Yanqi, were controlled by the nomadic Xiongnu, but later came under the influence of the Han dynasty after its show of force when it attacked Dayuan (Fergana) in the late 2nd century BC.
''. BookSurge, Charleston, South Carolina. ISBN 978-1-4392-2134-1. *Hulsewé, A. F. P. and Loewe, M. A. N. 1979. ''China in Central Asia: The Early Stage 125 BC – AD 23: an annotated translation of chapters 61 and 96 of the History of the Former Han Dynasty''. E. J. Brill, Leiden. *Puri, B. N. ''Buddhism in Central Asia'', Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Private Limited, Delhi, 1987. (2000 reprint). *Saran, Mishi (2005). ''Chasing the Monk’s Shadow: A Journey in the Footsteps of Xuanzang
people able to bear arms. It is said to have produced copper, iron and orpiment. Hulsewé, A. F. P. and Loewe, M. A. N. 1979. ''China in Central Asia: The Early Stage 125 BC AD 23: an annotated translation of chapters 61 and 96 of the History of the Former Han Dynasty'', p. 162. E. J. Brill, Leiden. The territory of Gumo was roughly situated in the counties of Baicheng (Baicheng County) and Wensu and the city of Aksu of nowadays. http
, was supported by conservative businessmen and 60,000 dues-paying BITU members, who encompassed dock and sugar plantation workers and other unskilled urban labourers. On his release in 1943, Bustamante began building up the JLP. Meanwhile, several PNP leaders organised the leftist-oriented Trade Union Congress (TUC). Thus, from an early stage in modern Jamaica, unionised labour was an integral part of organised political life. For the next quarter century, Bustamante and Manley competed for centre
BCE to 23 CE), to have had 1,200 households, 9,600 individuals and 2,000 people able to bear arms. It also mentions that it adjoined Shanshan and Qiemo (Charchan) to the south. Hulsewé, A. F. P. and Loewe, M. A. N. 1979. ''China in Central Asia: The Early Stage 125 BC – AD 23: an annotated translation of chapters 61 and 96 of the History of the Former Han Dynasty'', p. 177. E. J. Brill, Leiden. In 61 CE, the Xiongnu led some 30,000 troops from 15 kingdoms
in 1959. He had been transferred there for his civic responsibility and concern for the underprivileged while administering a district in Sidamo Province. The obstruction he encountered, not only in Sidamo but in Jijiga, convinced him of the need for radical measures. Bahru Zewde, ''A History of Modern Ethiopia: 1855-1991'', 2nd edition (Oxford: James Currey, 2001), p. 213 In the early stage of the Ethiopian Revolution (Derg) individual units from the Third Division (Ethiopian 3 Division) put the local governor under house arrest around 13 April 1974. During the Ogaden War, Jijiga experienced the Battle of Jijiga and was occupied by the Western Somali Liberation Front's Ahmad ibn Ibrihim al-Ghazi division led by Col. Yusuf Dheere, later with the Somali National Army (Military of Somalia), from September 1977 until February March 1978. The Regional government held a conference in this city to promote peace and development between 10–13 March 1996, which was attended by 535 from the local woredas, as well as the Deputy Prime Minister and Defense Minister of Ethiopia, Tamirat Layne, the Foreign Minister, Seyoum Mesfin, the presidents of the Tigray (Tigray Region) and Harari Regional states and representatives from Amhara (Amhara Region) and the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and People's Regions. Report on the Peace and Development Conference Jigjiga, 10-13 March 1996 UNDP Emergencies Unit for Ethiopia report, April 1996 (accessed 26 December 2008) On 28 May 2007, during the celebration of Ginbot 20 (Ethiopian calendar) (celebrating the downfall of the Derg), Jijiga and Degehabur were the scenes of attacks on civilians and government officials. At least 16 people were killed and 67 injured, including Abdulahi Hassan Mohammed, president of the Somali Region, who was speaking at the ceremony. The Ethiopian government blamed the attack on the Ogaden National Liberation Front. Many killed in Ethiopia attacks (al Jazeera) On 29 May 2008, following a heavy downpour the Jijiga River broke its banks and flooded several kebeles in the town and the vicinity. The flooding killed 29 people and displaced 350 households. "Focus On Ethiopia, February 2008", UN-OCHA website (accessed 19 March 2009) On 27 September of that year, a bomb exploded outside a hotel in Jijiga killing four and wounding 20. Local police (Law enforcement in Ethiopia) apprehended a suspect whom they claimed was a member of Al-Itihaad al-Islamiya. "2008 Human Rights Reports: Ethiopia", Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, US State Department (accessed 8 July 2009) Demographics Based on figures from the