eventually settling in Watts, California (Watts, Los Angeles, California), in 1919. He attended Compton High School from 1925 through 1928, where he played the saxophone in a dance band.
, Sandra Ndebele, Lwazi Tshabangu, Kuxxman,Go Boyz, Achuzi, Beate Mangethe, Vusa Mkhaya, Afrika Revenge and Ramadu. The marginalisation of Bulawayo artists in Zimbabwe saw the influence of South African music dominating hence the emergence of kwaito music in Bulawayo pioneered by Go-Boyz in 1996 and more groups like GTI, Achuzi, Amagangsters etc. emerged.A brand of Jazz was created in Bulawayo,in the 1940s and 1950s, and made was popular by August Musarurwa with his African Dance Band of the Cold Storage Commission of Southern Rhodesia . He recorded the legendary song Sikokiana which went on to be recorded in USA by Louis Amstrong and many others. Zimbabwe In Zimbabwe, there have been Wikipedia:Bulawayo Dmoz:Regional Africa Zimbabwe Localities Matabeland North Bulawayo Commons:Category:Bulawayo
Singer, guitarist, songwriter, composer, and band leader Born in Lourenço Marques (Maputo) in the then Portuguese (Portugal) colony of Mozambique, Bowlly gained his musical experience singing for a dance band led by Edgar Adeler on a tour of South Africa, Rhodesia, India and Indonesia during the mid-1920s. He was then employed by Jimmy Liquime to perform in India, Calcutta, Singapore and the Raffles Hotel. In 1928, he arrived in England and briefly took part in a jazz band before being made redundant due to the 1930s depression. In 1930, he was spotted and signed to accompany both Roy Fox's and Ray Noble (Ray Noble (musician))'s orchestras that November. The signing with Noble led a to a successful association between the two which resulted in over 500 records being produced over a four year period. DATE OF BIRTH 7 January 1898 PLACE OF BIRTH Lourenço Marques (Maputo), Mozambique DATE OF DEATH 16 April 1941 World War II When war was declared, Muggeridge went to Maidstone to join up but was sent away at this point – "My generation felt they'd missed the First War, now was the time to ''make up''." ''Muggeridge Ancient And Modern'', BBC He was called into the Ministry of Information (Ministry of Information (United Kingdom)), which he called "a most appalling set-up", and then joined the army as a private. He joined the Corps of Military Police (Royal Military Police) and was commissioned on the General List in May 1940. He transferred to the Intelligence Corps (Intelligence Corps (United Kingdom)) as a Lieutenant in June 1942. Having spent two years as a Regimental Intelligence Officer in England, by 1942 he was in MI6, and had been posted to Lourenço Marques (Maputo) as a bogus vice-consul (called a Special Correspondent by London Controlling Section). Thadeus Holt, ''The Deceivers: Allied Military Deception in the Second World War'', New York: Skyhorse Publishing Inc., 2007, p. 332. *1974-1975: Programme Officer, UNHCR, Nicosia, Cyprus *1975-1977: Deputy Representative and Representative, UNHCR, Maputo, Mozambique *1978-1980: Representative, UNHCR, Lima, Peru Bank of China to buy into Rothschild venture *2009 Opened branches in São Paulo and Maputo. Reopened branch in Penang in October. *2009 People's Park Remittance Centre opened in Singapore, operating 7 days a week, offering remittance and cash exchange services. Prior life Tsafendas was born in Lourenço Marques (today's Maputo) to Michaelis Tsafendas, a Greek (Greeks) seaman, and Amelia Williams, a Mozambican of mixed race. He was raised by his grandmother. Hollington, Kris. 2008. ''Wolves, Jackals, and Foxes: The Assassins Who Changed History''. New York: Macmillan, p. 116. ISBN 978-0-312-37899-8 At the age of ten, he moved to Transvaal (Transvaal Province), returning to Mozambique four years later. Tsafendas was shunned in white circles in Southern Africa because of his dark skin, though under the apartheid (South Africa under apartheid) system's racial laws he was classified as white. Kahn, Ely J. ''The Separated People: A Look at Contemporary South Africa''. New York City: W. W. Norton & Company, p. 149. ISBN 978-0-393-05351-7 However, due to his dark appearance, he faced taunts and ostracisation from white South African society throughout his life. DATE OF BIRTH 14 January 1918 PLACE OF BIRTH Lourenço Marques (Maputo), Mozambique DATE OF DEATH 7 October 1999 thumb Durban harbour (File:Durban harbor.jpg) Durban has a long tradition as a port city. The Port of Durban, which was