Places Known For

development efforts


British Ceylon

witnessed rapid and drastic change and particularly after the Uva Rebellion. Sir Lowry is noted for recording in his Gazetteer "The story of English rule in the Kandyan country during the rebellion of 1818 cannot be related without shame...Hardly a member of the leading families remained alive...Those whom the sword and the gun had spared, cholera and small pox and privations had slain by the hundreds...Others became ignorant and apathetic. Any subsequent development efforts of the government for many years were only attempts begun and abandoned". thumb left upright Fisher as Midshipman 1856-1860 (File:JohnFisherMidshipman1856-60.jpg) Fisher's father ultimately aided his entry into the navy, via his godmother Lady Horton, widow of the governor (Sir Robert Wilmot-Horton, 3rd Baronet) of Ceylon (British Ceylon) to whom William Fisher had been ADC (Aide-de-camp). She prevailed upon a neighbour, Admiral Sir William Parker (Sir William Parker, 1st Baronet, of Shenstone) (the last of Nelson's captains), to nominate John as a naval cadet. The entry examination consisted of writing out the Lord's Prayer and jumping naked over a chair.


Smithers, British Columbia

deposits and an estimated of methane. That year, Shell drilled three exploratory wells at the headwaters, but in 2005 four Shell employees who arrived at the band office in Iskut (Iskut, British Columbia) were turned away by a group of elders, and no drilling occurred that summer. Non-violent blockades in 2005 and 2006 delayed development efforts and led to the arrests of 13 protesters. Talhtan territory was the site of half of all


Naucalpan

. The agency has responded with inspections of plans by a developer to build two subdivisions near the colonial era aqueduct to verify if the land is private or public. One reason for this is that the park lacks conservation plans, fences and other means to fend off development efforts. The illegal settlements and development have also affected adjoining ejido land that adjoin the park.


South Beach

in the city of Miami Beach (Miami Beach, Florida), Florida, United States, located due east of Miami city proper between Biscayne Bay and the Atlantic Ocean. The area encompasses all of the barrier islands of Miami Beach south of Indian Creek (Indian Creek (Miami Beach)). This area was the first section of Miami Beach to be developed, starting in the 1910s, thanks to the development efforts of Carl G. Fisher, the Lummus Brothers, and John S. Collins


Ouagadougou

of five Sub-Saharan cotton producing countries (Mali, Benin, Burkina Faso, Senegal and Chad) that insist on the need for developed countries to reduce subsidies to their own farmers. "Just for the cotton season 2004-2005, Central and Western Africa are estimated to have a deficit of more than 220 billion FCFA (CFA franc), or more than 400 million dollars, worsening poverty by destroying development efforts", they declared in a common statement. * On a meeting in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso) on 12 March 2005 in the margin of the 3rd days of the African Cotton Association (ACA), the Ministers for Agriculture of Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali and Chad launched an appeal to African governments and the international community for the installation of a rescue fund for the African cotton producers. They also request a time frame for the United States and the European Union to reduce and totally abandon subsidies to European and American cotton producers. The competition of American and European subsidized cotton means a "loss of earnings" of 200 billion CFA francs (more than 300 million euros) for African cotton producers. * WikiPedia:Ouagadougou Dmoz:Regional Africa Burkina_Faso Localities Ouagadougou Commons:Category:Ouagadougou


Peace River, Alberta

applied for a licence to build a new nuclear plant at Lac Cardinal (30 km west of the town of Peace River, Alberta), two ACR-1000 reactors going online in 2017 producing 2.2 gigawatt (electric). "Company begins process to build Alberta's 1st nuclear plant", CBC News, 28 August 2007 However, a 2007 parliamentary review suggested placing the development efforts on hold. http


