("On water I was built, my walls are made of fire. This is my ensign and escutcheon") small>

; settlement_type City image_skyline CollageMadrid.jpg image_caption From upper left: Puerta de Alcalá, Campo del Moro Gardens (Royal Palace of Madrid#Campo del Moro Gardens) and Royal Palace (Royal Palace of Madrid), City Hall (Cibeles Palace), Alcalá and Gran Vía (Gran Vía (Madrid)) street, Prado Museum, Statue of the Bear and the Strawberry bush (''madroño'') in Puerta del Sol Square (Puerta del Sol), Cervantes Institute Foundation Headquarter (Cervantes Institute), View of Royal

Palace of Madrid Royal Palace and Almudena Cathedral. imagesize 250px image_flag Bandera de Madrid.svg image_shield Escudo de Madrid.svg flag_link Flag of the City of Madrid flag_size 125px shield_link Coat of arms of Madrid shield_size 75px pushpin_map Spain pushpin_mapsize 250 pushpin_map_caption Location of Madrid within Spain pushpin_map1 Spain Madrid pushpin_map_alt1 pushpin_map_caption1 Map of Madrid coordinates_region ES-M subdivision_type List

Spanish National Research Council

; the most complete and extensive network of specialist libraries, and also has joint research units. Origins Its origins are found in the ''Junta para la Ampliación de Estudios'' (1907–1939) born within the Institución Libre de Enseñanza and inspired in the Krausist (Karl Christian Friedrich Krause) philosophy. Duties thumb 320px CSIC's central building, in Madrid (File:Edificio central del CSIC (Madrid) 01.jpg). According to the Statute’s article 5 of CSIC State Agency,<

European facilities: * European Synchrotron Radiation Facility * Max von Laue-Paul Langevin Institute centres CSIC has a number of specialised research centres carrying out research in several fields: * Centro Andaluz de Biología del Desarrollo (CABD), Sevilla. * Centro Andaluz de Biología Molecular y Medicina Regenerativa ('''CABIMER'''), Sevilla. * Centro de Acústica Aplicada y Evaluación no Destructiva (CAEND), Madrid. * Centro de Automática

Cuenca, Spain

point from Madrid, Los Moralejos, also known as "Carrero" (its old name was Carrero Blanco, the VP of General Franco), is a park which was enlarged in the early nighties, when San Julian's fair was moved to its current location, thus releasing some amount of land. A bicycle lane has been built recently, as well as a new connection with the "el Sargal" sport centre. *''Santa Ana'', "El Vivero", near to the Cuenca's bullring, large trees give shadow to most of the park

Arab castle, Kunka. Other alternative original names have been suggested, including "Anitorgis", "Sucro" or "Concava". The city of Cuenca is also known as the "Eagle's Nest" because of its precarious position on the edge of a gorge. Transportation The city is served by the Cuenca Railway Station. It is a popular day or weekend trip from Madrid, to which it is very well connected. On 2010 December 19 a new AVE ( High-speed rail in Spain

high-speed rail ) link was established between Madrid – Atocha (Madrid Atocha railway station) and Valencia and some of them stops at the Cuenca – Fernando Zobel station (Cuenca Railway Station), providing travellers with frequent connections everyday with both Madrid and Valencia, reducing the journey time to only 50 minutes to from Madrid and one hour to from Valencia. RENFE also operates a non high-speed service taking 3 hours going from Madrid. Auto Res, a bus operator


rail travels, which consolidates its role as a communications hub . Currently, Zaragoza Airport is a major cargo hub in the Iberian Peninsula, behind only Madrid, Barcelona, and Lisbon. Zaragoza is home to a Spanish Air Force base, which was shared with the U.S. Air Force until 1994.

