surrounded by the Sabkhat Ghuzayyil a large dry region below sea level. History Battle of Brega (1941) Brega was the location of a brief but important battle in the Western Desert Campaign of the Second World War. On 31 March 1941, during the opening phase of Rommel's first offensive (Western Desert Campaign#Rommel's first offensive), the German Afrika Korps expelled the British from their partially prepared positions at Marsa Brega. This opened the way for Rommel (Erwin Rommel)'s drive to the Egyptian border and encirclement of Tobruk (Siege of Tobruk). An operation to contact the Libyan rebel and opposition Leaders of Colonel Gaddafi (Muammar Gaddafi). The mission was a failure after the team was captured and held prisoner for 72 hours by Libyan rebels. http: www.telegraph.co.uk news worldnews africaandindianocean libya 8365069 Libya-SAS-mission-that-began-and-ended-in-error.html new information has appeared which say that the mission and the prisoners were SBS (Special Boat Service) & not SAS (Special Air Service) members. http: www.independent.co.uk news world africa british-special-forces-team-released-after-botched-mission-2234233.html http: www.thisislondon.co.uk standard article-23929902-william-hague-may-not-have-stomach-for-his-gruelling-job-says-ming-campbell.do However, a BBC news night broadcast on Jan 19th 2012 revealed that the SAS had, in fact, returned to Libya later on in the conflict in a joint operation with French and Qatari special forces. The programme explains that SAS 22nd regiment were in the East of Libya, operating in small groups in places like Misrata and Brega by August. Assisting in training, coordinating their command on and off the front line, and NATO airstrikes http: www.bbc.co.uk news world-africa-16624401 . It is also alleged that the SAS 22nd were leading the hunt for Gaddafi after the Battle of Tripoli http: www.telegraph.co.uk news worldnews africaandindianocean libya 8721291 Libya-SAS-leads-hunt-for-Gaddafi.html .
of the Battle of Stalingrad now is a massive complex of monuments to the 20th century's most important battle Understand The one big tourist attraction in Volgograd Oblast is without a doubt Volgograd and Mamaev Kurgan; the rest of the region has little in the way of a developed tourist industry and is well off the beaten path. Volgograd Oblast is largely agricultural and steppe, save the major industrial areas along the Volga and the Don Rivers. Talk Expect to only hear Russian (Russian phrasebook) Get in Flights come to Volgograd airport from all over Russia — the flight from Moscow takes about an hour and a half. Volgograd is also a major rail hub, serving as one of the two principal rail gateways to Southern Russia. Get around See Itineraries Do Eat Drink Stay safe Go next Volgograd is the primary rail junction for travelers heading south to historic Astrakhan Oblast and strange Kalmykia. commons:category:Volgograd Oblast wikipedia:Volgograd Oblast
мост) over the river Osam, the only one of its kind in the Balkans. The bridge was burned out in 1925, but rebuilt in 1931. Now it connects the new and the old part of the town and it's full of cafes, small restaurants and many souvenir shops. During the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-78, an important battle was held at Lovech, known as the Battle of Lovcha. The war and several plagues (Epidemic) and migrations in Wallachia drastically reduced the population
under the Prince de Joinville on August 16, 1844, in the Bombardment of Mogador, an important battle of the First Franco-Moroccan War (Franco-Moroccan War). From 1912 to 1956, Essaouira was part of the French protectorate of Morocco. Mogador was used as a base for a military expedition against Dar Anflous, when 8,000 French troops were located outside of the city under the orders of Generals Franchet d'Esperey (Louis Franchet d'Esperey) and Brulard. The Kasbah of Dar Anflous was taken on 25 January 1913. In 1930, brothers, Michel (Michel Vieuchange) and Jean Vieuchange used Essaouira as a base before Michel set off into the Western Sahara to try to find Smara. France had an important administrative, military and economic presence. Essaouira had a Franco-Moroccan school, still visible in Derb Dharb street. Linguistically, many Moroccans of Essaouira speak French fluently today. Recent years In the early 1950s film director and actor Orson Welles stayed at the Hotel des Iles just south of the town walls during the filming of his 1952 classic version of "Othello" which contains several memorable scenes shot in the labyrinthine streets and alleyways of the medina. Legend has it that during Welles's sojourn in the town he met Winston Churchill, another guest at the Hotel des Iles. A bas-relief of Orson Welles is located in a small square just outside the medina walls close to the sea. It is in a neglected state being covered in bird droppings, graffiti and with a broken nose. In addition, the dedication plaque below it has been stolen (as of Dec 2008). Several other film directors have utilised Essaouira's photogenic and atmospheric qualities. Beginning in the late 1960s, Essaouira became something of a hippie hangout. Despite common misconception, http: www.univibes.com Moroccofake.html Jimi Hendrix's song "Castles Made of Sand (Castles Made of Sand (song))" was written in 1967, two years before he visited the castles of Essaouira. WikiPedia:Essaouira Dmoz:Regional Africa Morocco Localities Essaouira Commons:Category:Essaouira
The Hotel Tobruk was built in 1937. World War II At the beginning of World War II, Libya was an Italian colony (Italian Libya) and Tobruk became the site of important battles between the Allies (Allies of World War II) and Axis powers (Axis powers of World War II). Tobruk was strategically important to the conquest of Eastern Libya, then the province of Cyrenaica, for several reasons. File:Map of siege of Tobruk 1942.jpg
