployed east of and behind the First, and was covered by the cavalry division hiding it from the Turkish view. The Third Army had three infantry divisions and was assigned to cross the Stranja mountain and to take the fortress of Kirk Kilisse. The 2nd (49,180) and 7th (48,523 men) divisions were assigned independent roles, operating in Western Thrace and eastern Macedonia respectively. **formerly ''Antiochia in Troad'' – Antiochus I Soter *Edirne, formerly ''Hadrianopolis'' – Roman emperor Hadrian *Eski Stambul: Kardzhali and its neighborhood became part of the autonomous province of Eastern Rumelia under the stipulations of the Berlin Congress of 1878, but after the reunification of the Principality of Bulgaria and Eastern Rumelia in 1885, was ceded back to the Ottoman Empire as a township of Gümülcine (Komotini) sanjak in Edirne vilayet. Ottoman rule (History of Ottoman Bulgaria) ended during the First Balkan War, with its liberation by the Bulgarian General Vasil Delov on 21 October 1912. The day has been celebrated yearly, since 1937, as a municipal holiday through concerts and commemorative events. Kardzhali was declared the center of Kardzhali Province, which was founded from southern part of Stara Zagora Province http: www.visittobulgaria.com visit dir.asp?d 0-8-Ardino Ardino's history in 1949. These 3700 people mostly settled in the Edirne area (mainly in Kırklareli and Şarköy) of Turkish Thrace, and became known as ''Karadjovalides'' Thede Kahl, "The Islamisation of the Meglen Vlachs (Megleno-Rumen): The Village of Nânti (Nótia) and the Nântinets in Present-Day Turkey". Nationalities Papers 34:1, March 2006 after the Turkish name of Moglen: (Kahl 2006) Jewish communities in the Ottoman Empire (History of the Jews in Turkey#Ottoman era) held a protected status and continued to practice their own religion, as did Christians. Yitzhak Sarfati, born in Germany, became the Chief Rabbi of Edirne and wrote a letter inviting European Jews to settle in the Ottoman Empire, in which he asked:: "''Is it not better for you to live under Muslims than under Christians?''". B. Lewis (Bernard Lewis), "The Jews of Islam", New York (1984), pp. 135 – 136 Sultan Beyazid II (1481–1512), issued a formal invitation to the Jews expelled from Catholic Spain and Portugal, leading to a wave of Jewish immigration. Shortly after Simeon's visit to Constantinople, Constantine's mother Zoe returned to the palace on the insistence of the young emperor and immediately proceeded to eliminate the regents. Through a plot, she managed to assume power in February 914, practically removing Patriarch Nicholas from the government, disowning and obscuring his recognition of Simeon's imperial title Commons:Edirne


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