this section and the rest is that the term "international" is omitted (all the sections are named "international section" but the non-demarcated one in the Guadiana river). Instrumento de ratificación del Convenio y Protocolo adicional entre España y Portugal para regular el uso y aprovechamiento hidráulico de los tramos internacionales de los ríos Limia, Miño, Tajo, Guadiana y Chanza y sus afluentes
sp.html#Issues CIA World Factbook reference to Olivenza in the "Disputes - international" section on the Spain page * in both locations. * The town of Olivenza (in Portuguese ''Olivença''), in Badajoz province (Badajoz (province)), and its surrounding territory, which used to be Portuguese until the 19th century and is still claimed by Portugal. He earned notoriety at an early age by telling Napoleon to his face at the conference in Bayonne in 1808 that the Portuguese would not ‘consent to become Spaniards’ as the French Emperor wanted. He was Portuguese plenipotentiary to the Congress of Vienna in 1814, where he attempted to press Portugal's claims to Olivenza, and to the Congress of Paris in 1815. After this he was briefly ambassador to London, but then was appointed secretary of state for foreign affairs in Brazil. After the Portuguese Revolution of 1820 he was commissioned by the revolutionary junta to inform the king (Dom João VI, then living in Brazil) of what had taken place and to request his return to Portugal. In 1823 he was made a Marquis and became foreign minister as well as head of the committee which D. João appointed to devise a new constitutional charter. The resulting document, to which the King was unable to agree, was so liberal that it drew down on Palmela the hatred of the reactionary forces in the country, especially the Queen and the Infant Dom Miguel, who in 1824 had him arrested. After he obtained his liberty he was made a minister of state and returned to London as ambassador. thumb left Pedro de Sousa Holstein (Image:DPedrodeSousaHolstein3.jpg)
Architecture-OntarioNewYork.aspx ''Architecture: Ontario New York'' at Thousand Islands Life The relatively tall buildings that came out of the "International" style (compared to the buildings that existed in Simcoe prior to the 1950s) were used in an attempt to make Simcoe into a more international destination for people to live, work, and admire. A couple of buildings in the downtown core even blend some "International" elements with that of the Art Deco style of architecture; bringing bright colors and illusions of rapid movement into the building design. The only operating alligator tugboat remaining in the world, the ''W.D. Stalker'', is located in Simcoe. Alligator of the North, Barrett Harry, and Clarence Coons Simcoe has its own radio station, CD 98.9, and two newspapers: The Simcoe Reformer and the NYCA Hub. CHCH-DT in Hamilton (Hamilton, Ontario) is the nearest broadcast television station along with CKCO-DT in Kitchener (Kitchener, Ontario) and CIII-DT (a Toronto station with a repeater in Paris (Paris, Ontario), Ontario). CHCH (channel 11 on Eastlink Cable - formerly Amtelecom Cable) is mostly a news channel while CKCO (CTV Two) and CIII (Global (Global Television Network)) offer a variety of entertainment choices during prime time (7 PM through 11 PM on weekdays). Major local festivals include the Rotary-sponsored Friendship Festival (Simcoe Rotary Friendship Festival), the Norfolk County Fair and Horse Show, and the winter light show of Panorama. Simcoe was one of the communities in Canada through which the Olympic torch travelled while going from its home base in Athens, Greece to Vancouver for the 21st Winter Olympic Games (2010 Winter Olympics) in Vancouver (Vancouver, British Columbia), British Columbia. The ''Simcoe Santa Claus Parade'' has been historically held on the weekend following Remembrance Day. During the heyday of this event in the 1950s, the entire town would stop operating for one afternoon for people to enjoy the festivities. . caption Historic images location Simcoe (Simcoe, Ontario), Ontario years_active 172 Summary Unlike the majority of Haldimand or Norfolk County, Nanticoke a highly industralized community. Its industries supply up to 4000MW of electric energy to Southern Ontario through the Nanticoke Generating Station. This community is southeast of Simcoe (Simcoe, Ontario) in neighbouring Norfolk County (Norfolk County, Ontario) and south of Brantford (Brantford, Ontario). Nanticoke's residential area is bordered on the west by the Nanticoke Industrial Park, home to the U. S. Steel Canada Lake Erie Works (Stelco Lake Erie Works) and a number of smaller businesses, including Nelson Steel, Charles Jones Industrial , ESM, and Air Products. The neighbouring Esso Refinery Nanticoke on the northeast, and the Nanticoke Generating Station on the southeast are not part of the Industrial Park land, although this is frequently confused due to their proximity.
