population are known as "Brayons." Forestry is the major industry in the county. History The first inhabitants of what is now called Madawaska County were the Maliseet or Wolastoqiyik, who occupied and used the land along the Saint John River Valley (Saint John River (Bay of Fundy)) north to the St. Lawrence River and south to the Penobscot River. There is debate concerning the true origin of the word "Madawaska". The earliest European settlers were from Quebec. The area was the focus of the bloodless Aroostook War, a border dispute led by businessman and political activist John Baker (John Baker (Baker Brook)). The earliest settlers of the Upper Saint John River Valley can be clearly verified with http: www.upperstjohn.com visits Saint-Vallier1686.htm and http: www.upperstjohn.com 1820 madawaska.htm The second link displays census results taken in 1820 of the Madawaska region where most families had originated from Quebec. Census subdivisions Communities There are ten incorporated municipalities within Madawaska County (listed by 2011 population): New Brunswick Provincial Archives - Madawaska County class "wikitable" - ! Official Name ! Designation ! Area km 2 ! Pop 2011 ! Parish - Edmundston City align "right" 107.00 align "right" 16,032 align "center" Madawaska (Madawaska Parish, New Brunswick) - Saint-Léonard (Saint-Léonard, New Brunswick) Town align "right" 5.20 align "right" 1,343 align "center" Saint-Léonard (Saint-Léonard Parish, New Brunswick) - Sainte-Anne-de-Madawaska (Sainte-Anne-de-Madawaska, New Brunswick) Village align "right" 9.21 align "right" 1,002 align "center" Sainte-Anne (Sainte-Anne Parish, New Brunswick) - Clair (Clair, New Brunswick) Village align "right" 10.39 align "right" 857 align "center" Clair (Clair Parish, New Brunswick) - Saint-André (Saint-André, New Brunswick) Rural community align "right" 8.12 align "right" 819 align "center" Saint-André Parish (Saint-André Parish, New Brunswick) - Rivière-Verte (Rivière-Verte, New Brunswick) Village align "right" 7.00 align "right" 744 align "center" Rivière-Verte (Rivière-Verte Parish, New Brunswick) - Lac-Baker (Lac-Baker, New Brunswick) Village align "right" 37.12 align "right" 719 align "center" Lac-Baker (Lac-Baker Parish, New Brunswick) - Baker-Brook (Baker-Brook, New Brunswick) Village align "right" 12.29 align "right" 585 align "center" Baker Brook (Baker Brook Parish, New Brunswick) - Saint-François-de-Madawaska (Saint-François-de-Madawaska, New Brunswick) Village align "right" 6.34 align "right" 533 align "center" Saint-François (Saint-François Parish, New Brunswick) - Saint-Hilaire (Saint-Hilaire, New Brunswick) Village align "right" 5.67 align "right" 303 align "center" Saint-Hilaire (Saint-Hilaire Parish, New Brunswick) First Nations There is one First Nations reserve in Madawaska County (listed by 2011 population): class "wikitable" - ! Official Name ! Designation ! Area km 2 ! Pop 2011 ! Parish - St. Basile 10 (St. Basile 10, New Brunswick) Reserve align "right" 3.21 align "right" 205 align "center" Saint-Basile (Saint-Basile Parish, New Brunswick) Parishes The county is subdivided into fourteen parishes (listed by 2011 population): class "wikitable" - ! Official Name ! Area km 2 ! Pop 2011 ! Incorporated municipalities ! Unincorporated communities - Saint-Joseph (Saint-Joseph Parish, New Brunswick) align "right" 322.89 align "right" 2,171 align "center" Deuxième-Sault (Deuxième-Sault, New Brunswick) Francoeur (Francoeur, New Brunswick) Lévesque (Lévesque, New Brunswick) Rang-des-Bossé (Rang-des-Bossé, New Brunswick) Rang-des-Couturier (Rang-des-Couturier, New Brunswick) Saint-Joseph-de-Madawaska (Saint-Joseph-de-Madawaska, New Brunswick) Sicard (Sicard, New Brunswick) Toussaint (Toussaint, New