Central Statistical Agency (Central Statistical Agency (Ethiopia)) in 2005, Jijiga has an estimated total population of 98,076 of whom 50,355 are men and 47,721 are women. CSA 2005 National Statistics, Table B.4 The 1997 census reported this town had a total population of 65,795 of whom 33,266 were men and 32,529 women. The dominant ethnic group living in the town was Somali (Somali people) (99.0%), the next 3 largest groups were the Amhara (Amhara people) (0.25%), the Oromo (Oromo people) (0.44%), and the Gurage (Gurage people) (0.30%); all other ethnic groups made up 0.08% of the population. ''1994 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia: Results for Somali Region, Vol. 1'' Tables 2.4, 2.14 (accessed 10 January 2009). The results of the 1994 census in the Somali Region were not satisfactory, so the census was repeated in 1997. This city is the largest settlement in Jijiga (Jijiga (woreda)) woreda. Climate The climate of Jijiga is a subtropical highland climate (oceanic climate) (Köppen climate classification: Cwb), with the influence of mountain climate, the seasonal difference is minor. This is attributed to the fact that Jijiga is located on a plain surrounded by mountains and to its distance to the sea and its effects. align center JIJ align center HAJJ Jijiga Airport align center -
Priscianus which helps On 7 November 1942, just before the beginning of Operation Torch, Darlan went to Algiers to visit his son, who was hospitalised after a severe attack of polio. Darlan did not know that secret agreements had been made in Cherchell on 23 October between Algerian resistance and General Mark Clark (Mark Wayne Clark) of the combined allied command. The Pont du Gard's design represents a fairly early stage in the development of Roman aqueducts. Its designer's technique of stacking arches on top of each other is clumsy and expensive, as it necessitates the use of a very large amount of stone. Later aqueducts had a more sophisticated design, making greater use of concrete to reduce their volume and cost of construction. The Aqueduct of Segovia and the Aqüeducte de les Ferreres are of roughly similar length but use far fewer arches. Roman architects were eventually able to do away with "stacking" altogether. The Acueducto de los Milagros in Mérida, Spain and a similar aqueduct near Cherchell, Algeria utilise tall, slender piers, constructed from top to bottom with concrete faced with masonry and brick. birth_place Cherchell, Algeria death_date Early life Djebar was born in Cherchell, a coastal town near Algiers from Berber (Berber people) descent. Her family lived in a little village nearby called Mouzaïaville. There, she attended the primary school where her father taught French (French language). She later attended a boarding school in Blida. In 1955, Djebar became the first Algerian woman to be accepted at the École Normale Supérieure, an elite Parisian college. DATE OF BIRTH 30 June 1936 PLACE OF BIRTH Cherchell, Algeria DATE OF DEATH death_date 5 BC to 6 death_place Caesarea (Cherchell), Kingdom of Mauretania (Mauretania) place of burial Royal Mausoleum of Mauretania Juba and Cleopatra could not return to Numidia as it had been provincialized in 46 BC. The couple was sent to Mauretania, an unorganized territory that needed Roman supervision. They renamed their new capital ''Caesarea'' (modern Cherchell, Algeria), in honor of the Emperor. Roller, ''The World of Juba II and Kleopatra Selene'' p. 98–100 Cleopatra is said to have exercised great influence on policies that Juba created. Through her influence, the Mauretanian Kingdom flourished. Mauretania exported and traded well throughout the Mediterranean. The construction and sculptural projects at Caesarea and at another city Volubilis, were built and display a rich mixture of Ancient Egyptian (Ancient Egypt), Greek and Roman (Architecture of ancient Rome) architectural styles. Roller, ''The World of Juba II and Kleopatra Selene'' p. 91–162 '''Find Images (Wikipedia:Requested_pictures):''' Cherchell, Algerian Civil War '''Translate (Wikipedia:Translation into English):''' :ar:ولاية الجلفة, :fr:Timimoun There they built three more galliots and a gunpowder production facility. In 1513 they captured four English ships on their way to France, raided Valencia (Valencia, Spain) where they captured four more ships, and then headed for Alicante and captured a Spanish galley near Málaga. In 1513 and 1514 the three brothers engaged Spanish squadrons on several other occasions and moved to their new base in Cherchell, east of Algiers. In 1514, with 12 galliots and 1,000 Turks, they destroyed two Spanish fortresses at Bougie (Béjaïa), and when a Spanish fleet under the command of Miguel de Gurrea, viceroy