Zhuhai

thumb 250px Lovers' Road, Gongbei, with Jida visible past the hills (Image:China-zhuhai.jpg) '''Zhuhai''' (珠海; ''Zhūhǎi'') is the name of a city, and Special Economic Zone (List_of_Chinese_provinces_and_regions#Development_zones) (SEZ), in Guangdong Province, China. The name means ''Pearl Sea''; Zhuhai is where the Pearl River (珠江; ''Zhūjiāng'') flows into the South China Sea (南海 ''Nánhǎi''). Zhuhai is known for its beautiful long coastline, waving palm trees, open spaces, low population density, and its many islands; Zhuhai's nicknames are ''the city for lovers'' and ''the city of a hundred islands''. Zhuhai serves as the gateway to Macau, as a tourist destination for Chinese, and as a playground for hedonistic Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan visitors who come for Zhuhai's very colorful nightlife and available women at mainland prices. thumb 250px Guangdong province, Zhuhai in yellow (Image:Zhuhai map2005.jpg) Understand Located in the Pearl River Delta, Zhuhai borders Jiangmen to the northwest, Zhongshan to the north, and former Portuguese colony Macau to the south. By sea, former British colony Hong Kong and Chinese boomtown Shenzhen are just across the Pearl estuary to the east. The provincial capital Guangzhou is about 150 km to the north. The Zhuhai area has been inhabited for thousands of years. Until the 1970s, Zhuhai was a group of fishing villages with a population of around 100,000. Since 1980, when it was designated a Special Economic Zone by the central government, Zhuhai has expanded to include nearby areas and is now a fast-growing modern city with about 1.5 million inhabitants. However, it is still not as large and developed as neighboring cities like Shenzhen and Guangzhou. Zhuhai's northern districts of Jinding and Tangjia, as well as the western district of Doumen, are less developed factory-driven areas that retain a deeper working-man, salt-of-the-earth quality. Zhuhai is one of China's cleanest and prettiest cities, and received numerous accolades for its excellent ecological development efforts. In 1998, it was awarded the ''International Award for Best Practices in Improving Living Environment'' by the United Nations Center for Human Settlements. It is also commonly agreed to be one of the best cities in China to retire in. With a low population density compared to other cities in China, Zhuhai is unsurprisingly greener. Parks and open spaces dot the cityscape, and waving palm trees line the extensive coastline and many of the major streets. The weather in Zhuhai is sub-tropical. Temperature varies between 10C 50F degrees in winter (Dec to Feb) to a hot and humid 35C 95F degrees in summer (Jun to Sep). Typhoons are also a possibility in summer. The best times to visit are during spring and fall. Districts The city of Zhuhai itself is composed of '''Gongbei''', '''Jida''' and '''Xiangzhou'''. The other areas mentioned are districts within the Zhuhai Special Economic Zone. North to South along the coast, the main districts are: * '''Jinding''' (金鼎; ''Jīndǐng'') – Zhuhai's northernmost district is a factory town whose main attraction is a very large and lively nighttime outdoor BBQ; see the Eat (#Eat) Section for details. Jinding definitely has a ''working class edge'', and is worth visiting for the BBQ alone, but wandering around may give you a different perspective to the ones you have previously experienced elsewhere in Guangdong Province. Visit Jinding to experience