The city is connected by motorway with the main cities in central and northern Spain, including Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, and Bilbao, all of which are located about 300 kilometres (200 miles) from Zaragoza. The city has a network of buses which is controlled by the Urban Buses of Zaragoza (AUZSA). The network consists of 31 regular lines (two of them circle lines), two scheduled routes, six shuttle buses (one free), and seven night buses operating on Fridays

annual charge, people can collect a bicycle from one hire point and ride it to another part of the city, leaving the bicycle at a different hire point. The first line of the Zaragoza tram (Valdespartera-Parque Goya) is fully operational. Zaragoza is a part of the Spanish high-speed railway (High-speed rail in Spain) operated by RENFE, AVE, which connects Madrid and Barcelona via high-speed rail (Madrid-Barcelona high-speed rail line). Madrid can be reached in 75&nbsp

Toledo, Spain

) is a municipality located in central Spain, 70 km south of Madrid. It is the capital (capital city) of the province (province (Spain)) of Toledo (Province of Toledo) and the autonomous community (autonomous communities of Spain) of Castile–La Mancha. It was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1986 for its extensive cultural and monumental heritage and historical co-existence of Christian, Muslim and Jewish (Judaism) cultures. Toledo is known

spread through Christian Europe again. For some time during the 16th century, Toledo served as the capital city of Castile (Crown of Castile), and the city flourished. However, soon enough the Spanish court was moved, first to Valladolid and then to Madrid, thus letting the city's importance dwindle until the late 20th century, when it became the capital of the autonomous community of Castile–La Mancha. Nevertheless, the economic decline of the city helped to preserve its cultural

'', exhibited in the Church of Santo Tomé. When Philip II moved the royal court from Toledo to Madrid in 1561, the old city went into a slow decline from which it never recovered. Toledo steel Toledo has been a traditional sword-making, steel-working center since about 500 BC, and came to the attention of Rome when used by Hannibal in the Punic Wars. Soon, it became a standard source of weaponry for Roman Legion (Roman legion)s.

Ávila, Spain

, reducing to just 4,000 inhabitants. In the 19th century there was some population growth with the construction of the railway line from Madrid to the French border at Irun and an important junction near the town. In 1936, at the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War, the town quickly became part of the area occupied by rebel troops. Growth continued slowly again under Franco (Francisco Franco), but Ávila has not had a major influence in Spanish society in recent history, apart from

;Cathcart King 1988, 29" *Narrow-gauge railway Santander-Bilbao (FEVE) *Broad-gauge railway Santander-Palencia-Valladolid-Ávila (Ávila, Spain)-Madrid (RENFE) *Broad-gauge high-speed railway Santander-Torrelavega-Valladolid-Segovia-Madrid (RENFE) - Ávila (Ávila, Spain) Adaja Douro in Villamarciel Tordesillas and Arévalo - - 50px A-50 (File:A-50Spain.png) Autovía de la Cultura (Autovía A-50) Salamanca

are Seville, Granada, Santander (Santander, Cantabria), Oviedo, Gijón, Bilbao and San Sebastián. All of them with historical landmarks and a lively cultural agenda. Early life Born Jorge Agustín Nicolás Ruiz de Santayana y Borrás on December 16, 1863 in Madrid, he spent his early childhood in Ávila (Ávila, Spain). His mother Josefina Borrás was the daughter of a Spanish official in the Philippines, and Jorge was the only child of her second marriage. She


enjoyed significant growth since its inauguration in 1992. Málaga is the main economic and financial centre of southern Spain, home of the region (Andalusia)'s largest bank, Unicaja, and the fourth-ranking city in economic activity in Spain (Economy of Spain) behind Madrid, Barcelona and Valencia (Valencia, Spain).

in Málaga (''Palacio de Ferias y Congresos de Málaga'') Málaga is the fourth-ranking city in economic activity in Spain (Economy of Spain) behind Madrid, Barcelona and Valencia (Valencia, Spain). The most important business sectors in Málaga are tourism, construction and technology services, but other sectors such as transportation and logistics are beginning to expand. The Andalusia Technology Park (PTA

and is the only one that permits paedocommunion, while The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is growing. Islam is represented by a growing number of immigrants and a mosque, while the Jewish community (Judaism in Spain) (primarily Sephardi) is represented by its synagogue and the Jewish Association. Sports thumb 220px Estadio La Rosaleda La Rosaleda (File:Estado de la Rosaleda (Málaga C.F.).jpg) stadium. Málaga CF vs Real Madrid C.F. in October 2010

