built over the Continental Divide in Colorado. It ran from Colorado Springs (Colorado Springs, Colorado) through Granite and Leadville, crossed the divide at Hagerman Pass, and went on to Aspen and Grand Junction. They had a more difficult time running their track because the routes that were the easiest places to lay rails had already been taken by the other railroads. The second problem was that the Colorado Midland was a standard gauge, so it needed more space to run the tracks. Curves were broader, bridges and tunnels had to be larger, and the total expense was considerably greater. A two-story depot existed in both Granite and Leadville and there was a roundhouse in Leadville as well. The CM served Leadville’s mines and smelters until 1906, with tracks in Iowa Gulch and California Gulch, areas now termed the Leadville mining district. The Colorado Midland Railroad Colorado Central Magazine Colorado news, stories, essays, history and more! Service was discontinued in 1918 due to financial difficulties. Trains-Short History Hagerman Tunnel from Leadville to tunnel East side The old Midland grade is still evident in Granite and sections of bridge can be seen about two miles south where the track crossed over to the west side of the river at Clear Creek. Evidence of the old bridge remains visible to hikers and four tunnels still exist farther south closer to Buena Vista. 00 Cover - Table of Contents.indd Bridgehunter.com Colorado Midland Railroad Granite train wreck On August 20, 1925, there was a head-on collision between two passenger trains on the Denver & Rio Grande Western Railroad near Granite, which resulted in 2 deaths and the injury of 107. The wreck was found to be the result of human error and a blistering report followed: "It would be difficult to imagine a more inherently dangerous system, or lack of system, for the operation of trains under the trains under sic method of operation than that which appears to exist on this railroad. The disastrous results usually attendant upon careless handling of train orders are well illustrated in the present case, and the number and character of the violations of the rules, governing the handling of train orders raises a question as to whether the operating officials of this railroad have a proper appreciation of the responsibilities of their positions. While the immediate cause may be found to rest with the failure of some individual occupying a comparatively minor position, those responsible for the general conditions resulting in such failure occupy higher positions. They have the duty first to provide safe and adequate rules, for the operation of trains and then to enforce obedience to those rules, on the part of all concerned. This was not done in this ease, sic and for their failure they are equally responsible for the occurrence of this accident." DRGW.Net : ICC 1181 Ghost towns thumb left One room school in Granite, Colorado 1954 (File:One room school in Granite, Colorado 1954.tiff) While Granite is a ghost of what it once was, what with both a railroad and a major highway running through it has survived the years. However, many old ghost towns remain in the hills surrounding Granite. As the prospectors searched for gold, every Arkansas River tributary was a potential gold mining site and a chance to strike it rich. About two miles south of Granite, Clear Creek empties into the Arkansas River. Although prospecting took place in this area as early as 1867 when the gravel bar reaching out into the Arkansas was found to be rich in placer gold, the real activity didn't take off until 1879 when the canyon exploded with mines everywhere. A report from that time relates: "The Free Republic mine was the first location made in this district, having been discovered in July, 1879. A tunnel has been run 85 feet, showing 3 feet of mineral in the breast, galena and copper, assays ranging from 10 to 131 ounces. For a distance of 49 feet the tunnel has been running through a horse a block of rock interrupting a vein and containing no minerals , but the pay vein was struck and proved to be nearly 20 feet wide." This early report goes on to list the colorfully named mines of that time: The Mint, Prince Albert, Thunderbolt, Sixteen String Jack, Sunrise, Bluebird, Siamese Chief, Minnehaha, Silver Crop, Cinderella, Birdie Boy. and Terrible. Report of the director of the Mint ... - Google Books Scripophily Old Stocks - The Mines of Colorado A later report related that the four major mines were the Tasmania, Tasmania - Colorado Ghost Town the Fortune, the Banker Banker Mine - Colorado Ghost Town and the Swiss Boy, Swiss Boy - Colorado Ghost Town so it would appear that most mines just did not "pan out". The towns of Beaver City, Beaver City - Colorado Ghost Town Vicksburg (Vicksburg, Colorado), Rockdale Silverdale, Winfield (Winfield, Colorado), Hamilton, and