the ''real China'' before heading back to your more affluent Guangdong stomping grounds. Jinding can be reached via bus 3 or 10, or via sightseeing bus 2. thumb 250px right Main commercial area of Tangjia at night. (Image:Zhuhai, Tangjia Shopping Center.jpg) * '''Tangjiawan''' (唐家湾; ''Tángjiāwān'') – Tangjia is moderate sized town located between Jinding and Xiangzhou. Like Jinding, Tangjia's salt-of-the-earth qualities are more evident than its southern neighbors. Best known for the large '''Dragon Union Opera House''' which, as the name suggests, puts on live variety shows semi-regularly, its primary function is serving as a gigantic karaoke house that mixes karaoke with ''all-inclusive'' adult entertainment. thumb 250px right Xiangzhou skyline seen from Jinshan Park (Image:Xiangzhou, Zhuhai, Guangdong Province, Skyline.jpg) * '''Xiangzhou''' (香洲; ''Xiāngzhōu'') – Government offices, big department stores (including '''Jusco'''), and some bars and restaurants are scattered throughout this district. This is the area where the locals mainly go shopping. : On the inland side is '''New Xiangzhou''' (''Xin Xiangzhou''), an area that has undergone extensive development over the last few decades, especially midrange or upmarket residential buildings but with commercial and business buildings as well. thumb 250px right Jida, with Mao's personal jet (Image:Jida at night.jpg) * '''Jida''' (吉大; ''Jídà'') is along the coast between Xiangzhou and Gongbei. This district has a lot of offices, high-end hotels and shopping complexes. This is not a particularly useful district to mention for directions, except for the fact that a Jida location assures you that the location is fairly near to the water and that a taxi driver will likely take the road right along the coast until you get there. thumb 250px right Gongbei shopping on Lotus Road (Image:Lotus Road Shopping, Zhuhai.jpg) * '''Gongbei''' (拱北; ''Gǒngběi'') is the main tourist area with a wide variety of inexpensive hotels, clothing, electronics, souvenirs, food, drink, and colorful entertainment in relatively close proximity to the Macau border crossing. '''Lianhua Lu''' (Lotus Road; 莲花路; ''Liánhuālù''; sometimes called Walking Street; 步行街; Bùxíngjiē) while interesting any time of day, is truly a ''must-see'' spectacle at night, with dozens of small outdoor-bar stalls which are always packed at night. Here you can see people drinking, playing dice with bar girls, and watching (or interacting with) ''working girls'' and passers-by on the crowded pedestrian-only street that is filled with shops and street-food vendors (see the Drink (#Drink) Section for more details). There is also the more upscale '''Bar Street''' (酒吧街; ''Jiǔbājiē''), a modern strip of nicer upscale bars with indoor and outdoor seating, some featuring live music (many blasting loud music inside). Most of these cater to Chinese businessmen and moneyed tourists. At the southern edge of Gongbei is a '''underground shopping center''' and the '''Macau border crossing''' (see Buy (#Buy) Section for more details). Going West from Gongbei are other districts: * '''Wanzai''' (湾仔; ''Wānzǎi') has a '''ferry station to Macau''' and a '''Seafood Street''' where you get to select your own live seafood before they are prepared for your dining pleasure. * '''Doumen''' (斗门; ''Dǒumén'') is in the Southwest. It is a bit out of the way, in that most of Zhuhai spreads north along the coast. The '''Zhuhai airport''' is here. The