Brunswick) Violette (Violette, New Brunswick) - Saint-Jacques (Saint-Jacques Parish, New Brunswick) align "right" 299.80 align "right" 1,599 align "center" Ennemond (Ennemond, New Brunswick) Grandmaison (Grandmaison, New Brunswick) Moulin-Morneault (Moulin-Morneault, New Brunswick) Patrieville (Patrieville, New Brunswick) Petite-Rivière-à-la-Truite (Petite-Rivière-à-la-Truite, New Brunswick) Saint-Jacques (Saint-Jacques, New Brunswick) St. Joseph Settlement (St. Joseph Settlement, New Brunswick) - Saint-André (Saint-André Parish, New Brunswick) align "right" 128.08 align "right" 1,134 align "center" Saint-André (rural community) (Saint-André, New Brunswick) Comeau Ridge (Comeau Ridge, New Brunswick) Gaudreau Park (Gaudreau Park, New Brunswick) Lévesque Settlement (Lévesque Settlement, New Brunswick) McManus Siding (McManus Siding, New Brunswick) Powers Creek (Powers Creek, New Brunswick) Saint-Amand (Saint-Amand, New Brunswick) Woodville (Woodville, New Brunswick) - Saint-Léonard (Saint-Léonard Parish, New Brunswick) align "right" 343.97 align "right" 1,052 align "center" Saint-Léonard (town) (Saint-Léonard, New Brunswick) Bellefleur (Bellefleur, New Brunswick) Coombes Road (Coombes Road, New Brunswick) Cyr Junction (Cyr Junction, New Brunswick) Grand-Ruisseau (Grand-Ruisseau, New Brunswick) Martin Siding (Martin Siding, New Brunswick) Poitras (Poitras, New Brunswick) Rang-des-Bourgoin (Rang-des-Bourgoin, New Brunswick) Saint-Léonard-Parent (Saint-Léonard-Parent, New Brunswick) - Sainte-Anne (Sainte-Anne Parish, New Brunswick) align "right" 369.30 align "right" 949 align "center" Sainte-Anne-de-Madawaska (village) (Sainte-Anne-de-Madawaska, New Brunswick) Fourche-à-Clark (Fourche-à-Clark, New Brunswick) Miller Line Cache (Miller Line Cache, New Brunswick) Prime (Prime, New Brunswick) Rang-des-Deschêne (Rang-des-Deschêne, New Brunswick) Ringuette Settlement (Ringuette Settlement, New Brunswick) Siegas (Siegas, New Brunswick) Siegas Lake Settlement (Siegas Lake Settlement, New Brunswick) Sirois (Sirois, New Brunswick) - Saint-Basile (Saint-Basile Parish, New Brunswick) align "right" 129.74 align "right" 717 align "center" St. Basile 10 (native reserve) (St. Basile 10, New Brunswick) Boniface Bridge (Boniface Bridge, New Brunswick) Green River Settlement (Green River Settlement, New Brunswick) Jalbert (Jalbert, New Brunswick) Maillet (Maillet, New Brunswick) Montagne-des-Therrien (Montagne-des-Therrien, New Brunswick) Rang-des-Lavoie (Rang-des-Lavoie, New Brunswick) - Rivière-Verte (Rivière-Verte Parish, New Brunswick) align "right" 715.60 align "right" 686 align "center" Rivière-Verte (village) (Rivière-Verte, New Brunswick) Beardsley Depot (Beardsley Depot, New Brunswick) Davis Mill (Davis Mill, New Brunswick (Madawaska County)) Montagne-de-la-Croix (Montagne-de-la-Croix, New Brunswick) Montagne-des-Roy (Montagne-des-Roy, New Brunswick) Rang-des-Hubert (Rang-des-Hubert, New Brunswick) - Saint-François (Saint-François Parish, New Brunswick) align "right" 344.70 align "right" 630 align "center" Saint-François-de-Madawaska (village) (Saint-François-de-Madawaska, New Brunswick) Concession-des-Jaunes (Concession-des-Jaunes, New Brunswick) Concession-des-Viel (Concession-des-Viel, New Brunswick) Connors (Connors, New Brunswick) Lac-Unique (Lac-Unique, New Brunswick) Little River Mills (Little River Mills, New Brunswick) Mouth of St. Francis (Mouth of St. Francis, New Brunswick) Pelletiers Mill (Pelletiers Mill, New Brunswick) Val Oakes (Val Oakes, New Brunswick) - Saint-Hilaire (Saint-Hilaire Parish, New Brunswick) align "right" 41.55 align "right" 490 align "center" Saint-Hilaire (village) (Saint-Hilaire, New Brunswick) Riceville (Riceville, New Brunswick) - Clair (Clair