Places Known For

military skill


Battambang

. Returning to the capital, he found it in disorder. He put an end to the disputes between warring factions and in 1181 was crowned king himself. Early in his reign, he probably repelled another Cham attack and quelled a rebellion of the vassal Kingdom of Malyang (Battambang). He was greatly helped by the military skill of refugee Prince Sri Vidyananda, who also played a part in the subsequent sacking and conquest of Champa (1190–1191). Javayarman expanded Khmer control of the Mekong


Belgorod

Battalion", Agte P, "Jochen Peiper" p 83 which resulted in him receiving the ''Deutsches Kreuz in Gold'' (German Cross) Three days after his actions on 6 March 1943, he received the Knight's Cross (Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross). Agte P, Jochen Peiper p 98 Twelve days later, Peiper demonstrated his military skill when he led his unit at full speed through Russian positions


Confederate Ireland

usual energy, becoming noted as much by the severity of his methods of punishment as for his military skill. By the middle of 1650 Ireton and his commanders faced two problems. One was the capture of the remaining cities held by the Irish Confederate (Confederate Ireland) and Royalists forces. The other was an escalating guerrilla war in the countryside as Irish fighters called tories (rapparees) attacked his supply lines. Ireton appealed to the English Parliament to publish lenient surrender terms for Irish Catholics, in order to end their resistance, but when this was refused he began the laborious process of subduing the Catholic forces. The Tribes distinguished themselves from the Gaelic (Gaels) peoples who lived in the hinterland of the city. However the feared suppression of their common faith joined both sides together as Irish Catholics after the Irish Rebellion of 1641 (indeed for many Irish was a second or even first language). During the Irish Confederate Wars (1641–1653), Galway took the side of the Confederate Catholics of Ireland (Confederate Ireland), and as a result the Tribes were punished following the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland. The town was besieged (Siege of Galway) and after the surrender of Galway in April 1652, the Tribes had to face the confiscation of their property by the New Model Army. Campaign In 1643, King Charles had signed a "cessation" with the Irish Confederates (Confederate Ireland). This allowed him to recall several English regiments which had been sent to Ireland after the Irish Rebellion of 1641, to reinforce his armies. Rogers (1968), p.112 In November 1643, several of these regiments were sent to Cheshire where a new field army was being raised, commanded at first by Lord Capell (Arthur Capell, 1st Baron Capell of Hadham). Capell was replaced in December by Lord John Byron (John Byron, 1st Baron Byron), who had been a successful cavalry brigade commander in the King's main "Oxford Army". On 23 October 1641, a major rebellion broke out in Ireland, and Co. Wexford produced strong support for Confederate Ireland. Oliver Cromwell and his English Parliamentarian Army arrived 1649 in the county and captured it. The lands of the Irish and Anglo-Normans were confiscated and given to Cromwell's soldiers as payment for their service in the Parliamentarian Army. At Duncannon, in the south-west of the county, James II (James II of England), after his defeat at the Battle of the Boyne, embarked for Kinsale and then to exile in France. County Wexford produced strong support for Confederate Ireland during the 1640s. A fleet of Confederate privateers was based in Wexford town, consisting of sailors from Flanders and Spain as well as local men. Their vessels raided English (England) Parliamentarian shipping, giving some of the proceeds to the Confederate government in Kilkenny. As a result, the town was sacked (Sack of Wexford) by the English Parliamentarians (Roundhead) during the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland in 1649. Many of its inhabitants were killed and much of the town was burned. Poynings' Law was a major rallying point for groups seeking self government for Ireland, particularly the Confederate Catholics (Confederate Ireland) in the 1640s. It was also a major grievance for Henry Grattan's Patriot Party (Irish Patriot Party) in the late 18th century, who consistently sought a repeal of Poynings' Law. The Act remained in place until the Constitution of 1782 gave the Irish parliament legislative independence. thumb right The flag of the Republic of Ireland (File:Flag of Ireland.svg), representing the 26 counties of the Republic of Ireland, formally adopted as the national flag by Bunreacht na hEireann (1937). thumb right The green harp flag (File:Green harp flag of Ireland 17th century.svg) was first used by Irish Confederate troops (Confederate Ireland) in the Eleven