San Sebastián

SEBASTIAN publisher Ingeba accessdate 15 August 2013 Facilities of many state run agencies were established here and presently Amara's buildings house many business offices. The district revolves around the axis of ''Avenida Sancho el Sabio'' and ''Avenida de Madrid''. Gros The district is built on the sandy terrain across the river. The ''Gros'' or ''Zurriola'' surf beach by the river's mouth bears witness to that type of soil. In the 19th century, shanties

Navarra , Universidad del País Vasco (UPV EHU), Universidad de Deusto and University of Mondragón, the secondary studies activity is having an increasing impact on social, cultural, technological and economical levels of the city and surroundings. With its pushing innovative and research centers and its research strategies it is becoming one of Spain's main Science production locations, along with Barcelona, Madrid, Bilbao, Sevilla and Valencia, among others. Donostia-San Sebastian's

of Military Cross for gallantry. Retired to live in San Sebastián and died there 1962, interred at San Sebastián *Xabi Alonso, professional footballer born in Tolosa but raised in San Sebastián. Formerly of Real Sociedad, Liverpool (Liverpool F.C.) and Real Madrid. Now plays for Bayern Munich. Part of the World Cup (FIFA World Cup) winning Spanish National Team. * Iker Martínez de Lizarduy Lizarribar (Iker Martínez), Olympic sailor. * Miguel Muñoa Pagadizabal, philanthropist


accessdate 2011-08-17 generating a diverse environment. It is situated approximately east of the Portuguese border. The University of Salamanca, which was founded in 1134, is the oldest university in Spain and the fourth (List of oldest universities in continuous operation) oldest western university, but the first to be given its status by the Pope Alexander IV who gave universal title MIRAT Historia Antecedentes url http: accessdate 2011-08-17 Communications thumb upright A street of the old city of Salamanca (File:Vista de la catedral de salamanca.JPG) Railroad Renfe has trains to national destinations like Madrid, Valladolid, Zaragoza, while international destinations are Paris (via Irun) and Lisbon via Guarda, Portugal. Until 1984 it was possible to travel by train to Porto

: subwebs Embajadas Montevideo es home Paginas home_montevideo.aspx Spanish embassy in Montevideo (in Spanish only) * Uruguay has an embassy in Madrid and 3 consulate general (in Barcelona, Santiago de Compostela and Valencia (Valencia, Spain)) and 7 honorary consulates (in Bilbao, Palma de Majorca (Palma (Majorca)), Pamplona, Salamanca, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Seville and Vigo). * Both countries are full members of the Latin Union

Athens International Airport

, Istanbul-Atatürk (Istanbul Atatürk Airport), Kavala (Kavala International Airport), Kos (Kos Island International Airport), Kiev-Zhuliany (Kyiv Zhuliany International Airport), Larnaca (Larnaca International Airport), Limnos (Lemnos International Airport), London-Heathrow (London Heathrow Airport), Manchester (Manchester Airport), Moscow-Domodedovo, Paphos (Paphos Airport) (begins 29 March 2015), Madrid–Barajas Airport Madrid

,c9641404 B 4 Germanwings Düsseldorf (Düsseldorf International Airport) (begins 9 April 2015) https: de.html '''Seasonal:''' Cologne Bonn (Cologne Bonn Airport), Stuttgart (Stuttgart Airport) B 1 Gulf Air Bahrain (Bahrain International Airport) http: news-details.php?nid 32354 A 1 Iberia (Iberia (airline)) Madrid

Barajas International Airport Madrid B 1 Iberia Express '''Seasonal:''' Madrid (Madrid Barajas International Airport) B 1 Jetairfly '''Summer seasonal:''' Brussels (Brussels Airport) B 1 KLM Amsterdam (Amsterdam Airport Schiphol) B 2 LOT Polish Airlines '''Seasonal:''' Warsaw-Chopin (Warsaw Chopin Airport) B 1 Lufthansa Frankfurt (Frankfurt Airport), Munich (Munich Airport) B 4 <

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