Parish, New Brunswick) align "right" 44.18 align "right" 297 align "center" Clair (village) (Clair, New Brunswick) Caron Brook (Caron Brook, New Brunswick) Concession-des-Lang (Concession-des-Lang, New Brunswick) Concession-des-Vasseur (Concession-des-Vasseur, New Brunswick) Crockett (Crockett, New Brunswick) Les Rapides (Les Rapides, New Brunswick) - Baker Brook (Baker Brook Parish, New Brunswick) align "right" 125.48 align "right" 287 align "center" Baker-Brook (village) (Baker-Brook, New Brunswick) Concession-de-Baker-Brook (Concession-de-Baker-Brook, New Brunswick) Concession-des-Ouellette (Concession-des-Ouellette, New Brunswick) Rang-des-Morneault (Rang-des-Morneault, New Brunswick) Rang-Saint-Joseph (Rang-Saint-Joseph, New Brunswick) Val-Lambert (Val-Lambert, New Brunswick) Val-Nadeau (Val-Nadeau, New Brunswick) - Notre-Dame-de-Lourdes (Notre-Dame-de-Lourdes Parish, New Brunswick) align "right" 188.63 align "right" 263 align "center" Durette Settlement (Durette Settlement, New Brunswick) Flemming (Flemming, New Brunswick) Harrison Brook Settlement (Harrison Brook Settlement, New Brunswick) La Montagne (La Montagne, New Brunswick) Lower Siegas (Lower Siegas, New Brunswick) Notre-Dame-de-Lourdes (Notre-Dame-de-Lourdes, New Brunswick) - Lac-Baker (Lac-Baker Parish, New Brunswick) align "right" 24.29 align "right" 5 align "center" Lac-Baker (village) (Lac-Baker, New Brunswick) Boundary (Boundary, New Brunswick) Portage-du-Lac (Portage-du-Lac, New Brunswick) Rang-des-Collin (Rang-des-Collin, New Brunswick) Saint-Castin (Saint-Castin, New Brunswick) Pelletiers Mill (Pelletiers Mill, New Brunswick) Soucy (Soucy, New Brunswick) - Madawaska (Madawaska Parish, New Brunswick) align "right" 173.32 align "right" 0 align "center" Edmundston (city) (Edmundston) Demographics Population '''Saint-André''' (2011 pop.: 819) is a Canadian (Canada) village in Madawaska County (Madawaska County, New Brunswick), New Brunswick. New Brunswick Provincial Archives - Saint-André '''Saint-François-de-Madawaska''' (2011 pop.: 533) is a Canadian (Canada) village in Madawaska County (Madawaska County, New Brunswick), New Brunswick. New Brunswick Provincial Archives - Saint-François-de-Madawaska '''Saint-Hilaire''' (2006 population: 231) is a Canadian (Canada) village in Madawaska County (Madawaska County, New Brunswick), New Brunswick. New Brunswick Provincial Archives - Saint-Hilaire '''Saint-Léonard''' (2011 population: 1,343) is a Canadian (Canada) town in Madawaska County (Madawaska County, New Brunswick), New Brunswick. New Brunswick Provincial Archives - Saint-Léonard It is located on the east bank of the Saint John River (Saint John River (New Brunswick)) opposite Van Buren, Maine, to which it is connected via the Saint Leonard-Van Buren Bridge. The town's economy is driven by potato farming and a J.D. Irving Limited sawmill. Saint-Léonard is officially bilingual but it is predominantly a Francophone community. It has a single school, École Grande-Riviere. Saint-Léonard was once a popular town during Prohibition in the United States as it was easy to smuggle alcohol to Van Buren. '''Sainte-Anne-de-Madawaska''' (2006 population: 1,073) is a Canadian (Canada) town in Madawaska County (Madawaska County, New Brunswick), New Brunswick. New Brunswick Provincial Archives - Sainte-Anne-de-Madawaska