formerly known as the Port of Natal, is one of the few natural harbour (Harbor)s between Port Elizabeth and Maputo, and is also located at the beginning of a particular weather phenomenon which can cause extremely violent seas. These two features made Durban an extremely busy port of call (Port) for ship repairs when the port was opened in the 1840s. The Port of Durban is now the busiest port in South Africa, as well as the third busiest container port (Containerization) in the Southern Hemisphere. The modern Port of Durban grew around trade from Johannesburg, as the industrial and mining capital of South Africa is not located on any navigable body of water. Thus, products being shipped from Johannesburg outside of South Africa have to be loaded onto trucks or railways and transported to Durban. The Port of Maputo was unavailable for use until the early 1990s due to civil war and an embargo against South African products. There is now an intense rivalry between Durban and Maputo for shipping business. - MPM FQMA Maputo International Airport Maputo, Mozambique - Early life Samora Machel was born in the village of Madragoa (today's Chilembene), Gaza Province, Portuguese East Africa (Mozambique), to a family of farmers. He was a member of the Shangana ethnic group and his grandfather had been an active collaborator of Gungunhana. Under Portuguese rule, his father, a native, was forced to accept lower prices for his crops than white farmers; compelled to grow labor-intensive cotton, which took time away from the food crops needed for his family; and forbidden to brand his mark on his cattle to prevent thievery. However, Machel's father was a successful farmer: he owned four plows and 400 head of cattle by 1940. Machel grew up in this farming village and attended mission elementary school. In 1942, he was sent to school in the town of Zonguene in Gaza Province. The school was run by Catholic missionaries who educated the children in Portuguese language and culture. Although having completed the fourth grade, Machel never completed his secondary education. However, he had the prerequisite certificate to train as a nurse anywhere in Portugal at the time (Higher education in Portugal#History of the polytechnic subsector), since the nursing schools were not degree-conferring institutions. Machel started to study nursing in the capital city of Lourenço Marques (today Maputo), beginning in 1954. In the 1950s, he saw some of the fertile lands around his farming community on the Limpopo river appropriated by the provincial government and worked by white settlers who developed a wide range of new infrastructure for the region. Like many other Mozambicans near the southern border of Mozambique, some of his relatives went to work in the South African mines where additional job opportunities were found. Shortly afterwards, one of his brothers was killed in a mining accident. Samora Machel, a Biography, Author(s) of Review: David Hedges Journal of Southern African Studies, Vol. 19, No. 3 (Sep., 1993), pp. 547-549, JSTOR Azevedo, Mario, Historical Dictionary of Mozambique, African Historical Dictionaries, No. 47., Scarecrow Press, Inc., 1991. Christie, Iain, Machel of Mozambique, Zimbabwe Publishing House, 1988. Henriksen, Thomas H., Revolution and Counterrevolution: Mozambique's War of Independence, 1964-1974, Greenwood Press, 1983. Samora Machel: An African Revolutionary, edited by Barry Munslow, Zed Books, 1985. Mozambique: A Country Study, edited by Harold D. Nelson, Foreign Area Studies, American University, U.S. Government, Research Completed 1984. Unable to complete formal training at the Miguel Bombarda Hospital in Lourenço Marques, he got a job working as an aide in the same hospital and earned enough to continue his education at night school. He worked at the hospital until he left the country to join the Mozambican nationalist struggle in neighbouring Tanzania. They were all accused of "treason" (even though Joana Simeão herself had never been a member of FRELIMO) and subject to a trial in the so-called "revolutionary" and "popular" style, presided by Samora Machel himself. According to the journalists José Pinto de Sá and Nélson Saúte in the Portuguese daily ''Público'', Joana Simeão, the Reverend Uria Simango, Lázaro Nkavandame, Raul Casal Ribeiro, Arcanjo Kambeu, Júlio Nihia, Paulo Gumane and Father Mateus Gwengere were interned in the ''campo de reeducação'' (re-education camp) of M’telela, in the Northeastern province of