Places Known For

literary history


Fort William, India

#Commands Eastern Command commanders battles Battle of Plassey '''Fort William''' is a fort built in Calcutta on the eastern banks of the River Hooghly (Hooghly River), the major distributary of the River Ganges, during the early years of the Bengal Presidency of British India. It was named after King William III of England and Ireland and II of Scotland.


Bolinas, California

: www.bolinasmuseum.org Bolinas Museum *The Coastal Post *Bolinas Community Center *New York Times article on Bolinas Culture *Bolinas Literary History by Kevin Opstedal *Dreaming As One: Poetry, Poets and Community in Bolinas, California, 1967-1980 by Kevin Opstedal *


Buttevant

is situated beside the church in Buttevant Main Street and is near the Awbeg river (River Awbeg). Cahirmee horse fair Literary history Buttevant also has many literary associations: Edmund Spencer, from his manor at Kilcolman, Black's Guide to Ireland, 1906, "Buttevant" referred to it and the gentle Mullagh (the Awbeg River


South of Market, San Francisco

in the 1950s pushed a new population into this area in the 1960s, the incipient gay community, and the leather (Folsom Street Fair#History_of_the_leather_community_in_San_Francisco) community in particular. From 1962 until 1982, the gay leather community grew and thrived throughout South of Market, most visibly along Folsom Street, since it was a warehouse area that was largely deserted at night. Mick Sinclair, ''San Francisco: A Cultural and Literary History'', Interlink, 2003


Norrköping

September 1906) was a Swedish (Sweden) poet, critic and literary historian (literary history). Levertin was a dominant voice of the Swedish cultural scene from 1897, when he started writing influential high-profile essays and reviews in the daily paper Svenska Dagbladet. *Stockholm - Södertälje - Hallsberg - Skövde - Herrljunga - Gothenburg; *Stockholm - Södertälje - Norrköping - Linköping - Nässjö - Hässleholm - Lund


Ganja, Azerbaijan

was Nezami (also spelled as Nizami and Neẓāmi). He was born of an urban Jan Rypka (Rypka, Jan. ‘Poets and Prose Writers of the Late Saljuq and Mongol Periods’, in The Cambridge History of Iran, Volume 5, The Saljuq and Mongol Periods, ed., Published January 1968. pg 578:As the scene of the greatest flowering of the panegyrical qasida, southern Caucasia occupies a prominent place in New Persian literary history. But this region also gave to the world Persia’s finest creator of romantic epics. Hakim Jamal al-din Abu Muhammad Ilyas b. Yusuf b. Zaki b. Mu’ayyad Nizami a native of Ganja in Azarbaijan, is an unrivaled master of thoughts and words, a poet whose freshness and vigor all the succeeding centuries have been unable to dull. Little is known of his life, the only source being his own works, which in many cases provided no reliable information. We can only deduce that he was born between 535 and 540 (1140-46) and that his background was urban. Modern Azarbaijan is exceedingly proud of its world famous son and insists that he was not just a native of the region, but that he came from its own Turkic stock. At all events his mother was of Iranian origin, the poet himself calling her Ra’isa and describing her as Kurdish. background in Ganja (Ganja, Azerbaijan) (Great Seljuq (Great Seljuq Empire) empire now present-day Azerbaijan) and is believed to have spent his whole life in South Caucasus. According to De Blois, Ganja was a city which at that time had predominantly an Iranian population. The Armenian historian Kirakos Gandzaketsi (Ca. 1200-1271) mentions that: "This city was densely populated with Iranians and a small number of Christians". Kirakos Gandzakatsi Kirakos Gandzakats'i's History of the Armenians translation from Classical Armenian by Robert Bedrosian. — New York: 1986. — p. 197. Excerpt: "This city was densely populated with Iranians and a small number of Christians.". Available also at: Kirakos Gandzakets'i, Patmut'iwn Hayots' Kirakos of Gandzak, History of Armenia, edited by K.A. Melik'-Ohanjanyan, (Erevan, 1961), p. 235: "Ays k'aghak's bazmambox lts'eal parsko'k', ayl sakaw ew k'ristone'iwk'..." The Seljuqs took control of Ganja (Ganja, Azerbaijan) from the Shaddadids in 1075 A.D. and spread Persian literary westwards to their courts. In the middle of the twelfth century, the Seljuk (Great Seljuq Empire)s control of the region weakened and their provincial governors, virtually autonomous local princes, further encouraged Persian culture, art and poetry in their courts. Persian culture characteristically flourished in this era when political power was diffused and Persian remained the primary language, Persian civil cervants, merchants were in great demand and rival dynastines continue to vie for the service of Persian poets. This was especially true in Ganjeh, the Caucasian outpost town where Nizami lived. Nezami was patronized by different rulers and dedicated his epics to various rival dynasties including the Seljuqs, Eldiguzids (Atabegs of Azerbaijan)(who maintained control of Ganja during most of the later 12th century), Shirvanshahs, the ruler of Ahar and Ahmadilis. Although he enjoyed the patronage of various rulers and princes, he avoided the court life and is generally believed to have lived a secluded life. Since he was not a court poet, he does not appear in the annals of the dynasties which list the names of events of the ruling families. Derbent is twinned with: * , literally "Azerbaijan Village Agriculture Academy"), also referred to as the Azerbaijan Agricultural Academy (Az. AA), is a public university located in Ganja (Ganja, Azerbaijan), Azerbaijan. The university has eight schools, 3830 students and 560 faculty members. In addition, there is a teaching site in Gazakh with nearly 500 correspondent students. Biography Babadzhanian was born in the family of an Armenian (Armenians) peasant, in the village of Chardakhlu (Çardaqlı, Shamkir) near Yelizavetpol (later Kirovabad, now Ganja (Ganja, Azerbaijan), Azerbaijan), then part of the Russian Empire, attending school there. Ivan Bagramyan, another Armenian Marshal of the Soviet Union, was born in the same village. History During the Soviet period, Azerbaijan was part of the Transcaucasus Military District, whose forces in the republic were commanded by the 4th Army (4th Army (Soviet Union)). The 4th Army (4th Army (Soviet Union)) consisted of three motor rifle divisions (the 23rd Motor Rifle Division (8th Cavalry Corps (Soviet Union)#Postwar) (MRD) at Ganja (Ganja, Azerbaijan), the 60th at Lankaran, and the 295th in Baku) and army troops that included missile and air defense brigades and artillery and rocket regiments. Azerbaijan also hosted the 49th Arsenal of the Main Agency of Missiles and Artillery of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, which contained over 7,000 train-car loads of ammunition to the excess of one billion units. In addition, the 75th Motor Rifle Division, part of the 7th Guards Army, was in Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic.