east of the state capital, Perth (Perth, Western Australia). It has a population of approximately 800 people. Although Coolgardie is now known to most Western Australians as a tourist town and a mining 'ghost town', it was once the third largest town in Western Australia (after Perth (Perth, Western Australia) and Fremantle (Fremantle, Western Australia)). At this time, mining of alluvial gold was a major industry and supplied the flagging economy with new hope. Many miners suffered under the harsh conditions, but for a few, their finds made the hard work worthwhile. Most men, however, left poorer than they had started off, with their hopes dashed. History thumb left Coolgardie School of Mines (File:CoolgardieSchoolOfMines WEFretwellCollection.jpg) The town was founded in 1892, when gold was discovered in the area. Australia had seen several major gold rushes over the previous three decades, mostly centred on the east coast, but these had mostly been exhausted by the 1890s. With the discovery of a new goldfield, an entire new gold rush began, with thousands flocking to the area. By 1898, Coolgardie was the third largest town
from 38,824 at the 2000 census. It is Kern County's second largest city after Bakersfield. Agriculture is Delano's major industry. The area is particularly well known as a center for the growing of table grapes. Delano is also home to two California state prisons, North Kern State Prison and Kern Valley State Prison
Baraboo Category:Cities in Wisconsin Category:Cities in Sauk County, Wisconsin Category:Micropolitan areas of Wisconsin Category:County seats in Wisconsin Category:Populated places established in 1838 Category:1838 establishments in the United States Tourism Tourism is also a major industry in Wisconsin – the state's third largest, according to the Department of Tourism. Tourist destinations such as the House on the Rock near Spring Green, Wisconsin Spring
is no mining and no major industry. Handcrafts are made, mostly guitars called jarana jarochas (often decorated with snail and seashells) and decorative items for the tourist trade. The most important commercial activity is tourism, mostly centered in the city of Catemaco. The area attracts mostly Mexican visitors, with the busiest times being traditional vacation periods such as Holy Week (Holy Week in Mexico), some parts of summer and long
Depression when the price of butterfat collapsed. Economy Industry Timber is the town's major industry, but it has been joined by fruit and vegetable farms, dairy farms, wool, grain and vineyards. The Cripps Pink, otherwise better known as the Pink Lady (Pink Lady (apple)) apple was created in Manjimup in 1973 by John Cripps of the then-named Western Australian Department of Agriculture (Department of Agriculture and Food (Western Australia)) DATE OF BIRTH 26 May 1950 PLACE OF BIRTH Manjimup (Manjimup, Western Australia), Western Australia DATE OF DEATH Aegean Macedonians were essential in the establishment of the Macedonian Australia People league (''Macedonian (Macedonian language): Makedono-Avstraliski Naroden Sâjuz'') which dominated ethnic Macedonian life throughout the 1940s and 1950s. They then went on to establish organizations and events such as Macedonian Cultural Week, Preston Makedonija (Preston Lions FC), Makedonska Iskra, Macedonian Community of S.A, Nova Makedonija and many others. There are Aegean Macedonian minorities in Richmond (Richmond, New South Wales), Melbourne, Manjimup (Manjimup, Western Australia), 2001 Census QuickStats : Manjimup Shepparton (Shepparton, Victoria), Wanneroo (Wanneroo, Western Australia) and Queanbeyan (Queanbeyan, New South Wales). Hill (1989) pp. 91,86,48 The Church of St George and the Florina Community Centre and Day Care center was built in Shepparton the Aegean Macedonian hall - Kotori was built by 32 families from the village Kotori in Richmond. Another Church was established by Aegean Macedonians in Queanbeyan and a hall erected in Manjimup. Other Aegean Macedonians organizations include the "Macedonian Aegean Association of Australia" and the "Richmond Aegean Macedonian Cultural and Sporting Association.