Niassa, when, on 25 June 1977 (the second anniversary of Mozambique's independence), they were told that they would be taken to the capital, Maputo, where President Machel himself would discuss their liberation. At a given moment, the jeep convoy stopped on the dirt road between M'telela and Niassa's capital city, Lichinga. By means of a mechanical excavator, the soldiers had opened a ditch on the road shoulder and had partially filled it with wood. The prisoners were tied, thrown to the ditch and showered with gasoline. Then fire was set to the wood. Frelimo's political prisoners were burnt alive, while the soldiers chanted revolutionary anthems around the ditch. The macabre details of this massacre would only be revealed eighteen years later, in 1995. Frelimo, whose successive governments had up to then consistently refused to release information on the whereabouts of those members of the so-called «reactionary group», resorted to silence. José Pinto de Sá, ''O dia em que eles foram queimados vivos'', ''Público Magazine'', # 277, Lisboa, 25.06.1995 *Centre for the Development of Entrepreneurial Skills – being established in Luanda, Angola *Centre for the Development of Public Administration – being established in Maputo, Mozambique *Centre for East-Timorese Official Languages * Machilipatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India * Maputo, Mozambique * Mogadishu, Somalia After the UDI, Rhodesia House in London (the Rhodesian High Commission) simply became a representative office with no official diplomatic status. However, the most important Rhodesian representative offices were in Pretoria and Lisbon, although the latter closed in 1975, along with the office in Lourenço Marques (now Maputo) in Mozambique. The other unofficial representative offices, in Washington DC, Bonn, and Tokyo, closed in 1979. Operations in exile Most of ZANU's operations were planned from exile, where the party leadership was based throughout the 1970s, and the party had office in Lusaka, Dar-es-Salaam, Maputo and London. Rise of the Zulu In about 1817, Chief Dingiswayo of the Mthethwa (Mtetwa Empire) group in the south near the Tugela River, entered into an alliance with the Tsonga (Shangaan), who controlled the trade routes to Delagoa Bay (now Maputo). This alliance encroached on the routes used by the Ndwandwe alliance, who occupied the region in the north, near the Pongola River. Battles between the allied forces of Chief Dingiswayo and of Chief Zwide, and the Ndwandwe probably mark the start of what became the Mfecane. The province has excellent road, rail, and air links. The N1 route from Johannesburg, which extends the length of the province, is the busiest overland route in Africa in terms of cross-border trade in raw materials and beneficiated goods. The port of Durban, Africa’s busiest, is served directly by the province, as are the ports of Richards Bay and Maputo. The Polokwane International Airport is situated in Polokwane, the capital of the province. Dialects Various dialects of Tsonga are spoken as far north as the Save River in Zimbabwe and as far south as KwaZulu Natal. While most dialects are mutually intelligible, they do have distinct differences that are geographical as well as based on influence of the colonial era. Tsonga also has two very close relatives: Xironga, which is spoken in and about Maputo, Mozambique, and Xitswa, which is spoken around Inhambane and has a Chihlengwe dialect extending into Zimbabwe. The Lichtenberg borough has five twin towns: * WikiPedia:Maputo Dmoz:Regional Africa Mozambique Maputo Commons:Category:Maputo
and then to Reading, Pennsylvania. While in Reading, Mulligan began studying clarinet with dance-band musician Sammy Correnti, who also encouraged Mulligan's interest
History_5203.html title Arnold School website, Distinguished pupils publisher Arnoldschool.com date 1 June 2008 accessdate 28 October 2010 an independent school in his home town of Blackpool, Lancashire. He also worked in the Solarium. While there, Lowe played trombone in a seven-piece dance band called One Under the Eight, that played old-time favourites like "Hello Dolly (Hello, Dolly! (song))", "La Bamba (La Bamba (song))" and "
. In 1934 he topped the bill at the Holborn Empire (Weston's Music Hall) but in the same year moved back to the Astoria Ballroom where he led a twelve piece band. With broadcasting, recording and annual tours in addition to the resident work the band became highly popular over the next few years. WikiPedia:Blackpool Commons:Category:Blackpool