others, once hives of activity, have either totally disappeared or remain primarily as ghost towns with only a few remaining buildings. WINFIELD & VICKSBURG, COLORADO: Two Colorado Ghost Towns In Chaffee County (Photos - July 2006) Vicksburg & Winfield Ghost Towns In Chaffee County, Colorado (Photos on September 29, 2007) thumb Winfield mining camp (File:GraniteCO WinfieldMiningCamp.jpg) Winfield was the largest settlement. In 1890 the estimated population is listed as fifteen hundred, but it can be assumed that hundreds more lived in the surrounding area. Winfield included three saloons, three stores, a post office, two hotels, a boarding house, mill, smelter, ore concentrator, church, and a school. The last ore was hauled out by stage in 1918. Several restored buildings remain, including the school. thumb Vicksburg Main Street (File:GraniteCO VicksburgMainStreet.jpg) thumb Early Vicksburg cabin (File:GraniteCO VicksburgCabin.jpg) Vicksburg was founded in 1867 after prospectors from Leadville camping out in the Clear Creek Canyon lost their burros. The burros had wandered down the creek and when the miners found their pack animals, they discovered gold in the creek bed as well. In its heyday, Vicksburg had a post office, school, blacksmith, two hotels, two billiard halls, several saloons, a general store, an assay office, and a livery stable. Early miners packed in Balm of Gilead (balsam poplar) trees on the backs of burros and planted them to line the street. The early settlers likely used the sticky sap of the trees to make a medicinal salve used for both animals and humans alike. Herbal Branch 4: Balm of Gilead * Rock Talk Category:Unincorporated communities in Chaffee County, Colorado Category:Unincorporated communities in Colorado Category:Populated places on the Arkansas River At its headwaters, the Arkansas runs as a steep mountain torrent through the Rockies in its narrow valley, dropping 4,600 feet (1.4 km) in 120 miles (193 km). This section (including ''The Numbers'' near Granite, Colorado, ''Brown's Canyon'', and the Royal Gorge) sees extensive whitewater rafting in the spring and summer. *'''Grand View Estates''' (Grand View Estates, Colorado) in Douglas County (Douglas County, Colorado), Colorado, is an unincorporated community and a census designated place served by the Parker (Parker, Colorado) Post Office (United States Postal Service) 80134 (Parker, Colorado) *'''Granite''' (Granite, Colorado) in Chaffee County (Chaffee County, Colorado), Colorado, is an unincorporated town served by U.S. Post Office (United States Postal Service) 81228 (Granite, Colorado) *'''Grant''' (Grant, Colorado) in Park County (Park County, Colorado), Colorado, is an unincorporated town served by U.S. Post Office (United States Postal Service) 80448 (Grant, Colorado)
in a diplomatic victory, but in the same year, Corvinus became on bad terms with King Casimir IV Jagiellon of Poland, Iorga, p. 91 which frustrated the Hungarian king further, knowing that Moldavia was a Polish fief. One year later, in 1467, the locals of Transylvania started an uprising in which Corvinus had a difficult time quelling the riots. Iorga, p. 94 He later found out that Stephen had supported the rioters, — probably in order to find and kill Aron. Długosz writes in his ‘’Annals’’ that in 1467, a certain "Berendeja" went to the court of Corvinus and promised to make Moldavia his vassal, if the King would in turn make him Prince of Moldavia. This was denounced by Romanian historian Nicolae Iorga, who argued that Corvinus started recruiting troops and took Aron with him to put him on the Moldavian throne. This is disputed by Długosz though, who in ‘’Historiae Polonicae’’, adds that Corvinus brought with him both Aron and Berendeja, making unknown whom the king considered more worthy of the Moldavian throne. '''Alemdar Mustafa Pasha''' (also called '''Bairaktar Mustafa Pasha''') was an Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) military commander and a Grand Vizier born in Khotyn in Turkish-occupied Ukraine in 1765. Both ''alemdar'' and ''bairaktar'' mean "the standard bearer" and were the names given to the same rank in the Janissary corps. A 2008 Russian movie (Taras Bulba (2008 film)) directed by Vladimir Bortko, was commissioned by the Russian state TV and paid for totally by the Russian Ministry of Culture. It includes Ukrainian, Russian and Polish actors such as Bohdan Stupka (as Taras Bulba), Ada Rogovtseva (as Taras Bulba's wife), Igor Petrenko (as Andriy Bulba), Vladimir Vdovichenkov (as Ostap Bulba) and Magdalena Mielcarz (as a Polish noble girl) premiered in 2009. The movie was filmed at several locations in Ukraine such as Zaporizhia, Khotyn and Kamianets-Podilskyi during 2007. The screenplay used the 1842 "pro Russian" edition of the novel. Koniecpolski, who had an extensive spy network through this region and was