''') is a town on Malindi Bay at the mouth of the Galana River, lying on the Indian Ocean coast of Kenya. It is 120 kilometres northeast of Mombasa. The population of Malindi was 207,253 as of the 2009 census. It is the largest urban centre in Kilifi County. Overview Tourism is the major industry in Malindi. The city is exceptionally popular among Italian tourists. Malindi is served with a domestic airport and a highway between
;#93; (전주한옥마을 슬로시티]) . Visitkorea.or.kr. Retrieved on 2013-07-12. *The Jeonju International Sori Festival is among Songlines' 25 Best International Festivals in 2014. *The Jeonju International Film Festival draws about 50,000 visitors annually. *Jeonju is the hometown of the breakdancing crew Last for One, international Battle of the Year champion. People and everyday life Education is a major industry in the city, but it does not have the manufacturing or heavy industries found in other Korean cities. The local mountains and parks are popular for outdoor recreation due to its rural location. There are also various historical sites in the area. The city also has a zoo, a large park, and the Hanguk Sound and Culture Hall, a large, modern concert complex on the Chonbuk National University campus. Notable People Kim Tae-yeon (born March 9, 1989), leader of the girl group Girls' Generation was born here. Kim Sung-kyu, leader of South Korean boy band Infinite (Infinite (band)). Kim Kyu Jong, center of SS501, was born here (born February 24, 1987) Administrative districts Jeonju is divided into 2 wards, Deokjin-gu (덕진구) and Wansan-gu (완산구), which in turn are divided into approximately 40 neighborhoods. Transportation When touring to Jeonju, it is good to use local city busses and taxis. Everything is in close so walking between points is suggested. Take advantage of one of the many local city busses. ja:全州
sector The production of textiles and carpets were the most important industries in the history of the city. But nowadays, in relation to its population, Semnan has very powerful industrial sectors, with special regards to its automobile industry (cars and bikes). Another major industry is the production of cement from the nearby cement plants. The mountains and foothills around Semnan also hold major deposits of minerals used in the production of plaster; these mines are known in Persian as ''ma'dan e gach''. Other minerals that are mined around the city consist of gypsum, salts, zeolite, bentonite, and celestine (celestine (mineral)). Some heavy industries of Semnan consist of the Iran Khodro Semnan Production Plant (producing 100,000 Samand cars per year), Oqab Afshan Production Plant (largest bus production plant in the region of Asia), the Semnan Sodium Carbonate Company (largest in the region of Asia), and the Semnan Rolling Mills Group (major producer of piping and profiles). One of the largest industrial zone in the city is the Semnan Industrial Town, which features 2,100 hectares of land and 900 industrial units. Agricultural sector Agricultural traditions still persist around and within the city of Semnan. The Golrudbar river, which starts in the Alborz mountains in the north, runs through the western side of the city. With proper irregation, the municipality has managed to convert the entire southwestern portion of the city into green and lush pomegranate gardens. Around the city, further irregation of the Golrudbar river and the surrounding creeks and tributaries have provided the proper environment for the cultivation of herbs, eggplants, potatoes, walnuts, and cotton. Semnan also produces handwoven rugs called ''Glim''. These rugs consist of naturally dyed wools, woven into beautiful tribal and local designs. Villages in Semnan-Iran-05-22-2011 - YouTube Demography and ethnic influences Majority of the city dwellers are Persians. Older Semnan was made up of four main districts: Shaji (Shahjoo), Naasaar, Latibaar and Espanjon (Esfanjan). These four districts still exist today, but the city has grown and become much larger including some new districts. To