Scholarship on Gnosticism has been greatly advanced by the discovery and translation of the Nag Hammadi texts, which shed light on some of the more puzzling comments by Plotinus and Porphyry (Porphyry (philosopher)) regarding the Gnostics. More importantly, the texts help to distinguish different kinds of early Gnostics. It now seems clear that "Sethian" and "Valentinian (Valentinus (Gnostic))" This is what the scholar A. H. Armstrong wrote as a footnote in his translation of Plotinus' Enneads in the tract named against the Gnostics. Footnote from Page 264 1. From this point to the end of ch.12 Plotinus is attacking a Gnostic myth known to us best at present in the form it took in the system of Valentinus. The Mother, Sophia-Achamoth, produced as a result of the complicated sequence of events which followed the fall of the higher Sophia, and her offspring the Demiurge, the inferier and ignorant maker of the material universe, are Valentinian figures: cp. Irenaeus, ''Adversus haereses (On the Detection and Overthrow of the So-Called Gnosis)'' 1.4 and 5. Valentinius had been in Rome, and there is nothing improbable in the presence of Valentinians there in the time of Plotinus. But the evidence in the Life ch.16 suggests that the Gnostics in Plotinus's circle belonged rather to the other group called Sethians on Archonties, related to the Ophites or Barbelognostics: they probably called themselves simply "Gnostics." Gnostic sects borrowed freely from each other, and it is likely that Valentinius took some of his ideas about Sophia from older Gnostic sources, and that his ideas in turn influenced other Gnostics. The probably Sethian Gnostic library discovered at Nag Hammadi included Valentinian treatise: ep. Puech, Le pp. 162-163 and 179-180. gnostics attempted "an effort towards conciliation, even affiliation" with late antique philosophy Schenke, Hans Martin. "The Phenomenon and Significance of Gnostic Sethianism" in The Rediscovery of Gnosticism. E. J. Brill 1978 , and were rebuffed by some Neoplatonists (Neoplatonism), including Plotinus. Plotinus considered his opponents "heretics" Introductory Note This treatise (No.33 in Porphyry's chronological order) is in fact the concluding section of a single long treatise which Porphyry, in order to carry out the design of grouping his master's works, more or less according to subject, into six sets of nine treatise, hacked roughly into four parts which he put into different Enneads, the other three being III. 8 (30) V. 8 (31) and V .5 (32). Porphyry says (Life ch. 16.11) that he gave the treatise the Title "Against the Gnostics" (he is presumably also responsible for the titles of the other sections of the cut-up treatise). There is an alternative title in Life. ch. 24 56-57 which runs "Against those who say that the maker of the universe is evil and the universe is evil. The treatise as it stands in the Enneads is a most powerful protest on behalf of Hellenic philosophy against the '''un-Hellenic heresy''' (as it was from the Platonist as well as the orthodox Christian point of view) of Gnosticism. A.H. Armstrong introduction to II 9. Against the Gnostics Pages 220-222 ,"imbeciles" and "blasphemers" They claimed to be a privileged caste of beings, in whom alone God was interested, and who were saved not by their own efforts but by some dramatic and arbitrary divine proceeding; and this, Plotinus claimed, led to immorality. Worst of all, they despised and hated the material universe and denied its goodness and the goodness of its maker . For a Platonist, is utter blasphemy -- and all the worse because it obviously derives to some extent from the sharply other-worldly side of Plato's own teaching (e.g. in the Phaedo). At this point in his attack Plotinus comes very close in some ways to the orthodox Christian opponents of Gnosticism, who also insist that this world is the work of God in his goodness. But, here as on the question of salvation, the doctrine which Plotinus is defending is as sharply opposed on other ways to orthodox Christianity as to Gnosticism: for he maintains not only the goodness of the material universe but also its eternity and its divinity. A.H. Armstrong introduction to II 9. Against the Gnostics Pages 220-222 erroneously arriving at misotheism as the solution