very scenic '''Jintai Buddhist Temple''', built at the end of the Song Dynasty is over 1,000 years old and is well worth a visit if you are in the area. Get the full treatment at the '''Imperial (Yu Wenquan) Hot Springs Resort''' in Doumen, the first Japanese outdoor garden-style hot springs resort in China, with over 20 kinds of hot springs. Islands One of Zhuhai's nicknames is ''the city of a hundred islands'' (146 to be exact), and it has a number of islands that are accessible from ports by ferries. An often overlooked aspect is the fact that each of the islands has a unique character. Some have decent beaches, and some are eerily quiet fishing islands. Each trip is a noticeable escape from the hustle and bustle of living in Chinese cities. A trip to the islands is arguably comparable to leaving the country. High-quality seafood abounds. Information about where to go or what to do can be difficult to come by because most locals do not visit due to cost of transportation. As a result, most tourists do not get a chance to explore these beautiful places at all, and most of the information available on the internet regarding Zhuhai focuses on the urban areas. Nonetheless, the curious expat or adventurous traveler will be generously rewarded. From the '''Xiangzhou Northern Wharf''' (香洲北堤码头; ''Xiāngzhōu Běidīmǎtóu''), you can get to the '''Wanshan Islands''' (万山群岛; ''Wànshānqúndǎo''): * '''Dong'ao Island''' has diving facilities, clear waters, and a nice beach. * '''Wailingding Island''' is also a nice getaway with clear waters and nice beaches. * '''Hebao Island''' is less developed and visited, and is a good spot for those who like wilderness. * '''Guishan Island''' has a sleepy fishing island town feel with exceptional seafood. While not as distant and not part of the Wanshan Islands, '''Henquin Island''', '''Qi'ao Island''', and '''Gaolan Island''' can all be reached by bus via a bridge. Remember to take plenty of cash with you on these island excursions because some islands do not have ATMs. thumb 250px right Entrance to Zhuhai from the Macau border (Image:Zhuhai seen from Macau border.jpg) Geography Zhuhai city inland portions of the terrain from the northwest to Southeast tilt, and diverse topography, with plain (25.5%), hills (58.68%), which has low mountain, tidal flat. Flat terrain, the hills of Linhai, sea area is vast, the hundred islands crouch, have qifengyidan beautiful bay, and the beach. Inland from Lantau Peak, General Hill's two major mountain ranges and coastal hills, plains. Sanzao island is the largest island, an area of about 78 square kilometers. Mountain land, hills, plains, terraces, is arranged in a crisscross pattern water network division. Coastal alluvial plain from the Xijiang and Beijiang together into alluvial deposits. The Pearl River Estuary coastal territory, the underwater beach coast to slow gradient. Coastline, island 690 km long coastline. Highest inland Lantau Peak,437 meters above sea level, sea island in100 meters above the sea level. The main mineral resources of the crystal, iron, tungsten, tin, manganese, potassium feldspar, quartz sand. Natural soil red soil, rocky soil, coastal sand, salt swamp soil. The main rivers are Modaomen, Venus doors, Nai bay door, gate, Hutiaomen, before Hill, Wan Chai River Macao waterway, Nanshui Lek, a total length of 135 km. Get in Most visitors to China will require an advance visa, which can be obtained in Hong Kong or Macau. See China#Visas