responsible for much of Commonwealth foreign policy for this region, had probably known about Abazy plans at this moment. He returned on the left bank of Dniestr, started a construction on a fortified camp near Kamieniec Podolski (an important city and a strong fortress in Podolia region) and called reinforcement for about 3,000 regular troops in his disposition: Cossacks and private troops of magnates (about 8,000 men came). Abaza started his march in the second half of September with Ottoman troops from his province, vassal troops and about 5,000–10,000 Tatars, including almost the whole Budjak Horde led by Kantymir. In mid-October he was near Chocim (Khotyn) (Khotyn) and learned about Koniecpolski's preparations. Abaza started negotiations, probably wanting to outmanoeuver Koniecpolski by diplomacy. It is possible he got news about the sultan's increasing dissatisfaction, and decided to hurry his plans. Abazy crossed the Dniestr about October 20. Kantymir started his attacks on October 20 and continued during the next day. On October 22 Abazy attacked with his full forces but was repelled with heavy loses and ordered a retreat. One can speculate why—did he get orders from Constantinople (Istanbul) (Istanbul), did he not believe that he could defeat Koniecpolski or did he hear the false news that more Cossacks reinforcements were coming to aid Koniecpolski? On February 28, Michael met with Polish envoys in Braşov. He was willing to recognise the Polish King as his sovereign in exchange for the crown of Moldavia and the recognition of his male heirs' hereditary right over the three principalities, Transylvania, Moldavia and Wallachia. This did not significantly delay his attack however, on April 14, 1600 Michael's troops entered Moldavia on multiple routes, the Prince himself leading the main thrust to Trotuş (Târgu Trotuş) and Roman (Roman, Romania). He reached the capital of Suceava on May 6. The garrison surrendered the citadel the next day and Michael's forces caught up with the fleeing Ieremia Movilă, who was only saved from being captured by the sacrifice of his rear-guard. Movilă took refuge in the castle of Khotyn together with his family, a handful of faithful boyars and the former Transylvanian Prince, Sigismund Báthory. The Moldavian soldiers in the castle deserted, leaving a small Polish contingent as sole defenders. Under the cover of dark, sometime before June 11, Movilă managed to sneak out of the walls and across the Dniester to hetman Stanisław Żółkiewski's camp. Giurescu, p. 199. ) is located now in the Chernivtsi Oblast, Ukraine. Osman II Osman II after securing the Empire's eastern border by signing a peace treaty with Safavid Iran, he personally led the Ottoman invasion of Poland during the Moldavian Magnate Wars. Forced to sign a peace treaty with the Polish (Poland) after the Battle of Chotin (Chocim) (Battle of Khotyn (1621)) (in fact siege of Chotin (Khotyn) by the Polish hetman Jan Karol Chodkiewicz) in September–October, 1621, Osman II returned home to Constantinople (Istanbul) Finkel, Caroline, ''Osman's Dream'', (Basic Books, 2004), 57;"''Istanbul was only adopted as the city's official name in 1930..''" in shame, blaming the cowardice of the Janissaries (Janissary) and the insufficiency of his statesmen for his humiliation. Michael managed to conquer virtually all of the country (except for Polish-occupied Khotyn) and sent his troops to fight the Commonwealth presence in Pokuttya. The tide quickly turned, with hetmans Stanisław Żółkiewski and Jan Karol Chodkiewicz obtaining crucial victories in Moldavia itself and taking the fighting into Wallachia (see Battle of the Teleajăn River), briefly expanding Polish rule to the main section of the Danube and placing Ieremia on back on his throne, with his brother Simion (Simion Movilă) the new Prince in Bucharest. In the meanwhile, Michael was assassinated at Câmpia Turzii in by his Imperial ally Giorgio Basta, with Transylvania becoming an Imperial fiefdom. *Several articles related to Ukrainian-Romanian disputes are experiencing an intence Romanian nationalist POV pushing and history revisionism: Bukovina, Khotyn, Uprising of Khotin, Chernivtsi Oblast, Hertza region and even Ukraine and History of Ukraine (see talks and histories). More eyes and opinions are requested. --Irpen (User:Irpen) 01:01, 29 December 2005 (UTC) Am intrat intrun conflict cu rusi si ucranieni despre Khotyn si Bukovina. Eu, Bogdan si Vasile, am incercat sa tinem piept acestelor draci. Ei nu accepta faptul ca romanii din Bukovina au votat sa se reuneasca cu romania si tot sterg (rv) aceasta dovada. E timpul ca cei cu autoritata mai mare decat muritori ca mine sa se implice mai mult si sa i-a masuri. Nu o mai faceti pe a diplomatul. Lasa-ti jocul la o parte si faceti ce trebuie de facut. Citite ca s-a spus pe articolul lui Khotyn si uitati-va cum s-a cmoportat