Oulu

. In 1801 he became professor of history and ethics, in 1808 he was elected a member of the Swedish Academy and in 1815 a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. right 250px (Image:Veikko Antero Koskenniemi.jpg) '''Veikko Antero Koskenniemi''' (8 July 1886 - 4 August 1962) was a Finnish poet (Finnish literature) born in Oulu. In 1921 he took the title of Professor of Literary History in University of Turku, Finland. In 1948 he became a member of the Finnish Academy


Kirkuk

. In 1992, he published Kurdish nationalism in Mam and Zin of Ahmad Khani, a literary history that was translated into Swedish, Turkish (Turkish language) and Arabic (Arabic language). Many of his poems have been translated into Persian (Persian language), Arabic, Norwegian (Norwegian language), Swedish, English (English language), French (French language), Italian (Italian language), Icelandic (Icelandic language) and Danish (Danish language). '''Sheikh Riza Talabani''' (شێخ ڕه‌زا تاڵه‌بانی, Shêx Rizayê Talebanî in Kurdish (Kurdish language)) (1835–1910), a celebrated Kurdish (Kurdish people) poet from Kirkuk, Iraq. Talabani wrote his poetry in Kurdish (Kurdish language), Turkish (Turkish language), Persian (Persian language), and Arabic. Some of Sheikh Riza's poems considered by some historian as a credible testimony to the history of the city of Kirkuk. Most of his poetry consist of Satire, Ribaldry, Flyting and creative insults. DATE OF BIRTH 1835 PLACE OF BIRTH Kirkuk, Ottoman Empire DATE OF DEATH 1910 Born in village of Talaban near Kirkuk into a poor family, he enjoys near mythical status in Kurdish (Kurdish people) society. According to some Kurdish sources he chose that nickname because he swore that he would never shave his beard until Kurdistan was totally free from Ba'ath Party's control. He was also nicknamed the "Iron Man" for his furious and well organized battles and ambushes against the Iraqi forces (Iraqi Armed Forces) near the Kirkuk area. Wikipedia:Kirkuk Dmoz:Regional Middle_East Iraq Localities Kirkuk commons:Kirkuk


Languedoc

to literary history it has the advantage of being dated. It was finished in 1318, and is dedicated to a noble of Languedoc called Sicart de Montaut. The most consistently popular form of poetry in the south of France was always the novel. There has been no limit to the production of these; but very rarely does the author deserve special mention. An exception must be made in the case of Nicholas Saboly (1614–1675), who produced the best pieces of this class, both as regards beauty


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