Burkina Faso

of representatives of five Sub-Saharan cotton producing countries (Mali, Benin, Burkina Faso, Senegal and Chad) that insist on the need for developed countries to reduce subsidies to their own farmers. "Just for the cotton season 2004-2005, Central and Western Africa are estimated to have a deficit of more than 220 billion FCFA (CFA franc), or more than 400 million dollars, worsening poverty by destroying development efforts", they declared in a common statement. * On a meeting in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso) on 12 March 2005 in the margin of the 3rd days of the African Cotton Association (ACA), the Ministers for Agriculture of Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali and Chad launched an appeal to African governments and the international community for the installation of a rescue fund for the African cotton producers. They also request a time frame for the United States and the European Union to reduce and totally abandon subsidies to European and American cotton producers. The competition of American and European subsidized cotton means a "loss of earnings" of 200 billion CFA francs (more than 300 million euros) for African cotton producers. * Meeting in Bamako on 14 January 2005 of representatives of five Sub-Saharan cotton producing countries (Mali, Benin, Burkina Faso, Senegal and Chad) that insist on the need for developed countries to reduce subsidies to their own farmers. "Just for the cotton season 2004-2005, Central and Western Africa are estimated to have a deficit of more than 220 billion FCFA (CFA franc), or more than 400 million dollars, worsening poverty by destroying development efforts", they declared in a common statement. * On a meeting in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso) on 12 March 2005 in the margin of the 3rd days of the African Cotton Association (ACA), the Ministers for Agriculture of Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali and Chad launched an appeal to African governments and the international community for the installation of a rescue fund for the African cotton producers. They also request a time frame for the United States and the European Union to reduce and totally abandon subsidies to European and American cotton producers. The competition of American and European subsidized cotton means a "loss of earnings" of 200 billion CFA francs (more than 300 million euros) for African cotton producers. * Meeting in Bamako on 14 January 2005 of representatives of five Sub-Saharan cotton producing countries (Mali, Benin, Burkina Faso, Senegal and Chad) that insist on the need for developed countries to reduce subsidies to their own farmers. "Just for the cotton season 2004-2005, Central and Western Africa are estimated to have a deficit of more than 220 billion FCFA (CFA franc), or more than 400 million dollars, worsening poverty by destroying development efforts", they declared in a common statement. * On a meeting in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso) on 12 March 2005 in the margin of the 3rd days of the African Cotton Association (ACA), the Ministers for Agriculture of Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali and Chad launched an appeal to African governments and the international community for the installation of a rescue fund for the African cotton producers. They also request a time frame for the United States and the European Union to reduce and totally abandon subsidies to European and American cotton producers. The competition of American and European subsidized cotton means a "loss of earnings" of 200 billion CFA francs (more than 300 million euros) for African cotton producers. *'''Comment''' - Thirsty Thursday is a legitimate college phenomenon with several years, at the very least, of history behind it. Just because no one's decided to write a peer-reviewed study on it for a sociological journal doesn't mean it can't be in Wikipedia. Bombsaway (User:Bombsaway) 03:14, 11 December 2005 (UTC) :*'''Comment'''. It is not a college phenomenon, it is a slang term for binge drinking regardless of the night that it takes place on. We call it "Hey, you want to go down to the pub?", but then again I have never really felt the need to invent reasons to drink. There are already many available. In fact, Happy Burkinabé Republic Day! (Burkina Faso) Cheers! Movementarian (User:Movementarian) 04:05, 11 December 2005 (UTC) ::*'''Comment'''* Regardless of your feelings on the matter, the fact remains that "Thirsty Thursday", as it were, is a phenomenon worth noting in Wikipedia. Binge drinking goes by many names, and Thirsty Thursday is one I happen to hear very often. From eastern Mali, Burkina Faso and Ghana, towards Niger, western-Chad and Nigeria, (with the exceptions of areas with Fulani and Mande (Mande languages)-speaking majorities) the playing style of the talking drum is centered on producing long and sustained notes by hitting the drum head with the stick-holding hand and the accompanying free hand used to dampen and change tones immediately after being hit. This produces a rubbery sounding texture to its playing, which mimics the heavy and complex tones used in languages from this area (see Niger–Congo tonal language chart (Niger–Congo languages#Tone)). This characteristic style can be clearly heard in the popular music of this area, particularly in those where the talking drum is the lead instrument, such as Fuji music of the Yoruba of Nigeria. thumb left EMBRAPA (Image:Embrapa gana.jpg)'s African Regional Office in Ghana. Brazil has also extended its technical expertise to several African countries, including Ghana, Mozambique,