''' was an important battle of the Second World War (World War II) Western Desert Campaign, fought around the port of Tobruk in Libya from 26 May-21 June 1942. The combatants on the Axis (Axis Powers) side were the Panzer Army ''Afrika'' (German Panzer Army Afrika), consisting of German (Nazi Germany) and Italian (Kingdom of Italy (1861–1946)) units and commanded by the "Desert Fox" Colonel-General Erwin Rommel; the Allied (Allies of World War II) forces were the Eighth Army (British Eighth Army), commanded by Lieutenant-General Neil Ritchie under the close supervision of the Commander-in-Chief Middle East, General Sir Claude Auchinleck. Rommel pushed his armoured forces round the southern flank of the Gazala position to engage the British armour in the rear of the Allied defences. Despite successes in this engagement, Rommel's armour found itself in a precarious position: interference to supply lines resulting from the continuing resistance of Free French (Free French Forces) at Bir Hakeim (Battle of Bir Hakeim), which anchored the southern end of the Allied Gazala defences, left his tanks short of fuel and ammunition. Ritchie was slow to take advantage of this and Rommel concentrated his force to punch westwards to open a supply corridor through the Gazala line north of Bir Hakeim. The battle ended in a resounding victory for the Axis although at a high cost in tanks. Devoid of effective armoured forces in subsequent battles, Rommel was unable to decisively defeat the Eighth Army as it retreated into Egypt WikiPedia:Tobruk Commons:Category:Tobruk
conquest. There is a memorial on a hilltop in Kırklareli city, called "Kırklar Anıtı" (''the Memorial of the Forties'' in Turkish) to honor the Ottoman conquerors (''For more on the name's origins, see Kırklareli''). During the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-78, an important battle was held at Lovech, known as the Battle of Lovcha. Many Turkish families were made to leave the city by the Russian army and the Muslims of Lovech known to be "Lofçalılar" have immigrated
. On 22 July 1812, the important Battle of Salamanca was fought, giving the Anglo-Portuguese forces a decisive victory over the French under Marshal Marmont. In the battle Beresford was badly wounded, under his left breast, when he was ordering the advance of one of the Portuguese brigades. '''Joseph''' Anthony '''Toal''' (Joseph Anthony Toal) Formerly Rector of the Royal Scots College in Salamanca, Spain. Appointed bishop on 16 October 2008 and consecrated on 8 December
'''Wonjong of Goryeo''' (1219–1274, r. 1260–1274) was the 24th ruler of the Goryeo dynasty of Korea. He ascended to the throne with the help of Kublai Khan. During his reign, Goryeo became a dependency of the Mongol-founded Yuan Dynasty in China.
, are the Jabbok Zarqa (Zarqa River) and the Arnon (Arnon (western Jordan)) Wadi Mujib) rivers. The Yarmouk forms the border between Israel and Jordan close to the Jordan Valley (Jordan Valley (Middle East)) and between Syria and Jordan further upstream. It is the southern boundary of the Golan Heights. The important Battle of Yarmouk, where the Muslim Arabs (Muslim conquests) defeated the Byzantine Empire, took place south of the river in 636. The figures
4 May when she hit cargo ship ''Kinjosan Maru'' amidships, breaking her in two. As the Japanese were turned back in the important Battle of the Coral Sea (history's first carrier (aircraft carrier) air battle), ''Greenling'' attempted to intercept the retiring enemy units, but her speed was no match for the fast Japanese heavy units. The submarine departed the Truk area 4 June, the day of Japan's first great naval defeat at the Battle of Midway, and arrived at Pearl Harbor 16 June. Third, fourth and fifth war patrols, October 1942 – May 1943 ''Flying Fish'' cleared Pearl Harbor 27 October, headed for her patrol area south of the Marshall Islands. Three times on this third patrol she launched bold attacks on Japanese task forces, only to suffer the frustration of poor torpedo performance, or to score hits causing damage which postwar evaluation could not confirm. She arrived at Brisbane (Brisbane, Australia) for refit on 16 December 1942. Her second war patrol — from 29 September-20 November — took her to the Marshalls (Marshall Islands), Carolines (Caroline Islands), and Marianas (Mariana Islands). Her torpedoes damaged a Japanese (Imperial Japanese Navy) cruiser. She departed the Hawaiian Islands for overhaul at Mare Island Navy Yard, San Pablo Bay, Calif. The submarine left the West Coast on 3 February 1944 for continued operations in the Pacific. Departing Norfolk 3 December 1943, ''Hamilton'' transited the Panama Canal 5 days later and reached San Diego 16 December. From San Diego she steamed to Pearl Harbor and, after a brief training period, sailed for Kwajalein Atoll, a key target in the Marshalls (Marshall Islands). As the Marines (United States Marine Corps) stormed ashore there 31 January 1944, ''Hamilton'' steamed in the area to screen transports and provide the fire support that made it possible to land and stay. During her second war patrol, from 17 October–9 November, ''Paddle'' took station off Nauru to provide continuous weather reporting for the carrier (aircraft carrier) task force attacking the Gilbert (Gilbert Islands) and Marshall Islands to cover the Tarawa landings (Battle of Tarawa). She also guided, by radio, Army bombers in to raid Tarawa and attacked ''Nippon Maru'' Commons:Category:Marshall Islands WikiPedia:Marshall Islands Dmoz:Regional Oceania Marshall Islands