to the problem of evil, taking all their truths over from Plato. The teaching of the Gnostics seems to him untraditional, irrational and immoral. They despise and revile the ancient Platonic teachings and claim to have a new and superior wisdom of their own: but in fact anything that is true in their teaching comes from Plato, and all they have done themselves is to add senseless complications and pervert the true traditional doctrine into a melodramatic, superstitious fantasy designed to feed their own delusions of grandeur. They reject the only true way of salvation through wisdom and virtue, the slow patient study of truth and pursuit of perfection by men who respect the wisdom of the ancients and know their place in the universe. A.H. Armstrong introduction to II 9. Against the Gnostics Pages 220-222 This state of affairs continued through to modern times; in 1945, however, there was a chance discovery of a cache of 4th-century Gnostic manuscripts near Nag Hammadi, Egypt. The texts, which had been sealed inside earthen jars, were discovered by a local man called Mohammed Ali, and now this collection of texts is known as the ''Nag Hammadi library''; this allowed for the modern study of undiluted 'Gnostic scripture' for the first time. The translation of the texts from Coptic (Coptic language), their language of composition, into English and other modern languages took place in the years approaching 1977, when the full Nag Hammadi library was published in English translation. This has clarified recent discussions of gnosticism, though many would agree that the topic still remains fraught with difficulties. The Nag Hammadi library is a collection of early Christian (Early Christianity) Gnostic texts discovered near the Egyptian town of Nag Hammadi in 1945. The writings in these codices comprised fifty-two mostly Gnostic tractates (treatise); they also include three works belonging to the ''Corpus Hermeticum (Hermetica)'' and a partial translation of Plato's ''Republic'' (Plato's Republic). The codices are currently housed in the Coptic Museum in Cairo.
in the province of León, northern Spain. It lies southwest of the provincial capital of León (León, Spain), and is the head of the council (''comarca'') of La Maragatería. The river Tuerto flows through it. León (León, Spain), Castile and León, Spain *
Liège, Belgium Until 1833, the independently administered Kingdom of León, situated in the northwest region of the Iberian Peninsula, retained the status of a kingdom (monarchy), although dynastic union had brought it into the Crown of Castile. The Kingdom of León was founded in 910 A.D. when the Christian princes of Asturias (Kingdom of Asturias) along the northern coast of the peninsula (Bay of Biscay) shifted
Although the Portuguese (Portuguese people) participated in the trading networks of East Africa as early as the 16th century, they did not establish hegemonic (total) colonial dominance over the entire territory that now comprises Mozambique until the 19th century. Portugal founded settlements, trading posts
International" Erlangen, Germany, since 1987 In 1743–1753, ethnic composition of Banat looked as follows: Dr. Dušan J. Popović (see
carried out 6 underground (Underground nuclear testing) nuclear tests (Nuclear testing) in Chagai Hills and Kharan Desert in Balochistan Province (See the code-names of the tests, ''Chagai-I'' and ''Chagai-II''). None of these boosted fission devices (Boosted fission weapon) was the thermonuclear weapon design, according to KRL and PAEC.
refurbishment in 2008 and forms part of an international "North-South economic corridor" from Kunming in China to Bangkok in Thailand. In isolated hills of Asia, new roads to speed trade., Thomas Fuller, New York Times, 31-03-2008. * '''National Highway 48''': Connects Sihanoukville and Phnom Penh with Koh Kong (Koh Kong Province) Province,to the southwest of Cambodia. The road
, Sulaymaniyah, Süreyya Evren, Tik (dance), Tofaş, Turkey telephone numbering plan, Turkish War of Independence, Turkish folklore, Turkish think tanks, Uludağ, Young Turks, Zavallilar, Zorlu Holding, ‘Abdu’l-Hamid I * Expansion needed (updated by bot) '''Sulaimaniya''' is a city in Iraqi Kurdistan. Get in There is an international "Sulaimaniya Airport" near Bakrajo, with direct