the west of the city is "Maleh" which used to be a separate settlement but was not a part of Semnan. In the local language the inhabitants are known as Malezh. "Maleh" consists of three parts: Koery (Kodivar), Koshmeni (Kushmaqaan) and Zaveni (Zavaqaan). "Maleh" is now part of Semnan. As a result of the Qajar dynasty's heavy influence on the city of Semnan, especially under Fath Ali Shah's reign, some families in Semnan can trace their lineage back to the Qajar dynasty. Furthermore, much of the city's most important monuments have been built under Turkic (Turkic peoples) dynasties. For example, the Jame' Mosque of Semnan, constructed nearly 1,000 years ago, was built by the Seljuq dynasty. The famous Imam Mosque, originally known as Soltani Mosque, was constructed by the Qajar dynasty. The Gate of Semman, or Arg e Semnan, which is the representative symbol of the city of Semnan, was also constructed by the Qajar dynasty. Many other historical sites within the city and the surrounding villages demonstrate a strong Turkic (Turkic peoples) and Ilkhanate influence in their architectural designs. Also, much of the city's ''Sayyid'' population tends to descend from the Alavids of the Caspian region to the north of the province. Religion The people of the city of Semnan are almost all entirely Shi'a Muslim. The Shi'a Islamic faith dominates the culture, norms, traditions, and beliefs of the city, and continues to dictate the style of life in city. As a result, the celebrations, rituals, and days of religious mourning play a major role in the life of a Semnani city dweller, and are for some families, more important that the national Iranian customs and holidays. The majority of the people of Semnan observe Shi'a Islam quite conservatively; hence, the martyrdom and birthdays of Shi'a Imams are very important days on the calendar. Muharram traditions thumb Artistic impression of a historical Day of Ashura Ashura (File:10 Muharram.jpg) mourning ceremony, by Fausto Zonaro (1909) Muharram is the first month of the Islamic Calendar, and also the month which marks the brutal and tragic martyrdom of the third Shi'a Imam, Imam Hussein and 72 members of his household. The people of Semnan observe Muharram and the overall 50 days of mourning by refraining from worldy pleasures, such as music and joyful gatherings, wearing dark clothes to show intimate grief, and participating in outdoor rallies consisting of massive mourning accompanied by sorrowful chants which recall the events of the tragedy in Karbala, the place of Imam Hussein's martyrdom. In addition, the mournings on the tenth day of Muharram, known as Ashura (Day of Ashura), consist of self-flagellation rituals in which the participants attempt to symbolically inflict pain upon themselves. Another major event held in Semnan during the month of Muharram is the reenactment of the tragedy of Karbala. Participating locals would wear the armor and clothing of the armies of Imam Hussein and his enemies, as well as decorating the local horses in the cavalry uniform of the era. Thus, the battle would be reenacted. خطای نابهنگام During this month's sorrowful rituals, it is custom to cook a community meal (usually a stew). This is done by placing colossal cauldrons outside upon a source of heat, then, people would take turns stirring the stew until it is ready to be consumed by the community's mourners. سایت جامع سمنان - مسابقه عكس "شور عاشورا " در سمنان برگزار میشود Traditional clothing and modern trends thumb Common clothing for Western Imitation (File:Iranian women walking and talking.jpg) Being a city in the Islamic Republic of Iran, all styles and clothing trends in Semnan must meet the Islamic standards of Hijab. The styles of clothing within the city of Semnan are categorized within the ''Western (Western world)'', ''Rural Semnani'', and ''Modern Iranian'' styles. * '''Western Imitation:''' Regardless of religious beliefs, a large number of Semnanis prefer to wear Western clothing. For men, this style of clothing usually refers to a t-shirt