Years War (Irish Confederate Wars), and became the main symbol of Irish nationalism from the 17th century to the early 20th century. A more significant movement came in the 1640s, after the Irish Rebellion of 1641, when a coalition of Gaelic Irish and Hiberno-Norman Catholics set up a ''de facto'' independent Irish state to fight the Wars of the Three Kingdoms (see Confederate Ireland). The Confederate Catholics of Ireland, also known as the Confederation of Kilkenny, emphasised that Ireland was a Kingdom independent from England, though under the same monarch. They demanded autonomy for the Irish Parliament, full rights for Catholics and an end to the confiscation of Catholic owned land. The Confederate cause was destroyed in the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland (1649–53) and the old Catholic landowning class was dispossessed permanently. The Irish Confederate (Confederate Ireland) troops abandoned the tower house during the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland, and Hamlet Obins (who had survived its capture) repossessed it in 1652. It was then passed to his son Anthony Obins. thumb left upright A souvenir of Montrose's hanging: His right arm (seen front and back) and sword. (Image:Arms of Montrose.png) Highlanders had never before been known to combine together, but Montrose knew that many of the West Highland clans, who were largely Catholic (Roman Catholic), detested Argyll and his Campbell (Clan Campbell) clansmen, none more so than the MacDonalds (Clan Donald) who with many of the other clans rallied to his summons. The Royalist allied Irish Confederates (Confederate Ireland) sent 2000 disciplined Irish soldiers led by Alasdair MacColla across the sea to assist him. In two campaigns, distinguished by rapidity of movement, he met and defeated his opponents in six battles. At Tippermuir (battle of Tippermuir) and Aberdeen (battle of Aberdeen) he routed Covenanting levies; at Inverlochy (Battle of Inverlochy (1645)) he crushed the Campbells, at Auldearn (Battle of Auldearn), Alford (battle of Alford) and Kilsyth (battle of Kilsyth) his victories were obtained over well-led and disciplined armies. George Wishart, ''Memoirs of the Most Renowned James Graham, Marquis of Montrose'', 1819, A. Constable, 530 pages Confederate Ireland In the 17th century, the castle came into the hands of Elizabeth Preston, wife of then Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, another James Butler (James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde), also 12th Earl and 1st Duke of Ormonde. Butler, unlike most of his family, was a Protestant and throughout the Irish Confederate Wars of the 1640s was the representative of Charles I (Charles I of England) in Ireland. However, his castle became the capital of a Catholic rebel movement, Confederate Ireland, whose parliament or "Supreme Council" met in Kilkenny Castle from 1642-48. Ormonde himself was based in Dublin at this time. The east wall and the northeast tower of the Castle were damaged in 1650 during the siege of Kilkenny by Oliver Cromwell during the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland. They were later torn down. Then, in 1661, Butler remodelled the castle as a “modern” château after his return from exile. A new entrance gateway in the south wall was built around this time. thumb left Trim Castle (File:Trim Castle 6.jpg) built by Hugh de Lacy The town is home to Western Europe's largest Norman (Norman architecture) castle, Trim Castle (or King John's Castle), which was built in the late 12th century following the Norman invasion of Ireland's eastern seaboard. Trim and the surrounding lands were granted to Hugh de Lacy (Hugh de Lacy, Lord of Meath), a Norman knight. Richard II of England stayed there before being ousted from power. Once a candidate to be the country's capital, the town has also occupied a role as one of the outposts of the Pale. It was also designated by Elizabeth I of England as the planned location for a Protestant Dublin University (known as Trinity College, Dublin). The city of Waterford in south eastern Ireland was besieged from 1649–50 during the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland. The town was held by Irish Confederate Catholic (Confederate Ireland) and English Royalist troops under general Thomas Preston (Thomas Preston, 1st Viscount Tara). It was besieged by English Parliamentarians under Oliver Cromwell, Michael Jones (Michael Jones (soldier)) and Henry Ireton. The English Parliamentarians were commanded by Charles Coote, an English settler who had commanded Parliamentarian forces in the northwest of Ireland throughout the Irish Confederate Wars. Galway was garrisoned by Irish Confederate (Confederate Ireland) soldiers under Thomas Preston, 1st Viscount Tara, many of whom had reached the city after an unsuccessful defence of Waterford.


Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant

2014 leader_title3 '''Deputy leader in Syria''' leader_name3 '''Abu Ali al-Anbari''' leader_title4 '''Head of Military Shura''' leader_name4 '''Abu Ayman al-Iraqi'''

Times date 10 August 2014 accessdate 28 August 2014 In July 2012, al-Baghdadi released an audio statement online announcing that the group was returning to the former


Uruguay

in politics. He was also the uncle of another Uruguayan president, Luis Batlle Berres and the great-uncle of the ex-president, Jorge Batlle. The endemic political instability and the nature of the economy resulted in the emergence of caudillos, military chiefs whose hold on power depended on their military skill and ability to dispense patronage. The political regimes were at least in theory democratic (Democracy) and took the form of either Presidential system presidential


Slovenia

publisher Aozora The knightly classes found their monopoly on arms and military skill undermined by the introduction of mercenary armies and foot soldiers. Predatory activity by "robber knights" became common. From 1438 the Habsburgs, who controlled most of the southeast of the Empire (more or less modern-day Austria and Slovenia, and Bohemia and Moravia after the death of King Louis II (Louis II of Hungary and Bohemia) in 1526), maintained a constant grip on the position of the Holy Roman Emperor until 1806 (with the exception of the years between 1742 and 1745). This situation, however, gave rise to increased disunity among the Holy Roman Empires territorial rulers and prevented sections of the country from coming together and forming nations in the manner of France and England. '''Hungary''' Commons:Category:Slovenia WikiPedia:Slovenia Dmoz:Regional Europe Slovenia


Iraq

Abd al-Malik in Kufa, a prominent city in southern Iraq. Shi'ites revolted in 736 and held the city until 740, led by Zayd ibn Ali, a grandson of Husayn and another member of the Banu Hashim. Zayd's rebellion failed, and was put down by Umayyad armies in 740. The revolt in Kufa indicated both the strength of the Umayyads and the growing unrest in the Muslim world. His heroic role in the revolution and military skill, along with his conciliatory politics toward Shia, Sunnis, Zoroastrians, Jews, and Christians, made him extremely popular among the people. Although it appears that Abu al-'Abbas trusted him in general, he was wary of his power, limiting his entourage to 500 men upon his arrival to Iraq on his way to Hajj in 754. Abu al-'Abbas's brother, al-Mansur (r. 754-775), advised al-Saffah on more than one occasion to have Abu Muslim killed, fearing his rising influence and popularity. It seems that this dislike was mutual, with Abu Muslim aspiring to more power and looking down in disdain on al-Mansur, feeling al-Mansur owed Abu Muslim for his position. When the new caliph's uncle, Abdullah ibn Ali rebelled, Abu Muslim was requested by al-Mansur to crush this rebellion, which he did, and Abdullah was given to his nephew as a prisoner. Abdullah was ultimately executed. There were disturbances in Iraq during the first several years of al-Ma'mun's reign, while the caliph was in Merv. On November 13, 815, Muhammad ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq (Al-Dibaj) claimed the Caliphate for himself in Mecca. He was defeated and he quickly abdicated asserting that he had only become caliph on news that al-Ma'mun had died. Lawlessness in Baghdad led to the formation of neighborhood watches. thumb left Dirham (File:Abbasid al-Mahdi dirham Kirman 166AH.jpg) of Al-Mahdi, 166 AH, Kirman, silver 2.95 g. The cosmopolitan city of Baghdad blossomed during al-Mahdi's reign. The city attracted immigrants from all of Arabia, Iraq, Syria, Persia (Iran), and lands as far away as India and Spain. Baghdad was home to Christians (Christianity), Jews, Hindus, and Zoroastrians, in addition to the growing Muslim population. It became the world's largest city. The 130th Engineer Brigade mobilized in support of the Global War on Terrorism in 2003. Commons:Category:Iraq WikiPedia:Iraq Dmoz:Regional Middle East Iraq


Argentina

resulted in the emergence of caudillos, military chiefs whose hold on power depended on their military skill and ability to dispense patronage. The political regimes were at least in theory democratic (Democracy) and took the form of either presidential (Presidential system) or parliamentary (Parliamentary system) governments. Both were prone to being taken over by a caudillo or an oligarchy. The political landscape was occupied by conservatives (Conservatism), who believed


Poland

was a Marshal of the Soviet Union, as well as Marshal of Poland and Polish Defence Minister, who was famously known for his service in the Eastern Front (Eastern Front (WWII)), where he received high esteem for his outstanding military skill. He is considered one of the Red Army's greatest strategists. WikiPedia:Poland Commons:Category:Poland Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland


Soviet Union

, where he received high esteem for his outstanding military skill. He is considered one of the Red Army's greatest strategists. Wikipedia:Post-Soviet states commons:Союз Советских Социалистических Республик


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