Ghir. Bonaparte, te rog sa nu te implici in conflictul asta. --Anittas (User:Anittas) 12:13, 29 December 2005 (UTC) Am intrat intrun conflict cu rusi si ucranieni despre Khotyn si Bukovina. Eu, Bogdan si Vasile, am incercat sa tinem piept acestelor draci. Ei nu accepta faptul ca romanii din Bukovina au votat sa se reuneasca cu romania si tot sterg (rv) aceasta dovada. E timpul ca cei cu autoritata mai mare decat muritori ca mine sa se implice mai mult si sa i-a masuri. Nu o mai faceti pe a diplomatul. Lasa-ti jocul la o parte si faceti ce trebuie de facut. Citite ca s-a spus pe articolul lui Khotyn si uitati-va cum s-a cmoportat Ghir. Bonaparte, te rog sa nu te implici in conflictul asta. --Anittas (User:Anittas) 12:13, 29 December 2005 (UTC) I've entered into a conflict with Russians and Ukrainians about Khotyn and Bukovina. Me, Bogdan and Vasile have tried to keep up the fight against these ''draci'' I hesitate to translate, because I may not match the tone. Literally "devils", but it can convey a wide range of meaning . They don't accept the fact that Romanians from Bukovina voted to reunite with Romania and they keep erasing (reverting) that evidence. It's time that those with greater authority than mortals like me get more involved and take measures. It won't do any more to make like a diplomat. Leave the game aside and do what must be done. Read what they've written in their article Khotyn and look how Ghir is behaving. Bonaparte, I ask you not to get involved in this conflict. Anittas sig Upon the latter's dethronement in 1762, the Gudovich brothers were apprehended and briefly imprisoned. It was during the Russo-Turkish War, 1768-1774 that Ivan Gudovich rose to prominence and greatly distinguished himself at Khotyn, Larga (Battle of Larga), and Kagul (Battle of Kagul). The next ten years were spent in half-military, half-administrative work in Ryazan, Tambov, and Podolia. - Khotyn Хотин (:uk:Хотин) Chernivtsi Oblast align right R align right 11,216 - Its capital was in the city of Hotin (today Khotyn). The territory of the county in currently divided between Ukraine (northern half) and Moldova (southern half).
with the arrival of a Wal-Mart in Cookville to the north east of the town and a number of adjacent stores. Some of these outlets had previously been located in the Bridgewater Mall, and the shopping centre has had a difficult time finding suitable replacements. The mall continues to be anchored by Zellers and Sobeys, while several bank branches, a movie theatre, The Atlantic Superstore and Home Hardware (Home hardware) are all located nearby. The King Street area, anchored by two banks
colony As a German colony (German colonial empire) from 1884, it was known as German South-West Africa (''Deutsch-Südwestafrika''). Germany had a difficult time administering the territory, which, owing to the Germans' native policy, experienced many insurrections, especially those led by guerilla leader Jacob Morenga. The main port, Walvis Bay, and the Penguin islands had been annexed by Britain (United Kingdom) as part of the Cape Colony in 1878, and became part of the Union of South Africa in 1910. today Wikipedia:Walvis Bay Dmoz:Regional Africa Namibia Localities Walvis_Bay Commons:Category:Walvisbay
;, although travelers are unlikely to have a difficult time distinguishing the two today. During the civil war that broke out after the Bolshevik Revolution, Irkutsk became the site of many furious, bloody clashes between the "Whites" and the "Reds" (aka Bolsheviks), and a number of city landmarks remain from that era. In 1920, Kolchak, the once-feared commander of the largest contingent of anti-Bolshevik forces, was executed there, effectively destroying the anti-Bolshevik resistance. Today, Irkutsk is one of the biggest cities in Siberia, with a growing population of more than 590,000 people. It's home to several universities and a major branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, thanks to its proximity to Lake Baikal. Climate WikiPedia:Irkutsk commons:Category:Irkutsk
The '''Soo Thunderbirds''' are a Junior "A" ice hockey team from Sault Ste. Marie (Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario), Ontario, Canada. They are a part of the Northern Ontario Junior Hockey League. With the Soo Greyhounds and Soo Thunderbirds playing out of Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, Sault business man Domenic Sacco knew that surrounding communities would jump at the chance of seeing high-calibre hockey in their hometowns on a regular basis. Thus the reintroduction of the Thessalon Flyers in the small farming community of Thessalon, Ontario. With a competitive talent pool being sought by teams such as the Thunderbirds and nearby Soo Indians and Blind River Beavers, Sacco knew that drawing a competitive team would be difficult. Offering to cover transportation costs to and