Athens International Airport

with another top distinction for Athens International Airport, its seventh award in six years. Airlines from across the globe voted AIA as the 2nd best airport in airline marketing in the European category, for supporting consistently and dynamically their development efforts and programmes." 2010 - Winner in the “Mediterranean-Southern Europe” category.


Bamako

on 14 January 2005 of representatives of five Sub-Saharan cotton producing countries (Mali, Benin, Burkina Faso, Senegal and Chad) that insist on the need for developed countries to reduce subsidies to their own farmers. "Just for the cotton season 2004-2005, Central and Western Africa are estimated to have a deficit of more than 220 billion FCFA (CFA franc), or more than 400 million dollars, worsening poverty by destroying development efforts", they declared in a common statement. * On a meeting in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso) on 12 March 2005 in the margin of the 3rd days of the African Cotton Association (ACA), the Ministers for Agriculture of Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali and Chad launched an appeal to African governments and the international community for the installation of a rescue fund for the African cotton producers. They also request a time frame for the United States and the European Union to reduce and totally abandon subsidies to European and American cotton producers. The competition of American and European subsidized cotton means a "loss of earnings" of 200 billion CFA francs (more than 300 million euros) for African cotton producers. History Koité was born in 1958 to musical parents, from whom he learned instrumentation by watching and listening. He joined the Bamako National Institute of Arts and became a conductor in 1978 after only six months of playing. He graduated in 1982, and formed his band Bamada in 1988. The name "Bamada" is a nickname for residents of Mali's capital city Bamako, and the word roughly translates as "In the mouth of the crocodile." Other members of the band were friends of Koité's from childhood. In the late 19th century French forces appeared in the region just to the north, establishing bases at Kayes, Kita, Mali, Bafoulabé and eventually at Bamako. Countering the French expansion was the Fula Jihad state (Fula jihads) of which exploded out of neighboring Dinguiray to conquer both the Mandé states surrounding Kouroussa to the northwest and the Bambara to the northeast. To the south, the Wassoulou (Wassoulou Empire) conquest state of Samori Ture appeared, sending his well armed forces against Kouroussa, its neighbors, and the French alike, while the Fouta Djallon state raided the area periodically. The French officer Aimé Olivier, attempting to convince the Timbo Almamate to sign a protectorate, passed through Kouroussa in the 1880s, and at the beginning of the 1890s, French military under Louis Archinard established garrison posts at Kankan and Kouroussa, commanded from a larger post just downstream at Siguiri. Auguste-Louis-Charles Gatelet. Histoire de la conquête du Soudan français (1878-1899). Berger-Levrault, Paris (1901). pp. 146, 184-87 In 1893-1894, Commandant Briquelot set up a post at Kouroussa, as it lay along the main line for French fighting with the forces of Samori to the south. From here French forces raided areas controlled by Samori, even launching raids from here into the British territory of Sierra Leone. Gatelet, 189-191 By 1895, even while fighting with Samori continued, the French had set up a school to train local workers to identify, collect, and prepare wild rubber for French industrial purposes. Kouroussa became a regional center of rubber requisitions (often instituted as a tax in labour), which peaked in the second decade of the 20th century. Gatelet, p. 494. For the colonial era wild rubber collections, see: Emily Lynn Osborn. 'Rubber Fever', Commerce And French Colonial Rule In Upper Guinée, 1890–1913. The Journal of African History (2004), 45: 445-465 Kouroussa was administered as part of the ''Siguiri Cercle'', which also included Kankan. Gatelet, op cit., 506, 509 The French, after annexing the Fouta Djallon in the 1890s, added the region to the colony of French Upper Guinea, later a part of French West Africa, until Guinea's independence in 1959. During the colonial period the town was made a main trans-shipment point for commodities coming from French Soudan (today's Mali) due to the construction of the Guinea-Niger railway, which met the river at Kouroussa in 1910, and from which rainy season ship transport could reach Bamako. William Basil Morgan, John Charles Pugh. West Africa. Methuen, 1969. pp. 271, 587, 593. As well as a collection center for wild rubber, the French encouraged the collection gold sifted from streams and dug by local small scale mines. The French also attempted to promote local farming of groundnuts and cotton. There remains a monument to René-Auguste Caillié in Kouroussa, erected by the French. Mining Major mining companies are engaged in ongoing exploration drilling in a series afdevinfo: Kouroussa Exploration Area of government granted Gold mining concessions The Kouroussa Project: Cassidy Gold corporation. near the town. Cassidy Gold Set to Resume Drilling at Kouroussa Business Wire, Jan 18, 2005 The Kouroussa area also has a long history as a center of small scale gold mining, which continues in so called "Artisanal Mining" The Sanimuso Foundation, "Artisanal Mining Association", 2006. Recent criticism has surfaced around the working conditions, pay, and the widespread use of child labour in these small gold mines, and the method which middlemen, many based in Kouroussa, purchase and transport gold. Gold collected in Kouroussa is sold on—with almost no regulation or oversight—to larger merchant houses in Bamako, Conakry, and eventually to smelters in Europe. Kids working in African gold mines. AP RUKMINI CALLIMACHI AND BRADLEY S. KLAPPER – Aug 10, 2008. Large scale Titanium mining has also been proposed in the Kouroussa area, with both Dredging of Heavy Mineral Sands from rivers and streams and dry pit mines proposed as of 2007. Guinee Titanium, date 2007, retrieved 2008-08-03. thumb right The Musee Nationale buildings, Bamako Mali, designed by architect Jean-Loup Pivin (File:Musee Nationale du Mali.jpg). The '''National Museum of Malí''' ( Commons:Category:Bamako Wikipedia:Bamako Dmoz:Regional Africa Mali Localities Bamako


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