of Majorca, arrived for assistance, they headed towards Ceuta and raided that city before capturing Jijel in Algeria, which was under Genoese control. They later captured Mahdiya in Tunisia. Afterwards they raided the coasts of Sicily, Sardinia, the Balearic Islands and the Spanish mainland, capturing three large ships there. In 1515 they captured several galleons, a galley and three barques at Majorca. Still in 1515 Aruj sent precious gifts to the Ottoman Sultan Selim I who, in return, sent him two galleys and two swords embellished with diamonds. In 1516, joined by Kurtoğlu (Kurtoğlu Muslihiddin Reis), the brothers besieged the Castle of Elba, before heading once more towards Liguria where they captured 12 ships and damaged 28 others. Urania is only known through a funeral inscription of her Freedwoman Julia Bodina found at Cherchell, Algeria. Ptolemaic Genealogy: Cleopatra Selene, Footnote 10 Cherchell was then known as Caesaria, the capital of the Roman Client Kingdom of Mauretania in the Roman Empire. In Bodina’s funeral inscription, Bodina ascribes Urania as ''Queen Julia Urania''. She was ascribed as ''Queen ''as a local courtesy or probably a posthumus honor as a dedication to the memory of the former ruling monarch. The inscription reveals that Bodina was a loyal former slave to Urania. date September 7, 1937 place Mediterranean Sea, off Cherchell, present-day Algeria result Republican tactical victory Republican convoy lost The '''Battle of Cape Cherchell''' was a naval battle between the Nationalist (Nationalist Spain) heavy cruiser ''Baleares'' (Spanish cruiser Baleares) and the Republican (Second Spanish Republic) light cruisers ''Libertad'' (Almirante Cervera class cruiser) and ''Méndez Núñez'' (Blas de Lezo class cruiser) in the Spanish Civil War, several miles north of the Algerian (French Algeria) city of Cherchell. In the early morning hours of September 7, 1937, ''Baleares'' unexpectedly met a Republican convoy consisting of two merchant ships escorted by Republican cruisers and destroyers. ''Baleares'' was beaten off and badly damaged in the engagement, but the merchantmen were lost when they tried to slip away along the Algerine shoreline.
based startup, Abatis Systems). The city has also developed a particularly large cluster (business cluster) of video game developers, the largest of which, Electronic Arts, employs over two thousand people. Vancouver also has a nascent tech startup (Startup company) scene, with startup accelerators BootUp Labsand GrowLabearly-stage-startup-accelerator-growlab-2011-05-26 being
, chapter 30:15. Pelusium became the seat of a Christian bishop at an early stage. Its bishop Dorotheus took part in the First Council of Nicaea in 325. In 335, Marcus was exiled because of his support for Athanasius of Alexandria. His replacement Pancratius, an exponent of Arianism, was at the second Council of Sirmium in 351. Several of the succeeding known bishops of Pelusium were also considered heretical by the orthodox. As the capital of the Roman province of Augustamnica
PAEC and the KRL. Following India's surprise nuclear test in 1971 by India — codename ''Smiling Buddha'' (Pokhran-I), the PAEC launched a secret uranium enrichment project, with Sultan Mahmood (Sultan Bashiruddin Mahmood) as its project-director
program, at an early stage, was headed by world renowned scientist and Nobel Laureate in Physics (List of Nobel laureates in Physics) Dr. Abdus Salam, as he was the head of Theoretical Physics Group and Mathematical Physics Group at PAEC (Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission). Dr. Abdus Salam, who as Science adviser (Ministry of Science and Technology (Pakistan)#Science Advisors) to the Prime minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, led
established shortly after 104 BC. Hulsewé, A. F. P. (1979). China in Central Asia: The Early Stage 125 BC – AD 23: an annotated translation of chapters 61 and 96 of the History of the Former Han Dynasty. E. Brill, Leiden. pp.75-76 ISBN 90-04-05884-2 Located in the western end of the Hexi Corridor near the historic junction of the Northern (Northern Silk Road) and Southern Silk Roads, Dunhuang was a town of military importance. Hill (2009), p. 133.<
to 2nd Centuries CE''. BookSurge, Charleston, South Carolina. ISBN 978-1-4392-2134-1. *Hulsewé, A. F. P. and Loewe, M. A. N. 1979. ''China in Central Asia: The Early Stage 125 BC – AD 23: an annotated translation of chapters 61 and 96 of the History of the Former Han Dynasty''. E. J. Brill, Leiden. *Legge, James. Trans. and ed. 1886. A Record of Buddhistic Kingdoms: being an account by the Chinese monk Fâ-hsien of his travels in India and Ceylon (AD 399-414) in search of the Buddhist Books