from surrounding areas, players from all over the north shore of Lake Huron combined to make the 2003-2004 Thessalon Flyers. Of these players included former Great North Midget League players Lucas Bedell and Thessalon native Jason Bird. Failing to pay for ice fees in Thessalon, coupled with failed sponsorhip deals, left the coffers of the team nearly empty and players left town, leaving the team not nearly as competitive as originally anticipated. Despite this setback, the Flyers went on to the NSHL final, losing four games to one to the Wawa Travellers. Players upset with the lack of team travel for the first two games of the series in Wawa sent management a message by refusing to report to practice the following week and neglected to show up for the next two games of the final series resulting in forfeiture of the title, and a hefty suspension levied on team owner and general manager Sacco by the Northern Ontario Hockey Association. The team has yet to return to Thessalon, as a league to play in no longer exists. A resident of Elliot Lake, Ontario for almost fifty years, in the 1970s, Dixon worked as a reporter for the ''Sault Star'' newspaper in Sault Ste. Marie (Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario). The author of several short stories (short story), her 1996 book ''The Power and the Promise'' is a historical reference for the city of Elliot Lake. * Quesnel, British Columbia - Shaw TV Quesnel * Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario - Shaw TV Sault Ste. Marie * Thunder Bay, Ontario - Shaw TV Thunder Bay - colspan "4" '''Sault Ste. Marie (Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario)''' - ''Main article (Sault Ste. Marie municipal election, 2006)'' - The '''Sault Ste. Marie Canal''' is a National Historic Site of Canada in Sault Ste. Marie (Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario), Ontario. The canal is part of the shipping route (Great Lakes Waterway) from the Atlantic Ocean to Lake Superior and includes a set of locks (Lock (water transport)) to bypass the rapids on the St. Marys River (St. Marys River (Michigan-Ontario)). '''Philip Anthony "Espo" Esposito (w:Phil Esposito)''' OC (w:Order of Canada) (born February 20, 1942, in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario (w:Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario)) is a retired, professional hockey (ice hockey) centre who played 18 seasons in the National Hockey League (w:NHL) for the Chicago Black Hawks (w:Chicago Blackhawks), Boston Bruins (w:Boston Bruins) and New York Rangers (w:New York Rangers). The 2009 Canadian Olympic Curling Trials will be December 6-13, 2009 at Rexall Place (w:Rexall Place) in Edmonton (w:Edmonton), Alberta (w:Alberta). Teams are selected from the winners of major curling championship in Canada to create a pool for the 2009 Canadian Olympic Curling Trials, including the 2006–07 to 2008–09 winners of the Strauss Canada Cup tournament (w:Canada Cup (curling)), the Players' Championships (w:Players' Championships), and the Canadian Men's Women's Curling Championships. The 2010 XXI Winter Olympics will be held February 12-28, 2010, in Vancouver, British Columbia. The 2010 Canadian Women's Curling Championship will be held in the Essar Centre (w:Essar Centre), Sault Ste. Marie (w:Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario), Ontario (w:Ontario) and the 2010 Men's Brier will be held in the Metro Centre (w:Halifax Metro Centre), downtown (w:Downtown Halifax) Halifax (w:Metropolitan Halifax), Nova Scotia (w:Nova Scotia).
'''Yorkshire (w:Yorkshire)''', a historic county (w:Historic counties of England) of northern (w:Northern England) England (w:England). It is the largest historic county in Great Britain (w:Great Britain) and has a population of over 5 million people.
. She attempted to play with local male musicians, but did not feel comfortable with any of them. Hopper and Morris were introduced by a mutual acquaintance and became fast friends; they wrote their first song together at Hopper's apartment the day they met. The duo had a difficult time finding collaborators to form a complete band (as Hopper described it, "We had to beg people
in Cologne, Germany despite having a difficult time obtaining visas from German officials. Catholic Relief Services conducts many programs in the country, including counteracting the trade in women and children and aiding those
, that's all. Nevertheless, I'd spent a year and a half of my life on something. It had been a difficult time. My father passed away while I was writing the screenplay. I kept working..." Following an overhaul in Boston (Boston, Massachusetts) in January 1944, ''Talbott'' sailed 13 February with her first transatlantic convoy, and, after her safe return from Casablanca, took up escort duties with convoys from Iceland southward into the Caribbean. Later