, and was also the Governor of Tegucigalpa. He was described as "the hero who, by transforming Honduras, gave it a new conscience".Rafael Heliodoro Valle. In 1919 he was the delegate for Honduras to the Peace Conference of Versailles (Paris Peace Conference, 1919). Early life and ordination He was born in Tegucigalpa in Honduras, the third of the four children of Andrés Rodríguez Palacios and Raquel Maradiaga. As a boy, he dreamed of playing the saxophone in a dance band
Memorylane.org.uk date accessdate 2012-01-01 parents who met en route to Australia and moved to South Africa. He was brought up in Johannesburg, South Africa. After a series of odd jobs across South Africa in his youth, namely as a barber and jockey, he gained his musical experience singing for a dance band led by Edgar Adeler on a tour of South Africa, Rhodesia, India and Indonesia during the mid-1920s. However, he fell out with Adeler, throwing a cushion at his head as he played piano on stage and was fired whilst the band was in Surabaya, Indonesia. PAL services were interrupted during World War II, which lasted in the Philippines from late 1941 to 1945. Upon the outbreak of the Pacific War on December 8, 1941, the two Model 18s and their pilots were pressed into military service. They were used to evacuate American fighter pilots to Australia until one was shot down over Mindanao and the other was destroyed on the ground in an air raid in Surabaya, Indonesia. ''About PAL Archive'', WebArchive.com *1936 BOC opened a branch in Singapore to handle remittances to China of overseas Chinese. It also opened an agency in New York. *1937 At the outbreak of hostilities with Japan, Japanese forces blockaded China's major ports. BOC opened a number of branches overseas to facilitate the gathering of remittances and the flow of military supplies. BOC opened branches in Batavia (Jakarta), Penang, Kuala Lumpur, Haiphong, Hanoi, Rangoon (Yangon), Bombay (Mumbai), and Calcutta. It also opened sub-agencies in Surabaya, Medan, Dabo, Xiaobo, Batu Pahat, Baichilu, Mandalay, Lashio, Ipoh, and Seremban. *1941 and 1942 The Japanese conquest of South East Asia forced BOC to close all overseas its branches, agencies, sub-branches and sub-agencies, except London, New York, Calcutta, and Bombay. - SUB WARR Juanda International Airport Surabaya, Indonesia - - Surabaya City Surabaya Commons:Category:Surabaya zh:苏腊巴亚
the country. Benson was followed by Jim Lawson & the Mayor's Dance Band, who achieved national fame in the mid-'70s, ending with Lawson's death in 1976. During the same period, other highlife performers were reaching their peak. These included Prince Nico Mbarga and his band Rocafil Jazz, whose "Sweet Mother" was a pan-African hit that sold more than 13 million copies, more than any other African single of any kind. Mbarga used English lyrics in a style that he dubbed
countries' civil wars. The administration intervened on the side of insurgent groups RENAMO in Mozambique and UNITA in Angola, supplying each group with covert military and humanitarian aid. Born in Lourenço Marques (Maputo) in the then Portuguese (Portugal) colony of Mozambique, Bowlly gained his musical experience singing for a dance band led by Edgar Adeler on a tour of South Africa, Rhodesia, India and Indonesia during the mid-1920s. He was then employed by Jimmy Liquime to perform in India, Calcutta, Singapore and the Raffles Hotel. In 1928, he arrived in England and briefly took part in a jazz band before being made redundant due to the 1930s depression. In 1930, he was spotted and signed to accompany both Roy Fox's and Ray Noble (Ray Noble (musician))'s orchestras that November. The signing with Noble led a to a successful association between the two which resulted in over 500 records being produced over a four year period. Early life and career Bowlly was born in Lourenço Marques in the then Portuguese (Portugal) colony of Mozambique, to Greek (Greek people) and Lebanese (Lebanon)
20, 1931 in New York City, New York)'' #Freeny's Barn Dance Band - "Don't You Remember the Time" (3:16) ''(recorded December 16, 1930 in Jackson (Jackson, Mississippi), Mississippi)'' #Pelican Wildcats - "Walkin' Georgia Blues" (2:56) ''(recorded October 27, 1931 in Atlanta, Georgia)'' '''Tougaloo College''' is a private, co-educational, historically black (Historically black colleges and universities), liberal arts institution of higher education