and a pair of jeans, or an informal dress shirt tucked into a pair of jeans or slacks. For women, this style of clothing usually refers to a pair of jeans, a blouse, and a tight, thin overcoat in order to meet Islamic standards of dress. * '''Rural Semnani:''' The rural Semnani style of clothing is the traditional clothing of the people of Semnan, however, this style of clothing is rarely seen within the city, and is mainly worn during ceremonies held by the rural people living in the villages around Semnan. For men, rural Semnani clothing refers to a vest like garment worn over an informal long-sleeved dress shirt along with a pair of slacks. Also, the men tend to wear a wool cap or prayer cap. For women, this style of clothing usually refers to a vest worn over a long, loose shirt, along with a long and colorful skirt. The vests worn by the women tend to be decorated with numerous coins dating back to the Pahlavi dynasty and the Qajar dynasty. When the rural-styled women leave their homes, they would wear a colorful or flowery designed chador, or a long cloak that covers the body entirely except for the hands and face. * '''Modern Iranian:''' The modern Iranian style of clothing reflects a mixture of Iranian and Western styles of clothing that are worn by the people of Tehran and other major Iranian cities. There are also a few additional accessories worn by individuals to distinguish their rank or social standing. For example, the majority of Sayyid Semnanis distinguish themselves by wearing a green cap, which symbolizes their descent from the Prophet of Islam and his Ahl al-Bayt, or holy household. Villages in Semnan-Iran-05-22-2011 - YouTube Furthermore, the women of Semnan tend to wear the chador as the preferred form of hijab. Semnan Province-Iran-05-01-2011 - YouTube Unique customs and traditions Norms thumb Artistic impression of jinn (File:Jinn from Ali manuscript.jpg) * While the validity of the following has not been verified, some Semnani families have reported that the traditional norms and customs of the city called for a high level of respect and prestigious treatment towards the ''Sayyid'' population; in return, the ''Sayyids'' were expected to demonstrate a dignified source of emulation and guidance for the citizens. If such norms and traditions existed, it is not clear to what extent they are practiced and carried out in today's Semnan. * It has also been reported that the people of Semnan have historically refused to wear black clothing for the mourning of the dead, this does not include the religious mournings of Muharram or the deaths and martyrdoms of Shi'a imams and figures. The foundation of this refusal appears to be rooted in the hatred of the people of Semnan towards the Abbasid Caliphate and its utilization of black flags. What Do You Know About Semnan before Taking a Trip to Iran? | Travel Blog * Superstitions are highly intertwined with the religious beliefs amongst the older generations in Semnan. One example would be the historical refusal of the local people to travel near the Rig-e Jenn or ''Dunes of the Jinn'' while leading trade caravans south towards the Province of Isfahan in the past. The local people believed that evil, demonic spirits lived and dwelled near the sand dunes. * Traditionally, the women were tasked with baking the oven-baked bread of the city. It is reported that in historical times, the women could make three months worth of bread in one day. Over time, the women responsible for the baking of the bread developed several folksongs that they would sing as they baked. Two famous folksongs are "môr siyô" and "nün bışkán". Nowrouz traditions thumb Sample of samanu (File:Samanoo-Samanou-Persian-sweet-paste-for-Nowruz-Haft-Sin-Tablet.jpg) The celebrations of Nowrouz are slightly different in the city of Semnan. Since the beginning of the Iranian (Islamic) solar month of ''Esfand'', a man dressed in red with a charcoal-blackened face known as Hajji Firuz sits on top of a wooden horse, decorated with beautiful textiles, in the bazaars of Semnan. He congratulates the people and takes part in the establishment of the holiday environment. He sings in the Semnani language: ''arbaab e mani somboli baleikom, arbaab e mani sarbalaayii hei kon, arbaab e mani bozboz e qandi, arbaab e mani chera nemikhandi''. Also, as the celebrations approach the Nowrouz, many celebrators blacken there faces with charcoal and join the celebrations. Another interesting aspect of the Nowrouz celebrations are the massive gatherings of the womenfolk in which they make covenants with God (Allah) to cook large batches of samanu for the poor. سایت جامع سمنان - نوروز در استان سمنان Unique foods and dishes thumb Popular Koloocheh and Masgati Kolüçe (File:Kolooche.jpg) cookies (right) demonstrate the Caspian (Caspian Sea) region's culinary influence on Semnan The people of Semnan have many foods and dishes that are specific to Semnan. Some of the common ingredients used in Semnani dishes consist of pomegranate extracts, fresh walnuts from Shahmirzad (şômırzé), a variety of greens and herbs known in Persian as ''sabzijat'', and more recently, potatoes. Semnani food tends to be slightly sour and spicey when compared to the general culinary preferences of Tehran. In fact, there is an old proverb among the local people that says, "Semnan has so many foods, that a wife from this city can cook a different dish for every night of the year." Some of the famous dishes are: Chelo Gousht, سایت دستور پخت غذا - چلو گوشت سمنانی Sabzi polo, سایت پرشین پرشیا-تغذیه وغذاهای سالم - سبزی پلوی سمنانی ها سبزتر است! and Khoresht e Esfanaj va Gerdou (espenôj vu yüz). The Semnani people are also quite fond of a variety of breads such as shirmal, shortbread (kamôç), and Kolüçe (Koloocheh and Masgati) pastries. In the Semnani language, bread that is baked in an oven is referred to as "nün," while bread made by other means is referred to as "sôdjí." The following are the names of some foods in English and Semnani: chicken (gırká), pomegranate (nôr), grapes (engír), cucumber (djürüng), walnut (yüz), eggplant (vıngun), and apricot (şillık). Languages Persian language The Persian language is the official language of the Islamic Republic of Iran, and thus within the city of Semnan. Every literate person in Semnan knows how to communicate in the Persian language. Semnani language , ''Ostān-e Semnān'' ) is one of the 31 provinces (provinces of Iran) of Iran. It is in the north of the country, and its center is Semnan (Semnan, Iran). The province of Semnan covers an area of 96,816 square kilometers and stretches along the Alborz mountain range and borders to Dasht-e Kavir desert in its southern parts. In 1340 Mas'ud moved against the Ja'un-i Qurban under Arghun Shah; the latter was forced to abandon Nishapur and retreat to Tus (Tus, Iran). The Sarbadars continued to mint coins in Togha Temur's name, in the hope that he would ignore this move as he was campaigning in the west again at this time. The khan, however, moved against them; his forces were destroyed, and while fleeing to Mazandaran several important figures such as 'Ala' al-Din (formerly in charge of Sabzavar), 'Adb-Allah, and Togha's own brother 'Ali Ke'un were killed. The Sarbadars gained control of Jajarm, Damghan and Simnan (Semnan, Iran), along with Togha's capital of Gurgan. Mas'ud and Hasan Juri, however, soon came into disagreement over several issues. Mas'ud, following the defeat of Togha Temur, gained a new suzerain in the form of Hasan Kucek of the Chobanids, as well as the latter's puppet khan Sulaiman. Mas'ud considered the move necessary; with the conquest of Simnan, the Chobanids were now neighbors. Since the Chobanids were Sunnis, however, this doubtless did not go over well with Mas'ud's co-ruler. Safir-2 (Safir (rocket)) Semnan (Semnan, Iran), Iran 2 February 2009 The most important network of roads consists of Semnan (Semnan, Iran) to Sangsar to Shahmirzad to Fooladmahale axis which connects these places with the city of Sari (Sari, Iran). This road connects the two provinces of Mazandaran and Semnan.